Results for 'Sarah J. DesRoches'

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  1.  23
    International Handbook of Philosophy of Education.Ann Chinnery, Nuraan Davids, Naomi Hodgson, Kai Horsthemke, Viktor Johansson, Dirk Willem Postma, Claudia W. Ruitenberg, Paul Smeyers, Christiane Thompson, Joris Vlieghe, Hanan Alexander, Joop Berding, Charles Bingham, Michael Bonnett, David Bridges, Malte Brinkmann, Brian A. Brown, Carsten Bünger, Nicholas C. Burbules, Rita Casale, M. Victoria Costa, Brian Coyne, Renato Huarte Cuéllar, Stefaan E. Cuypers, Johan Dahlbeck, Suzanne de Castell, Doret de Ruyter, Samantha Deane, Sarah J. DesRoches, Eduardo Duarte, Denise Egéa, Penny Enslin, Oren Ergas, Lynn Fendler, Sheron Fraser-Burgess, Norm Friesen, Amanda Fulford, Heather Greenhalgh-Spencer, Stefan Herbrechter, Chris Higgins, Pádraig Hogan, Katariina Holma, Liz Jackson, Ronald B. Jacobson, Jennifer Jenson, Kerstin Jergus, Clarence W. Joldersma, Mark E. Jonas, Zdenko Kodelja, Wendy Kohli, Anna Kouppanou, Heikki A. Kovalainen, Lesley Le Grange, David Lewin, Tyson E. Lewis, Gerard Lum, Niclas Månsson, Christopher Martin & Jan Masschelein (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This handbook presents a comprehensive introduction to the core areas of philosophy of education combined with an up-to-date selection of the central themes. It includes 95 newly commissioned articles that focus on and advance key arguments; each essay incorporates essential background material serving to clarify the history and logic of the relevant topic, examining the status quo of the discipline with respect to the topic, and discussing the possible futures of the field. The book provides a state-of-the-art overview of philosophy (...)
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  2.  24
    A Radical Approach to Ebola: Saving Humans and Other Animals.Sarah J. L. Edwards, Charles H. Norell, Phyllis Illari, Brendan Clarke & Carolyn P. Neuhaus - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (10):35-42.
    As the usual regulatory framework did not fit well during the last Ebola outbreak, innovative thinking still needed. In the absence of an outbreak, randomised controlled trials of clinical efficacy in humans cannot be done, while during an outbreak such trials will continue to face significant practical, philosophical, and ethical challenges. This article argues that researchers should also test the safety and effectiveness of novel vaccines in wild apes by employing a pluralistic approach to evidence. There are three reasons to (...)
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  3.  16
    Assessing the Remedy: The Case for Contracts in Clinical Trials.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):3-12.
    Current orthodoxy in research ethics assumes that subjects of clinical trials reserve rights to withdraw at any time and without giving any reason. This view sees the right to withdraw as a simple extension of the right to refuse to participate all together. In this paper, however, I suggest that subjects should assume some responsibilities for the internal validity of the trial at consent and that these responsibilities should be captured by contract. This would allow the researcher to impose a (...)
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  4.  22
    Research Ethics Committees: Differences and Moral Judgement.Sarah J. L. Edwards, Richard Ashcroft & Simon Kirchin - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (5):408–427.
  5.  11
    Trials, Tribulations, and Triumphs: Research and Publishing From the Undergraduate Perspective.Sarah J. Matthews & Marissa N. Rosa - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  6.  23
    Research Participation and the Right to Withdraw.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (2):112–130.
  7.  11
    The Case for Methodological Pluralism in Medical Science.Sarah J. L. Edwards, Thomas Bock, Ulo Palm, Sally Wang, Glen Cheng, Lixia Wang & Peter Pitts - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (9):39-41.
    Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2020, Page 39-41.
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  8. Corporate Social Performance and Attractiveness as an Employer to Different Job Seeking Populations.Heather Schmidt Albinger & Sarah J. Freeman - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28 (3):243 - 253.
    This study investigates the hypothesis that the advantage corporate social performance (CSP) yields in attracting human resources depends on the degree of job choice possessed by the job seeking population. Results indicate that organizational CSP is positively related to employer attractiveness for job seekers with high levels of job choice but not related for populations with low levels suggesting advantages to firms with high levels of CSP in the ability to attract the most qualified employees.
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  9.  19
    Restricted Treatments, Inducements, and Research Participation.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (2):77–91.
  10.  2
    Limitations to Contingency Measures: Reflections From COVID-19 Surges in the UK.Sarah J. L. Edwards, David A. Lomas, Sarah Yardley & Caitlin Gordon - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (8):31-34.
