Motivation and Will

Edited by Joshua Shepherd (Carleton University, Universitat de Barcelona)
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  1. L'Explication ordinaire des actions humaines.Rémi Clot-Goudard - 2015 - 93100 Montreuil, France: Ithaque.
    En quoi consiste l’explication d’une action ? La question, fondamentale pour toute réflexion méthodologique sur les sciences de l’homme, renvoie d’abord à une pratique commune. Dans nos rapports à autrui, il arrive que la compréhension fasse défaut. C’est alors que surgit le besoin d’explication, afin de comprendre la conduite d’autrui ou encore éclairer les autres sur ce que nous faisons… Qu’est-ce qu’une action intentionnelle ? Les pensées d’un agent causent-elles son comportement ? Comment caractériser le savoir qu’un agent possède de (...)
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  2. Confabulating Reasons.Marianna Bergamaschi Ganapini & Marianna Bergamaschi Ganapini - 2020 - Topoi 39 (1):189-201.
    In this paper, I will focus on a type of confabulation that emerges in relation to questions about mental attitudes whose causes we cannot introspectively access. I argue against two popular views that see confabulations as mainly offering a psychological story about ourselves. On these views, confabulations are the result of either a cause-tracking mechanism or a self-directed mindreading mechanism. In contrast, I propose the view that confabulations are mostly telling a normative story: they are arguments primarily offered to justify (...)
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  3. Reason’s Debt to Freedom: Normative Appraisals, Reasons, and Free WillIshtiyaque HajiOxford University Press, 2012; Ix + 259 Pp. $65.00. [REVIEW]Daniel Haas - 2013 - Dialogue 52 (2):415-416.
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  4. Motor Control and the Causal Relevance of Conscious Will: Libet’s Mind–Brain Theory.B. Ingemar B. Lindahl & Peter Århem - 2019 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 39 (1):46-59.
    This article examines three aspects of the problem of understanding Benjamin Libet’s idea of conscious will causally interacting with certain neural activities involved in generating overt bodily movements. The first is to grasp the notion of cause involved, and we suggest a definition. The second is to form an idea of by what neural structure(s) and mechanism(s) a conscious will may control the motor activation. We discuss the possibility that the acts of control have to do with levels of supplementary (...)
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  5. Book Review: Victims and Sinners: Spiritual Roots of Addiction and RecoveryVictims and Sinners: Spiritual Roots of Addiction and Recovery, byMercadanteLinda A.. Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 1996. 220pp. $20.00. ISBN 0-664-25508-6. [REVIEW]Abigail Rian Evans - 1999 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53 (2):214-216.
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  6. Responsibility Matters.Retribution Reconsidered: More Essays in the Philosophy of Law.Desert.Michael J. Zimmerman, Peter A. French, Jeffrie G. Murphy & George Sher - 1995 - Noûs 29 (2):248.
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  7. Causality and Scientific Explanation. Vol. II.Causality and Determinism. [REVIEW]Marie-Louise Frequegnon - 1975 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 36 (1):141.
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  8. Guidance Control and the Anti-Akrasia Chip.Chris Ovenden - 2018 - Synthese 195 (5):2001-2019.
    According to Fischer and Ravizza, an agent has guidance control over some action A, whenever A is issued from one of their own moderately reasons-responsive mechanisms. This involves two elements: the process P leading to their action being suitably responsive to reasons-; and their taking an attitude towards processes of kind P such that they see themselves as the agents of the behaviour those processes issue. For the purposes of this paper, I assume that guidance control amounts to actually guiding (...)
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  9. Evaluative Beliefs First.Ben Bramble - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics 8.
    Many philosophers think that it is only because we happen to want or care about things that we think some things of value. We start off caring about things, and then project these desires onto the external world. In this chapter, I make a preliminary case for the opposite view, that it is our evaluative thinking that is prior or comes first. On this view, it is only because we think some things of value that we care about or want (...)
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  10. The Little Nell Problem: Reasonable and Resolute Maintenance of Agent Intentions.Richmond Thomason - 2018 - Synthese 195 (1):433-440.
    The Little Nell Problem was formulated by Drew McDermott in 1982. It reveals unexpected complexities in the interaction of the beliefs and intentions of a planning agent. This paper discusses the problem and proposes a solution.
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  11. The Pertinence of Incontinence.António Zilhão - 2005 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 9 (1-2):193-211.
