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  1. Reydams-Schils, Gretchen, Calcidius on Plato’s Timaeus – Greek Philosophy, Latin Reception and Christian Contexts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2020, Ix + 243 Pp.Calcidius on Plato’s Timaeus – Greek Philosophy, Latin Reception and Christian Contexts. [REVIEW]Béatrice Bakhouche - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):590-592.
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  2.  29
    The Learner’s Motivation and the Structure of Habituation in Aristotle.Margaret Hampson - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):415-447.
    Moral virtue is, for Aristotle, a state to which an agent’s motivation is central. For anyone interested in Aristotle’s account of moral development this invites reflection on two questions: how is it that virtuous motivational dispositions are established? And what contribution do the moral learner’s existing motivational states make to the success of her habituation? I argue that views which demand that the learner act with virtuous motives if she is to acquire virtuous dispositions misconstrue the nature and structure of (...)
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  3. Specht, Rainer (ed.), Christian Wolff: Disquisitio philosophica de loquela. Philosophische Untersuchung über die Sprache. Lateinisch-Deutsch. Übersetzung und Kommentar. Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag 2019. xliii + 388 pp. (Philosophische Bibliothek 727).Christian Wolff: Disquisitio philosophica de loquela. Philosophische Untersuchung über die Sprache. Lateinisch-Deutsch. Übersetzung und Kommentar. [REVIEW]Lothar Kreimendahl - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):592-595.
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  4. “A Notion of the True System of the World”: Berkeley and His Use of Plato in Siris.Peter D. Larsen - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):539-565.
    This paper considers Berkeley’s use of Plato in Siris. Berkeley’s engagement with ancient thinkers in Siris has been a source of puzzlement for many readers. In this paper I focus on Siris § 266. In particular, I consider why Berkeley says of the Platonists that they “distinguished the primary qualities in bodies from the secondary” and why, given his own well-known misgivings about the distinction, he characterizes this as part of a “notion of the true system of the world.” I (...)
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  5.  1
    Aristotle on How Pleasure Perfects Activity (Nicomachean Ethics X.5 1175a29-B14): The Optimising-View.David Machek - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):448-467.
    This article offers a new interpretation of Aristotle’s ambiguous and much-discussed claim that pleasure perfects activity. This interpretation provides an alternative to the two main competing readings of this claim in the scholarship: the addition-view, which envisages the perfection conferred by pleasure as an extra perfection beyond the perfection of activity itself; and the identity-view, according to which pleasure just is the perfect activity itself. The proposed interpretation departs from both these views in rejecting their assumption that pleasure cannot perfect (...)
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  6. Leibniz on the Grounds of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.Owen Pikkert - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):566-589.
    I examine several alleged grounds of the principle of sufficient reason in Leibniz’s philosophy. These include the nature of a requisite and a sufficient condition, the nature of truth, and the nature of harmony. I argue that Leibniz does not ground the PSR in any of these ways. Instead, he is committed to a value-based grounds of the PSR: God creates the best possible world, and the fact that the PSR obtains in this world contributes to it being the best. (...)
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  7. Der kosmologische Gottesbeweis des Ralph von Battle. Rekonstruktion, Kritik und Einordnung.Christian Tapp & Bernd Goebel - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):509-538.
    This paper reconstructs and discusses a proof of God’s existence by Anselm of Canterbury’s friend Ralph of Battle, developed in his recently edited De nesciente, a fictitious dialogue between a Christian and an atheist. Without precedent in antiquity and the Middle Ages, Ralph’s proof has never been examined in detail. It combines a “cogito” argument with a two-part cosmological argument. The paper first presents the textual basis and an exegetical interpretation of Ralph’s reasoning, classifies the parts of the proof historically (...)
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  8. Ethics as Medicine: Moral Therapy, Expertise, and Practical Reasoning in Al-Ghazālī’s Ethics.Sophia Vasalou - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (3):468-508.
    The idea that ethics might be fruitfully understood in analogy with, or indeed as a form of, medicine has enjoyed a long and distinguished history. A staple of ancient philosophical thinking, it also achieved wide expression in the Islamic world. This essay explores the role of the medical analogy in the work of the eleventh-century Muslim intellectual Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī. Al-Ghazālī’s use of this analogy offers a unique vantage point for approaching several key features of his ethics of virtue, as (...)
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  9.  17
    Augustine on the Existence of the Past and the Future.David Anzalone - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):290-311.
    In the eleventh book of the Confessiones Augustine puts forward several considerations about the nature of time. The received view is that he held that only the present exists, while the past and the future do not exist. This received view has recently been attacked by Paul Helm and Katherin Rogers, who have offered alternative interpretations according to which Augustine held that the present has no privileged ontological status, and that past, present and future all equally exist. The aim of (...)
