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Forthcoming articles
  1. Bagnoli Carla (forthcoming). Moral Objectivity: A Kantian Illusion? Journal of Value Inquiry.
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  2. Carla Bagnoli (forthcoming). Moral Objectivity: A Kantian Illusion? Journal of Value Inquiry:1-15.
    Some moral claims strike us as objective. It is often argued that this shows morality to be objective. Moral experience – broadly construed – is invoked as the strongest argument for moral realism, the thesis that there are moral facts or properties.See e.g. Jonathan Dancy, “Two conceptions of Moral Realism,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 60 (1986): 167–187. Realists, however, cannot appropriate the argument from moral experience. In fact, constructivists argue that to validate the ways we experience the objectivity of (...)
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  3. Justin Capes (forthcoming). Gut-Wrenching Choices and Blameworthiness. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-9.
    While there is no shortage of disagreement about what is required for blameworthiness, it has traditionally been assumed that freely doing what you know to be wrong all things considered, despite being aware that it is within your power to do the right thing instead, suffices. Let us refer to this traditional assumption as the sufficiency thesis. The sufficiency thesis is plausible, but it is not beyond dispute. Reflection on certain situations in which a person can do the right thing (...)
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  4. David DeGrazia (forthcoming). Jeremy R. Garrett (Ed), The Ethics of Animal Research. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-6.
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  5. Leigh Duffy (forthcoming). Louise M. Antony (Ed.), Philosophers Without Gods: Meditations on Atheism and the Secular Life. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-6.
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  6. Holly Lawford-Smith (forthcoming). Juha Räikkä, Social Justice in Practice. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-6.
    Imagine yourself standing on the edge of a canyon, marveling at the terrain below, wondering about all the sights currently obscured from your view, and lamenting that you just don’t have time to commit to the steep descent in and long trek across, which would give you a perspective from right up close. Being handed Juha Räikkä’s new book Social Justice in Practice is like being told there’s a flying fox you can take: the canyon is applied political theory, and (...)
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  7. Brian McLean (forthcoming). What's So Good About Non-Existence? Journal of Value Inquiry:1-14.
    There are cases where many think it would have been better for some child never to have been born. We can imagine a life characterized exclusively by suffering, never containing even the briefest moment of pleasure. The life goes exceedingly poorly – so poorly, we think, that it would have been better for the child never to have been. However, most of us think that many lives are not of this sort. Many lives are at least all right: the good (...)
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  8. Linda Radzik (forthcoming). Moral Rebukes and Social Avoidance. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-19.
    IntroductionStrawsonian theories of moral responsibility, which aim to ground the phenomenon of moral responsibility in our practices of holding one another accountable for our actions, lead us to think more carefully about the content of those practices. Strawson and his followers have done much to explore the significance of the deontic reactive attitudes (resentment, indignation and guilt), which we tend to aim at wrongdoers.P. F. Strawson, "Freedom and Resentment," Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. 48 (1962). See also, R. Jay (...)
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  9. Neal A. Tognazzini (forthcoming). Reactive Attitudes and Volitional Necessity. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-13.
    Strawson’s Confidence-Inspiring Response to SkepticismThe varieties of philosophical skepticism purport to be pressing an intellectual challenge: what’s your justification for believing that there is an external world (or that there are other minds, etc.)? The relevant question is, of course, asked in a tone of voice which implies that a justification is needed and can’t be had. But skeptical worries also present a more personal challenge – or, at least, one that can be more disquieting. By raising doubts about whether (...)
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  10. Mark Alfano (forthcoming). Michael W. Austin, Ed. Virtues in Action: New Essays in Applied Virtue Ethics. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-6.
    This ain’t your grandma’s virtue theory.In Michael Austin’s bold new collection, Virtues in Action: New Essays in Applied Virtue Ethics, gone are the pretentions of defining right action generically as what a virtuous person would do in the circumstances, while acting in and from character, provided that a virtuous person would end up in those circumstances. Instead, we find detailed explorations of specific virtues and vices related to specific fields of activity and problems, with attention (some of it careful – (...)
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  11. Mahesh Ananth (forthcoming). Gregory E. Kaebnick and Thomas H. Murray, Eds., Synthetic Biology and Morality: Artificial Life and the Bounds of Nature. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry:1-8.
    One way of acknowledging the putative progress of science is to trace its successes with respect to description, manipulation, and genuine innovation. In this regard, the history of genetics can be viewed as an exemplary case study. Indeed, the ground breaking work of Watson and Crick, the remarkable results associated with both describing and manipulating regulatory genes (e.g., early and recent work on Drosophila), and the cutting edge efforts related to nuclear transfer (i.e., cloning) are stunning progress-worthy accomplishments. Yet, there (...)