    In this paper I suggest a reconstruction of the traditional concepts of con-tinent and incontinent action. This reconstruction proceeds along the lines of a standpoint of bounded rationality. My suggestion agrees with some relevant aspects of Davidson’s treatment of this topic. One of these aspects is that incontinent action is typically signalled by the following two subjective experiences: a feeling of surprise towards one’s own action and a difficulty in understanding oneself; another is that incontinence cannot simply be disposed of (...)
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  12. Acali and Acid, Oil and Vinegar: Hume on Contrary Passions.Elizabeth S. Radcliffe - 2017 - In Robert Stern & Alix Cohen (eds.), Thinking about the Emotions : A Philosophical History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 150-171.
    In this paper, I present a close study of Hume’s treatment of contrary passions, asking questions about his description of the psychology of emotional difference and opposition. In treating this topic, I examine two opposed, but noteworthy, psychological functions that Hume imputes to human beings: sympathy and comparison. In brief, sympathy is the mechanism by which we share others’ feelings, and comparison is the function of our minds by which we find ourselves feeling passions opposed to others’ experiences. Sympathy can (...)
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  13. Libertarian Personal Responsibility: On the Ethics, Practice, and American Politics of Personal Responsibility.Joshua Preiss - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (6):621-645.
    While libertarians affirm personal responsibility as a central moral and political value, libertarian theorists write relatively little about the theory and practice of this value. Focusing on the work of F. A. Hayek and David Schmidtz, this article identifies the core of a libertarian approach to personal responsibility and demonstrates the ways in which this approach entails a radical revision of the ethics and American politics of personal responsibility. Then, I highlight several central implications of this analysis in the American (...)
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  14. New Advances in Causation, Agency, and Moral Responsibility.Fabio Bacchini Massimo Dell'Utri & Stefano Caputo (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
  15. In Control.Simkulet William - 2014 - Philosophical Inquires 2 (1):59-75.
    In George Sher’s recent article “Out of Control”, he discusses a series of 9 cases that he believes illustrates that some agents are uncontroversially morally responsible for actions they “cannot help” but perform (2006: 285). He argues these agents exert partial control over these actions insofar as their actions are determined from their character; but this is no control at all. Here I argue that in each of these cases the agent exerts morally relevant control over her actions and that (...)
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  16. The Compensation Principle.Simkulet William - 2015 - Filosofiska Notiser 2 (1):47-60.
    In "Should Race Matter?," David Boonin proposes the compensation principle: When an agent wrongfully harms another person, she incurs a moral obligation to compensate that person for the harms she has caused. Boonin then argues that the United States government has wrongfully harmed black Americans by adopting pro-slavery laws and other discriminatory laws and practices following the end of slavery, and therefore the United States government has an obligation to pay reparations for slavery and discriminatory laws and practices to those (...)
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  17. Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility.Nicole A. Vincent (ed.) - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    Adopting a broadly compatibilist approach, this volume's authors argue that the behavioral and mind sciences do not threaten the moral foundations of legal responsibility. Rather, these sciences provide fresh insight into human agency and updated criteria as well as powerful diagnostic and intervention tools for assessing and altering minds.
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  18. Personal Responsibility and Lifestyle Diseases.Martin Marchman Andersen & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (5):480-499.
    What does it take for an individual to be personally responsible for behaviors that lead to increased risk of disease? We examine three approaches to responsibility that cover the most important aspects of the discussion of responsibility and spell out what it takes, according to each of them, to be responsible for behaviors leading to increased risk of disease. We show that only what we call the causal approach can adequately accommodate widely shared intuitions to the effect that certain causal (...)
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  19. Bioethics and Moral Agency: On Autonomy and Moral Responsibility.John Skalko & Mark J. Cherry - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (5):435-443.
    Two clusters of essays in this issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy provide a critical gaze through which to explore central moral, phenomenological, ontological, and political concerns regarding human moral agency and personal responsibility. The first cluster challenges common assumptions in bioethics regarding the voluntariness of human actions. The second set turns the debate towards morally responsible choice within the requirements of distributive justice. The force of their collective analysis leaves us with a well-founded basis critically to approach (...)
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  20. Springs of Action: Understanding Intentional Behavior.Alfred R. Mele - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    In this book, Alfred Mele tackles some central problems in the philosophy of action. His purpose is to construct an explanatory model for intentional behaviour, locating the place and significance of such mental phenomena as beliefs, desires, reasons and intentions in the etiology of intentional action.
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  21. Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments.R. Jay Wallace - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (3):680-681.
    Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments offers an account of moral responsibility. It addresses the question: what are the forms of capacity or ability that render us morally accountable for the things we do? A traditional answer has it that the conditions of moral responsibility include freedom of the will, where this in turn involves the availability of robust alternative possibilities. I reject this answer, arguing that the conditions of moral responsibility do not include any condition of alternative possibilities. In the (...)
