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  1. Samu Abraham (2001). Selected Books and Articles by Ferenc Kiefer in Semantics and Pragmatics. In Robert M. Harrish & Istvan Kenesei (eds.), Perspectives on Semantics, Pragmatics, and Discourse. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 90.
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  2. Juan José Acero (2007). Searle y el significado literal. Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 31 (2):9-30.
    In this paper, we try to show why a formal definition of truth is not satisfactory (first point). Later, we expound (second point) the polemic between Austin and Strawson about truth with the intention to show that both refer to different problems concerning truth and to prove that Austin did not lose this confrontation and that we can recover some elements of his investigation for making an adequate approach to this notion. We will complete our definition of truth using the (...)
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  3. Mark Addis (2013). Linguistic Competence and Expertise. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2):327-336.
    Questions about the relationship between linguistic competence and expertise will be examined in the paper. Harry Collins and others distinguish between ubiquitous and esoteric expertise. Collins places considerable weight on the argument that ordinary linguistic competence and related phenomena exhibit a high degree of expertise. His position and ones which share close affinities are methodologically problematic. These difficulties matter because there is continued and systematic disagreement over appropriate methodologies for the empirical study of expertise. Against Collins, it will be argued (...)
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  4. Timo Airksinen (1982). Contextualism, a New Theory Ofepistemic Justification? Philosophia 12 (1-2):37-50.
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  5. Ryan Alan (1998). In a Conversational Idiom. Social Research 65 (3).
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  6. J. Davidson Alexander (1976). The Natural Standard of Speech. Philosophy and Social Criticism 3 (3):267-294.
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  7. Jens Allwood (1981). On the Distinctions Between Semantics and Pragmatics. In W. Klein & W. Levelt (eds.), Crossing the Boundaries in Linguistics. Reidel. 177--189.
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  8. Ben Ambridge (2013). How Do Children Restrict Their Linguistic Generalizations? An (Un‐)Grammaticality Judgment Study. Cognitive Science 37 (3):508-543.
    A paradox at the heart of language acquisition research is that, to achieve adult-like competence, children must acquire the ability to generalize verbs into non-attested structures, while avoiding utterances that are deemed ungrammatical by native speakers. For example, children must learn that, to denote the reversal of an action, un- can be added to many verbs, but not all (e.g., roll/unroll; close/*unclose). This study compared theoretical accounts of how this is done. Children aged 5–6 (N = 18), 9–10 (N = (...)
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  9. Luvell Anderson & Ernie Lepore (2013). What Did You Call Me? Slurs as Prohibited Words. Analytic Philosophy 54 (3):350-363.
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  10. R. J. Anderson & I. W. W. Sharrock (1984). Analytic Work: Aspects of the Organisation of Conversational Data. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (1):103–124.
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  11. Jan S. Andersson (1975). How to Define "Performative". Philosophical Society and the Department of Philosophy, University of Uppsala.
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  12. Constantin Antonopoulos (2012). An Antidote to Use-From Semantics to Human Rights and Back. Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):50-60.
    I unpack the contents of the motto that “meaning is use” in fivefold fashion and point to the elements it contains, which are open to an ideological exploitation, the main reason for its strong appeal among intellectual circles. I indicate how the sense of it, “where there is use, there is meaning”, has encouraged equalitarian accounts of meaning and truth . I then present and discuss Austin’s distinction between the Sentence and the Statement, which entails the presence of meaning preceding (...)
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  13. Lennart Åqvist (2003). Some Remarks on Performatives in the Law. Artificial Intelligence and Law 11 (2-3):105-124.
    This paper contains an analysis of performatives with special attention to performatives in the law. It deals with the possibility to recognise performativity by means of a grammatical-syntactic criterion, the self-verifying and norm-promulgating character of legal performatives, an analysis of the effects of performatives by means of causal logic, the different forms of performativity and a theory of promise-performatives.
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  14. Françoise Armengaud (1984). De H.P. Grice à F. Jacques : remarques sur la maxime pragmatique de pertinence. Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 89 (3):389 - 404.
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  15. J. H. Scobell Armstrong (1956). GARDINER, Sir A. -The Theory of Speech and Language. [REVIEW] Mind 65:279.
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  16. Richard B. Arnaud (1976). Sentence, Utterance, and Samesayer. Noûs 10 (3):283-304.
  17. Nicholas Asher & Alex Lascarides (2001). The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metaphor. In Pierrette Bouillon & Federica Busa (eds.), The Language of Word Meaning. Cambridge University Press. 262--289.
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  18. J. L. Austin & Charles E. Caton (1963). Performative-Constative. [S.N.].
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  19. Kent Bach, Introduction.
    Language is used to express thoughts and to represent aspects of the world. What thought a sentence expresses depends on what the sentence means, and how it represents the world also depends on what it means. Moreover, it is ultimately arbitrary, a matter of convention, that the words of a language mean what they do. So it might seem that what they mean is a matter of how they are used. However, they need not be used in accordance with their (...)