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  12. Michael Campbell (forthcoming). Absolute Goodness: In Defence of the Useless and Immoral. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-18.
    IntroductionKraut defines absolute goodness as follows: for something to be absolutely good is for its goodness to be unrelated to the needs or interests of any individual.See Richard Kraut, Against Absolute Goodness (Oxford: OUP, 2011), pp. 4ff. Let’s allow goodness to apply broadly to objects, states of affairs and events (including actions). (Although for Kraut the goodness of objects will be derivative on the goodness of elements of an individual’s life.See Kraut, op. cit., ch. 1.) Treat x as a variable (...)
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  13. Stephen de Wijze (forthcoming). Searching for the Mark of Cain–Barry's Exploration of Evil Persons. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-9.
    When is it justified to refer to someone as evil? How, if at all, is this different from saying that this person is deeply immoral or simply very bad? Moreover, does identifying a person as evil have practical implications for the criminal law and the institution of punishment more generally? These are central questions that Barry seeks to answer in Evil and Moral Psychology. His wide-ranging analysis attempts to identify and reliably predict who is, and who will become, evil by (...)
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  14. Peter A. French (forthcoming). Self-Blaming, Repentance, and Atonement. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-16.
    Self-blaming expressions are common. For example, “I blame myself for missing the deadline;” “I’m the only one to blame for my alcoholism;” “I can’t stop blaming myself for what he did to me;” “Bless me Father, for I have sinned;” “My bad, I’ll pay for it;” “I’m so ashamed of having done that;” and, “Damn me, I’ve done it again!”Self-blame occupies a sizable chunk of what is published in academic psychology, but there is not that much on the topic in (...)
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  15. Stephen Galoob (forthcoming). Stephen Winter, Transitional Justice in Established Democracies: A Political Theory. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-6.
    The fundamental question of political reparation is: why should a state provide redress for an injustice? The predominant answer justifies redress in terms of debts—the perpetration of an injustice creates a debt, and a state is required to make redress for the same reasons that it is required to repay its debts . Other approaches justify redress on the grounds that it will facilitate the achievement of some broader political goal, like the fair distribution of social resources or political reconciliation.In (...)
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  16. Ishtiyaque Haji (forthcoming). Blameworthiness and Alternate Possibilities. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-19.
    Frankfurt examples attempt to establish that a person can be morally responsible, morally blameworthy, for instance, for doing something despite not being able to do otherwise, as long as the conditions that render him unable to do otherwise play no role in bringing about what he does.Harry Frankfurt, “Alternate Possibilities and Moral Responsibility,” The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 66 (1969). A more cautious manner of arguing would be to assume only that it is not demonstrated that the agent is not (...)
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  17. Paul Hughes (forthcoming). David Konstan, Before Forgiveness: The Origins of a Moral Idea. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-8.
    For the past thirty-five years or so forgiveness has been of great interest to philosophers, and the recent spate of new books and scholarly essays on the topic is evidence that this interest continues unabated. David Konstan’s Before Forgiveness: The Origins of a Moral Idea is among the recent contributions to this literature. Konstan argues that none of the various ways in which people in the classical Greek and Roman world managed angry emotional states such as resentment constitute the modern (...)
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  18. Ward E. Jones (forthcoming). Wisdom as an Aim of Higher Education. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-15.
    IntroductionA central concern of theoretical speculation about education is the kind of epistemic states that education can and should aim to achieve. One such epistemic state, long neglected in both education theory and philosophy, is wisdom. Might wisdom be something that educators should aim for? And might it be something that their students can achieve? My answer will be a qualified yes.One qualification derives from the fact that in the present paper I will only be concerned with the potentiality of (...)
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  19. Andrew C. Khoury (forthcoming). Moral Responsibility. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-3.
    The essays in this volume are illustrative of the variety of issues that arise when thinking about moral responsibility. From metaphysical concerns about free will and determinism to normative interest in the nature of our social practices, the philosophy of moral responsibility seems to have something to offer philosophers of nearly any taste or temperament. It is, in part, this pervasive and diverse significance that sparked and has sustained my own interest in the topic. I hope the essays in this (...)
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  20. Chris Mayer (forthcoming). Anthony Cunningham, Modern Honor: A Philosophical Defense. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-5.
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  21. Kelly McCormick (forthcoming). Holding Responsibility Hostage: Responsibility, Justification, and the Compatibility Question. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-19.
