23 found
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Richard A. Richards [18]Richard Richards [5]Richards Richards [3]Richard Albert Richards [1]
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Richard A. Richards
University of Alabama
  1.  40
    The Species Problem: A Philosophical Analysis.Richard A. Richards - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    There is long-standing disagreement among systematists about how to divide biodiversity into species. Over twenty different species concepts are used to group organisms, according to criteria as diverse as morphological or molecular similarity, interbreeding and genealogical relationships. This, combined with the implications of evolutionary biology, raises the worry that either there is no single kind of species, or that species are not real. This book surveys the history of thinking about species from Aristotle to modern systematics in order to understand (...)
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  2.  1
    Biological Classification: A Philosophical Introduction.Richard A. Richards - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Modern biological classification is based on the system developed by Linnaeus, and interpreted by Darwin as representing the tree of life. But despite its widespread acceptance, the evolutionary interpretation has some problems and limitations. This comprehensive book provides a single resource for understanding all the main philosophical issues and controversies about biological classification. It surveys the history of biological classification from Aristotle to contemporary phylogenetics and shows how modern biological classification has developed and changed over time. Readers will also be (...)
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  3.  84
    Character Individuation in Phylogenetic Inference.Richard Richards - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (2):264-279.
    Ontological questions in biology have typically focused on the nature of species: what are species; how are they identified and individuated? There is an analogous, but much neglected concern: what are characters; how are they identified and individuated? Character individuation is significant because biological systematics relies on a parsimony principle to determine phylogeny and classify taxa, and the parsimony principle is usually interpreted to favor the phylogenetic hypothesis that requires the fewest changes in characters. But no character individuation principle identified (...)
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  4.  14
    Engineered Niches and Naturalized Aesthetics.Richard A. Richards - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 75 (4):465-477.
    Recent scientific approaches to aesthetics include evolutionary theories about the origin of art behavior, psychological investigations into human aesthetic experience and preferences, and neurophysiological explorations of the mechanisms underlying art experience. Critics of these approaches argue that they are ultimately irrelevant to a philosophical aesthetics because they cannot help us understand the distinctive conceptual basis and normativity of our art experience. This criticism may seem plausible given the piecemeal nature of these scientific approaches, but a more comprehensive naturalistic framework can (...)
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  5.  32
    Darwin and the Inefficacy of Artificial Selection.Richard A. Richards - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (1):75-97.
  6.  77
    Kuhnian Values and Cladistic Parsimony.Richard Richards - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (1):1-27.
    : According to Kuhn, theory choice is not governed by algorithms, but by values, which influence yet do not determine theory choice. Cladistic hypotheses, however, seem to be evaluated relative to a parsimony algorithm, which asserts that the best phylogenetic hypothesis is the one that requires the fewest character changes. While this seems to be an unequivocal evaluative rule, it is not. The application of the parsimony principle is ultimately indeterminate because the choice and individuation of characters that figure in (...)
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  7. Species and Taxonomy.Richard Richards - 2008 - In Michael Ruse (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Biology. Oxford University Press. pp. 161-188.
     
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  8. [Richards on Evaluation]: Reply to Dickie.Richard A. Richards - 2005 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 63 (3):285 - 287.
  9.  9
    Elliott Sober. Did Darwin Write the Origin Backwards? Philosophical Essays on Darwin's Theory. 238 Pp., Illus., Tables, Bibl., Index. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 2011. $21. [REVIEW]Richard A. Richards - 2012 - Isis 103 (1):222-223.
  10.  7
    Did Darwin Write the Origin Backwards? Philosophical Essays on Darwin's Theory. [REVIEW]Richard Richards - 2012 - Isis 103:222-223.
  11. 10. Response to Vollmer's Review of Minds and Molecules Response to Vollmer's Review of Minds and Molecules (Pp. 391-398). [REVIEW]Paul Thagard, Richard Richards, Denis M. Walsh & Marcel Boumans - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (2).
  12.  36
    A Fitness Model of Evaluation.Richard A. Richards - 2004 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 62 (3):263–275.
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  13. Classification in Darwin's Origin.Richard A. Richards - 2009 - In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the "Origin of Species". Cambridge University Press.
     
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  14.  6
    Is Domestic Breeding Evidence for (or Against) Darwinian Evolution?Richard A. Richards - 2005 - In P. Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  15.  37
    Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change: Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Biology. [REVIEW]Richard A. Richards - 2005 - International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (3):412-414.
  16. Solving the Species Problem: Kitcherandhullon Sets and Individuals.Richard A. Richards - 2007 - In Mohan Matthen & Christopher Stephens (eds.), Philosophy of Biology. Elsevier. pp. 144--215.
     
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  17.  5
    The Biology of Art.Richard A. Richards - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    Biological accounts of art typically start with evolutionary, psychological or neurobiological theories. These approaches might be able to explain many of the similarities we see in art behaviors within and across human populations, but they don't obviously explain the differences we also see. Nor do they give us guidance on how we should engage with art, or the conceptual basis for art. A more comprehensive framework, based also on the ecology of art and how art behaviors get expressed in engineered (...)
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  18.  3
    Achinstein and the Evidence for Evolution.Richard A. Richards - 2011 - In Gregory J. Morgan (ed.), Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein. Oxford University Press. pp. 191.
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  19.  9
    John S. Wilkins: Species: A History of the Idea.Richard A. Richards - 2013 - Science & Education 22 (2):391-398.
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  20.  8
    Evolutionary Naturalism and the Logical Structure of Valuation: The Other Side of Error Theory.Richard A. Richards - 2006 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (2):270-294.
    On one standard philosophical position adopted by evolutionary naturalists, human ethical systems are nothing more than evolutionary adaptations that facilitate social behavior. Belief in an absolute moral foundation is therefore in error. But evolutionary naturalism, by its commitment to the basic valutional concept of fitness, reveals another, logical error: standard conceptions of value in terms of simple predication and properties are mistaken. Valuation has instead, a relational structure that makes reference to respects, subjects and environments. This relational nature is illustrated (...)
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  21.  10
    Evolutionary Naturalism and the Logical Structure of Valuation: The Other Side of Error Theory.Richard A. Richards - 2005 - Cosmos and History 1 (2):270-294.
    On one standard philosophical position adopted by evolutionary naturalists, human ethical systems are nothing more than evolutionary adaptations that facilitate social behavior. Belief in an absolute moral foundation is therefore in error. But evolutionary naturalism, by its commitment to the basic valutional concept of fitness, reveals another, logical error: standard conceptions of value in terms of simple predication and properties are mistaken. Valuation has instead, a relational structure that makes reference to respects, subjects and environments. This relational nature is illustrated (...)
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  22.  5
    Wilkins, John S, and Ebach, Malte C, The Nature of Classification: Relationships and Kinds in the Natural Sciences.Richard A. Richards - 2015 - Science & Education 24 (4):463-468.
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  23.  2
    Functional Analysis and Character Transformation.Richard A. Richards - 2009 - In Manfred Laubichler & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Form and Function in Developmental Evolution. Cambridge University Press. pp. 176.
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