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  1. Darwinism and Meaning.Lonnie W. Aarssen - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (4):296-311.
    Darwinism presents a paradox. It discredits the notion that one’s life has any intrinsic meaning, yet it predicts that we are designed by Darwinian natural selection to generally insist that it must—and so necessarily designed to misunderstand and doubt Darwinism. The implications of this paradox are explored here, including the question of where then does the Darwinist find meaning in life? The main source, it is proposed, is from cognitive domains for meaning inherited from sentient ancestors—domains that reveal our evolved (...)
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  2. The Role of Necessity in Aristotles Teleology as Explained by Logical Implication.Giampaolo Abbate - 2012 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 15 (1):1-25.
  3. Improvement of the Support System to Identify Face Using Simulated Breeding.Takehiko Abe, Yoshihiro Ueda & Haruhiko Kimura - 2003 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 18:131-135.
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  4. Communication Among Phages, Bacteria, and Soil Environments.Stephen T. Abedon - 2011 - In Witzany (ed.), Biocommunication in Soil Microorganisms. Springer. pp. 37--65.
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  5. The Assessment of Interdisciplinary Research in the 1930s: The Rockefeller Foundation and Physico-Chemical Morphology. [REVIEW]Pnina G. Abir-Am - 1988 - Minerva 26 (2):153-176.
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  6. García-Sancho. 2012. Biology, Computing, and the History of Molecular Sequencing; From Proteins to DNA, 1945-2000.Pnina Geraldine Abir-Am - 2014 - Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 29 (3):433.
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  7. Miguel García-Sancho. Biology, Computing, and the History of Molecular Sequencing; From Proteins to DNA, 1945-2000. [REVIEW]Pnina Geraldine Abir-Am - 2014 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 29 (3):433-436.
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  8. Automata, Living and Non-Living: Descartes' Mechanical Biology and His Criteria for Life. [REVIEW]Fred Ablondi - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (2):179-186.
    Despite holding to the essential distinction between mind and body, Descartes did not adopt a life-body dualism. Though humans are the only creatures which can reason, as they are the only creatures whose body is in an intimate union with a soul, they are not the only finite beings who are alive. In the present note, I attempt to determine Descartes'' criteria for something to be ''living.'' Though certain passages associate such a principle with the presence of a properly functioning (...)
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  9. Nicolas Rashevsky's Mathematical Biophysics.Tara H. Abraham - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (2):333 - 385.
    This paper explores the work of Nicolas Rashevsky, a Russian émigré theoretical physicist who developed a program in "mathematical biophysics" at the University of Chicago during the 1930s. Stressing the complexity of many biological phenomena, Rashevsky argued that the methods of theoretical physics -- namely mathematics -- were needed to "simplify" complex biological processes such as cell division and nerve conduction. A maverick of sorts, Rashevsky was a conspicuous figure in the biological community during the 1930s and early 1940s: he (...)
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  10. The “Cycle of Life” in Ecology: Sergei Vinogradskii's Soil Microbiology, 1885–1940. [REVIEW]Lloyd T. Ackert Jr - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (1):109-145.
    Historians of science have attributed the emergence of ecology as a discipline in the late nineteenth century to the synthesis of Humboldtian botanical geography and Darwinian evolution. In this essay, I begin to explore another, largely neglected but very important dimension of this history. Using Sergei Vinogradskii’s career and scientific research trajectory as a point of entry, I illustrate the manner in which microbiologists, chemists, botanists, and plant physiologists inscribed the concept of a “cycle of life” into their investigations. Their (...)
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  11. The Role of Microbes in Agriculture: Sergei Vinogradskii's Discovery and Investigation of Chemosynthesis, 1880–1910. [REVIEW]Lloyd T. Ackert Jr - 2006 - Journal of the History of Biology 39 (2):373-406.
    In 1890, Sergei Nikolaevich Vinogradskii (Winogradsky) proposed a novel life process called chemosynthesis. His discovery that some microbes could live solely on inorganic matter emerged during his physiological research in 1880s in Strassburg and Zurich on sulfur, iron, and nitrogen bacteria. In his nitrification research, Vinogradskii first embraced the idea that microbiology could have great bearing on agricultural problems. His critique of agricultural chemists and Kochian-style bacteriologists brought this message to the broader agricultural community, resulting in an heightened interest in (...)
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  12. Book Review: Claude E. Dolman and Richard J. Wolfe, Suppressing the Diseases of Animals and Man: Theobald Smith, Microbiologist. [REVIEW]Lloyd Ackert - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):597-598.
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  13. Pierre-Henri Gouyon, Les Harmonies de la Nature a l'Epreuve de la Biologie, Evolution Et Biodiversite.P. Acot - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):542-542.