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  20. Kent Bach (2008). The Semantics and Pragmatics of Reference. In Ernest Lepore & Barry C. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oup Oxford.
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  21. Kent Bach, Mean and Nasty Talk: On the Semantics and Pragmatics of Slurs.
    Group slurs are applied to a whole category of people. Whereas slurs like jerk, creep, and hag are generally directed at individuals because of the personal traits (behavior, personality, looks, etc.), group slurs, like spic, commie, and infidel, are applied across the board to members of a category. Even when directed at a particular individual, ethnic, religious, and political slurs are applied on the basis of group membership rather than anything about the person in particular. Before asking about the meanings (...)
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  22. Kent Bach & Anne Bezuidenhout (2002). Distinguishing Semantics and Pragmatics. In Joseph K. Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & David Shier (eds.), Meaning and Truth - Investigations in Philosophical Semantics. Seven Bridges Press. 284--310.
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  23. Kalyan Kumar Bagchi (1990). The Primitiveness of the T as Speaker. In Margaret Chatterjee (ed.), The Philosophy of Nikunja Vihari Banerjee. Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers.
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  24. Dorit Bar-On (1995). Meaning Reconstructed: Grice and the Naturalizing of Semantics. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 76 (2):83-116.
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  25. Grays Hall Basement (1994). Language Acquisition: A Linguistic Introduction. By Helen Goodluck. Oxford & Cambridge, Ma: Blackwell, 1991. Pp. VIII, 224. Cloth $57.95, Paper $19.95. Reviewed by Cecile McKee, University of Washington, and Guy Modica, University of Washington and Nagoya Shoka Daigaku Many Linguists Will Appreciate Goodluck's Introductory Textbook on First. [REVIEW] In Stephen Everson (ed.), Language. Cambridge University Press.
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  26. Tadeusz Batóg (1972). The Axiomatic Method in Phonology. Foundations of Language 9 (2):269-276.
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  27. Peter Baumann (2011). WAMs: Why Worry? Philosophical Papers 40 (2):155 - 177.
    Abstract One of the most popular objections against epistemic contextualism is the so-called ?warranted assertability? objection. The objection is based on the possibility of a ?warranted assertability manoeuvre?, also known as a WAM. I argue here that WAMs are of very limited scope and importance. An important class of cases cannot be dealt with by WAMs. No analogue of WAMs is available for these cases. One should thus not take WAMs too seriously in the debate about epistemic contextualism.
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  28. Avner Baz (2008). The Reaches of Words. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (1):31 – 56.
    This paper compares and contrasts two ways of going on from Wittgenstein and, to a lesser extent, Austin. The first is Charles Travis'. The second is Stanley Cavell's. Focusing on our concept of propositional knowledge ('knowing that such and such'), I argue that Travis' tendency to think of language and its concepts as essentially in the business of enabling us to represent (describe, think of) things as being one way or another and his consequent neglect of the question of what, (...)
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  29. David Beaver & Joey Frazee, Semantics.
    Semantics is concerned with meaning: what meanings are, how meanings are assigned to words, phrases and sentences of natural and formal languages, and how meanings can be combined and used for inference and reasoning. The goal of this chapter is to introduce computational linguists and computer scientists to the tools, methods, and concepts required to work on natural language semantics. Semantics, while often paired with pragmatics, is nominally distinct. On a traditional view, semantics concerns itself with the compositional buildup of (...)
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  30. J. S. Bedwell, S. Gallagher, S. N. Whitten & S. M. Fiore (2011). Linguistic Correlates of Self in Deceptive Oral Autobiographical Narratives. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):547-555.
    The current study collected orally-delivered autobiographical narratives from a sample of 44 undergraduate students. Participants were asked to produce both deceptive and non-deceptive versions of their narrative to two specific autobiographical question prompts while standing in front of a video camera. Narratives were then analyzed with Coh-Metrix software on 33 indices of linguistic cohesion. Following a Bonferroni correction for the large number of linguistic variables , results indicated that the deceptive narratives contained more explicit action verbs, less linguistic complexity, and (...)
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  31. Ángela Rocío Bejarano Chaves (2013). " It Rains" a Controversy on the Unarticulated Constituents. Discusiones Filosóficas 14 (22):107-123.
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  32. John Bell (2001). Pragmatic Reasoning Pragmatic Semantics and Semantic Pragmatics. In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. 45--58.
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  33. M. Bell (1982). MARTIN, R. M. "Pragmatics, Truth and Language". [REVIEW] Mind 91:612.
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  34. Ermanno Bencivenga (1982). Carol A. Kates, Pragmatics and Semantics: An Empiricist Theory Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 2 (6):279-282.
