Results for 'Janet Macomber'

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  1.  51
    Origins of Knowledge.Elizabeth S. Spelke, Karen Breinlinger, Janet Macomber & Kristen Jacobson - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (4):605-632.
    Experiments with young infants provide evidence for early-developing capacities to represent physical objects and to reason about object motion. Early physical reasoning accords with 2 constraints at the center of mature physical conceptions: continuity and solidity. It fails to accord with 2 constraints that may be peripheral to mature conceptions: gravity and inertia. These experiments suggest that cognition develops concurrently with perception and action and that development leads to the enrichment of conceptions around an unchanging core. The experiments challenge claims (...)
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  2.  47
    Commentary by Janet Radcliffe-Richards on Simon Rippon's 'Imposing Options on People in Poverty: The Harm of a Live Donor Organ Market'.Janet Radcliffe-Richards - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (3):152-153.
    This is an excellent article, probably the best there is in defence of prohibiting the sale of organs, and it deserves a much fuller discussion of detail than there is space for here.1 My concerns, however, are with generalities rather than detail. Although some such argument might justify prohibition of organ selling in particular places and at particular times, it is difficult to see how it could support the kind of general, universal policy currently accepted by most advocates of prohibition.Whenever (...)
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  3. Janet Radcliffe Richards.From Janet Radcliffe Richards - 1999 - In Nigel Warburton (ed.), Philosophy: The Basic Readings. Routledge.
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  4. Foucault and Bentham: A Defence of Panopticism: Janet Semple.Janet Semple - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (1):105-120.
  5. Paul Janet: la crise du spiritualisme.Paul Janet - 1986 - Corpus: Revue de philosophie 3:133-148.
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  6.  2
    Homicidal Insanity, 1800-1985. Janet Colaizzi.Janet A. Tighe - 1990 - Isis 81 (3):555-556.
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  7. The Sceptical Feminist a Philosophical Enquiry /Janet Radcliffe Richards. --. --.Janet Radcliffe Richards - 1982
  8.  13
    Identity and Stability in Marriage. By Janet Askham. Pp. 217 (Cambridge University Press, 1984.) £19.50. [REVIEW]Janet Mattinson - 1985 - Journal of Biosocial Science 17 (2):249-250.
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  9. A History of the Problems of Philosophy by P. Janet & G. Séailles, Tr. By A. Monahan, Ed. By H. Jones.Paul Alexandre R. Janet, Henry Jones, Ada Monahan & Gabriel Séailles - 1902
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  10.  2
    Split Decisions: How and Why to Take a Break From Feminism.Janet Halley - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    Is it time to take a break from feminism? In this pathbreaking book, Janet Halley reassesses the place of feminism in the law and politics of sexuality. She argues that sexuality involves deeply contested and clashing realities and interests, and that feminism helps us understand only some of them. To see crucial dimensions of sexuality that feminism does not reveal--the interests of gays and lesbians to be sure, but also those of men, and of constituencies and values beyond the (...)
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  11.  68
    Philosophy of Science After Feminism.Janet A. Kourany - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    A feminist primer for philosophers of science -- The legacy of twentieth century philosophy of science -- What feminist science studies can offer -- Challenges from every direction -- The prospects of twenty-first century philosophy of science.
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  12. Organizational Dissidence: The Case of Whistle-Blowing. [REVIEW]Janet P. Near & Marcia P. Miceli - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (1):1 - 16.
    Research on whistle-blowing has been hampered by a lack of a sound theoretical base. In this paper, we draw upon existing theories of motivation and power relationships to propose a model of the whistle-blowing process. This model focuses on decisions made by organization members who believe they have evidence of organizational wrongdoing, and the reactions of organization authorities. Based on a review of the sparse empirical literature, we suggest variables that may affect both the members' decisions and the organization's responses.
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  13.  87
    Charles Janet: Unrecognized Genius of the Periodic System. [REVIEW]Philip J. Stewart - 2010 - Foundations of Chemistry 12 (1):5-15.
