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  1. István S. N. Berkeley, Some Myths of Connectionism.
    Since the emergence of what Fodor and Pylyshyn (1988) call 'new connectionism', there can be little doubt that connectionist research has become a significant topic for discussion in the Philosophy of Cognitive Science and the Philosophy of Mind. In addition to the numerous papers on the topic in philosophical journals, almost every recent book in these areas contain at least a brief reference to, or discussion of, the issues raised by connectionist research (see Sterelny 1990, Searle, 1992, and O Nualláin, (...)
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  2. Istvan S. N. Berkeley, What is Connectionism?
    Connectionism is a style of modeling based upon networks of interconnected simple processing devices. This style of modeling goes by a number of other names too. Connectionist models are also sometimes referred to as 'Parallel Distributed Processing' (or PDP for short) models or networks.1 Connectionist systems are also sometimes referred to as 'neural networks' (abbreviated to NNs) or 'artificial neural networks' (abbreviated to ANNs). Although there may be some rhetorical appeal to this neural nomenclature, it is in fact misleading as (...)
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  3. Anne Berkeley (forthcoming). Changing Theories of Collegiate Theatrical Curricula 1900-1945. Journal of Aesthetic Education.
     
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  4. Mark Giebels & Verenigde Staten Berkeley (forthcoming). Stuur het l~ abinet defmitief naar huis! Idee.
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  5. Anthony Arak, William Ross Ashby, Francis Maler Bacon, Roger Bakeman, George Berkeley, Ned Block, Wolfgang Bonsiepen, Egon Brunswik, Josep Call & Donald Campbell (2011). Pers onenregister. In Wolfgang Welsch, Christian Tewes & Klaus Vieweg (eds.), Natur Und Geist: Über Ihre Evolutionäre Verhältnisbestimmung. Akademie Verlag.
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  6. George Berkeley (2011). Dos infinitos. Trans/Form/Ação 28 (2):47-51.
    Embora alguns matemáticos recentes tenham feito avanços prodigiosos e inaugurado diversos métodos admiráveis de investigação desconhecidos para os antigos, ainda há algo em seus princípios que, para o grande escândalo da tão celebrada evidência da Geometria, ocasiona muita controvérsia e disputa.
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  7. George Berkeley (2010). Early Critics. In S. J. Savonius-Wroth Paul Schuurman & Jonathen Walmsley (eds.), The Continuum Companion to Locke. Continuum. 89.
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  8. George Berkeley (2010). Eseje z "Guardiana" [1] (przekład: Tomasz Kozłowski, Hubert Żuchowski, Tomasz Sieczkowski). Hybris 10.
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  9. George Berkeley (2010). O analista: ou um discurso dirigido a um matemático infiel. Scientiae Studia 8 (4):633-676.
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  10. George Berkeley (2009). Berkeley's Alciphron: English Text and Essays in Interpretation. Olms.
     
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  11. Sthaneshwar Timalsina London & Cynics By William Desmond Berkeley (2009). Beyond Compare: St. Francis de Sales and Srı Vedanta Desika on Loving Surrender to God. By Francis X. Clooney, SJ. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2008. Pp. Xiii+ 271. Paper $34.95,£ 20.75. Buddhism and Postmodernity: Zen, Huayan, and the Possibility of Buddhist Post-Modern Ethics. By Jin Y. Park. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008. Pp. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 59 (4):574-575.
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  12. Anne Berkeley (2008). Changing Theories of Undergraduate Theatre Studies, 1945–1980. Journal of Aesthetic Education 42 (3):pp. 57-70.
  13. George Berkeley (2008/1969). Philosophical Writings. Cambridge University Press.
    A new theory of vision -- A treatise concerning the principles of human knowledge (part i) -- Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous -- An essay on motion -- Alciphron, or, The minute philosopher (excerpts) -- Siris: a chain of philosophical reflexions and inquiries concerning the virtues of tar-water (excerpts).
     