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  35. Ermanno Bencivenga (1982). Carol A. Kates, Pragmatics and Semantics: An Empiricist Theory. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 2:279-282.
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  36. Jonathan Berg (1983). Pragmatics and the Semantics of Belief. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles
    It is shown how the discussion of the semantics of sentences attributing belief, central to the philosophy of language since Frege, may benefit from consideration of pragmatic features of the context of utterance. ;The dissertation begins with a historical introduction to the problem of substitutivity in belief contexts. Traditional solutions advanced by Frege, Russell, and Carnap are reviewed, along with traditional objections to such solutions. It is then suggested that the traditional Quinian approach of declaring belief ascriptions semantically ambiguous might (...)
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  37. José Luis Bermúdez (2003). Thinking Without Words. Oxford University Press.
    Thinking Without Words provides a challenging new theory of the nature of non-linguistic thought. Jose Luis Bermudez offers a conceptual framework for treating human infants and non-human animals as genuine thinkers. The book is written with an interdisciplinary readership in mind and will appeal to philosophers, psychologists, and students of animal behavior.
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  38. Rod Bertolet (1980). Context and What Is Said. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 6:97.
    A popular answer to the question of what, In addition to what a sentence means, Determines what a speaker who utters that sentence says, Is the context in which it is uttered. While this answer is often not developed in any detail, Paul ziff in "what is said" attempts to specify just what contextual features are relevant and how they operate. This paper argues that the factors ziff offers are in fact irrelevant to the determination of what is said. The (...)
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  39. A. Bezuidenhout (2005). Review: Thoughts and Utterances: The Pragmatics of Explicit Communication. [REVIEW] Mind 114 (455):722-728.
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  40. Anne Bezuidenhout (2010). —4—Anne Bezuidenhout Contextualism and Information Structure: Towards a Science of Pragmatics. In Erich Rast & Luiz Carlos Baptista (eds.), Meaning and Context. Peter Lang. 2--79.
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  41. Anne Bezuidenhout (2007). Metaphorical Singular Reference. The Role of Enriched Composition in Reference Resolution. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 3 (1).
    It is widely accepted that, in the course of interpreting a metaphorical utterance, both literal and metaphorical interpretations of the utterance are available to the interpreter, although there may be disagreement about the order in which these interpretations are accessed. I call this the dual availability assumption. I argue that it does not apply in cases of metaphorical singular reference. These are cases in which proper names, complex demonstratives or definite descriptions are used metaphorically; e.g., ‘That festering sore must go’, (...)
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  42. Patrick Blackburn & Edith Spaan (1993). A Modal Perspective on the Computational Complexity of Attribute Value Grammar. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 2 (2):129-169.
    Many of the formalisms used in Attribute Value grammar are notational variants of languages of propositional modal logic, and testing whether two Attribute Value Structures unify amounts to testing for modal satisfiability. In this paper we put this observation to work. We study the complexity of the satisfiability problem for nine modal languages which mirror different aspects of AVS description formalisms, including the ability to express re-entrancy, the ability to express generalisations, and the ability to express recursive constraints. Two main (...)
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  43. Randolph Blake & Maggie Shiffrar, Perception of Human Motion.
    Humans, being highly social creatures, rely heavily on the ability to perceive what others are doing and to infer from gestures and expressions what others may be intending to do. These perceptual skills are easily mastered by most, but not all, people, in large part because human action readily communicates intentions and feelings. In recent years, remarkable advances have been made in our understanding of the visual, motoric, and affective influences on perception of human action, as well as in (...)
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  44. Diane Blakemore (1990). Performatives and Parentheticals. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 91:197 - 213.
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  45. Diane Blakemore (1989). Meaning and Force: The Pragmatics of Performative Utterances. Mind and Language 4 (3):235-245.
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  46. Reinhard Blutner & Henk Zeevat, Editor's Introduction: Pragmatics in Optimality Theory.
    Based on the tenets of the so-called ‘radical pragmatics’ school (see, for instance, Cole, 1981), this book takes a particular view with regard to the relationship between content and linguistically encoded meaning. The traditional view embodied in the work of Montague and Kaplan (e.g., Kaplan, 1979; Montague, 1970) sees content being fully determined by linguistic meaning relative to a contextual index. In contrast, the radical view takes it that, although linguistic meaning is clearly important to content, it does not determine (...)
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  47. Jim Bogen (2011). Occasion-Sensitivity – Charles Travis. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):196-201.
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  48. George A. Borden (1968). Condon's "Semantics and Communication". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Rhetoric 1:123.
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  49. E. Borg (2012). Semantics Without Pragmatics. In Keith Allan & Kasia Jaszczolt (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics. Cambridge University Press. 513--528.
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  50. E. Borg (2006). Review: Literal Meaning. [REVIEW] Mind 115 (458):461-465.
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