Cognitive Science 34 (5):885-908 (2010)
Much research on cognitive development focuses either on early-emerging domain-specific knowledge or domain-general learning mechanisms. However, little research examines how these sources of knowledge interact. Previous research suggests that young infants can make inferences from samples to populations (Xu & Garcia, 2008) and 11- to 12.5-month-old infants can integrate psychological and physical knowledge in probabilistic reasoning (Teglas, Girotto, Gonzalez, & Bonatti, 2007; Xu & Denison, 2009). Here, we ask whether infants can integrate a physical constraint of immobility into a statistical inference mechanism. Results from three experiments suggest that, first, infants were able to use domain-specific knowledge to override statistical information, reasoning that sometimes a physical constraint is more informative than probabilistic information. Second, we provide the first evidence that infants are capable of applying domain-specific knowledge in probabilistic reasoning by using a physical constraint to exclude one set of objects while computing probabilities over the remaining sets
|Keywords||Probabilistic reasoning Statistical inference Physical reasoning Learning mechanisms in infancy|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
References found in this work BETA
Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases.Daniel Kahneman, Paul Slovic & Amos Tversky (eds.) - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
Infants Selectively Encode the Goal Object of an Actor's Reach.A. Woodward - 1998 - Cognition 69 (1):1-34.
Taking the Intentional Stance at 12 Months of Age.György Gergely, Zoltán Nádasdy, Gergely Csibra & Szilvia Bíró - 1995 - Cognition 56 (2):165-193.
Large Number Discrimination in 6-Month-Old Infants.F. Xu & E. S. Spelke - 2000 - Cognition 74 (1):1-11.
Citations of this work BETA
Rational Variability in Children's Causal Inferences: The Sampling Hypothesis.Stephanie Denison, Elizabeth Bonawitz, Alison Gopnik & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2013 - Cognition 126 (2):285-300.
The Origins of Probabilistic Inference in Human Infants.Stephanie Denison & Fei Xu - 2014 - Cognition 130 (3):335-347.
Apes Are Intuitive Statisticians.Hannes Rakoczy, Annette Clüver, Liane Saucke, Nicole Stoffregen, Alice Gräbener, Judith Migura & Josep Call - 2014 - Cognition 131 (1):60-68.
Exclusion Constraints Facilitate Statistical Word Learning.Katherine Yoshida, Mijke Rhemtulla & Athena Vouloumanos - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):933-947.
The Invisible Hand: Toddlers Connect Probabilistic Events With Agentive Causes.Yang Wu, Paul Muentener & Laura E. Schulz - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):1854-1876.
Similar books and articles
How Infants Learn About the Visual World.Scott P. Johnson - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (7):1158-1184.
Chronometric Studies of Numerical Cognition in Five-Month-Old Infants.Justin N. Wood & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2005 - Cognition 97 (1):23-39.
Enumeration of Collective Entities by 5-Month-Old Infants.Paul Bloom - 2002 - Cognition 83 (3):55-62.
The Role of Novelty in Early Word Learning.Emily Mather & Kim Plunkett - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (7):1157-1177.
Effects of Visual Information on Adults' and Infants' Auditory Statistical Learning.Erik D. Thiessen - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (6):1093-1106.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads23 ( #218,611 of 2,169,086 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #186,456 of 2,169,086 )
How can I increase my downloads?