Search results for 'Grammar, Comparative and general Syntax' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Denis Bouchard (1995). The Semantics of Syntax: A Minimalist Approach to Grammar. University of Chicago Press.score: 684.0
    During the last thirty years, most linguists and philosophers have assumed that meaning can be represented symbolically and that the mental processing of language involves the manipulation of symbols. Scholars have assembled strong evidence that there must be linguistic representations at several abstract levels--phonological, syntactic, and semantic--and that those representations are related by a describable system of rules. Because meaning is so complex, linguists often posit an equally complex relationship between semantic and other levels of grammar. The Semantics of (...) is an elegant and powerful analysis of the relationship between syntax and semantics. Noting that meaning is underdetermined by form even in simple cases, Denis Bouchard argues that it is impossible to build knowledge of the world into grammar and still have a describable grammar. He thus proposes simple semantic representations and simple rules to relate linguistic levels. Focusing on a class of French verbs, Bouchard shows how multiple senses can be accounted for by the assumption of a single abstract core meaning along with background information about how objects behave in the world. He demonstrates that this move simplifies the syntax at no cost to the descriptive power of the semantics. In two important final chapters, he examines the consequences of his approach for standard syntactic theories. (shrink)
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  2. G. David Morley (2000). Syntax in Functional Grammar: An Introduction to Lexicogrammar in Systemic Linguistics. Continuum.score: 648.0
    This well-illustrated book outlines a framework for the analysis of syntactic structure from a perspective of a systematic functional grammar.
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  3. Alastair Butler (2004). The Syntax and Semantics of Split Constructions: A Comparative Study. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 648.0
    Split constructions are widespread in natural languages. The separation of the semantic restriction of a quantifier from that quantifier is a typical example of such a construction. This study addresses the problem that such discontinuous strings exhibit--namely, a number of locality constraints, including intervention effects. These are shown to follow from the interaction of a minimalist syntax with a semantics that directly assigns a model-theoretic interpretation to syntactic logical forms. The approach is shown to have wide empirical coverage and (...)
     
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  4. E. K. Brown (1982). Syntax, Generative Grammar. Hutchinson.score: 636.0
     
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  5. J. E. Miller (1985). Semantics and Syntax: Parallels and Connections. Cambridge University Press.score: 564.0
    This book is concerned with the relationship between semantics and surface structure and in particular with the way in which each is mapped into the other. Jim Miller argues that semantic and syntactic structure require different representations and that semantic structure is far more complex than many analysts realise. He argues further that semantic structure should be based on notions of location and movement. The need for a semantic component of greater complexity is demonstrated by an examination of prepositions, particles, (...)
     
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  6. Gennaro Chierchia (1995). Dynamics of Meaning: Anaphora, Presupposition, and the Theory of Grammar. University of Chicago Press.score: 504.0
    In The Dynamics of Meaning , Gennaro Chierchia tackles central issues in dynamic semantics and extends the general framework. Chapter 1 introduces the notion of dynamic semantics and discusses in detail the phenomena that have been used to motivate it, such as "donkey" sentences and adverbs of quantification. The second chapter explores in greater depth the interpretation of indefinites and issues related to presuppositions of uniqueness and the "E-type strategy." In Chapter 3, Chierchia extends the dynamic approach to the (...)
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  7. Andrew Carnie & Eithne Guilfoyle (eds.) (2000). The Syntax of the Verb Initial Languages. Oxford University Press.score: 504.0
    This volume contains twelve chapters on the derivation of and the correlates to verb initial word order. The studies in this volume cover such widely divergent languages as Irish, Welsh, Scots Gaelic, Old Irish, Biblical Hebrew, Jakaltek, Mam, Lummi (Straits Salish), Niuean, Malagasy, Palauan, K'echi', and Zapotec, from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives, including Minimalism, information structure, and sentence processing. The first book to take a crosslinguistic comparative approach to verb initial syntax, this volume provides new data (...)
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  8. Robert Freidin & Howard Lasnik (eds.) (2006). Syntax: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. Routledge.score: 504.0
    This collection covers the fundamental concepts and analytic tools of generative transformational syntax of the last half century, from Chomsky's Morphophonemics of Modern Hebrew (1951) to the present day. It makes available, in one place, key published material on important areas such as phrase structure, transformations, and conditions on rules and representations. Presenting articles by leading contributors to the field such as Baltin, Bokovic, Bresnan, Chomsky, Cinque, Emonds, Freidin, Hale, Higginbotham, Huang, Kayne, Lasnik, McCawley, Pollock, Postal, Reinhart, Rizzi, Ross, (...)
     
