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Christian Müller [12]Christian P. Müller [9]
  1. Drugs as Instruments: A New Framework for Non-Addictive Psychoactive Drug Use.Christian P. Müller & Gunter Schumann - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):293-310.
    Most people who are regular consumers of psychoactive drugs are not drug addicts, nor will they ever become addicts. In neurobiological theories, non-addictive drug consumption is acknowledged only as a prerequisite for addiction, but not as a stable and widespread behavior in its own right. This target article proposes a new neurobiological framework theory for non-addictive psychoactive drug consumption, introducing the concept of Psychoactive drugs are consumed for their effects on mental states. Humans are able to learn that mental states (...)
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  2.  25
    To Use or Not to Use: Expanding the View on Non-Addictive Psychoactive Drug Consumption and its Implications.Christian P. Müller & Gunter Schumann - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):328-347.
    Proposing a change to the view on psychoactive drug use in non-addicts touches a sensitive issue because of its potential implications to addiction prevention, therapeutic practice, and drug policy. Commentators raised nine questions that ranged from clarifications, suggested extensions of the model to supporting data previously not regarded, to assumptions on the implications of the model. Here, we take up the suggestions of the commentators to expand the model to behavioral addictions, discuss additional instrumentalization goals, and review the evidence from (...)
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  3.  33
    Gene-Independent Heritability of Behavioural Traits: Don't We Also Need to Rethink the “Environment”?Christian P. Müller, Bernd Lenz & Johannes Kornhuber - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):374-375.
    Behavioural phenotypes have been explained by genetic and environmental factors (E) and their interaction. Here we suggest a rethinking of the E factor. Passively incurred environmental influences (E pass) and actively copied information and behaviour (E act) may be distinguished at shared and non-shared level. We argue that E act underlies mutation and selection and is the base of gene-independent heritability.
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  4.  8
    Making a Case for Constructive Reductionism.Christian P. Müller - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
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  5.  12
    Phenotypic Plasticity in Animals Exposed to Osmotic Stress – Is It Always Adaptive?Jan-Peter Hildebrandt, Amanda A. Wiesenthal & Christian Müller - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (11):1800069.
    Hyperplasia and hypertrophy are elements of phenotypic plasticity adjusting organ size and function. Because they are costly, we assume that they are beneficial. In this review, the authors discuss examples of tissue and organ systems that respond with plastic changes to osmotic stress to raise awareness that we do not always have sufficient experimental evidence to conclude that such processes provide fitness advantages. Changes in hydranth architecture in the hydroid Cordylophora caspia or variations in size in the anal papillae of (...)
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  6.  51
    Drugs' Rapid Payoffs Distort Evaluation of Their Instrumental Uses1.George Ainslie, Christian P. Müller & Gunter Schumann - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):311.
    Science has needed a dispassionate valuation of psychoactive drugs, but a motivational analysis should be conducted with respect to long-term reward rather than reproductive fitness. Because of hyperbolic overvaluation of short-term rewards, an individual's valuation depends on the time she forms it and the times she will revisit it, sometimes making her best long-term interest lie in total abstinence.
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  7.  53
    Sacramental and Spiritual Use of Hallucinogenic Drugs.Levente Móró, Valdas Noreika, Christian P. Müller & Gunter Schumann - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):319.
    Arguably, the religious use of hallucinogenic drugs stems from a human search of metaphysical insight rather than from a direct need for cognitive, emotional, social, physical, or sexual improvement. Therefore, the sacramental and spiritual intake of hallucinogenic drugs goes so far beyond other biopsychosocial functions that it deserves its own category in the drug instrumentalization list.
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  8.  48
    Why Do We Take Drugs? From the Drug-Reinforcement Theory to a Novel Concept of Drug Instrumentalization.Rainer Spanagel, Christian P. Müller & Gunter Schumann - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):322.
    The drug-reinforcement theory explains why humans get engaged in drug taking behavior. This theory posits that drugs of abuse serve as biological rewards by activating the reinforcement system. Although from a psychological and neurobiological perspective this theory is extremely helpful, it does not tell us about the drug-taking motives and motivation of an individual. The definition of drug instrumentalization goals will improve our understanding of individual drug-taking profiles.
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  9. The Haram Al-Šarīf Collection of Arabic Legal Documents in Jerusalem: A Mamluk Court Archive?Christian Müller - 2011 - Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 32 (2):435-459.
    Este artículo analiza el corpus de 900 documentos del Haram al-�ari-f desde la perspectiva de la conservación de archivos. En su mayoría, estos documentos están relacionados con el juez de Jerusalén �araf al-Di-n ?I-sa- b. Ga-nim y con el periodo en el que se mantuvo en el cargo, entre 793/1391 y 797/1395. La muestra de documentos estudiada, sobre todo inventarios de bienes, pero también documentos relacionados con otras áreas del derecho que pertenecen a la competencia del qa-di-, contradicen la hipótesis (...)
     
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  10.  14
    Winner Takes It All: Addiction as an Example for Selfish Goal Dominance.Christian P. Müller & Davide Amato - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):152-152.
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  11.  9
    Eyes on the Price: Human Culture and its Teaching.Christian P. Müller - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  12.  3
    The Power of the Pen: Cadis and Their Archives: From Writings to Registering Proof of a Previous Action Taken.Christian Müller - 2018 - In Sabine Kienitz, Michael Friedrich, Christian Brockmann & Alessandro Bausi (eds.), Manuscripts and Archives: Comparative Views on Record-Keeping. De Gruyter. pp. 361-386.
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  13.  5
    Designing the Model European—Liberal and Republican Concepts of Citizenship in Europe in the 1860s: The Association Internationale Pour le Progrès des Sciences Sociales.Christian Müller - 2011 - History of European Ideas 37 (2):223-231.
    The formation of citizenship as a concept to define the rights of participation in the formation processes of modern territorial states is well known. But the transnational dimensions of defining citizenship and how to combine national legislations with enlightened universal and natural law rules in the mid-19th century is not very well known. The article aims to explore the transnational discourses on the political, economic and moral rights and duties of the citizen in the pan—European liberal Association Internationale pour le (...)
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  14. Administrative tradition and civil jurisdiction of the Cordoban sahib al-ahkam (II) = Tradición administrativa y jurisdicción civil de sahib al-ahkam. de Córdoba (II).Christian Müller - 2000 - Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 21 (2):307-338.
    Este artículo examina el desarrollo histórico y la jurisdicción del "inspector de la policía y del mercado" (sahib al-surta wa-l-suq) en Córdoba a través de los casos judiciales tomados de la colección de dictámenes jurídicos de Ibn Sahl al-Ahkam al-Kubrà y de fuentes biográficas e históricas. Durante el período de Taifas, esta expresión omeya dio paso al "inspector de sentencias jurídicas" (sahib al-ahkam). A través de más de veinte casos, datables entre los años 456 / 1064 y 464 / 1072, (...)
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  15. Administrative Tradition and Civil Jurisdiction of Cordoban Sahib Al-Ahkam (I).Christian Müller - 2000 - Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 21 (1):57-84.
  16. Administrative Tradition and Civil Jurisdiction of the Cordoban Sāhib Al-Ahkām.(IIi).Christian Müller - 2000 - Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 21 (2):307-338.
  17.  3
    Ökonomik Als Allgemeine Theorie Menschlichen Verhaltens: Grundlagen Und Anwendungen.Manfred Tietzel, Christian Müller, Frank Trosky & Marion Weber (eds.) - 2012 - Lucius & Lucius.