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Alexandre Declos
College de France
  1. Fact, Fiction and Virtual Worlds.Alexandre Declos - 2020 - In R. Pouivet & V. Granata (eds.), Épistémologie de l'esthétique : perspectives et débats. Rennes, France: Presses Universitaires de Rennes. pp. 195-219.
    This paper considers the medium of videogames from a goodmanian standpoint. After some preliminary clarifications and definitions, I examine the ontological status of videogames. Against several existing accounts, I hold that what grounds their identity qua work types is code. The rest of the paper is dedicated to the epistemology of videogaming. Drawing on Nelson Goodman and Catherine Elgin's works, I suggest that the best model to defend videogame cognitivism appeals to the notion of understanding.
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  2.  21
    Against Mereological Nominalism: Reply to Effingham.Javier Cumpa & Alexandre Declos - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):8991-9011.
    Mereological Nominalism, as traditionally understood, states that properties are mereological wholes and that instantiation is mereological. Thus defined, this view faces a number of well-known issues, which make it virtually untenable. Recently, Effingham :160–185, 2020) has offered an alternative account of Mereological Nominalism, which intends to avoid these problems by accepting while rejecting. In this paper, we argue that this theory is not viable for two main reasons. First, it faces a threat of circularity. Second, the various non-mereological accounts of (...)
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  3.  48
    L'ontologie du virtuel.Alexandre Declos - 2022 - Klēsis Revue Philosophique 52:1-25.
    David Chalmers a récemment soutenu que la réalité virtuelle est réelle, plutôt que fictionnelle. Dans cet article, j’examine les implications ontologiques de ce « réalisme virtuel ». Comme je le suggère, cette position s’associe naturellement à une ontologie algorithmique, qui identifie les objets virtuels à des structures de données comprises de manière fonctionnelle. Je présente ensuite plusieurs objections à cette ontologie algorithmique. Tant que celles-ci ne sont pas réglées, la question de l’identité des mondes et des objets virtuels reste encore (...)
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  4. The Aesthetic and Cognitive Value of Surprise.Alexandre Declos - 2014 - Proceedings of the European Society for Aesthetics 6:52-69.
    It is a common experience to be surprised by an artwork. In this paper, I examine how and why this obvious fact matters for philosophical aesthetics. Following recent works in psychology and philosophers such as Davidson or Scheffler, we will see that surprise qualifies as an emotion of a special kind, essentially “cognitive” or “epistemic” in its nature and functioning. After some preliminary considerations, I wish to hold two general claims: the first one will be that surprise is somehow related (...)
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  5.  33
    Videogame Cognitivism.Alexandre Declos - 2021 - Journal of the Philosophy of Games 1:1-31.
    The aim of this article is to examine and defend videogame cognitivism (VC). According to VC, videogames can be a source of cognitive successes (such as true beliefs, knowledge or understanding) for their players. While the possibility of videogame-based learning has been an extensive topic of discussion in the last decades, the epistemological underpinnings of these debates often remain unclear. I propose that VC is a domain- specific brand of aesthetic cognitivism, which should be carefully distinguished from other views that (...)
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  6. L'énigme du "vleu" et l'hyper-nominalisme de Goodman.Alexandre Declos - 2019 - Igitur 10 (1):1-27.
    This paper advocates a new reading of Nelson Goodman’s new riddle of induction. According to Ian Hacking, this famous problem conveys a “pure nominalism”, as it grounds Goodman’s denial regarding the existence of natural kinds. While this interpretation is somewhat convincing, it suffers the major flaw of not corresponding to what Goodman himself understood by “nominalism”. Nominalism, in a goodmanian sense, is indeed primarily a technical demand, which stems from the so-called “calculus of individuals”. I argue that this mereological definition (...)
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  7.  3
    Analyses Et Comptes Rendus.Myriam Bienenstock, Henri Dilberman, Roselyne Dégremont, Patrick Cerutti, Alain Panero, Jacqueline Carroy, Jean-Louis Vieillard-Baron, Stéphanie Roza, Stanislas Deprez, Jean-Pierre Richard, Roberto Zambiasi, Jean-Claude Dumoncel, Francesco Saverio Nisio, Vincent Blanchet, Bernard Stevens, Claudia Serban, Alexandre Declos & Michel Kail - 2022 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 3:377-424.
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  8.  23
    L’inquiétude Dans Les Pensées De Pascal.Alexandre Declos - 2013 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 78 (2):167.
  9.  37
    More Grounds for Grounding Nominalism.Alexandre Declos - 2020 - Philosophia 49 (1):49-70.
    In this paper, I examine Peter Schulte’s “Grounding Nominalism” (Schulte, 2018), understood as the claim that first-order properties and relations are grounded in the concrete particulars which instantiate them. While Schulte offered reasons to think that this view is consistent, along with answers to a number of objections, a more straightforward argument for GN is still needed. I take on this task here, by discussing and defending what I call the “argument from abstraction”. The latter, I suggest, offers more grounds (...)
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  10.  33
    Goodman’s Many Worlds.Alexandre Declos - 2019 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 7 (6):1-25.
    In this paper, I examine Nelson Goodman’s pluriworldism, understood as the claim that there exists a plurality of actual worlds. This proposal has generally been quickly dismissed in the philosophical literature. I argue that we ought to take it more seriously. As I show, many of the prima facie objections to pluriworldism may receive straightforward answers. I also examine in detail Goodman’s argument for the conclusion that there are many worlds and attempt to show how it might be supported. Eventually, (...)
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  11. La Métaphysique du Temps: Perspectives Contemporaines.Alexandre Declos & Claudine Tiercelin (eds.) - 2021 - Collège de France.
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  12.  1
    Une défense de la « vieille théorie B » du temps.Alexandre Declos - 2021 - In Alexandre Declos & Claudine Tiercelin (eds.), La Métaphysique du Temps: Perspectives Contemporaines. Paris: Collège de France.
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  13.  21
    Book Review : The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy. [REVIEW]Alexandre Declos - 2016 - Dialogue 55 (3):541-542.
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  14.  4
    The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy Gabriele Galluzzo and Michael J. Loux (Eds.) Cambridge University Press, 2015. 229 Pp. $109.95. [REVIEW]Alexandre Declos - 2016 - Dialogue 55 (3):541-542.
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  15.  9
    Elisabeth face à Descartes: deux philosophes?Gabriel Alban Zapata & Alexandre Declos - 2010 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 65 (4):775-780.
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  16.  1
    Présentation du Numéro Thématique Philosophies de la ressemblanceResemblance in Contemporary Philosophy : Foreword to the Thematic Issue.Alexis Anne-Braun & Alexandre Declos - 2020 - Philosophia Scientae 24:5-13.
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