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Lorenzo Spagnesi
Universität Trier
  1. The Systematic Unity of Reason and Empirical Truth in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2023 - Kant Studien 114 (3):435-462.
    This paper attempts a reconstruction of reason’s contribution to empirical truth in connection with Kant’s definition of truth as the agreement of cognition with its object. I argue that Kant’s treatment of truth in the Transcendental Analytic gets completed in the Appendix to the Transcendental Dialectic with an often neglected but compelling argument (what I shall call the Variety Argument). This argument postulates such a variety in the appearances as to undermine any attempt at formulating empirical truths. Crucially, I argue (...)
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  2.  34
    The Idea of God and the Empirical Investigation of Nature in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason.Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2022 - Kantian Review 27 (2):279-297.
    This article aims to justify the positive role in the empirical investigation of nature that Kant attributes to the idea of God in the Critique of Pure Reason. In particular, I propose to read the Transcendental Ideal section and the Appendix to the Transcendental Dialectic together to see whether they can reciprocally illuminate each other. I argue that it is only by looking at the transcendental deduction of the ideas of reason and the resulting analogical conception of God that a (...)
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  3. Kant on Phenomenal Substance.Lorenzo Spagnesi - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-24.
    In this paper, I offer a systematic account of Kant’s view on ‘phenomenal substance’. Several studies have recently analyzed Kant’s notion of substance. However, I submit that more needs to be said about how this notion is reconceptualized within the critical framework to vindicate a genuine and legitimate sense of substance in the phenomenal realm. More specifically, I show that Kant’s transcendental idealism does not commit him to a rejection of substantiality in phenomena. Rather, Kant isolates a general notion of (...)
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    The Necessity of Empirical Laws of Nature through the Lens of Kant’s Dialectic.Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2023 - Kantian Review 28 (3):413-428.
    This article analyses a sceptical challenge resulting from metaphysical approaches to the problem of the necessity of empirical laws of nature in Kant’s critical philosophy (what I shall call ‘essentialist’ readings). I argue that this challenge may jeopardize the purpose of empirical enquiry (and therefore the plausibility of essentialist readings), but that Kant has internal resources to address it in the Dialectic of the Critique of Pure Reason. I show that reading this problem through the lens of the Dialectic allows (...)
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  5.  35
    A Rule‐based Account of the Regulative Use of Reason in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2023 - European Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):673-688.
    The aim of this paper is to propose a novel reading of the critical legitimacy of the regulative use of reason in the Transcendental Dialectic of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. After introducing some key terminology of the Dialectic, I analyse the shortcomings of two influential accounts of the regulative use of reason and identify their common problem in their commitment to the descriptivity of the ideas of reason. I then offer my rule‐based account of the regulative use of reason (...)
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  6.  43
    Regulative Idealization: A Kantian Approach to Idealized Models.Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2023 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 99 (C):1-9.
    Scientific models typically contain idealizations, or assumptions that are known not to be true. Philosophers have long questioned the nature of idealizations: Are they heuristic tools that will be abandoned? Or rather fictional representations of reality? And how can we reconcile them with realism about knowledge of nature? Immanuel Kant developed an account of scientific investigation that can inspire a new approach to the contemporary debate. Kant argued that scientific investigation is possible only if guided by ideal assumptions—what he calls (...)
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  7. Kant on Relational Properties and Real Changes.Lorenzo Spagnesi - manuscript
    In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant often remarks that phenomena consist only in relations. This is a highly puzzling thesis that is not easily reconcilable with the explanation of natural processes. More specifically, it is not clear whether and how a network of mere relations (such as ‘being higher than’, ‘being next to’, etc.) can give rise to genuine changes in nature. I call this the problem of global relationality. In this paper, I suggest a solution to this problem (...)
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  8. Kant’s Space of Theoretical Reason and Science: A Perspectival Reading.Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2022 - In Luigi Caranti & Alessandro Pinzani (eds.), Kant and the Problem of Knowledge. Rethinking the Contemporary World. London: Routledge. pp. 109-135.
    This paper aims to show how Kant’s account of theoretical reason can inform the contemporary debate over unity and pluralism of science. Although the unity of science thesis has been severely criticized in recent decades, I argue that pluralism as the sole epistemic principle guiding science is both too strong and too weak a principle. It is too strong because it does not account for the process of theory unification in science. It is too weak because it does not answer (...)
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  9.  28
    Kant and the Systematicity of Nature. The Regulative Use of Reason in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2021 - Dissertation, University of Edinburgh
    What makes scientific knowledge possible? The philosopher Immanuel Kant in his magnum opus, the Critique of Pure Reason, had a fascinating and puzzling answer to this question. Scientific knowledge, for Kant, is made possible by the faculty of reason and its demand for systematic unity. In other words, cognition about empirical objects can aspire to be scientific only if it is rationally embedded within or transformed into a system. But how can such system form once we take into account the (...)
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  10.  53
    Perspectives on Kant's Opus Postumum (eds. G.P. Basile and A. Lyssy). [REVIEW]Lorenzo Spagnesi - forthcoming - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica.
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  11. Kant and the Claims of the Empirical World (by Ido Geiger). [REVIEW]Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2023 - Society of German Idealism and Romanticism Review 6 (1):109-114.
  12.  12
    Kant on the Sources of Metaphysics. The Dialectic of Pure Reason: by Marcus Willaschek, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2018, pp. 308, £75.00 (hb), ISBN: 9781108560856. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Spagnesi - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 29 (3):570-573.
    Kant on the Sources of Metaphysics interprets the Transcendental Dialectic of the Critique of Pure Reason. Willaschek presents an original, well argued, and largely plausible reconstruction of the...
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