    Alfandre et al. helpfully outlines the case for attending to contingency planning as well as to crisis measures during a pandemic. The authors provides a helpful framework for reflecting on...
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  11.  8
    The Limited Roles of Cognitive Capabilities and Future Time Perspective in Contributing to Positivity Effects.Sarah J. Barber, Noelle Lopez, Kriti Cadambi & Santos Alferez - 2020 - Cognition 200:104267.
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  12.  15
    Why Sprint Interval Training is Inappropriate for a Largely Sedentary Population.Sarah J. Hardcastle, Hannah Ray, Louisa Beale & Martin S. Hagger - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  13.  8
    The Role, Remit and Function of the Research Ethics Committee — 1. The Rationale for Ethics Review of Research by Committee.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2009 - Research Ethics 5 (4):147-150.
    This is the first in a series of five papers on the role, remit and function of research ethics committees which are intended to provide for REC members a broad understanding of the most important issues in research ethics and governance. The first considers the rationale for having ethics review by committee at all; seeking to explain why ethics committees, as we currently have them, are so important to the wider system of governing research.
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  14.  18
    The Role, Remit and Function of the Research Ethics Committee — 3. Balancing Potential Social Benefits Against Risks to Subjects.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2010 - Research Ethics 6 (3):96-100.
    This is the third in a series of five papers on the role, remit and function of research ethics committees which are intended to provide for REC members a broad understanding of the most important issues in research ethics and governance. This paper examines the role of ethics committees in balancing the social value of the research it reviews against the risks it imposes on those who take part. The ethics committee's role in assessing the social value of research goes (...)
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  15.  13
    Motivating the Unmotivated: How Can Health Behavior Be Changed in Those Unwilling to Change?Sarah J. Hardcastle, Jennie Hancox, Anne Hattar, Chloe Maxwell-Smith, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani & Martin S. Hagger - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16.  85
    Hard Paternalism, Fairness and Clinical Research: Why Not?Sarah J. L. Edwards & James Wilson - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (2):68 - 75.
    Jansen and Wall suggest a new way of defending hard paternalism in clinical research. They argue that non-therapeutic research exposing people to more than minimal risk should be banned on egalitarian grounds: in preventing poor decision-makers from making bad decisions, we will promote equality of welfare. We argue that their proposal is flawed for four reasons.First, the idea of poor decision-makers is much more problematic than Jansen and Wall allow. Second, pace Jansen and Wall, it may be practicable for regulators (...)
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  17.  22
    Evidence of Efficacy and Human Right to Health.Sarah J. L. Edwards, Sapfo Lignou & Elizabeth Oduwo - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):35-37.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 35-37, June 2012.
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  18.  27
    Who Makes the Rules? Using Wittgenstein in Social Theory.Sarah J. Bailyn - 2002 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 32 (3):311–329.
  19. From Research Governance to Research Integrity: What’s in a Name?Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2013 - Research Ethics 9 (1):3-5.
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  20.  15
    Earthly Powers and Affective Environments: An Ontological Politics of Flood Risk.Sarah J. Whatmore - 2013 - Theory, Culture and Society 30 (7-8):33-50.
    In this article I set out to trace some of the implications of recharging the political potency of nature in more-than-human terms. This shifts attention from a biopolitical focus on the inventiveness of the life sciences and what this means in terms of the emergence of ‘cyborg’ political subjects to an onto-political focus on the inventiveness of knowledge controversies and what these mean for techno-political practices. Specifically, the article examines the onto-politics of ‘natural’ hazard events and their capacity to force (...)
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  21.  11
    Better Safe Than Sorry: Simplistic Fear-Relevant Stimuli Capture Attention.Sarah J. Forbes, Helena M. Purkis & Ottmar V. Lipp - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (5):794-804.
    It has been consistently demonstrated that fear-relevant images capture attention preferentially over fear-irrelevant images. Current theory suggests that this faster processing could be mediated by an evolved module that allows certain stimulus features to attract attention automatically, prior to the detailed processing of the image. The present research investigated whether simplified images of fear-relevant stimuli would produce interference with target detection in a visual search task. In Experiment 1, silhouettes and degraded silhouettes of fear-relevant animals produced more interference than did (...)
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  22.  16
    The Role, Remit and Function of the Research Ethics Committee — 4. Limits to Consent?Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2010 - Research Ethics 6 (4):159-163.
