36 found
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  1.  11
    Where is Disciplinarity Going? Meeting on the Borderland.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2011 - Social Science Information 50 (3-4):582-606.
    This article analyzes the cognitive structures and dynamics of a form of scientific discipline that differs importantly both from the disciplinary format of the 19th-century university system, and from the profile proposed by much postmodern interdisciplinary discussion. This recent form of discipline, here termed the ‘new disciplinarity’, is a product of the increasing complexity of scientific knowledge and activity. The approach privileges cognition. It emphasizes the concepts of disciplinary referent, robust boundaries, ‘borderland’, combinatorials and projects. It suggests that the new (...)
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  2.  8
    The Transverse Science and Technology Culture: Dynamics and Roles of Research-Technology.Terry Shinn & Bernward Joerges - 2002 - Social Science Information 41 (2):207-251.
    Science and technology are composed of several regimes of production, each having its own research axis and mode of diffusion - the disciplinary regime, transitory regime, utilitarian regime, and transverse regime. This article discusses research-technology, an example of the transverse regime of cognitive and artefact production. Research-technologists stand between science and engineering, between academia and enterprise. They design and build a special category of instrumentation and they operate out of an interstitial arena that lies between the usual poles of interest (...)
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  3.  20
    Regimes of Science Production and Diffusion: Towards a Transverse Organization of Knowledge.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2012 - Scientiae Studia 10 (SPE):33-64.
    This article is a contribution to the critical sociology of science perspective introduced and developed by Pierre Bourdieu. The paper proposes a transversalist theory of science and technology production and diffusion. It is here argued that science and technology are comprised of multiple regimes where each regime is historically grounded, possesses its own division of labour, modes of cognitive and artifact production and has specific audiences. The major regimes include the disciplinary regime, utilitarian regime, transitory regime and research-technology regime. Though (...)
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  4.  10
    Change or Mutation? Reflections on the Foundations of Contemporary Science.Terry Shinn - 1999 - Social Science Information 38 (1):149-176.
    Some recent theories in the sociology of knowledge suggest that late 20th-century science differs greatly from earlier science. In this article, I examine two radical discontinuity theories - the new production of knowledge model and the triple helix model. I argue that change has historically been a main feature of science, and that radical discontinuity partisans overlook this fact. They consequently interpret certain transformations in contemporary science as comprising events that are unique and historically unprecedented. I contend that the perceived (...)
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  5.  15
    New Sources of Radical Innovation: Research-Technologies, Transversality and Distributed Learning in a Post-Industrial Order.Terry Shinn - 2005 - Social Science Information 44 (4):731-764.
    This study questions the erstwhile claim that the growth of scientific knowledge and successes of radical technological innovation are the consequence of cognitive and organizational differentiation, and that differentiation and integration are antithetic. It is shown that throughout the 20th century many radical technological innovations originated with and developed around generic instrumentation, the practitioners and artefacts of which are characterized by selective and intermittent boundary crossing between academia, industry, state technical and metrological services, the military, etc. However, this mobility is (...)
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  6.  9
    The Genesis of French Industrial Research 1880-1940.Terry Shinn - 1980 - Social Science Information 19 (3):607-640.
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  7.  13
    Socio/Intellectual Patterns in Nanoscale Research: Feynman Nanotechnology Prize Laureates, 1993—2007.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2010 - Social Science Information 49 (4):615-638.
    The Feynman Nanotechnology Prize was established in 1993, and has been awarded annually since 1997, for theory and experimentation. On the basis of a series of interviews with Prize laureates, this article clarifies the principal theoretical and experimental questions at stake in nanoscale research, changes in methodological procedures, epistemological orientations and disciplinary foci. Nanobiology is emerging as a prominent discipline; simulation constitutes a cornerstone orientation; and the issue of control is to the fore in nanoscale research. Le prix Feynman en (...)
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  8.  29
    Respiration and Cognitive Synergy: Circulation in and Between Scientific Research Spheres.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2013 - Minerva 51 (1):1-23.
    This article explores the crucial moments of scientists’ research activities when they decide to shift to a radical new domain or to perpetuate a project. We introduce what we have called the “respiration model” which describes and analyses key cognitive components which occur in this complex process. Respiration either privileges epistemic expectations which are rooted in socio-cognitive metrics of “concentration” or in a functionality-multiple horizon context which we refer to as “extension”. The respiration model accords particular attention to the elements (...)