    Janet is known almost exclusively for his left-step periodic table (LSPT). A study of his writings shows him to have been a highly creative thinker and a brilliant draftsman. His approach was primarily arithmetic-geometric, but it led him to anticipate the discovery of deuterium, helium-3, transuranian elements, antimatter and energy from nuclear fusion. He recognized the (n + ℓ) rule well before Madelung and correctly placed the actinides. His controversial treatment of helium at the head of the alkaline earth (...)
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  14. Codes of Ethics as Signals for Ethical Behavior.Janet S. Adams, Armen Tashchian & Ted H. Shore - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (3):199 - 211.
    This study investigated effects of codes of ethics on perceptions of ethical behavior. Respondents from companies with codes of ethics (n = 465) rated role set members (top management, supervisors, peers, subordinates, self) as more ethical and felt more encouraged and supported for ethical behavior than respondents from companies without codes (n = 301). Key aspects of the organizational climate, such as supportiveness for ethical behavior, freedom to act ethically, and satisfaction with the outcome of ethical problems were impacted by (...)
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  15.  51
    Foucault and the Iranian Revolution: Gender and the Seductions of Islamism.Janet Afary & Kevin B. Anderson - 2005 - University of Chicago Press.
    In 1978, as the protests against the Shah of Iran reached their zenith, philosopher Michel Foucault was working as a special correspondent for _Corriere della Sera_ and _le Nouvel Observateur_. During his little-known stint as a journalist, Foucault traveled to Iran, met with leaders like Ayatollah Khomeini, and wrote a series of articles on the revolution. _Foucault and the Iranian Revolution _is the first book-length analysis of these essays on Iran, the majority of which have never before appeared in English. (...)
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  16.  35
    The Linguistic Description of Opaque Contexts.Janet Dean Fodor - 1970 - Garland.
  17.  63
    Social Costs of Environmental Justice Associated with the Practice of Green Marketing.Janet S. Adams, Armen Tashchian & Ted H. Shore - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (3):199-211.
    This study investigated effects of codes of ethics on perceptions of ethical behavior. Respondents from companies with codes of ethics (n = 465) rated role set members (top management, supervisors, peers, subordinates, self) as more ethical and felt more encouraged and supported for ethical behavior than respondents from companies without codes (n = 301). Key aspects of the organizational climate, such as supportiveness for ethical behavior, freedom to act ethically, and satisfaction with the outcome of ethical problems were impacted by (...)
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  18.  15
    The Appropriate Role of a Clinical Ethics Consultant’s Religious Worldview in Consultative Work: Nearly None.Janet Malek - 2019 - HEC Forum 31 (2):91-102.
    Ethical reasoning is an integral part of the work of a clinical ethics consultant. Ethical reasoning has a close relationship with an individual’s beliefs and values, which, for religious adherents, are likely to be tightly connected with their spiritual perspectives. As a result, for individuals who identify with a religious tradition, the process of thinking through ethical questions is likely to be influenced by their religious worldview. The connection between ethical reasoning and one’s spiritual perspective raises questions about the role (...)
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  19. What is a Phenomenal Concept?Janet Levin - 2006 - In Torin Alter & Sven Walter (eds.), Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism. Oxford University Press.
  20. Functionalism.Janet Levin - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Functionalism in the philosophy of mind is the doctrine that what makes something a mental state of a particular type does not depend on its internal constitution, but rather on the way it functions, or the role it plays, in the system of which it is a part. This doctrine is rooted in Aristotle's conception of the soul, and has antecedents in Hobbes's conception of the mind as a “calculating machine”, but it has become fully articulated (and popularly endorsed) only (...)
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  21. Referential and Quantificational Indefinites.Janet Dean Fodor & Ivan A. Sag - 1982 - Linguistics and Philosophy 5 (3):355 - 398.
    The formal semantics that we have proposed for definite and indefinite descriptions analyzes them both as variable-binding operators and as referring terms. It is the referential analysis which makes it possible to account for the facts outlined in Section 2, e.g. for the purely ‘instrumental’ role of the descriptive content; for the appearance of unusually wide scope readings relative to other quantifiers, higher predicates, and island boundaries; for the fact that the island-escaping readings are always equivalent to maximally wide scope (...)