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  14. The Introduction in France, Between the Two World Wars, of the Ideas of American Scientific Ecology].P. Acot & J. M. Drouin - 1997 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 50 (4).
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  15. Darwin Et L'Écologie.Pascal Acot - 1983 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 36 (1):33-48.
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  16. The European Origins of Scientific Ecology.Pascal Acot & B. P. Hamm - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):405-407.
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  17. Synthesis of Expandable Fluorine Mica From Talc.Yasuo Adachi & Mitsuru Kimura - 1992 - Daimon: Revista de Filosofia 1200:176.
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  18. The Montesinos Virus.Adam Michnik - 2001 - Social Research 68 (4):905-916.
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  19. Peculiar Inheritance: A History of the Elmhirsts. Edward Elmhirst.Arthur Adams - 1952 - Speculum 27 (3):377-377.
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  20. Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  21. The Evolution of Theodosius Dobzhansky: Essays on His Life and Thought in Russia and America.Mark B. Adams - 1995 - Journal of the History of Biology 28 (3):557-559.
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  22. The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia.Mark B. Adams - 1991 - Journal of the History of Biology 24 (1):165-167.
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  23. A Missing Link in the Evolutionary SynthesisFactors of Evolution: The Theory of Stabilizing SelectionI. I. Schmalhausen Theodosius Dobzhansky Isadore Dordick.Mark B. Adams - 1988 - Isis 79 (2):281-284.
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  24. Lysenkoism in China: Proceedings of the 1956 Qingdao Genetics SymposiumLaurence Schneider Qin Shizhen.Mark B. Adams - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):157-158.
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  25. The Lysenko Affair. David Joravsky.Mark B. Adams - 1971 - Isis 62 (4):560-561.
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  26. Towards a Synthesis: Population Concepts in Russian Evolutionary Thought, 1925-1935. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (1):107 - 129.
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  27. The Founding of Population Genetics: Contributions of the Chetverikov School 1924-1934. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 1968 - Journal of the History of Biology 1 (1):23 - 39.
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  28. The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia.Mark B. Adams, William H. Schneider, Paul Weindling, Philip R. Reilly & Nicole Hahn Rafter - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (1):131-145.
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  29. Review of Franklin *What Makes a Good Experiment?*. [REVIEW] Adam_Morton - forthcoming - Metascience 102.
    I praise Franklin's full descriptions of important and exemplary experiments, and wish that he had said more about why they are exemplary.
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  30. Negotiating Darwin: The Vatican Confronts Evolution, 1877–1902. [REVIEW]Juliana Adelman - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Science 41 (3):471-472.
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  31. Evolution on Display: Promoting Irish Natural History and Darwinism at the Dublin Science and Art Museum.Juliana Adelman - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (4):411-436.
    In 1890 the staff of the Dublin Natural History Museum began a comprehensive rearrangement of the collection in their care. Inspired by visits to American museums and motivated by a desire to produce a truly educational display, curators arranged the zoological collection to include cases on the history and geographical distribution of animals. These cases explicitly depicted, in words and specimens, the main arguments of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species. Placed at a ground-floor entrance to the museum, the (...)
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  32. Kant Contra Haeckel: Erkenntnistheorie Gegen Naturwissenschaftlichen Dogmatismus.Erich Adickes - 1901 - Philosophical Review 10 (6):668-670.
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  33. The Ship as Laboratory: Making Space for Field Science at Sea. [REVIEW]Antony Adler - 2014 - Journal of the History of Biology 47 (3):333-362.
    Expanding upon the model of vessels of exploration as scientific instruments first proposed by Richard Sorrenson, this essay examines the changing nature of the ship as scientific space on expedition vessels during the late nineteenth century. Particular attention is paid to the expedition of H.M.S. Challenger as a turning point in the design of shipboard spaces that established a place for scientists at sea and gave scientific legitimacy to the new science of oceanography. There was a progressive development in research (...)
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  34. Why Do the Well-Fed Appear to Die Young?Margo I. Adler & Russell Bonduriansky - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (5):439-450.
  35. Historia Naturalis.Johannes Aegidii Zamorensis & Merce Viladrich - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):337.
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  36. Of the Helmholtz Club, South-Californian Seedbed for Visual and Cognitive Neuroscience, and its Patron Francis Crick.Christine Aicardi - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45:1-11.
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  37. In-and Out-Breeding.Kenneth B. Aikman - 1934 - The Eugenics Review 26 (1):89.
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  38. An American Looks at Soviet Science. A Review of Loren R. Graham, "Science, Philosophy and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union". [REVIEW]M. D. Akhundov - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (3):363.
