11 found
  1.  40
    Cultural Evolution in Laboratory Microsocieties Including Traditions of Rule Giving and Rule Following.William M. Baum & Peter J. Richerson - unknown
    Experiments may contribute to understanding the basic processes of cultural evolution. We drew features from previous laboratory research with small groups in which traditions arose during several generations. Groups of four participants chose by consensus between solving anagrams printed on red cards and on blue cards. Payoffs for the choices differed. After 12 min, the participant who had been in the experiment the longest was removed and replaced with a naı¨ve person. These replacements, each of which marked the end of (...)
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  2.  13
    Maximization Theory: Some Empirical Problems.William M. Baum & John A. Nevin - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):389-390.
  3. Commentary on Foxall," Intentional Behaviorism".William M. Baum - 2007 - Behavior and Philosophy 35:57.
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  4.  15
    Choice of Mating Tactics and Constrained Optimality.William M. Baum - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):589-590.
    Gangestad & Simpson's arguments may be rendered more substantial and precise by capitalizing on research and theory on choice between reinforced response alternatives. An analysis in terms of feedback functions shows that the effects of individual differences in attractiveness may be understood as constraints on optimality and may be reconciled with the previous research and theory that the authors criticize.
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    Newton and Darwin: Can This Marriage Be Saved?William M. Baum & Suzanne H. Mitchell - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):91-92.
    The insights described by Nevin & Grace may be summarized without reference to the Newtonian concepts they suggest. The metaphor to Newtonian mechanics seems dubious in three ways: (1) extensions seem to lead to paradoxes; (2) many well-known phenomena are ignored; (3) the Newtonian concepts seem difficult to reconcile with the larger framework of evolutionary theory.
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    Patterns Yes, Agency No.William M. Baum - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):122-122.
    Contrary to his own perspective, Rachlin introduces a ghostly inner cost to explain the persistence of behavioral patterns and agency to explain their origins. Both inconsistencies can be set straight by taking account of history and a context larger than the pattern itself. Persistence is explained by stimulus control, if one assumes that defection from a pattern has stimulus properties and is punished. The origins of patterns are understood as an outcome of selection in the larger context of cultural or (...)
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    Selection by Consequences is a Good Idea.William M. Baum - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):447.
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    Two Stumbling Blocks to a General Account of Selection: Replication and Information.William M. Baum - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):528-528.
    When one takes the evolution of operant behavior as prototype, one sees that the term replication is too tied to the peculiarities of genetic evolution. A more general term is recurrence. The important problem raised by recurrence is not “information” but relationship: deciding when two occurrences belong to the same lineage. That is solved by looking at common environmental effects.
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    The Status of Private Events in Behavior Analysis.William M. Baum - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):644-644.
  10.  43
    Why Not Ask “Does the Chimpanzee Have a Soul?”.William M. Baum - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):116-116.
    The question, “Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind?” is logically identical to the question, “Does the chimpanzee have a soul?” It is a peculiarity of our culture that we talk about anyone having a mind, and such talk is unhelpful for a science of behavior. The label “killjoy hypothesis” is an ad hominem attack.
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    Maximization Should Sometimes Lead to Abstinence.Suzanne H. Mitchell & William M. Baum - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):589-590.