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  1. István S. N. Berkeley, Some Myths of Connectionism.
    Since the emergence of what Fodor and Pylyshyn (1988) call 'new connectionism', there can be little doubt that connectionist research has become a significant topic for discussion in the Philosophy of Cognitive Science and the Philosophy of Mind. In addition to the numerous papers on the topic in philosophical journals, almost every recent book in these areas contain at least a brief reference to, or discussion of, the issues raised by connectionist research (see Sterelny 1990, Searle, 1992, and O Nualláin, (...)
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  2. George Berkeley (1998). Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous. Oxford University Press.
    First published in 1713, this work was designed as a vivid and persuasive presentation of the remarkable picture of reality that Berkeley had first presented two years earlier in his Principles of Human Knowledge. His central claim there, as here, was that physical things consist of nothing but ideas in minds--that the world is not material but mental. Berkeley uses this thesis as the ground for a new argument for the existence of God, and the dialogue form enables him to (...)
     
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  3. Hastings Berkeley (1912). The Kernel of Pragmatism. Mind 21 (81):84-88.
  4. George Berkeley (1965). Berkeley's Philosophical Writings. New York, Collier Books.
     
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  5.  54
    George Berkeley (1710). A Treatise on the Principles of Human Knowledge. Aaron Rhames.
  6.  44
    George Berkeley (2006). De Motu [On Motion or the Principle and Nature of Motion and the Causa of Communication of Motion]. Scientiae Studia 4 (1):115-137.
  7.  36
    Justin J. Keeble, Sophie Topiol & Simon Berkeley (2003). Using Indicators to Measure Sustainability Performance at a Corporate and Project Level. Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2/3):149 - 158.
    More and more businesses are aligning their activities with the principles of sustainable development. Therefore they need to adapt their ways of measuring corporate performance. However, it includes issues which may be outside the direct control of the organisation, that are difficult to characterise and often are based on value judgements rather than hard data. The difficulty in measuring performance is further complicated by the fact that many corporations have a complex organisational structure, with different business streams, functions and projects. (...)
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  8. George Berkeley (1992). Philosophical Works: Including the Works on Vision. C.E. Tuttle.
  9.  87
    George Berkeley (1940). A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. Dover Publications.
    If a tree falls in the forest and no one is present to hear it, does it make a sound? It does not, according to George Berkeley. Originally published in 1710, this landmark of Western philosophy introduced a revolutionary concept: immaterialism, which asserts that to be is to perceive or be perceived. The treatise opens with an assault on Locke's theory of abstract ideas and proceeds with arguments that sensible qualities exist only when perceived as ideas. Physical objects, he claims, (...)
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  10.  72
    Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2000). What the #$*%! Is a Subsymbol? Minds and Machines 10 (1):1-13.
  11. George Berkeley (1998). A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Thorough introduction to the central ideas of one of the world's greatest philosophers.
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  12.  98
    George Berkeley (1996). Principles of Human Knowledge ;. Oxford University Press.
    Berkeley's idealism started a revolution in philosophy. As one of the great empiricist thinkers he not only influenced British philosphers from Hume to Russell and the logical positivists in the twentieth-century, he also set the scene for the continental idealism of Hegel and even the philosophy of Marx. This edition of Berkeley's two key works has an introduction which examines and in part defends his arguments for idealism, as well as offering a detailed analytical contents list, extensive philosophical notes, and (...)
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  13.  90
    Istvan S. N. Berkeley, What is Connectionism?
    Connectionism is a style of modeling based upon networks of interconnected simple processing devices. This style of modeling goes by a number of other names too. Connectionist models are also sometimes referred to as 'Parallel Distributed Processing' (or PDP for short) models or networks.1 Connectionist systems are also sometimes referred to as 'neural networks' (abbreviated to NNs) or 'artificial neural networks' (abbreviated to ANNs). Although there may be some rhetorical appeal to this neural nomenclature, it is in fact misleading as (...)
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  14.  13
    István S. N. Berkeley (1993). "Uncertainty and Quality in Science for Policy", by Silvio O. Funtowicz and Jerome R. Ravetz. [REVIEW] Dialogue 32:837.
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  15.  1
    George Berkeley (2015). Apie Judėjimą. Problemos 87 (87):154.
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  16. George Berkeley (1977). Philosophical Works. Crítica: Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 9 (26):121-123.
     
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  17. George Berkeley (2012). Eine Abhandlung Über Die Prinzipien der Menschlichen Erkenntnis. Felix Meiner Verlag Gmbh.
    In der "Abhandlung über die Prinzipien der menschlichen Erkenntnis" entwickelt Berkeley die Lehre vom Immaterialismus. Die Wahrnehmung der Dinge mit den Sinnen ist für ihn die Basis allen Seins, den Geist versteht Berkeley als das aktive Prinzip.
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  18. George Berkeley (2008). Philosophical Writings. Cambridge University Press.
    A new theory of vision -- A treatise concerning the principles of human knowledge (part i) -- Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous -- An essay on motion -- Alciphron, or, The minute philosopher (excerpts) -- Siris: a chain of philosophical reflexions and inquiries concerning the virtues of tar-water (excerpts).
     