    Traditional work on moral responsibility has for quite some time focused on the compatibility question: is moral responsibility compatible with determinism (or indeterminism)? But there is a second question that has also played a central role, though perhaps less explicitly. Call this second question the justificatory question:Can our reactive attitudes, judgments about moral responsibility, and the attendant practice of moral praising and blaming be rationally maintained and justified?It is not uncommon to take providing an answer to the compatibility question to (...)
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  22. C. M. Melenovsky & Justin Bernstein (forthcoming). Why Free Market Rights Are Not Basic Liberties. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-21.
    Most liberals agree that governments should protect certain basic liberties, such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and freedom of the person. Liberals disagree, however, about whether free market rights should also be protected. By “free market rights,” we mean those rights typically associated with laissez-faire economic systems such as freedom of contract, a right to market returns, and claims to privately own the means of production.We do not use the phrase “economic liberties,” as Tomasi does, because it does (...)
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  23. Michele Moody-Adams (forthcoming). The Enigma of Forgiveness. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-20.
    For at least two millennia, religious traditions, spiritual communities and secular moral thinkers have debated the nature and sources of forgiveness. But near the end of the twentieth century understanding forgiveness took on new urgency, as divided societies looked to forgiveness as a vehicle of reconciliation, governments sought forgiveness for past wrongs, and popular psychology explored the therapeutic effects of forgiveness. These developments have led to a remarkable increase in scholarship on forgiveness: philosophers examine its moral nature; psychologists seek to (...)
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  24. Amy Olberding (forthcoming). From Corpses to Courtesy: Xunzi's Defense of Etiquette. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-15.
    Etiquette writer Judith Martin is frequently faced with “etiquette skeptics,” interlocutors who protest not simply that this or that rule of etiquette is problematic but complain that etiquette itself, qua a system of conventional norms for human conduct and communication, is objectionable. While etiquette skeptics come in a variety of forms, one of the most frequent skeptical complaints is that etiquette is artificial.The worries Martin canvasses are frequently also raised in more philosophical work as reasons to doubt the moral significance (...)
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  25. Juha Räikkä & Rosa Rantanen (forthcoming). James Stacey Taylor (Ed.): The Metaphysics and Ethics of Death. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-6.
    This is the first collection of essays of philosophical thanatology that explicitly connects the metaphysical and the ethical questions of death, including some bioethical questions. The volume has four sections, and the discussion moves from historical and theoretical problems to practical issues of bioethics. However, as the editor of the book, James Stacey Taylor, has surely intended, the practical questions discussed are closely related to traditional metaphysical problems, most notably to the questions such as whether death is a harm to (...)
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  26. Michael Ridge (forthcoming). Naïve Practical Reasoning and the Second-Person Standpoint: Simple Reasons for Simple People? Journal of Value Inquiry:1-14.
    Much contemporary first-order moral theory revolves around the debate between consequentialists and deontologists. Depressingly, this debate often seems to come down to irresolvable first-order intuition mongering about runaway trolleys, drowning children in shallow ponds, lying to murderers at doors, and the like. Prima facie, common sense morality contains both consequentialist and deontological elements, so it may be no surprise that direct appeal to first-order intuitions tend towards stalemate. One might infer from this that we should simply embrace some sort of (...)
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  27. David Rocheleau-Houle (forthcoming). Michael Ridge, Impassioned Belief. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-5.
    Michael Ridge’s Impassioned Belief is part of an important new wave in metaethics: hybrid theories. Ridge is a pioneer of hybrid expressivism; his own version is called “ecumenical expressivism.” His book is not only a collection of papers published in the last ten years. It covers more topics, and he also proposes some important improvements to his theory. Ridge’s work is an expansive one; in this review I shall limit myself to present what I consider to be the most important (...)
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  28. Jeff Sebo (forthcoming). The Just Soul. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-13.
    IntroductionConsider the following two cases:You and your friend Doug are on a road trip, and you want to get an early start in the morning. But you know that this will be impossible if Doug drinks tonight, and you also know that, when night rolls around, Doug will want to drink. What should you do? You have two options. First, you can compromise and coordinate with Doug: for example, you can promise to stay out late tomorrow night if he gets (...)
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  29. Hannah Tierney (forthcoming). Tackling It Head On: How Best to Handle the Modified Manipulation Argument. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-13.
    IntroductionPatrick Todd’s article, “A New Approach to Manipulation Arguments,” has spurred considerable discussion in the literature.Patrick Todd, “A New Approach to Manipulation Arguments,” Philosophical Studies, Vol. 153, No. 1, (2011), pp. 127–133. In his essay, Todd attempts to reframe how manipulation arguments function dialectically. These arguments, often presented by incompatibilists, typically rely on cases in which agents, though they have met a number of compatibilist sufficient conditions for responsibility, have been manipulated such that they intuitively fail to be blameworthy for (...)
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