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  9. Cedric Boeckx (2008). Understanding Minimalist Syntax: Lessons From Locality in Long-Distance Dependencies. Blackwell Pub..score: 480.0
    Understanding Minimalist Syntax introduces the logic of the Minimalist Program by analyzing well-known descriptive generalizations about long-distance dependencies. Proposes a new theory of how long-distance dependencies are formed, with implications for theories of locality, and the Minimalist Program as a whole Rich in empirical coverage, which will be welcomed by experts in the field, yet accessible enough for students looking for an introduction to the Minimalist Program.
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  10. Željko Bošković & Howard Lasnik (eds.) (2007). Minimalist Syntax: The Essential Readings. Blackwell Pub..score: 468.0
    This book is a collection of key readings on Minimalist Syntax, the most recent, and arguably most important, theoretical development within the Principles and Parameters approach to syntactic theory. Brings together in one volume the key readings on Minimalist Syntax Includes an introduction and overview of the Minimalist Program written by two prominent researchers Excerpts crucial pieces from the beginning of Minimalism to the most recent work and provides invaluable coverage of the most important topics.
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  11. Eva Koktova (1999). Word-Order Based Grammar. Mouton De Gruyter.score: 468.0
    In this book, a new theory of grammar based on word order is proposed: a deep word order as the multipartioned communicative-information structure of the ...
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  12. Robin Lee Clark (1990). Thematic Theory in Syntax and Interpretation. Routledge.score: 468.0
    Chapter one Introduction The lexicon has come to play an increasingly important role in generative grammar. The first widely read monograph on generative ...
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  13. Cedric Boeckx (2008). Bare Syntax. Oxford University Press.score: 468.0
    Cedric Boeckx focuses on two core components of grammar: phrase structure and locality.
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  14. Amanda Seidl (2001). Minimal Indirect Reference: A Theory of the Syntax-Phonology Interface. Routledge.score: 468.0
    This book investigates the nature of the relationship between phonology and syntax and proposes a theory of Minimal Indirect Reference that solves many classic problems relating to the topic. Seidl shows that all variation across languages in phonological domain size is due to syntactic differences and a single domain parameter specific to phonology.
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  15. David Adger (2003). Core Syntax: A Minimalist Approach. Oxford University Press.score: 468.0
    This is an introduction to the structure of sentences in human languages. It assumes no prior knowledge of linguistic theory and little of elementary grammar. It will suit students coming to syntactic theory for the first time either as graduates or undergraduates. It will also be useful for those in fields such as computational science, artificial intelligence, or cognitive psychology who need a sound knowledge of current syntactic theory.
     
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  16. Andrew Carnie (2007). Syntax: A Generative Introduction. Blackwell Pub..score: 468.0
    Building on the success of the bestselling first edition, the second edition of this textbook provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the major issues in Principles and Parameters syntactic theory, including phrase structure, the lexicon, case theory, movement, and locality conditions. Includes new and extended problem sets in every chapter, all of which have been annotated for level and skill type. Features three new chapters on advanced topics including vP shells, object shells, control, gapping and ellipsis and an additional (...)
     
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  17. Rudolf Carnap (1937). The Logical Syntax of Language. London, K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd..score: 456.0
    Available for the first time in 20 years, here is the Rudolf Carnap's famous principle of tolerance by which everyone is free to mix and match the rules of ...
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  18. Susumu Kuno (1987). Functional Syntax: Anaphora, Discourse, and Empathy. University of Chicago Press.score: 456.0
    I CATEGORIES AND PRINCIPLES ii Introductory Remarks The value of linguistics as a cognitive science lies largely in its potential for providing insights ...
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  19. Michael T. Putnam (ed.) (2009). Towards a Derivational Syntax: Survive-Minimalism. John Benjamins Pub. Company.score: 456.0
    This volume explores recent advancements in the Minimalist Program that adopt Stroikżs (1999, 2009) Survive Principle as the principle means of accounting for ...
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  20. Thomas S. Stroik (2009). Locality in Minimalist Syntax. Mit Press.score: 456.0
    This minimalist study proposes that the computational system of human language must consist of strictly local operations.
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  21. Lisa A. Reed (1996). Toward Logical Form: An Exploration of the Role of Syntax in Semantics. Garland Pub..score: 456.0
    Introduction 1.1 GOALS This book is devoted to an in-depth investigation of some of the properties of Logical Form (LF). In particular, the primary aim of ...
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  22. Pierre Wagner (ed.) (2009). Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 456.0
    This volumes aim is to provide an introduction to Carnaps book from a historical and philosophical perspective, each chapter focusing on one specific issue. The book will be of interest not only to Carnap scholars but to all those interested in the history of analytical philosophy.
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  23. Petr Sgall (ed.) (1984). Contributions to Functional Syntax, Semantics, and Language Comprehension. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..score: 456.0
    On the Notion "Type of Language" Petr Sgall It is well known that the high frequency of terminological vagueness and confusion has been a serious obstacle ...
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  24. David M. Perlmutter (1971). Deep and Surface Structure Constraints in Syntax. New York,Holt, Rinehart and Winston.score: 456.0
     
