David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Hypatia 29 (2):440-457 (2014)
I explore how gender can shape the pragmatics of speech. In some circumstances, when a woman deploys standard discursive conventions in order to produce a speech act with a specific performative force, her utterance can turn out, in virtue of its uptake, to have a quite different force—a less empowering force—than it would have if performed by a man. When members of a disadvantaged group face a systematic inability to produce a specific kind of speech act that they are entitled to perform—and in particular when their attempts result in their actually producing a different kind of speech act that further compromises their social position and agency—then they are victims of what I call discursive injustice. I examine three examples of discursive injustice. I contrast my account with Langton and Hornsby's account of illocutionary silencing. I argue that lack of complete control over the performative force of our speech acts is universal, and not a special marker of social disadvantage. However, women and other relatively disempowered speakers are sometimes subject to a distinctive distortion of the path from speaking to uptake, which undercuts their social agency in ways that track and enhance existing social disadvantages.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
J. L. Austin (1975). How to Do Things with Words. Clarendon Press.
Miranda Fricker (2007). Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing. Oxford University Press.
Donald Davidson (2001). Inquiries Into Truth and Interpretation: Philosophical Essays Volume 2. Clarendon Press.
Rae Langton (1993). Speech Acts and Unspeakable Acts. Philosophy and Public Affairs 22 (4):293-330.
Jacques Derrida (1995). On the Name. Stanford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Mary Kate Mcgowan (2014). Sincerity Silencing. Hypatia 29 (2):458-473.
Similar books and articles
François Récanati (1987). Meaning and Force: The Pragmatics of Performative Utterances. Cambridge University Press.
Nellie Wieland (2007). Linguistic Authority and Convention in a Speech Act Analysis of Pornography. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (3):435 – 456.
Regine Eckardt (2012). Hereby Explained: An Event-Based Account of Performative Utterances. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (1):21-55.
Mari Mikkola (2011). Illocution, Silencing and the Act of Refusal. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 92 (3):415-437.
Antonino Rotolo & Corrado Roversi (2009). Norm Enactment and Performative Contradictions. Ratio Juris 22 (4):455-482.
Erling Skjei (1985). I. A Comment on Performative, Subject, and Proposition in Habermas's Theory of Communication. Inquiry 28 (1-4):87 – 105.
Kory Schaff (2000). Hate Speech and the Problems of Agency. Social Philosophy Today 16:185-201.
François Recanati (2013). Content, Mood, and Force. Philosophy Compass 8 (7):622-632.
Stefanov Gheorghe (2010). Negative Acts. Analele Universitatii Bucuresti - Filosofie (LIX):3-9.
Nicole Wyatt (2009). Failing to Do Things with Words. Southwest Philosophy Review 25 (1):135-142.
Jan Marta (1996). A Linguistic Model of Informed Consent. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (1):41-60.
Added to index2012-09-18
Total downloads91 ( #48,285 of 1,934,372 )
Recent downloads (6 months)15 ( #37,172 of 1,934,372 )
How can I increase my downloads?