David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (5):645 – 672 (2008)
Personal Identity theorists as diverse as Derek Parfit, Marya Schechtman and Galen Strawson have noted that the experiencing subject (the locus of present psychological experience) and the person (a human being with a career/narrative extended across time) are not necessarily coextensive. Accordingly, we can become psychologically alienated from, and fail to experience a sense of identity with, the person we once were or will be. This presents serious problems for Locke's original account of “sameness of consciousness” constituting personal identity, given the distinctly normative (and indeed eschatological) focus of his discussion. To succeed, the Lockean project needs to identify some phenomenal property of experience that can constitute a sense of identity with the self figured in all moments to which consciousness can be extended. I draw upon key themes in Kierkegaard's phenomenology of moral imagination to show that Kierkegaard describes a phenomenal quality of experience that unites the experiencing subject with its past and future, regardless of facts about psychological change across time. Yet Kierkegaard's account is fully normative, recasting affective identification with past/future selves as a moral task rather than something merely psychologically desirable (Schechtman) or utterly contingent (Parfit, Strawson).
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Derek Parfit (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford University Press.
Hans-Georg Gadamer (2004). Truth and Method. Continuum.
John Locke (1995). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Oxford University Press.
William James (1890). The Principles of Psychology. Dover Publications.
Galen Strawson (2004). Against Narrativity. Ratio 17 (4):428-452.
Citations of this work BETA
Patrick Stokes (2012). Is Narrative Identity Four-Dimensionalist? European Journal of Philosophy 20 (S1):e86-e106.
Patrick Stokes (2011). Uniting the Perspectival Subject: Two Approaches. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (1):23-44.
Patrick Stokes (2012). Ghosts in the Machine: Do the Dead Live on in Facebook? [REVIEW] Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):363-379.
Patrick Stokes (2013). Will It Be Me? Identity, Concern and Perspective. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):206-226.
Similar books and articles
Shelley Weinberg (2012). The Metaphysical Fact of Consciousness in Locke's Theory of Personal Identity. Journal of the History of Philosophy 50 (3):387-415.
Shelley Weinberg (2011). Locke on Personal Identity. Philosophy Compass 6 (6):398-407.
Steve Matthews (1998). Personal Identity, Multiple Personality Disorder, and Moral Personhood. Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):67-88.
Barry F. Dainton & Timothy J. Bayne (2005). Consciousness as a Guide to Personal Persistence. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (4):549-571.
Marya Schechtman (2005). Personal Identity and the Past. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (1):9-22.
Marya Schechtman (2001). Empathic Access: The Missing Ingredient in Personal Identity. Philosophical Explorations 4 (2):95 – 111.
Basil Smith (2006). John Locke, Personal Identity and Memento. In Mark T. Conard (ed.), The Philosophy of Neo-Noir. University of Kentucky Press
Harold W. Noonan (1989). Personal Identity. Routledge.
Patrick Stokes (2011). Naked Subjectivity: Minimal Vs. Narrative Selves in Kierkegaard. Inquiry 53 (4):356-382.
Marya Schechtman (2005). Experience, Agency, and Personal Identity. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (2):1-24.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads57 ( #77,385 of 1,911,671 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #254,182 of 1,911,671 )
How can I increase my downloads?