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  22.  8
    What the HEC-C? An Analysis of the Healthcare Ethics Consultant-Certified Program: One Year In.Janet Malek, Sophia Fantus, Andrew Childress & Claire Horner - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):9-18.
    Efforts to professionalize the field of bioethics have led to the development of the Healthcare Ethics Consultant-Certified Program intended to credential practicing healthcare ethics consultants. Our team of professional ethicists participated in the inaugural process to support the professionalization efforts and inform our views on the value of this credential from the perspective of ethics consultants. In this paper, we explore the history that has led to this certification process, and evaluate the ability of the HEC-C Program to meet the (...)
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  23.  59
    Does Type of Wrongdoing Affect the Whistle-Blowing Process?Janet P. Near, Michael T. Rehg, James R. Van Scotter & Marcia P. Miceli - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):219-242.
    We analyzed data from a survey of employees of a large military base in order to assess possible differences in the whistle-blowingprocess due to type of wrongdoing observed. Employees who observed perceived wrongdoing involving mismanagement, sexual harassment, or unspecified legal violations were significantly more likely to report it than were employees who observed stealing, waste, safety problems, or discrimination. Further, type of wrongdoing was significantly related to reasons given by employees who observed wrongdoing but did not report it, across all (...)
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  24. Reconceptualizing Identity and Ethics in the Context of Conception.Janet Malek - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):42-44.
    Robert Sparrow’s argument that, for the foreseeable future, genome editing will be an identity-affecting intervention subject to the critique of the nonidentity problem is convincing...
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  25.  40
    A Hot/Cool-System Analysis of Delay of Gratification: Dynamics of Willpower.Janet Metcalfe & Walter Mischel - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (1):3-19.
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  26. Seamful Spaces: Heterogeneous Infrastructures in Interaction.Janet Vertesi - 2014 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 39 (2):264-284.
    Understanding contemporary environments in the laboratory and elsewhere requires grappling conceptually with multiple, coexisting, nonconforming infrastructures which actors engage at the same time. In this article, I develop the analytical vocabulary of “seams” for studying heterogeneous, multi-infrastructural environments. Drawing upon six years of ethnographic fieldwork with two distributed science teams, as well as studies in Ubiquitous Computing, I examine overlaps among infrastructures and how actors work creatively with and across their seams. Rather than suggesting that actors are hemmed in or (...)
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  27.  29
    Existentialism is a Humanism.Carol Macomber (ed.) - 2007 - Yale University Press.
    It was to correct common misconceptions about his thought that Jean-Paul Sartre, the most dominent European intellectual of the post-World War II decades, accepted an invitation to speak on October 29, 1945, at the Club Maintenant in Paris. The unstated objective of his lecture was to expound his philosophy as a form of “existentialism,” a term much bandied about at the time. Sartre asserted that existentialism was essentially a doctrine for philosophers, though, ironically, he was about to make it accessible (...)
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  28. The Invisible Fl'neuse. Women and the Literature of Modernity.Janet Wolff - 1985 - Theory, Culture and Society 2 (3):37-46.
    The literature of modernity, describing the fleeting, anonymous, ephemeral encounters of life in the metropolis, mainly accounts for the experiences of men. It ignores the concomitant separation of public and private spheres from the mid-nineteenth century, and the increasing segregation of the sexes around that separation. The influential writings of Baudelaire, Simmel, Benjamin and, more recently, Richard Sennett and Marshall Berman, by equating the modern with the public, thus fail to describe women's experience of modernity. The central figure of the (...)
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  29.  58
    Should Some Knowledge Be Forbidden? The Case of Cognitive Differences Research.Janet A. Kourany - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):779-790.
    For centuries scientists have claimed that women are intellectually inferior to men and blacks are inferior to whites. Although these claims have been contested and corrected for centuries, they still continue to be made. Meanwhile, scientists have documented the harm done to women and blacks by the publication of such claims. Can anything be done to improve this situation? Freedom of research is universally recognized to be of first-rate importance. Yet, constraints on that freedom are also universally recognized. I consider (...)
