David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Metaphilosophy 39 (4-5):508-529 (2008)
Abstract: We sometimes say our moral claims are "objectively true," or are "right, even if nobody believes it." These additional claims are often taken to be staking out metaethical positions, representative of a certain kind of theorizing about morality that "steps outside" the practice in order to comment on its status. Ronald Dworkin has argued that skepticism about these claims so understood is not tenable because it is impossible to step outside such practices. I show that externally skeptical metaethical theory can withstand his attacks, thereby defending the possibility of this kind of metatheoretical method and showing that the additional objectivity claims still make sense as external claims. Four interpretations of the additional objectivity claims can still be understood externally: as secondary properties, as arguing for some form of causal correspondence, as explaining error, and under Blackburn's expressivism. In the end, Dworkin's argument can be turned against itself.
|Keywords||metaethics subjectivism external skepticism Ronald Dworkin Simon Blackburn expressivism cognitivism skepticism about moral truth internalism relativism externalism Archimedean skepticism methodology|
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References found in this work BETA
Simon Blackburn (1998/2000). Ruling Passions. Oxford University Press.
James Dreier (2002). Metaethics and Normative Commitment. Philosophical Issues 12 (s1):241-263.
R. M. Dworkin (1988). Law's Empire. Harvard University Press.
Ronald Dworkin (2004). Hart's Postscript and the Character of Political Philosophy. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 24 (1):1-37.
Ronald Dworkin (2006). Justice in Robes. Belknap Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Patrick Clipsham (2013). In Defense of Anti‐Archimedean Moral Realism: A Response to Recent Critics. Metaphilosophy 44 (4):470-484.
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