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  25. Pieter A. M. Seuren (1996). Semantic Syntax. Blackwell.score: 456.0
     
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  26. E. K. Brown (1991). Syntax: A Linguistic Introduction to Sentence Structure. Harper-Collins Academic.score: 456.0
     
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  27. James Higginbotham (1995). Sense and Syntax: An Inaugural Lecture Delivered Before the University of Oxford on 20 October 1994. Oxford University Press.score: 456.0
     
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  28. S. M. R. Husain (1991). Contrastive Syntax: Search for a Model. Bahri Publications.score: 456.0
     
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  29. Pauline I. Jacobson (1980). The Syntax of Crossing Coreference Sentences. Garland Pub..score: 456.0
     
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  30. Chris Barker & Pauline I. Jacobson (eds.) (2007). Direct Compositionality. Oxford University Press.score: 444.0
    This book examines the hypothesis of "direct compositionality", which requires that semantic interpretation proceed in tandem with syntactic combination. Although associated with the dominant view in formal semantics of the 1970s and 1980s, the feasibility of direct compositionality remained unsettled, and more recently the discussion as to whether or not this view can be maintained has receded. The syntax-semantics interaction is now often seen as a process in which the syntax builds representations which, at the abstract level of (...)
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  31. Juan Uriagereka (2008). Syntactic Anchors: On Semantic Structuring. Cambridge University Press.score: 444.0
    One of the major arenas for debate within generative grammar is the nature of paradigmatic relations among words. Intervening in key debates at the interface between syntax and semantics, this book examines the relation between structure and meaning, and analyses how it affects the internal properties of words and corresponding syntactic manifestations. Adapting notions from the Evo-Devo project in biology (the idea of 'co-linearity' between structural units and behavioural manifestations) Juan Uriagereka addresses a major puzzle: how words can be (...)
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  32. Knud Lambrecht (1994). Information Structure and Sentence Form: Topic, Focus, and the Mental Representations of Discourse Referents. Cambridge University Press.score: 408.0
    Why do speakers of all languages use different grammatical structures under different communicative circumstances to express the same idea? In this comprehensive study, Professor Lambrecht explores the relationship between the structure of sentences and the linguistic and extra-linguistic contexts in which they are used. His analysis is based on the observation that the structure of a sentence reflects a speaker's assumptions about the hearer's state of knowledge and consciousness at the time of the utterance. This relationship between speaker assumptions and (...)
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  33. Nikolaus Himmelmann & Eva Schultze-Berndt (eds.) (2005). Secondary Predication and Adverbial Modification: The Typology of Depictives. Oxford University Press.score: 408.0
    This is the first book to approach depictive secondary predication - a hot topic in syntax and semantics research - from a crosslinguistic perspective. It maps out all the relevant phenomena and brings together critical surveys and new contributions on their morphosyntactic and semantic properties.
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  34. Yael Ravin (1990). Lexical Semantics Without Thematic Roles. Oxford University Press.score: 408.0
    In this interpretive analysis, Ravin argues that thematic roles are not valid semantic entities, and that syntax and semantics are indeed autonomous and independent of one another. Suggesting a decompositional approach to lexical semantics in the spirit of Katz's semantic theory, the book considers such theoretical issues as indeterminacy and ambiguity, lexical configuration rules, and lexical projection, and analyzes the semantic content of event concepts such as causation, action, and change.
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  35. Matthew Reeve (2012). Clefts and Their Relatives. John Benjamins Pub. Co..score: 408.0
    Introduction -- The syntax of English clefts -- Clefts and the licensing of relative clauses -- Clefts in Slavonic languages -- The syntax of specificational sentences -- Conclusion.
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  36. Ngoni Chipere (2003). Understanding Complex Sentences: Native Speaker Variation in Syntactic Competence. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 408.0
    Is native speaker variation in understanding complex sentences due to individual differences in working memory capacity or in syntactic competence? The answer to this question has very important consequences for both theoretical and applied concerns in linguistics and education. This book is distinctive in giving an historical and interdisciplinary perspective on the rule- based and experience-based debate and in supporting an integrated account. In the study reported here, variation was found to be due to differences in syntactic competence and the (...)
     