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  9.  55
    From the Triple Helix to a Quadruple Helix? The Case of Dip-Pen Nanolithography.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2011 - Minerva 49 (2):175-190.
    In this article, we propose four modifications to the standard Triple Helix innovation model, which consists of the three strands: university, government, industry. First, in view of recent economic, cultural, organizational and ideological changes in many countries, it is now important to introduce a fourth strand to the standard model, namely society. Second, we observe that strands occur in doublets which we refer to as binomials. Examples of doublets include university/society, university/industry, industry/society, etc. Third, the binomials are organized in a (...)
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  10.  23
    Desencantamento da modernidade e da pós-modernidade: diferenciação, fragmentação e a matriz de entrelaçamento.Terry Shinn - 2008 - Scientiae Studia 6 (1):43-81.
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  11.  9
    Cognitive/Organizational Blocks: Promethean, Territorial and Porous Regimes.Terry Shinn & Anne Marcovich - 2009 - Social Science Information 48 (1):97-121.
    The present article seeks to deploy a classical taxonomy for description of the features and dynamics of the organizational frameworks that accompany the research endeavors which have arisen in some very spectacular, expensive or intellectually promising science research fields in recent decades, such as high-energy physics, nanoscience and nanotechnology, and cryogenic-driven exploration of dark matter and associated events. Such a taxonomy will associate or combine classical concepts and vocabularies in a way that effectively and fairly precisely captures the novel forms (...)
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  12.  6
    Estrutura e função das imagens na ciência e na arte: entre a síntese e o holismo da forma, da força e da perturbação.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2011 - Scientiae Studia 9 (2):229-265.
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  13.  5
    Science, Tocqueville, and the State: The Organization of Knowledge in Modern France.Terry Shinn - 1992 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 59:533-566.
  14.  10
    Forma, epistemologia e imagem nas nanociências.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2009 - Scientiae Studia 7 (1):41-62.
  15.  6
    Regimes de produção e difusão de ciência: rumo a uma organização transversaldo conhecimento.Terry Shinn - 2008 - Scientiae Studia 6 (1):11-42.
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  16.  6
    Science, Tocqueville, and the State.Terry Shinn - 2005 - In Nico Stehr & Reiner Grundmann (eds.), Knowledge: Critical Concepts. Routledge. pp. 4--3.
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  17.  9
    Physicists and Intellectual Mobility.Terry Shinn & Georges Benguigui - 1997 - Social Science Information 36 (2):293-309.
    This article explores intellectual mobility among physicists in terms of: changes in the questions posed by scientists during their research career; changes in categories of research instruments; and the materials on which research is done. We argue that elements of Laboratory structure act to either stimulate or inhibit intellectual mobility. Four elements prove particularly important: laboratory size; laboratories' systems of internal authority and management; the character and number of linkages between laboratories and outside institutions or interests; the objectives and philosophy (...)
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  18.  7
    Enclavement et diffusion du savoir.Michel Cloître & Terry Shinn - 1986 - Social Science Information 25 (1):161-187.
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  19.  7
    Diffusion Et Vulgarisation des Connaissances Scientifiques: Une Série de Contributions Sur les Tendances de Recherche.Daniel Jacobi & Terry Shinn - 1985 - Social Science Information 24 (4):821-823.
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  20.  9
    How Scientific Research Instruments Change: A Century of Nobel Prize Physics Instrumentation.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2017 - Social Science Information 56 (3):348-374.
    This article explores structures of intellectual, operational and institutional transformations of scientific research instrumentation in the 20th century. The study of 26 Nobel Prizes in physics instrumentation between 1901 and the present yields abundant and systematic information related to change and stability of instrument function, instrument trajectory and the social organization of instrument-related work. This yields three configurations: ‘bounded’, ‘extensionist’ and ‘linked’. One can observe for the late 20th century the emergence of an unprecedented form of instrumented-related cognitive operation that (...)
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  21.  1
    Science Research Regimes as Architectures of Knowledge in Context: A ‘Longue Durée’ Comparative Historical Sociology of Structures and Dynamics in Science.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2020 - Social Science Information 59 (2):310-328.