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  22. Are There Passive Desires?David Wall - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (2):133-155.
    What is the relation between desire and action? According to a traditional, widespread and influential view I call ‘The Motivational Necessity of Desire’, having a desire that p entails being disposed to act in ways that you believe will bring about p. But what about desires like a desire that the committee chooses you without your needing to do anything, or a desire that your child passes her exams on her own? Such ‘self‐passive’ desires are often given as a counter‐example (...)
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  23. The Ethics of Belief and the Morality of Action: Intellectual Responsibility and Rational Disagreement: Robert Audi.Robert Audi - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (1):5-29.
    The contemporary explosion of information makes intellectual responsibility more needed than ever. The uncritical tend to believe too much that is unsubstantiated; the overcritical tend to believe too little that is true. A central problem for this paper is to formulate standards to guide an intellectually rigorous search for a mean between excessive credulity and indiscriminate skepticism. A related problem is to distinguish intellectual responsibility for what we believe from moral responsibility for what we do. A third problem is how (...)
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  24. XI. Emotion, Weakness of Will, and the Normative Conception of Agency1: Karen Jones.Karen Jones - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 52:181-200.
    Empirical work on and common observation of the emotions tells us that our emotions sometimes key us to the presence of real and important reason-giving considerations without necessarily presenting that information to us in a way susceptible of conscious articulation and, sometimes, even despite our consciously held and internally justified judgment that the situation contains no such reasons. In this paper, I want to explore the implications of the fact that emotions show varying degrees of integration with our conscious agency—from (...)
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  25. Thomism and Scientific Indeterminism.Charles Decruydt De Koninck - 1936 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 12:58.
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  26. On Freedom And Responsibility: Remarks On Sartre, Levinas And Derrida.Holger Zaborowski - 2000 - Heythrop Journal 41 (1):47-65.
    This article looks at some main stages of contemporary thought about freedom and responsibility and outlines an account of important stages of 20th century philosophy as well. Whereas the early Sartre particularly coined the notion of infinite freedom, his later writings, Levinas and Derrida discovered the conception of infinite responsibility. The article draws attention to the questions which arise out of these understandings of both responsibility and freedom and asks whether these issues can be answered from a purely secular point (...)
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  27. FOCUS: The Social Responsibility of Business: Who Are the Responsible Agents?Alfred Kenyon - 1996 - Business Ethics 5 (2):81-86.
    Resolving the strongly polarised debate about whether or not business has social responsibilities may call for distinguishing more clearly between a business as a non‐moral agent with a purely financial raison d'être and its managers who may have wider and more complex commitments. The author worked as a financial manager in industry and taught at City University Business School for many years, and also served on the professional conduct appeal committee of the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. (...)
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  28. Now Read This: Book Review Spelling Out Corporate Responsibility. [REVIEW]Jacquie L'Etang - 1993 - Business Ethics 2 (3):172-174.
    Cannon, Tom, Corporate Responsibility, Financial Times, Pitman Publishing, 1992, pp. 265, Hardback £30.00, ISBN 0‐273‐03727‐7.
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  29. The HIV/AIDS Crisis and Corporate Moral Responsibility in the Light of the Levinasian Notions of Proximity and the Third.Conceição Soares - 2007 - Business Ethics 16 (3):278-285.
    This paper focuses on the set of problems regarding the HIV/AIDS crisis in the specific domain of corporate moral responsibility within a context of the Levinasian notion of proximity and the Third. Against a totalitarian, homogeneous society, Levinas opens the way to a social pluralism, which has its sources in the disquiet provoked by the strangeness of the Other's face. Corporate responsibility, understood from this point of view, would not reduce institutional relations to an anonymous world of neutrality. Corporate responsibility (...)
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  30. The Mental Basis of Responsibility.Jon Jacobs - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):711-714.
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  31. Agency and Responsibility: A Common Sense Moral Psychology.Gary Watson - 2002 - Mind 111 (444):876-882.
  32. Freedom as Responsibility: Comments on James Swindler.Kenneth Henley - 2012 - Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (2):47-52.
  33. Responsibility and Control: A Theory of Moral Responsibility. [REVIEW]Brendan Sweetman - 2000 - International Philosophical Quarterly 40 (4):507-509.
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  34. Free Selves, Enriched Values, and Experimental Method: Mead’s Pragmatic Synthesis.Sandra B. Rosenthal - 1992 - International Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1):79-93.
