David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):57-75 (1997)
Hypocrites are generally regarded as morally-corrupt, cynical egoists who consciously and deliberately deceive others in order to further their own interests. The purpose of my essay is to present a different view. I argue that hypocrisy typically involves or leads to self-deception and, therefore, that real hypocrites are hard to find. One reason for this merging of hypocrisy into self-deception is that a consistent and conscious deception of society is self-defeating from the point of view of egoistical hypocrites. The best way for them to achieve their ends would be to believe in the deception, thereby not only deceiving others but also themselves. If my thesis is sound, we ought to be more cautious in ascribing hypocrisy to people, and less harsh in our attitude toward hypocrites
|Keywords||Character Experiment Hypocrisy Science Self-deception|
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References found in this work BETA
Jean-Paul Sartre (1956/1994). Being and Nothingness. Distributed by Random House.
R. M. Hare (1963). Freedom and Reason. Oxford, Clarendon Press.
Richard D. Wright (1994). The Moral Animal. Pantheon Books.
Judith N. Shklar (1984). Ordinary Vices. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Brian P. McLaughlin & Amelie O. Rorty (eds.) (1988). Perspectives on Self-Deception. University of California Press.
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