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  10. Culture and the Unity of Kant's Critique of Judgment.Sabina Vaccarino Bremner - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):367-402.
    This paper claims that Kant’s conception of culture provides a new means of understanding how the two parts of the Critique of Judgment fit together. Kant claims that culture is both the ‘ultimate purpose’ of nature and to be defined in terms of ‘art in general’ (of which the fine arts are a subtype). In the Critique of Teleological Judgment, culture, as the last empirically cognizable telos of nature, serves as the mediating link between nature and freedom, while in the (...)
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  11.  5
    Epicureans and the City’s Laws.Sara Diaco - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):312-336.
    The article discusses the accusation advanced by Plutarch and Cicero, according to which the Epicureans are unjust, as they would break the law to pursue pleasure if certain of impunity, and deals with this criticism by analyzing the Epicurean theory of law and justice and comparing it with friendship. The article argues that, from a doctrinal standpoint, philia has a higher place in the Epicurean’s priorities and a stronger efficacy than positive law in serving the naturally just. It thus concludes (...)
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  12.  3
    Pleasure, Judgment and the Function of the Painter-Scribe Analogy.Emily Fletcher - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):199-238.
    This paper puts forward a new interpretation of the argument at Philebus 36c–40d that pleasures can be false. Protarchus raises an objection at 37e–38a, and in response Socrates presents the elaborate painter-scribe analogy. Most previous interpretations do not explain how the analogy answers Protarchus’ objection. On my account, Protarchus’ objection relies on the plausible intuition that pleasure is simply not in the business of assessing the world, and so it cannot be charged with doing so incorrectly. Socrates responds by demonstrating (...)
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  13.  4
    “This” and “Such” in the Receptacle Passage of Plato’s Timaeus.Takeshi Nakamura - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):239-265.
    One short passage on what is called the Receptacle in Plato’s Timaeus has been the subject of much controversy since Cherniss presented an alternative reading of it in 1954. In this paper, I criticize an influential argument presented by Zeyl for a traditional reading, and propose a new interpretation which adopts the alternative reading on important sentences of the passage, but is not accompanied by the defects of Cherniss’ interpretation.
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  14. Helmig, Christoph (Ed.), World Soul – Anima Mundi. On the Origins and Fortunes of a Fundamental Idea. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2020, 364 Pp.World Soul – Anima Mundi. On the Origins and Fortunes of a Fundamental Idea. [REVIEW]Luiza Simões Pacheco - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):403-406.
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  15.  2
    Spinoza’s Infinite Shortcut to the Contingent Appearance of Things.Sanja Särman - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):337-366.
    Spinoza’s own words seem to commit him to necessitarianism. Nonetheless attempts have been made to make room for contingency in Spinozism. Two impressive arguments of this kind are Curley 1969 and Newlands 2010. Both these arguments appeal to Spinoza’s claim that all finite things are locked in an infinite nexus of causal relations. The question central to this paper is whether contingency can indeed be derived from an infinity of causal ancestors. The goal of the paper is twofold. First, I (...)
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  16.  1
    Owen Ware, Kant’s Justification of Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2021, Xii+176 Pp.Kant’s Justification of Ethics.Steffi Schadow - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):406-413.
    Owen Ware is already well-known among Kant scholars since he published several insightful contributions on Kant’s practical philosophy. Ware has now collected five of his essays on Kant’s practical philosophy in a book. Kant’s Justification of Ethics, OUP 2021, largely refers back to some of his previously published papers. The guiding idea of the book, and a crucial feature of Ware’s approach, is the claim that Kant’s ethics and metaphysics form a unit and that the central questions of Kant’s moral (...)
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  17.  3
    Culture and the Unity of Kant’s Critique of Judgment.Sabina Vaccarino Bremner - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):367-402.
    This paper claims that Kant’s conception of culture provides a new means of understanding how the two parts of the Critique of Judgment fit together. Kant claims that culture is both the ‘ultimate purpose’ of nature and to be defined in terms of ‘art in general’. In the Critique of Teleological Judgment, culture, as the last empirically cognizable telos of nature, serves as the mediating link between nature and freedom, while in the Critique of Aesthetic Judgment, the connection between art (...)
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  18. Substancehood and Subjecthood in Z-H.Marco Zingano - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (2):266-289.