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  35. Liberating Responsibility: The Levinasian Ethic of Being and Time.Ed Wingenbach - 1996 - International Philosophical Quarterly 36 (1):29-45.
  36. Freedom and Responsibility: Readings in Philosophy and Law. [REVIEW] Staff - 1962 - International Philosophical Quarterly 2 (2):342-342.
  37. The Sense of Responsibility and the Justifiability of Emotions.Edward T. Sankowskj - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):215-233.
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  38. Morality and the Grammar of Non‐Action.A. T. Nuyen - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):111-119.
    Having explicated "refraining," "omitting," "failing" and "letting happen," it is argued that these cases are not actions but decisions, Having consequences for which one may be blamed or praised. To blame or praise properly we need a clear concept of responsibility. Extending h l a hart's "role-Responsibility," it is suggested that there are "official, Causal" and "casual" role-Responsibilities. The first two involve some people's rights--The last does not--And not discharging them is more serious.
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  39. From Addiction to Community: Philosophical Counseling Within a Community of Inquiry.Peter Raabe - 1997 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 17 (1):81-93.
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  40. The Principle of Least Action: Remarks on Some Passages in Mach’s “Mechanics”).Philip E. B. Jourdain - 1912 - The Monist 22 (2):285-304.
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  41. Liberals, Revolutionaries, and Responsibility: Final Rejoinder.Catherine Lu - 2002 - Ethics and International Affairs 16 (2):124-126.
    In the aftermath of violence and oppression, social justice and moral regeneration must begin with institutions of moral accounting, such as trials and truth commissions, that, however imperfectly, revitalize notions of individual, social, and political responsibility.
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  42. From Existence To Responsibility: Restlessness and Subjectivity in the Early and Late Levinas.Sheldon Hanlon - 2011 - Philosophy Today 55 (3):282-297.
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  43. A Parliament of Souls: Limits and Renewals 2. [REVIEW]Sara Shute - 1991 - International Studies in Philosophy 23 (3):101-102.
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  44. Naturalism, Explanation, and Akrasia.Ruth Weintraub - 1999 - Dialogue 38 (1):63-74.
    RÉSUMÉ: Si on la définit comme une action contraire au bon jugement de l'agent, l'action acrasique se trouve exclue par le principe selon lequel une personne a forcément l'intention de faire ce qu'elle juge devoir faire. Une fois ce principe rejeté, comme je le propose ici, le problème traditionnel de l'acrasie, qui est celui de sa possibilité même, s'évanouit. Je soutiens, cependant, qu'un problème plus limité semble se poser si nous admettons que les actions acrasiques doivent s'expliquer par des raisons, (...)
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  45. 1. Naturalizing Free Will – Empirical and Conceptual Issues.Michael Pauen - 2014 - In Christoph Lumer (ed.), Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 45-62.
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  46. Die Kirche Als Ökonomischer Akteur: Einige Überlegungen Am Beispiel des »Lnterfaith Center of Corporate Responsibility «.Josef Wieland - 1997 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 41 (1):137-142.
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  47. 1. Nuncio Nihil Imputandum / Don't Blame the Messenger – 51. Lapeto Antiquior / Older Than Lapetus.DesideriusHG Erasmus - 2006 - In Adages Iv Iii 1 to V Ii 51: Collected Works of Erasmus. University of Toronto Press. pp. 598-630.
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  48. „Workaholism“ Does Not Always Mean Workaholism...? - About the Controversial Nomenclature in the Research on Work Addiction.Kamila Wojdyło - 2015 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (1):133-136.
    This article attempts to point out the main problem in research on workaholism, namely over-use of the term workaholism when describing symptoms or constructs which are not related to work addiction. Workaholism has one, negative pathological/dysfunctional form and can be differentiated from the healthy forms of over-engagement. Based on the analysis of one example of research results, this article explains that the nomenclature of „workaholic“ is not applicable to the case of over-engaged employees with healthy symptoms. The second aim of (...)
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  49. The Social and the Causal Concepts of Responsibility.Nelson Potter - 1972 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):97-99.
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  50. Criminal Justice Without Moral Responsibility.Dane Shade Hannum - 2016 - Stance 9:51-58.
    This paper grants the hard determinist position that moral responsibility is not coherent with a deterministic world view and examines hard determinist alternatives to traditional punishment. I claim that hard determinist accounts necessarily involve consequentialist reasoning and discuss problems stemming from them. I also argue that a revised model of traditional consequentialism called complex consequentialism, a view in which multiple values may be considered as ends, provides the best moral framework for a hard determinist account. Ultimately, I examine a criminal (...)
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