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  19.  22
    Istvan S. Berkeley (2008). What the <0.70, 1.17, 0.99, 1.07> is a Symbol? Minds and Machines 18 (1):93-105.
    The notion of a ‘symbol’ plays an important role in the disciplines of Philosophy, Psychology, Computer Science, and Cognitive Science. However, there is comparatively little agreement on how this notion is to be understood, either between disciplines, or even within particular disciplines. This paper does not attempt to defend some putatively ‘correct’ version of the concept of a ‘symbol.’ Rather, some terminological conventions are suggested, some constraints are proposed and a taxonomy of the kinds of issue that give rise to (...)
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  20.  23
    George Berkeley (1709). An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision. Aaron Rhames.
    touch 27 Thirrdly, the straining of the eye 28 The occasions which suggest distance have in their own nature no relation to it 29 A difficult case proposed by Dr. Barrow as repugnant to all the known theories 30 This case contradicts a ...
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  21.  65
    Istvan S. N. Berkeley, Connectionism Reconsidered: Minds, Machines and Models.
    In this paper the issue of drawing inferences about biological cognitive systems on the basis of connectionist simulations is addressed. In particular, the justification of inferences based on connectionist models trained using the backpropagation learning algorithm is examined. First it is noted that a justification commonly found in the philosophical literature is inapplicable. Then some general issues are raised about the relationships between models and biological systems. A way of conceiving the role of hidden units in connectionist networks is then (...)
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  22.  25
    Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2006). Moving the Goal Posts: A Reply to Dawson and Piercey. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 16 (4):471-478.
    Berkeley [Minds Machines 10 (2000) 1] described a methodology that showed the subsymbolic nature of an artificial neural network system that had been trained on a logic problem, originally described by Bechtel and Abrahamsen [Connectionism and the mind. Blackwells, Cambridge, MA, 1991]. It was also claimed in the conclusion of this paper that the evidence was suggestive that the network might, in fact, count as a symbolic system. Dawson and Piercey [Minds Machines 11 (2001) 197] took issue with this latter (...)
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  23.  5
    George Berkeley (2005). Drei Dialoge Zwischen Hylas Und Philonous. Meiner.
    1713 erschien in London "Drei Dialoge zwischen Hylas und Philonous" von George Berkeley.
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  24.  13
    George Berkeley (1713). Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous. G. James.
    <Hylas> It is indeed something unusual; but my thoughts were so taken up with a subject I was discoursing of last night, that finding I could not sleep, ...
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  25.  15
    Geneviève Brykman & George Berkeley (1973). Berkeley et le désir de voir. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 163:205 - 213.
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  26.  8
    George Berkeley (2006). De motu [Sobre o movimento ou sobre o princípio, a natureza e a causa da comunicação dos movimentos]. Scientiae Studia 4 (1):115-137.
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  27.  13
    George Berkeley (2011). Dos infinitos. Trans/Form/Ação 28 (2):47-51.
    Embora alguns matemáticos recentes tenham feito avanços prodigiosos e inaugurado diversos métodos admiráveis de investigação desconhecidos para os antigos, ainda há algo em seus princípios que, para o grande escândalo da tão celebrada evidência da Geometria, ocasiona muita controvérsia e disputa.
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  28. Harry Berghs, R. Descartes, B. de Spinoza, G. Berkeley & D. Hume (1997). Denk-wijzen 10. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 59 (1):174-174.
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  29.  11
    George Berkeley (2010). Eseje z "Guardiana" [1] (przekład: Tomasz Kozłowski, Hubert Żuchowski, Tomasz Sieczkowski). Hybris. Revista de Filosofía 10.
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  30.  42
    George Berkeley, Correspondence: Berkeley and Samuel Johnson.
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  31.  15
    George Berkeley (1734). The Analyst: A Discourse Addressed to an Infidel Mathematician. Wilkins, David R..
    It hath been an old remark, that Geometry is an excellent Logic.
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  32.  40
    Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2008). What the is a Symbol? Minds and Machines 18 (1):93-105.
    The notion of a ‘ symbol ’ plays an important role in the disciplines of Philosophy, Psychology, Computer Science, and Cognitive Science. However, there is comparatively little agreement on how this notion is to be understood, either between disciplines, or even within particular disciplines. This paper does not attempt to defend some putatively ‘correct’ version of the concept of a ‘ symbol.’ Rather, some terminological conventions are suggested, some constraints are proposed and a taxonomy of the kinds of issue that (...)
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  33.  9
    George Berkeley (1901). The Works of George Berkeley. Continuum.
  34.  9
    Sthaneshwar Timalsina London & Cynics By William Desmond Berkeley (2009). Beyond Compare: St. Francis de Sales and Srı Vedanta Desika on Loving Surrender to God. By Francis X. Clooney, SJ. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2008. Pp. Xiii+ 271. Paper $34.95,£ 20.75. Buddhism and Postmodernity: Zen, Huayan, and the Possibility of Buddhist Post-Modern Ethics. By Jin Y. Park. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008. Pp. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 59 (4):574-575.
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  35.  5
    Mark Giebels & Verenigde Staten Berkeley (forthcoming). Stuur het l~ abinet defmitief naar huis! Idee.
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  36.  29
    Istvan S. N. Berkeley, A Revisionist History of Connectionism.
    According to the standard (recent) history of connectionism (see for example the accounts offered by Hecht-Nielsen (1990: pp. 14-19) and Dreyfus and Dreyfus (1988), or Papert's (1988: pp. 3-4) somewhat whimsical description), in the early days of Classical Computational Theory of Mind (CCTM) based AI research, there was also another allegedly distinct approach, one based upon network models. The work on network models seems to fall broadly within the scope of the term 'connectionist' (see Aizawa 1992), although the term had (...)
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  37.  8
    Buddhist Inclusivism, Attitudes Towards Religious Others By Kristin, Beise Kiblinger, Guard By Tina Chunna Zhang & Frank Allen Berkeley (2007). The Act of Being: The Philosophy of Revelation in Mulla Sadra. By Christian Jambet. Brooklyn: Zone Books, 2006. Pp. 497. Hardcover $38.95. Analysis in Sankara Vedanta: The Philosophy of Ganeswar Misra. Edited by Bijaya-Nanda Kar. New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research, 2006. Pp. Xxv+ 190. Hardcover Rs. 240.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 57 (4):608-610.
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  38.  8
    István S. N. Berkeley (1997). Taming Type-2 Tigers: A Nonmonotonic Strategy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):66-67.
    Clark & Thornton are too hasty in their dismissal of uninformed learning; nonmonotonic processing units show considerable promise on type-2 tasks. I describe a simulation which succeeds on a “pure” type-2 problem. Another simulation challenges Clark & Thornton 's claims about the serendipitous nature of solutions to type-2 problems.
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  39.  5
    George Berkeley (2010). O analista: ou um discurso dirigido a um matemático infiel. Scientiae Studia 8 (4):633-676.
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  40. George Berkeley & T. E. Jessop (1937). The Principles of Human Knowledge. A. Brown & Sons, Limited.
  41.  24
    Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2001). Peter Novak, Mental Symbols: A Defence of the Classical Theory of Mind. Studies in Cognitive Systems 19, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997, XXII + 266 Pp., $114.00, ISBN 0-7923-4370-. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 11 (1):148-150.
  42. Michael R. W. Dawson & Istvan Berkeley (1993). Making a Middling Mousetrap. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):454.
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  43.  24
    Anne Berkeley (2008). Changing Theories of Undergraduate Theatre Studies, 1945–1980. Journal of Aesthetic Education 42 (3):pp. 57-70.
  44. G. Berkeley (1948-1957). Concerning Motion (De Motu). In A. A. Luce & T. E. Jessop (eds.), The Works of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne. Thomas Nelson
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  45. George Berkeley, Arthur Aston Luce & T. E. Jessop (1964). Works. Nelson.
     