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  14. Istvan S. Berkeley (2008). What the <0.70, 1.17, 0.99, 1.07> is a Symbol? Minds and Machines 18 (1):93-105.
    The notion of a ‘symbol’ plays an important role in the disciplines of Philosophy, Psychology, Computer Science, and Cognitive Science. However, there is comparatively little agreement on how this notion is to be understood, either between disciplines, or even within particular disciplines. This paper does not attempt to defend some putatively ‘correct’ version of the concept of a ‘symbol.’ Rather, some terminological conventions are suggested, some constraints are proposed and a taxonomy of the kinds of issue that give rise to (...)
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  15. Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2008). What the is a Symbol? Minds and Machines 18 (1).
    The notion of a ‘symbol’ plays an important role in the disciplines of Philosophy, Psychology, Computer Science, and Cognitive Science. However, there is comparatively little agreement on how this notion is to be understood, either between disciplines, or even within particular disciplines. This paper does not attempt to defend some putatively ‘correct’ version of the concept of a ‘symbol.’ Rather, some terminological conventions are suggested, some constraints are proposed and a taxonomy of the kinds of issue that give (...)
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  16. George Berkeley (2007). Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous in Opposition to Sceptics and Atheists. In Elizabeth Schmidt Radcliffe, Richard McCarty, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Late Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Blackwell Pub. Ltd..
  17. Richard Berkeley (2007). Coleridge and the Crisis of Reason. Palgrave.
    Coleridge and the Crisis of Reason examines Coleridge's understanding of the Pantheism Controversy - the crisis of reason in German philosophy - and reveals the context informing Coleridge's understanding of German thinkers. It challenges previous accounts of Coleridge's philosophical engagements, forcing a reconsideration of his reading of figures such as Schelling, Jacobi and Spinoza. This exciting new study establishes the central importance of the contested status of reason for Coleridge's poetry, accounts of the imagination and later religious thought.
     
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  18. Buddhist Inclusivism, Attitudes Towards Religious Others By Kristin, Beise Kiblinger, Guard By Tina Chunna Zhang & Frank Allen Berkeley (2007). The Act of Being: The Philosophy of Revelation in Mulla Sadra. By Christian Jambet. Brooklyn: Zone Books, 2006. Pp. 497. Hardcover $38.95. Analysis in Sankara Vedanta: The Philosophy of Ganeswar Misra. Edited by Bijaya-Nanda Kar. New Delhi: Indian Council of Philosophical Research, 2006. Pp. Xxv+ 190. Hardcover Rs. 240.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 57 (4):608-610.
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  19. George Berkeley (2006). De Motu [On Motion or the Principle and Nature of Motion and the Causa of Communication of Motion]. Scientiae Studia 4 (1):115-137.
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  20. George Berkeley (2006). De motu [Sobre o movimento ou sobre o princípio, a natureza e a causa da comunicação dos movimentos]. Scientiae Studia 4 (1):115-137.
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  21. Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2006). Moving the Goal Posts: A Reply to Dawson and Piercey. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 16 (4):471-478.
    Berkeley [Minds Machines 10 (2000) 1] described a methodology that showed the subsymbolic nature of an artificial neural network system that had been trained on a logic problem, originally described by Bechtel and Abrahamsen [Connectionism and the mind. Blackwells, Cambridge, MA, 1991]. It was also claimed in the conclusion of this paper that the evidence was suggestive that the network might, in fact, count as a symbolic system. Dawson and Piercey [Minds Machines 11 (2001) 197] took issue with this latter (...)
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  22. George Berkeley (2005). Drei Dialoge Zwischen Hylas Und Philonous. Meiner.