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  37. Luis López (2007). Locality and the Architecture of Syntactic Dependencies. Palgrave Macmillian.score: 408.0
    A study on minimalist syntax develops an empirical argument for a crash-proof computational system. A crash-proof system is obtained if syntactic dependencies are strictly local (i.e. there is no long-distance Agree). Apparent long-distance dependencies turn out to be the outcome of a recursive chain on local complex dependencies. This framework allows for novel analyses of quirky subjects in Icelandic and Spanish, indefinite SE in Spanish and different types of expletive constructions in English, French, German, Spanish, Italian, and Icelandic.
     
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  38. Jaroslav Peregrin (ed.) (2003). Meaning: The Dynamic Turn. Elsevier Science.score: 396.0
    In recent decades, many theories of formal semantics of natural language have undergone what can be called a dynamic turn: they have moved from treating language as a static system to considering it 'in action' and to taking meanings as crucially involving 'context-change potentials'. The theories, however, usually concentrate much more on the hows of the turn than on its whys and as a result, the conceptual foundations of dynamic semantics are much less elaborated than its technical side. This book, (...)
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  39. Teun Hoekstra (2004). Arguments and Structure: Studies on the Architecture of the Sentence. Mouton De Gruyter.score: 396.0
    Possession and transitivity -- The indirect object, its status and place -- Categories and arguments -- The active-passive configuration -- Verbal affixation -- Why Kaatje was not heard sing a song (with Hans Bennis) -- T-chains and auxiliaries (with Jacqueline Guéron) -- Clitics in romance and the study of head-movement -- ECP, tense and islands -- Bracketing paradoxes do not exist (with Harry van der Hulst and Frans van der Putten) -- The nominal infinitive (with Pim Wehrmann) -- Parallels between (...)
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  40. Susanne Winkler (1997). Focus and Secondary Predication. Mouton De Gruyter.score: 396.0
    Chapter Introduction. Syntactic focus theory and the phenomenon of secondary predication The primary goal of this monograph is to examine the interaction of ...
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  41. Yael Greenberg (2003). Manifestations of Genericity. Routledge.score: 396.0
    In this book, Yael Greenberg discusses and clarifies a number of controversial issues and phenomena in the generic literature, including the existence of ...
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  42. James B. Freeman (2011). Argument Structure: Representation and Theory. Springer.score: 396.0
    An approach to argument macrostructure -- The dialectical nature of argument -- Toulmin's problematic notion of warrant -- The linked-convergent distinction, a first approximation -- Argument structure and disciplinary perspective : the linked-convergent versus multiple-co-ordinatively compound distinctions -- The linked-convergent distinction, refining the criterion -- Argument structure and enthymemes -- From analysis to evaluation.
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  43. Tim Hunter (2011). Syntactic Effects of Conjunctivist Semantics: Unifying Movement and Adjunction. John Benjamins Pub. Company.score: 396.0
    chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Goals In this book I will explore the syntactic and semantic properties of movement and adjunction in natural language, ...
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  44. Jürgen Bohnemeyer & Eric Pederson (eds.) (2010). Event Representation in Language and Cognition. Cambridge University Press.score: 396.0
    The book highlights the newly found evidence which indicates the imposition of boundary conditions on the structure and processing of events and how these are ...
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  45. Peter Lasersohn (1990). A Semantics for Groups and Events. Garland Pub..score: 396.0
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  46. Kerstin Anna Kunz (2010). Variation in English and German Nominal Coreference: A Study of Political Essays. Peter Lang.score: 396.0
    0 Introduction 0.1 Variation in nominal coreference Nominal coreference has received much interest in the field of text linguistics as an essential strategy ...
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  47. Mihoko Zushi (2001). Long-Distance Dependencies. Garland.score: 396.0
    This book investigates the theory of locality within the framework of minimalism, with a special focus on restructuring and other related phenomena that exhibit an apparent violation of the strictly local conditions.
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  48. Anetta Kopecka & Bhuvana Narasimhan (eds.) (2012). Events of "Putting" and "Taking": A Crosslinguistic Perspective. John Benjamins Pub. Co..score: 396.0
    This volume provides a significant contribution within the emerging field of semantic typology, and will be of interest to researchers interested in the language-cognition interface, including linguists, psychologists, anthropologists, and ...
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  49. Barbara Hall Partee (2004). Compositionality in Formal Semantics: Selected Papers of Barbara Partee. Blackwell Pub..score: 396.0
     
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  50. Erik Andersson (ed.) (1978). Working Papers on Computer Processing of Syntactic Data. Research Institute, Åbo Akademi Foundation.score: 396.0
     
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