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  30. A Philosophy of Science for the Twenty‐First Century.Janet A. Kourany - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (1):1-14.
    Two major reasons feminists are concerned with science relate to science's social effects: that science can be a powerful ally in the struggle for equality for women; and that all too frequently science has been a generator and perpetuator of inequality. This concern with the social effects of science leads feminists to a different mode of appraising science from the purely epistemic one prized by most contemporary philosophers of science. The upshot, I suggest, is a new program for philosophy of (...)
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  31. Assertion, Practical Reason, and Pragmatic Theories of Knowledge.Janet Levin - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):359–384.
    Defenders of pragmatic theories of knowledge (such as contextualism and sensitive invariantism) argue that these theories, unlike those that invoke a single standard for knowledge, comport with the intuitively compelling thesis that knowledge is the norm of assertion and practical reason. In this paper, I dispute this thesis, and argue that, therefore, the prospects for both “high standard” approach, and contend that if one abandons the thesis that knowledge is the norm of assertion and practical reason, the most serious arguments (...)
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  32.  14
    Philosophy of Education in a New Key: A ‘Covid Collective’ of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain.Janet Orchard, Philip Gaydon, Kevin Williams, Pip Bennett, Laura D’Olimpio, Raşit Çelik, Qasir Shah, Christoph Neusiedl, Judith Suissa, Michael A. Peters & Marek Tesar - 2021 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 53 (12):1215-1228.
    This article is a collective writing experiment undertaken by philosophers of education affiliated with the PESGB. When asked to reflect on questions concerning the Philosophy of Education in a New Key in May 2020, it was unsurprising that the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on society and on education were foremost in our minds. We wanted to consider important philosophical and educational questions raised by the pandemic, while acknowledging that, first and foremost, it is a human tragedy. With nearly a (...)
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  33.  7
    Levels of Processing, Encoding Specificity, Elaboration, and CHARM.Janet M. Eich - 1985 - Psychological Review 92 (1):1-38.
  34.  4
    A Composite Holographic Associative Recall Model.Janet M. Eich - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (6):627-661.
  35.  65
    Theory of Mind Development and Social Understanding.Janet Wilde Astington & Jennifer M. Jenkins - 1995 - Cognition and Emotion 9 (2-3):151-165.
  36. Moral Intensity and Managerial Problem Solving.Janet M. Dukerich, Mary J. Waller, Elizabeth George & George P. Huber - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 24 (1):29 - 38.
    There is an increasing interest in how managers describe and respond to what they regard as moral versus nonmoral problems in organizations. In this study, forty managers described a moral problem and a nonmoral problem that they had encountered in their organization, each of which had been resolved. Analyses indicated that: (1) the two types of problems could be significantly differentiated using four of Jones' (1991) components of moral intensity; (2) the labels managers used to describe problems varied systematically between (...)
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  37.  46
    Human Nature After Darwin: A Philosophical Introduction.Janet Radcliffe Richards - 2000 - Routledge.
    Human Nature After Darwin is an original investigation of the implications of Darwinism for our understanding of ourselves and our situation. It casts new light on current Darwinian controversies, and in doing so provides an introduction to philosophical reasoning and a range of philosophical problems. Janet Radcliffe Richards claims that many current battles about Darwinism, in particular about evolutionary psychology and religion, are based on mistaken assumptions about the implications of the rival views. Her analysis of these implications provides (...)
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  38. Human Nature After Darwin: A Philosophical Introduction.Janet Radcliffe Richards - 2000 - Routledge.
    _Human Nature After Darwin_ is an original investigation of the implications of Darwinism for our understanding of ourselves and our situation. It casts new light on current Darwinian controversies, also providing an introduction to philosophical reasoning and a range of philosophical problems. Janet Radcliffe Richards claims that many current battles about Darwinism are based on mistaken assumptions about the implications of the rival views. Her analysis of these implications provides a much-needed guide to the fundamentals of Darwinism and the (...)
