19 found
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  1.  31
    Discovering and Understanding the Meaning of Primate Signals.R. Allen Gardner & Beatrix T. Gardner - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (4):477-495.
    This volume, edited by a philosopher and an anthropologist, is a collection of essays on the philosophical implications of laboratory and field research. While neither the best nor the worst of the genre, it is a collection that offers a representative sample of traditional themes. As practicing scientists who view the implications of behavioural research from a somewhat different perspective we offer this critical review.
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  2.  9
    Evidence for Sentence Constitutents in the Early Utterances of Child and Chimpanzee.Beatrice T. Gardner & R. Allen Gardner - 1975 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 104 (3):244-267.
  3.  26
    Comparative Intelligence and Intelligent Comparisons.R. Allen Gardner - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):135-136.
    Sound comparative psychology and modern evolutionary and developmental biology emphasize powerful effects of developmental conditions on the expression of genetic endowment. Both demand that evolutionary theorists recognize these effects. Sound comparative psychology also demands experimental procedures that prevent experimenters from shaping the responses of human and nonhuman beings to conform to theoretical expectations.
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  4.  13
    More Examples of Chimpanzees Teaching.Matthew H. Scheel, Heidi L. Shaw & R. Allen Gardner - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  5.  17
    Reward Versus Nonreward in Simultaneous Discrimination.R. Allen Gardner & W. B. Coate - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (6):579.
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  6.  7
    Sources of Transfer From Original Training to Discrimination Reversal.W. B. Coate & R. Allen Gardner - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (1):94.
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  7.  10
    Acquisition and Extinction of Problem-Solving Set.R. Allen Gardner & Willard N. Runquist - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (3):274.
  8.  10
    A Brain for All Seasons.R. Allen Gardner - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):93-94.
    Merker's fine article opens a new view of brain function consistent with current developments in robotics, heuristics, and fuzzy logic. A reciprocal, tripartite organization of input/motivation/output in the midbrain can accomplish the practical tasks of a brain. A bold move places consciousness in the midbrain, raising profound questions about the practical nature of consciousness. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  9.  36
    Animal Cognition Meets Evo-Devo.R. Allen Gardner - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5):699-700.
    Sound comparative psychology and modern evolutionary and developmental biology (often called evo-devo) emphasize powerful effects of developmental conditions on the expression of genetic endowment. Both demand that evolutionary theorists recognize these effects. Instead, Tomasello et al. compares studies of normal human children with studies of chimpanzees reared and maintained in cognitively deprived conditions, while ignoring studies of chimpanzees in cognitively appropriate environments.
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  10.  15
    Absence of Evidence and Evidence of Absence.R. Allen Gardner & Beatrix T. Gardner - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):558-560.
  11.  15
    Beyond Pavlovian Classical Conditioning.Beatrix T. Gardner & R. Allen Gardner - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):143-144.
  12.  4
    Feeding Forward Versus Feeding Backward.R. Allen Gardner - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):256-257.
  13.  11
    Feedforward Versus Feedbackward: An Ethological Alternative to the Law of Effect.R. Allen Gardner & Beatrix T. Gardner - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):429.
  14.  7
    Momentum Feeds Forward.R. Allen Gardner & Matthew H. Scheel - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):98-99.
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  15.  16
    Road to Language: Longer, More Believable, More Relevant.R. Allen Gardner - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):285-286.
    A realistic developmental view of language acquisition recognizes vocabulary and pragmatics as well as grammar with a lengthy period of growth in a favorable environment. Cross-fostering is a tool of behavioral biology for studying the interaction between genetic endowment and developmental environment. Sign language studies of cross-fostered chimpanzees measure development in a nearly human environment.
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  16.  10
    Signs of Culture.R. Allen Gardner - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (4):410-411.
    Ramsey et al. present an ingenious method to study behavioral novelty under field conditions within relatively narrow time constraints. This evokes discussion of lateral spread of innovation from individual to individual versus vertical spread from generation to generation. This discussion of incipient culture helps to place the traditional biological tool of cross-fostering into philosophical and anthropological context.
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  17.  24
    Supplementary Report: Two-Choice Decision Behavior with Many Alternative Events.R. Allen Gardner & John B. Forsythe - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (6):631.
  18.  12
    Truth or Consequences.R. Allen Gardner & Beatrix T. Gardner - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):479.
  19.  12
    The Proper Study of Chimpkind.R. Allen Gardner - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):624-625.
    The target article issues a stirring call for more appropriate treatment of chimpanzees in experimental laboratories. This commentary heartily endorses that position with examples of methods and results found in sign language studies of cross-fostered chimpanzees.
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