    This is the fourth in a series of five papers on the role, remit and function of research ethics committees which are intended to provide for REC members a broad understanding of the most important issues in research ethics and governance. This paper explores the role of ethics committees in reviewing proposed conditions for recruiting human subjects and in checking the intended procedures for gaining consent. In so doing the paper will reiterate the conditions which are traditionally thought to make (...)
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  23.  15
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Assessing the Remedy: The Case for Contracts in Clinical Trials”.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):W1-W3.
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  24.  5
    Protecting Privacy Interests in Brain Images : The Limits of Consent.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2012 - In Sarah Richmond, Geraint Rees & Sarah J. L. Edwards (eds.), I Know What You're Thinking: Brain Imaging and Mental Privacy. Oxford University Press.
  25.  13
    The Animal Efficacy Rule and Public Health.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2015 - Research Ethics 11 (2):64-66.
  26.  18
    Ethics Versus Morality: A Problematic Divide.Sarah J. Harper - 2009 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 35 (9):1063-1077.
    I explicate the distinction between ethics and morality in terms of four central contrasts, and argue (1) that moral theories that embrace the implicit divide are both theoretically and practically problematic in their failure to meet certain widely accepted standards of theoretical coherence and in their resulting propensity to generate indeterminable conflicts among norms, and (2) that social roles represent one aspect of the moral life that cannot be understood in terms of this distinction. My suggestion will be that we (...)
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  27.  6
    Psychographic Profiling for Effective Health Behavior Change Interventions.Sarah J. Hardcastle & Martin S. Hagger - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  28.  5
    The Role, Remit and Function of the Research Ethics Committee — 2. Science and Society: The Scope of Ethics Review.Sarah J. L. Edwards - 2010 - Research Ethics 6 (2):58-61.
    This is the second in a series of five papers on the role, remit and function of research ethics committees which are intended to provide for REC members a broad understanding of the most important issues in research ethics and governance. This paper examines the role of ethics committees in assessing the science of the research it reviews. While ethics committees are not specifically constituted to review the science of a project, they must nevertheless assess the social benefits of research (...)
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  29.  35
    Cancer Clinical Trial Participants' Assessment of Risk and Benefit.Connie M. Ulrich, Sarah J. Ratcliffe, Gwenyth R. Wallen, Qiuping Zhou, Kathleen Knafl & Christine Grady - 2016 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 7 (1):8-16.
  30.  11
    Manning's N–Putting Roughness to Work.Sarah J. Whatmore & Catharina Landstrom - 2010 - In Peter Howlett & Mary S. Morgan (eds.), How Well Do Facts Travel?: The Dissemination of Reliable Knowledge. Cambridge University Press. pp. 111.
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  31.  5
    Book Review: Sarah J White and John A Cartmill, Communication in Surgical Practice. [REVIEW]Sarah Bro Trasmundi - 2018 - Discourse and Communication 12 (4):447-450.
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  32. Hypothetical Vignettes in Empirical Bioethics Research.Connie M. Ulrich & Sarah J. Ratcliffe - 2007 - Advances in Bioethics 11:161-181.
     
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  33.  20
    Talker Adaptation in Speech Perception: Adjusting the Signal or the Representations?Delphine Dahan, Sarah J. Drucker & Rebecca A. Scarborough - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):710-718.
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  34.  19
    Investigating the Causes of Wrap-Up Effects: Evidence From Eye Movements and E–Z Reader.Tessa Warren, Sarah J. White & Erik D. Reichle - 2009 - Cognition 111 (1):132-137.
  35.  10
    Interpersonal Style Should Be Included in Taxonomies of Behavior Change Techniques.Martin S. Hagger & Sarah J. Hardcastle - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  36.  19
    Thinking Posthuman with Mud: And Children of the Anthropocene.Margaret Somerville & Sarah J. Powell - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (8):829-840.
    This article addresses the problem of writing the posthuman in educational research. Confronted by our own failures as educational researchers within posthuman and new materialist approaches, it seeks a more radical opening to Lather and St Pierre’s question: ‘If we give up “human” as separate from non-human, how do we exist? … Are we willing to take on this question that is so hard to think but that might enable different lives?’ We do this to enable different lives for the (...)
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  37.  12
    Talker Adaptation in Speech Perception: Adjusting the Signal or the Representations?Rebecca A. Scarborough Delphine Dahan, Sarah J. Drucker - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):710.
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  38.  32
    The Complexities of Sport, Gender, and Drug Testing.Pam R. Sailors, Sarah J. Teetzel & Charlene Weaving - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (7):23 - 25.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 7, Page 23-25, July 2012.
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  39.  60
    Empathy: A Review of the Concept. [REVIEW]Benjamin M. P. Cuff, Sarah J. Brown, Laura Taylor & Douglas J. Howat - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (2):144-153.