    This paper focuses on two passages of Aristotle’s Metaphysics, one in Z 3, the other in H1, in which Aristotle seems to assert that the hupokeimenon is said in three ways, as matter, form, and the compound of matter and form. From these two passages it is often said that subjecthood is a criterion for being substance. A consequence of this is that, if form is to be substance, and form is substance, namely first substance, it has to comply with (...)
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  19.  2
    Removing Matter: Aristotle’s Criticism of Socrates the Younger.Andrea Argenti - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):26-52.
    This study is concerned with a crucial passage in Metaphysics Z.11. After having established that only the formal parts of an object are stated in its definition and thus constitute its essence, Aristotle warns us against the process of separating the formal from the material parts. In doing so, he rejects the comparison proposed by Socrates the Younger. Mathematicals cannot be equated to natural objects because some material parts must be included in accounting for the latter but not in accounting (...)
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  20.  3
    The Less Said The Better: Dewey, Neurath, and Mid-Century Theories of Truth.John Capps - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):164-191.
    John Dewey’s theory of truth is widely viewed as proposing to substitute “warranted assertibility” for “truth,” a proposal that has faced serious objections since the late 1930s. By examining Dewey’s theory in its historical context – and, in particular, by drawing parallels with Otto Neurath’s concurrent attempts to develop a non-correspondence, non-formal theory of truth – I aim to shed light on Dewey’s underlying objectives. Dewey and Neurath were well-known to each other and, as their writing and correspondence make clear, (...)
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  21.  4
    Descartes’ Sum-Res-Cogitans-Argument in der Zweiten Meditation.Simon Dierig - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):74-107.
    Two major interpretations have been advanced for the sum res cogitans passage in Descartes’s Second Meditation. According to the first interpretation, he argues in this passage that only thinking belongs to his essence. According to the second interpretation, due to Anthony Kenny, Harry Frankfurt and others, no such claim is defended by Descartes. Rather, it is his aim to argue that only thinking can be ascribed to him with certainty. In this essay, it will be shown that the “naive”, essentialist (...)
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  22.  5
    Reciprocity and Political Justice in Nicomachean Ethics Book V.Dhananjay Jagannathan - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):53-73.
    The profusion of senses of justice in NE V.1–7 has left many readers with a general impression of chaos, but also gives rise to pressing questions about Aristotle’s conception of justice. Specifically, why does Aristotle claim that there are two parts to justice as equality, but go on to discuss three types of equality in the subsequent chapters? What is the relationship between political justice and the distinction between general justice and particular justice? I argue in this essay that the (...)
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  23.  3
    Frede, Dorothea: Aristoteles: Nikomachische Ethik. Übersetzung mit Einleitung und Kommentar. (Aristoteles. Werke in deutscher Übersetzung, Bde 6.1 und 6.2). Berlin/boston: Walter de Gruyter 2020, xvii + 1016 pp.Aristoteles: Nikomachische Ethik. Übersetzung mit Einleitung und Kommentar. [REVIEW]Jörn Müller - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):192-198.
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  24. The Human Vocation and the Question of the Earth: Karoline von Günderrode’s Philosophy of Nature.Dalia Nassar - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):108-130.
    Contra widespread readings of Karoline von Günderrode’s 1805 “Idea of the Earth ” as a creative adaptation of Schelling’s philosophy of nature, this article proposes that “Idea of the Earth” furnishes a moral account of the human relation to the natural world, one which does not map onto any of the more well-known romantic or idealist accounts of the human-nature relation. Specifically, I argue that “Idea of the Earth” responds to the great Enlightenment question concerning the human vocation, but from (...)
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  25.  4
    Christian Wolff über motivierende Gründe und handlungsrelevante Irrtümer.Sonja Schierbaum - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):131-163.
    In this paper, I discuss Christian Wolff’s conception of motivating and normative reasons. My aim is to show that in the discussion of error cases, Wolff pursues a strategy that is strikingly similar to the strategy of contemporary defenders of nicht-psychologist accounts of motivating reasons. According to many nicht-psychologist views, motivating reasons are facts. My aim is to show that Wolff’s motivation in pursuing this strategy is very different. The point is that due to his commitment to the Principle of (...)
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  26.  1
    The Second Best City and its Laws in Plato’s Statesman.Anders Dahl Sørensen - 2022 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 104 (1):1-25.
    Taking up the controversial issue of the value of the laws of non-ideal cities in Plato’s Statesman, the paper argues for a modified version of the traditional interpretation, as defended against Christopher Rowe’s influential criticism. The paper agrees with the traditional view that the established laws of non-ideal cities are assumed to be good laws and that the Eleatic Stranger’s justification for this assumption can be found in 300b. But it also argues that this defence of the traditional interpretation must (...)
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