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  39. Biography of a "Feathered Pig": The California Condor Conservation Controversy. [REVIEW]Peter S. Alagona - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):557 - 583.
    In the early 20th century, after hundreds of years of gradual decline, the California condor emerged as an object of intensive scientific study, an important conservation target, and a cultural icon of the American wilderness preservation movement. Early condor researchers generally believed that the species' survival depended upon the preservation of its wilderness habitat. However, beginning in the 1970s, a new generation of scientists argued that no amount of wilderness could prevent the condor's decline and that only intensive scientific management (...)
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  40. Amateurs and Professionals in One County: Biology and Natural History in Late Victorian Yorkshire. [REVIEW]Samuel J. M. M. Alberti - 2001 - Journal of the History of Biology 34 (1):115 - 147.
    My goals in this paper are twofold: to outline the refashioning of amateur and professional roles in life science in late Victorian Yorkshire, and to provide a revised historiography of the relationship between amateurs and professionals in this era. Some historical treatments of this relationship assume that amateurs were demoralized by the advances of laboratory science, and so ceased to contribute and were left behind by the autonomous "new biology." Despite this view, I show that many amateurs played a vital (...)
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  41. The J.H.B. Bookshelf.Timothy L. Alborn, Elizabeth B. Keeney & Keith R. Benson - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (2):361-371.
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  42. Linnaeus: The Man and His WorkTore Frangsmyr Michael Srigley Bernard Vowles.W. R. Albury - 1984 - Isis 75 (4):764-765.
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  43. ""As Ideas de Darwin Na Sociedade Galega 150 Anos Despois: Está Vivo o Chamado" Darwinismo" Social?María Pilar Jiménez Aleixandre & Blanca Puig Mauriz - 2009 - In Francisco Díaz-Fierros Viqueira (ed.), O Darwinismo E Galicia. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Servizo de Publicacións E Intercambio Científico.
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  44. Exclusion, Commodification and Plant Variety Rights Legislation.Andrew Alexandra & Adrian Walsh - 1997 - Agriculture and Human Values 14 (4):313-323.
    Plant variety rights legislation, now enactedin most Western countries, fosters the commodificationof plant varieties. In this paper, we look at theconceptual issues involved in understanding andjustifying this commodification, with particularemphasis on Australian legislation. The paper isdivided into three sections. In the first, we lay outa taxonomy of goods, drawing on this in the secondsection to point out that the standard justificationof the allocation of exclusionary property rights byappeal to scarcity will not do for abstract goods suchas plant varieties, since these (...)
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  45. The Fish Commission Laboratory and its Influence on the Founding of the Marine Biological Laboratory.Dean C. Allard - 1990 - Journal of the History of Biology 23 (2):251-270.
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  46. The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History.Allen David Elliston - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):493-494.
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  47. A Pact with the Embryo: Viktor Hamburger, Holistic and Mechanistic Philosophy in the Development of Neuroembryology, 1927?1955.E. Allen Garland - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):421-475.
    Viktor Hamburger was a developmental biologist interested in the ontogenesis of the vertebrate nervous system. A student of Hans Spemann at Freiburg in the 1920s, Hamburger picked up a holistic view of the embryo that precluded him from treating it in a reductionist way; at the same time, he was committed to a materialist and analytical approach that eschewed any form of vitalism or metaphysics. This paper explores how Hamburger walked this thin line between mechanistic reductionism and metaphysical vitalism in (...)
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  48. A Pact with the Embryo: Viktor Hamburger, Holistic and Mechanistic Philosophy in the Development of Neuroembryology, 1927-1955. [REVIEW]E. Allen Garland - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):421-475.
    Viktor Hamburger was a developmental biologist interested in the ontogenesis of the vertebrate nervous system. A student of Hans Spemann at Freiburg in the 1920s, Hamburger picked up a holistic view of the embryo that precluded him from treating it in a reductionist way; at the same time, he was committed to a materialist and analytical approach that eschewed any form of vitalism or metaphysics. This paper explores how Hamburger walked this thin line between mechanistic reductionism and metaphysical vitalism in (...)
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  49. Morphology and Twentieth-Century Biology: A Response.E. Allen Garland - 1981 - Journal of the History of Biology 14 (1):159 - 176.
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  50. Hugo De Vries and the Reception of the "Mutation Theory".E. Allen Garland - 1969 - Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):55 - 87.
    De Vries' mutation theory has not stood the test of time. The supposed mutations of Oenothera were in reality complex recombination phenomena, ultimately explicable in Mendelian terms, while instances of large-scale mutations were found wanting in other species. By 1915 the mutation theory had begun to lose its grip on the biological community; by de Vries' death in 1935 it was almost completely abandoned. Yet, as we have seen, during the first decade of the present century it achieved an enormous (...)
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