    The inconsistent definition of empathy has had a negative impact on both research and practice. The aim of this article is to review and critically appraise a range of definitions of empathy and, through considered analysis, to develop a new conceptualisation. From the examination of 43 discrete definitions, 8 themes relating to the nature of empathy emerged: “distinguishing empathy from other concepts”; “cognitive or affective?”; “congruent or incongruent?”; “subject to other stimuli?”; “self/other distinction or merging?”; “trait or state influences?”; “has (...)
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  40.  3
    Learning Through Computer Model Improvisations. [REVIEW]Stuart N. Lane, Sarah J. Whatmore & Catharina Landström - 2013 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 38 (5):678-700.
    It has been convincingly argued that computer simulation modeling differs from traditional science. If we understand simulation modeling as a new way of doing science, the manner in which scientists learn about the world through models must also be considered differently. This article examines how researchers learn about environmental processes through computer simulation modeling. Suggesting a conceptual framework anchored in a performative philosophical approach, we examine two modeling projects undertaken by research teams in England, both aiming to inform flood risk (...)
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  41.  26
    Commentary “The Sexualized-Body-Inversion Hypothesis Revisited: Valid Indicator of Sexual Objectification or Methodological Artifact?”.Philippe Bernard, Sarah J. Gervais, Jill Allen & Olivier Klein - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  42.  20
    “As Far as is Reasonably Practicable”: Socially Constructing Risk, Safety, and Accidents in Military Operations.Nick Turner & Sarah J. Tennant - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 91 (1):21-33.
    This research examines how the meaning of risk, safety, and accidents are constructed in a military context. We compare meanings of these constructs among members working for three organizations (Health and Safety Executive, Ministry of Defence, and Royal Marine Commandos) jointly responsible for planning and executing "safe" military training and maneuvres in a particular unit of the United Kingdom's Royal Marine Commandos. The discourse among these members embodies the inter-organizational collaboration over military safety, and through an analysis of this discourse (...)
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  43.  28
    Creating Illusions of Knowledge: Learning Errors That Contradict Prior Knowledge.Lisa K. Fazio, Sarah J. Barber, Suparna Rajaram, Peter A. Ornstein & Elizabeth J. Marsh - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):1.
  44.  7
    Ethical Leadership in Schools: Creating Community in an Environment of Accountability and The Cultural Proficiency Journey: Moving Beyond Ethical Barriers Toward Profound School Change.Sarah J. Noonan - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (4):519-522.
  45.  2
    Children’s Academic, Artistic, and Athletic Competencies: Successes Are in the Eye of the Beholder.Sarah J. Racz, Diane L. Putnick, Gianluca Esposito & Marc H. Bornstein - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  46.  5
    A Reinforcement-Based Learning Paradigm Increases Anatomical Learning and Retention—A Neuroeducation Study.Sarah J. Anderson, Kent G. Hecker, Olave E. Krigolson & Heather A. Jamniczky - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  47.  5
    Structural and Functional MRI Differences in Master Sommeliers: A Pilot Study on Expertise in the Brain.Sarah J. Banks, Karthik R. Sreenivasan, David M. Weintraub, Deanna Baldock, Michael Noback, Meghan E. Pierce, Johannes Frasnelli, Jay James, Erik Beall, Xiaowei Zhuang, Dietmar Cordes & Gabriel C. Leger - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  48.  10
    Determining the Optimal Approach to Identifying Individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: The DOC Study.Sarah J. Ronaldson, Lisa Dyson, Laura Clark, Catherine E. Hewitt, David J. Torgerson, Brendan G. Cooper, Matt Kearney, William Laughey, Raghu Raghunath, Lisa Steele, Rebecca Rhodes & Joy Adamson - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (3):487-495.
  49.  5
    The Secreted Kinase ROP18 Defends Toxoplasma's Border.Sarah J. Fentress & L. David Sibley - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (9):693-700.
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  50.  11
    Motivation in the Age of Genomics: Why Genetic Findings of Disease Susceptibility Might Not Motivate Behavior Change.Kyle B. Brothers, Sarah J. Beal & Tinsley H. G. Webster - 2013 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 9 (1):1-15.
    There is a growing consensus that results generated through multiplex genetic tests, even those produced as a part of research, should be reported to providers and patients when they are considered “actionable,” that is, when they could be used to inform some potentially beneficial clinical action. However, there remains controversy over the precise criterion that should be used in identifying when a result meets this standard. In this paper, we seek to refine the concept of “actionability” by exploring one proposed (...)
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