    1713 erschien in London "Drei Dialoge zwischen Hylas und Philonous" von George Berkeley.
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  23. George Berkeley (2004). Selection From Three Dialogues. In Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.), Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. Oup Oxford.
  24. Justin J. Keeble, Sophie Topiol & Simon Berkeley (2003). Using Indicators to Measure Sustainability Performance at a Corporate and Project Level. Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2/3):149 - 158.
    More and more businesses are aligning their activities with the principles of sustainable development. Therefore they need to adapt their ways of measuring corporate performance. However, it includes issues which may be outside the direct control of the organisation, that are difficult to characterise and often are based on value judgements rather than hard data. The difficulty in measuring performance is further complicated by the fact that many corporations have a complex organisational structure, with different business streams, functions and projects. (...)
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  25. Bill Berkeley (2002). [Book Review] the Graves Are Not yet Full, Race, Tribe and Power in the Heart of Africa. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 16 (1):157-158.
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  26. István Sn Berkeley (2002). Gilbert Ryle and the Chinese Skeptic: Do Epistemologists Need to Know How To? Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 7.
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  27. George Berkeley (2001). O tym, co nieskończone. Principia.
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  28. Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2001). Peter Novak, Mental Symbols: A Defence of the Classical Theory of Mind. Studies in Cognitive Systems 19, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997, XXII + 266 Pp., $114.00, ISBN 0-7923-4370-. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 11 (1):148-150.
  29. Public Goods, An Anthology & Hume Berkeley (2001). Appearance in This List Neither Guarantees nor Precludes a Future Review of the Book. Albertazzi, Linda (Ed.), The Dawn of Cognitive Science: Early European Contributors, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers,, Pp.,£.. [REVIEW] Mind 110:439.
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  30. Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2000). Some Counter-Examples to Page's Notion of “Localist”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):470-471.
    In his target article Page proposes a definition of the term “localist.” In this commentary I argue that his definition does not serve to make a principled distinction, as the inclusion of vague terms make it susceptible to some problematic counterexamples.
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  31. Istvan S. N. Berkeley (2000). What the #$*%! Is a Subsymbol? Minds and Machines 10 (1):1-13.
    In 1988, Smolensky proposed that connectionist processing systems should be understood as operating at what he termed the `subsymbolic'' level. Subsymbolic systems should be understood by comparing them to symbolic systems, in Smolensky''s view. Up until recently, there have been real problems with analyzing and interpreting the operation of connectionist systems which have undergone training. However, recently published work on a network trained on a set of logic problems originally studied by Bechtel and Abrahamsen (1991) seems to offer the potential (...)
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  32. George Berkeley (1999/2009). Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues. Oxford University Press.
    Berkeley's idealism started a revolution in philosophy. As one of the great empiricist thinkers he not only influenced British philosophers from Hume to Russell and the logical positivists in the twentieth century, he also set the scene for the continental idealism of Hegel and even the philosophy of Marx. -/- There has never been such a radical critique of common sense and perception as that given in Berkeley's Principles of Human Knowledge (1710). His views were met with disfavour, and his (...)
     