    The purpose of this historical-sociological study is to identify the different intellectual and organizational structures and paths adopted by science over the ages. These forms are what we call science research regimes. Our perspective is simultaneously historical, sociological and comparative. We propose a socio-historical framework that points out transverse structures in science and their changing dynamics, in a ‘longue durée’ perspective. Historical examples of regimes embrace the following regimes: what we term the ‘polycentric research regime’ of the 17th and 18th (...)
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  22.  10
    The Cognitive, Instrumental and Institutional Origins of Nanoscale Research: The Place of Biology.Anne Marcovich & Terry Shinn - 2011 - In M. Carrier & A. Nordmann (eds.), Science in the Context of Application. Springer. pp. 221--242.
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  23.  11
    Christoph Meinel . Instrument—Experiment: Historische Studien. 423 pp., illus., figs., tables. Berlin: Verlag für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften und der Technik, 2000. €34. [REVIEW]Terry Shinn - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):702-703.
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  24. Cognitive Process and Social Practice : The Case of Experimental Macroscopic Physics.Terry Shinn - 1989 - In Steve Fuller (ed.), The Cognitive Turn: Sociological and Psychological Perspectives on Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  25.  6
    Construction Théorique Et Démarche Expérimentale: Essai d'Analyse Sociale Et Épistémologique de la Recherche.Terry Shinn - 1983 - Social Science Information 22 (3):511-554.
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  26.  21
    “Formation Par la Recherche”: Technological Training Through Research in France.Terry Shinn & Ivor Jennings - 1990 - Minerva 28 (2):134-146.
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  27. Instrument Research, Tools, and the Knowledge Enterprise 1999-2009: Birth and Development of Dip-Pen Nanolithography. [REVIEW]Terry Shinn & Anne Marcovich - 2011 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 36 (6):864-896.
    This article retraces the trajectory of a start-up company NanoInk Inc. and its primary technology, the Dip-Pen, which it researches, manufactures, and commercializes. The case is of interest because it introduces a series of under elucidated questions concerning the relationships between “instrument” and “tool,” the birth of a new category of company, the “knowledge enterprise,” the dynamics of relations between complexity and simplicity related to tools “simplexity,” and the idea of “nanofication,” which refers to the spread of familiarity of a (...)
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  28.  9
    Orthodoxy and Innovation in Science: The Atomist Controversy in French Chemistry. [REVIEW]Terry Shinn - 1980 - Minerva 18 (4):539-555.
  29.  1
    Progress and Paradoxes in French Science and Technology 1900-1930.Terry Shinn - 1989 - Social Science Information 28 (4):659-683.
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  30.  5
    Padrões sociointelectuais da pesquisa em nanoescala: laureados com o Prêmio Feynman de Nanotecnologia, 1993-2007.Terry Shinn & Anne Marcovich - 2009 - Scientiae Studia 7 (1):11-39.
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  31.  8
    Raisonnement scientifique et réseaux sociaux dans la physique de L’entre-deux-guerres.Terry Shinn - 1986 - Revue de Synthèse 107 (3):291-304.
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  32.  6
    Reactionary Technologists: The Struggle Over the École Polytechnique, 1880–1914. [REVIEW]Terry Shinn - 1984 - Minerva 22 (3-4):329-345.
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  33.  9
    Section ‘Toward a Historical Sociology of Scientific Research Instrumentation’: A Brief Introductory Note.Terry Shinn & Anne Marcovich - 2017 - Social Science Information 56 (3):347-347.
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  34.  12
    Toward a Reactionary Science?Terry Shinn - 2016 - Minerva 54 (2):241-253.
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  35.  5
    The Making of Technological Man: The Social Origins of French Engineering EducationJohn Hubbel Weiss.Terry Shinn - 1983 - Isis 74 (1):123-124.
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  36.  17
    Book Reviews : The Making of Frenchmen. Current Directions in the History of Education in France, 1679-1979. Edited by DONALD N. BAKER and PATRICK T. HARRI-GAN. Waterloo, Ontario: Historical Reflections Press, 1980. Pp. 700. $40.00. [REVIEW]Terry Shinn - 1987 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 17 (4):585-586.
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