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  46.  6
    George Berkeley (2010). Early Critics. In S. J. Savonius-Wroth Paul Schuurman & Jonathen Walmsley (eds.), The Continuum Companion to Locke. Continuum 89.
  47.  6
    Geneviève Brykman & George Berkeley (1980). Berkeley et l'intérieur absolu Des choses. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 170 (4):421 - 432.
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  48. George Berkeley (1963). Works on Vision. Greenwood Press.
    A treatise concerning the principles of human knowledge -- An essay towards a new theory of vision -- Alciphron, the fourth dialogue (excerpts) -- The theory of vision.
     
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  49.  17
    Barbara Abbott, Annette Herskovits, Philip L. Peterson, Alfred R. Mele, David J. Cole, Daniel Crevier, Francis Jeffry Pelletier, Istvan S. N. Berkeley, Brendan J. Kitts, Mike Brown & George Paliouras (1996). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 6 (2):239-285.
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  50.  17
    Michael R. W. Dawson, D. A. Medler & Istvan S. N. Berkeley (1997). PDP Networks Can Provide Models That Are Not Mere Implementations of Classical Theories. Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):25-40.
    There is widespread belief that connectionist networks are dramatically different from classical or symbolic models. However, connectionists rarely test this belief by interpreting the internal structure of their nets. A new approach to interpreting networks was recently introduced by Berkeley et al. (1995). The current paper examines two implications of applying this method: (1) that the internal structure of a connectionist network can have a very classical appearance, and (2) that this interpretation can provide a cognitive theory that cannot be (...)
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