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  39. The Anatomy of Disillusion.William B. [from old catalog] Macomber - 1967 - Evanston: Northwester University Press.
     
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  40.  7
    Husserl on Ethics and Intersubjectivity: From Static to Genetic Phenomenology.Janet Donohoe - 2004 - Humanity Books.
    On the distinction between static and genetic phenomenologies -- On time consciousness and its relationship to intersubjectivity -- On the question of intersubjectivity -- The Husserlian account of ethics -- Conclusion: The impact of genetic phenomenology.
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  41.  19
    Foreign Language Affects the Contribution of Intentions and Outcomes to Moral Judgment.Janet Geipel, Constantinos Hadjichristidis & Luca Surian - 2016 - Cognition 154:34-39.
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  42.  99
    The Case for a Parental Duty to Use Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for Medical Benefit.Janet Malek & Judith Daar - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):3-11.
    This article explores the possibility that there is a parental duty to use preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for the medical benefit of future children. Using one genetic disorder as a paradigmatic example, we find that such a duty can be supported in some situations on both ethical and legal grounds. Our analysis shows that an ethical case in favor of this position can be made when potential parents are aware that a possible future child is at substantial risk of inheriting (...)
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  43.  12
    Posthuman Affirmative Business Ethics: Reimagining Human–Animal Relations Through Speculative Fiction.Janet Sayers, Lydia Martin & Emma Bell - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 178 (3):597-608.
    Posthuman affirmative ethics relies upon a fluid, nomadic conception of the ethical subject who develops affective, material and immaterial connections to multiple others. Our purpose in this paper is to consider what posthuman affirmative business ethics would look like, and to reflect on the shift in thinking and practice this would involve. The need for a revised understanding of human–animal relations in business ethics is amplified by crises such as climate change and pandemics that are related to ecologically destructive business (...)
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  44.  10
    Metacognition of Agency.Janet Metcalfe & Matthew Jason Greene - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (2):184-199.
  45.  14
    Functional Spectroscopy Mapping of Pain Processing Cortical Areas During Non-Painful Peripheral Electrical Stimulation of the Accessory Spinal Nerve.Janete Shatkoski Bandeira, Luciana da Conceição Antunes, Matheus Dorigatti Soldatelli, João Ricardo Sato, Felipe Fregni & Wolnei Caumo - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  46.  69
    Aesthetics and the Sociology of Art.Janet Wolff - 1983 - G. Allen & Unwin.
    Explores sociocultural influences on the construction of traditional aesthetic theories and judgments.
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  47.  53
    Infant-Directed Speech Supports Phonetic Category Learning in English and Japanese.Janet F. Werker, Ferran Pons, Christiane Dietrich, Sachiyo Kajikawa, Laurel Fais & Shigeaki Amano - 2007 - Cognition 103 (1):147-162.
  48.  64
    Descartes' Method of Doubt.Janet Broughton - 2002 - Princeton University Press.
    "This stunning work is without question a major contribution to Cartesian studies, to the field of early modern philosophy, and to general epistemology- ...
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  49.  23
    The Infinite.Janet Folina & A. W. Moore - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (164):348.
    Anyone who has pondered the limitlessness of space and time, or the endlessness of numbers, or the perfection of God will recognize the special fascination of this question. Adrian Moore's historical study of the infinite covers all its aspects, from the mathematical to the mystical.
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  50.  97
    Cat Culture, Human Culture: An Ethnographic Study of a Cat Shelter.Janet M. Alger & Steven F. Alger - 1999 - Society and Animals 7 (3):199-218.
    This study explores the value of traditional ethnographic methods in sociology for the study of human-animal and animal-animal interactions and culture. Itargues that some measure of human-animal intersubjectivity is possible and that the method of participant observation is best suited to achieve this. Applying ethnographic methods to human-cat and cat-cat relationships in a no-kill cat shelter, the study presents initial findings; it concludes that the social structure of the shelter is the product of interaction both between humans and cats and (...)
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