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  33. George Berkeley (1998). Ahrensdorf, Peter J., The Death of Socrates and the Life of Philosophy. State University of New York Press, 1995. Pbk. Ansell Pearson, Keith, Deleuze and Philosophy. Routledge, 1997. Hbk£ 47.50/Pbk£ 14.99. Arrington, Robert, Western Ethics: An Historical Introduction. Blackwell, 1998. [REVIEW] International Journal of Philosophical Studies 6 (3):481-484.
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  34. George Berkeley (1998). Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous. Oxford University Press.
    First published in 1713, this work was designed as a vivid and persuasive presentation of the remarkable picture of reality that Berkeley had first presented two years earlier in his Principles of Human Knowledge. His central claim there, as here, was that physical things consist of nothing but ideas in minds--that the world is not material but mental. Berkeley uses this thesis as the ground for a new argument for the existence of God, and the dialogue form enables him to (...)
     
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  35. Istvan S. N. Berkeley, Connectionism Reconsidered: Minds, Machines and Models.
    In this paper the issue of drawing inferences about biological cognitive systems on the basis of connectionist simulations is addressed. In particular, the justification of inferences based on connectionist models trained using the backpropagation learning algorithm is examined. First it is noted that a justification commonly found in the philosophical literature is inapplicable. Then some general issues are raised about the relationships between models and biological systems. A way of conceiving the role of hidden units in connectionist networks is then (...)
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  36. Istvan S. N. Berkeley, A Revisionist History of Connectionism.
    According to the standard (recent) history of connectionism (see for example the accounts offered by Hecht-Nielsen (1990: pp. 14-19) and Dreyfus and Dreyfus (1988), or Papert's (1988: pp. 3-4) somewhat whimsical description), in the early days of Classical Computational Theory of Mind (CCTM) based AI research, there was also another allegedly distinct approach, one based upon network models. The work on network models seems to fall broadly within the scope of the term 'connectionist' (see Aizawa 1992), although the term had (...)
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  37. István S. N. Berkeley (1997). Taming Type-2 Tigers: A Nonmonotonic Strategy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):66-67.
    Clark & Thornton are too hasty in their dismissal of uninformed learning; nonmonotonic processing units show considerable promise on type-2 tasks. I describe a simulation which succeeds on a “pure” type-2 problem. Another simulation challenges Clark & Thornton's claims about the serendipitous nature of solutions to type-2 problems.
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  38. Michael R. W. Dawson, D. A. Medler & Istvan S. N. Berkeley (1997). PDP Networks Can Provide Models That Are Not Mere Implementations of Classical Theories. Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):25-40.
    There is widespread belief that connectionist networks are dramatically different from classical or symbolic models. However, connectionists rarely test this belief by interpreting the internal structure of their nets. A new approach to interpreting networks was recently introduced by Berkeley et al. (1995). The current paper examines two implications of applying this method: (1) that the internal structure of a connectionist network can have a very classical appearance, and (2) that this interpretation can provide a cognitive theory that cannot be (...)
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  39. Barbara Abbott, Annette Herskovits, Philip L. Peterson, Alfred R. Mele, David J. Cole, Daniel Crevier, Francis Jeffry Pelletier, Istvan S. N. Berkeley, Brendan J. Kitts, Mike Brown & George Paliouras (1996). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 6 (2):239-285.
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  40. George Berkeley (1996). Principles of Human Knowledge ;. Oxford University Press.
    Berkeley's idealism started a revolution in philosophy. As one of the great empiricist thinkers he not only influenced British philosphers from Hume to Russell and the logical positivists in the twentieth-century, he also set the scene for the continental idealism of Hegel and even the philosophy of Marx. This edition of Berkeley's two key works has an introduction which examines and in part defends his arguments for idealism, as well as offering a detailed analytical contents list, extensive philosophical notes, and (...)
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  41. I. S. N. Berkeley (1996). Peter Baumgartner and Sabine Payr (Eds.), Speaking Minds: Interviews with Twenty Eminent Cognitive Scientists. Minds and Machines 6:273-276.
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  42. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan & George Berkeley (1995). B. David Burke Eastern Connecticut State University. In S. Radhakrishnan, Rama Rao Pappu & S. S. (eds.), New Essays in the Philosophy of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Sri Satguru Publications. 6--461.
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  43. George Berkeley (1993). Alciphron, or, the Minute Philosopher: In Focus. Routledge.
     
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  44. István S. N. Berkeley (1993). Uncertainty and Quality in Science for Policy Silvio O. Funtowicz and Jerome R. Ravetz Dordrecht, Holland: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990, Xii + 229 Pp., US$88.50. [REVIEW] Dialogue 32 (04):837-.
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  45. Michael R. W. Dawson & Istvan Berkeley (1993). Making a Middling Mousetrap. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):454.
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  46. George Berkeley (1992). Philosophical Works: Including the Works on Vision. C.E. Tuttle.
  47. István Sn Berkeley (1992). Robert M. Martin, The Philosopher's Dictionary Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 12 (4):280-282.
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  48. Muriel Berkeley (1990). Selected Readings in the Cultural, Social and Behavioural Determinants of Health. Edited by J. C. Caldwell and G. Santow. Pp. 305. Health Transition Series No. 1. (Highland Press, Canberra, 1989.) Price: A$14·95 (Paperback). [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 22 (4):522-523.
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  49. George Berkeley (1988). Principles of Human Knowledge ; and, Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous. Penguin Books.
    INTRODUCTION* George Berkeley was born near Kilkenny in Ireland on March, of English descent. His grandfather, who had some connection with Lord Berkeley of ...
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  50. Roger Woolhouse & George Berkeley (1988/2009). Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues. In Howard Robinson & George Berkeley (eds.), Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. Penguin.
    Berkeley's idealism started a revolution in philosophy. As one of the great empiricist thinkers he not only influenced British philosophers from Hume to Russell and the logical positivists in the twentieth century, he also set the scene for the continental idealism of Hegel and even the philosophy of Marx. -/- There has never been such a radical critique of common sense and perception as that given in Berkeley's Principles of Human Knowledge (1710). His views were met with disfavour, and his (...)
     
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