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Willem J. M. Levelt [18]Willem J. Levelt [2]Willem Jm Levelt [1]
  1. A Theory of Lexical Access in Speech Production.Willem J. M. Levelt, Ardi Roelofs & Antje S. Meyer - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):1-38.
    Preparing words in speech production is normally a fast and accurate process. We generate them two or three per second in fluent conversation; and overtly naming a clear picture of an object can easily be initiated within 600 msec after picture onset. The underlying process, however, is exceedingly complex. The theory reviewed in this target article analyzes this process as staged and feedforward. After a first stage of conceptual preparation, word generation proceeds through lexical selection, morphological and phonological encoding, phonetic (...)
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  2.  35
    Accessing Words in Speech Production: Stages, Processes and Representations.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1992 - Cognition 42 (1-3):1-22.
  3. Models of Word Production.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (6):223-232.
  4.  16
    Viewing and Naming Objects: Eye Movements During Noun Phrase Production.Antje S. Meyer, Astrid M. Sleiderink & Willem J. M. Levelt - 1998 - Cognition 66 (2):B25-B33.
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  5.  10
    The Time Course of Lexical Access in Speech Production: A Study of Picture Naming.Willem J. Levelt, Herbert Schriefers, Dirk Vorberg & Antje S. Meyer - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (1):122-142.
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  6.  30
    Effects of Semantic Context in the Naming of Pictures and Words.Markus F. Damian, Gabriella Vigliocco & Willem J. M. Levelt - 2001 - Cognition 81 (3):B77-B86.
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  7.  23
    Do Speakers Have Access to a Mental Syllabary?Willem J. M. Levelt & Linda Wheeldon - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):239-269.
  8.  46
    A Case for the Lemma/Lexeme Distinction in Models of Speaking: Comment on Caramazza and Miozzo (1997).Ardi Roelofs, Antje S. Meyer & Willem J. M. Levelt - 1998 - Cognition 69 (2):219-230.
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  9.  4
    On Empirical Methodology, Constraints, and Hierarchy in Artificial Grammar Learning.Willem J. M. Levelt - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):942-956.
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  10.  11
    Normal and Deviant Lexical Processing: Reply to Dell and O'Seaghdha.Willem J. Levelt, Herbert Schriefers, Dirk Vorberg & Antje S. Meyer - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (4):615-618.
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  11.  34
    Multiple Perspectives on Word Production.Willem J. M. Levelt, Ardi Roelofs & Antje S. Meyer - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):61-69.
    The commentaries provide a multitude of perspectives on the theory of lexical access presented in our target article. We respond, on the one hand, to criticisms that concern the embeddings of our model in the larger theoretical frameworks of human performance and of a speaker's multiword sentence and discourse generation. These embeddings, we argue, are either already there or naturally forgeable. On the other hand, we reply to a host of theory-internal issues concerning the abstract properties of our feedforward spreading (...)
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  12.  12
    Perceptual Uniqueness Point Effects in Monitoring Internal Speech.Rebecca Özdemir, Ardi Roelofs & Willem J. M. Levelt - 2007 - Cognition 105 (2):457-465.
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  13.  20
    Lexical Access in the Production of Pronouns.Bernadette M. Schmitt, Antje S. Meyer & Willem J. M. Levelt - 1999 - Cognition 69 (3):313-335.
  14.  17
    The Perceptual Loop Theory Not Disconfirmed: A Reply to MacKay.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):226-230.
    In his paper, MacKay reviews his Node Structure theory of error detection, but precedes it with a critical discussion of the Perceptual Loop theory of self-monitoring proposed in Levelt . The present commentary is concerned with this latter critique and shows that there are more than casual problems with MacKay's argumentation.
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  15.  3
    Déjà Vu?Willem J. M. Levelt - 1981 - Cognition 10 (1-3):187-192.
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  16.  9
    Is the Syllable Frame Stored?Willem J. M. Levelt & Niels O. Schiller - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):520-520.
    This commentary discusses whether abstract metrical frames are stored. For stress-assigning languages (e.g., Dutch and English), which have a dominant stress pattern, metrical frames are stored only for words that deviate from the default stress pattern. The majority of the words in these languages are produced without retrieving any independent syllabic or metrical frame.
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  17.  34
    Relations of Lexical Access to Neural Implementation and Syntactic Encoding.Willem J. M. Levelt, Antje S. Meyer & Ardi Roelofs - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):299-301.
    How can one conceive of the neuronal implementation of the processing model we proposed in our target article? In his commentary (Pulvermüller 1999, reprinted here in this issue), Pulvermüller makes various proposals concerning the underlying neural mechanisms and their potential localizations in the brain. These proposals demonstrate the compatibility of our processing model and current neuroscience. We add further evidence on details of localization based on a recent meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies of word production (Indefrey & Levelt 2000). We also (...)
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  18.  14
    The Brain Does Not Serve Linguistic Theory so Easily.Willem J. M. Levelt - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):40-41.
    It is a major move from the claim that the core linguistic problem in Broca's aphasia is the inability to deal with traces, to the claim that this is the syntactic operation only and that it is exclusively supported by Broca's region. Three arguments plead against this move. First, many Broca patients have no damage to Broca's area. Second, it is not only passive, but also active jabberwocky sentences that activate the frontal operculum in a judgment task. Third, the same (...)
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  19.  5
    Zur sprachlichen Abbildung des Raumes: Deiktische und intrinsische Perspektive.Willem J. M. Levelt - 1986 - In Hans G. Bosshardt (ed.), Perspektiven Auf Sprache: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge Zum Gedenken an Hans Hörmann. De Gruyter. pp. 187-211.
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  20. Lyn Frazier, Maria Nella Carminati, Anne E. Cook, Helen Majewski and Keith Rayner (University of Massachusetts) Semantic Evaluation of Syntactic Structure: Evidence From Eye Movements, B53–B62 Andrea Weber (Saarland University), Martine Grice (University of Cologne) and Matthew W. Crocker (Saarland University). [REVIEW]Tania Lombrozo, Susan Carey, Joana Cholin, Willem Jm Levelt, Niels O. Schiller, Rebecca J. Woods & Teresa Wilcox - 2006 - Cognition 99:385-387.
  21.  39
    Merging Speech Perception and Production.Antje S. Meyer & Willem J. M. Levelt - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (3):339-340.
    A comparison of Merge, a model of comprehension, and WEAVER, a model of production, raises five issues: merging models of comprehension and production necessarily creates feedback; neither model is a comprehensive account of word processing; the models are incomplete in different ways; the models differ in their handling of competition; as opposed to WEAVER, Merge is a model of metalinguistic behavior.
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