Results for 'Maciek Chudek'

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  1. AWS compliance with the ethical principle of proportionality: three possible solutions.Maciek Zając - 2023 - Ethics and Information Technology 25 (1):1-13.
    The ethical Principle of Proportionality requires combatants not to cause collateral harm excessive in comparison to the anticipated military advantage of an attack. This principle is considered a major (and perhaps insurmountable) obstacle to ethical use of autonomous weapon systems (AWS). This article reviews three possible solutions to the problem of achieving Proportionality compliance in AWS. In doing so, I describe and discuss the three components Proportionality judgments, namely collateral damage estimation, assessment of anticipated military advantage, and judgment of “excessiveness”. (...)
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  2. Spare Not a Naked Soldier: A Response to Daniel Restrepo.Maciek Zając - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (1):66-81.
    In his recent JME article Daniel Restrepo argues that both legal and ethical rules should protect the so-called Naked Soldiers, combatants engaged in activity unrelated to military operations and unaware of the imminent danger threatening them. I criticize this position from several angles. I deny the existence of any link between vulnerability and innocence, and claim ignorance of deadly threats does not give rise to a morally distinguished type of vulnerability. I argue that actions not contributing to the war effort (...)
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  3. Punishing Robots – Way Out of Sparrow’s Responsibility Attribution Problem.Maciek Zając - 2020 - Journal of Military Ethics 19 (4):285-291.
    The Laws of Armed Conflict require that war crimes be attributed to individuals who can be held responsible and be punished. Yet assigning responsibility for the actions of Lethal Autonomous Weapon...
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  4.  21
    US Immigrants’ Patterns of Acculturation are Sensitive to Their Age, Language, and Cultural Contact but Show No Evidence of a Sensitive Window for Acculturation.Maciej Chudek, Benjamin Y. Cheung & Steven J. Heine - 2015 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 15 (1-2):174-190.
    Recent research observed a sensitive window, at about 14 years of age, in the acculturation rates of Chinese immigrants to Canada. Tapping an online sample ofusimmigrants, we tested these relationships in a broader population and explored connections with new potentially causally related variables: formal education, language ability and contact with heritage-culture and mainstream United States individuals, both now and at immigration. While we found that acculturation decreased with age at immigration and increased with years in theus, we did not observe (...)
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  5.  26
    Tackling group-level traits by starting at the start.Maciej Chudek & Joseph Henrich - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):256-257.
  6.  96
    The Prevalence of Mind–Body Dualism in Early China.Edward Slingerland & Maciej Chudek - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (5):997-1007.
    We present the first large-scale, quantitative examination of mind and body concepts in a set of historical sources by measuring the predictions of folk mind–body dualism against the surviving textual corpus of pre-Qin (pre-221 BCE) China. Our textual analysis found clear patterns in the historically evolving reference of the word xin (heart/heart–mind): It alone of the organs was regularly contrasted with the physical body, and during the Warring States period it became less associated with emotions and increasingly portrayed as the (...)
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  7.  16
    Cultural Variations in the Curse of Knowledge: the Curse of Knowledge Bias in Children from a Nomadic Pastoralist Culture in Kenya.Siba Ghrear, Maciej Chudek, Klint Fung, Sarah Mathew & Susan A. J. Birch - 2019 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 19 (3-4):366-384.
    We examined the universality of the curse of knowledge by investigating it in a unique cross-cultural sample; a nomadic Nilo-Saharan pastoralist society in East Africa, the Turkana. Forty Turkana children were asked eight factual questions and asked to predict how widely-known those facts were among their peers. To test the effect of their knowledge, we taught children the answers to half of the questions, while the other half were unknown. Based on findings suggesting the bias’s universality, we predicted that children (...)
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  8.  21
    Understanding the research program.Joseph Henrich & Maciej Chudek - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (1):29-30.
    The target article misunderstands the research program it criticizes. The work of Boyd, Richerson, Fehr, Gintis, Bowles and their collaborators has long included the theoretical and empirical study of models both with andwithoutdiffuse costly punishment. In triaging the situation, we aim to (1) clarify the theoretical landscape, (2) highlight key points of agreement, and (3) suggest a more productive line of debate.
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  9.  12
    The Role of Indian Caste Identity and Caste Inconsistent Norms on Status Representation.Sindhuja Sankaran, Maciek Sekerdej & Ulrich von Hecker - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  10.  14
    Організаційні зміни у вугільній галузі закордонних країн.Sapytska Iryna, Chudek Miroslaw & Maltseva Iryna - 2017 - Схід 1 (147):26-31.
    In the article is determined that the coal industry in many foreign countries was carried out reform, which results in the search for effective ways of taking organizational, financial, socio-economic and technical solutions. Briefly considered the experience of organizational changes in the coal industry countries such as Poland, Germany, France, UK, Belgium, Spain, USA. The basic goal of this process. Substantiates the role of the state, stages and methods of restructuring of the coal mines. To characterize the socio-economic aspects of (...)
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  11.  68
    The Challenges of Qualitatively Coding Ancient Texts.Edward Slingerland & Maciej Chudek - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (2):183-186.
    We respond to several important and valid concerns about our study (“The Prevalence of Folk Dualism in Early China,”Cognitive Science 35: 997–1007) by Klein and Klein, defending our interpretation of our data. We also argue that, despite the undeniable challenges involved in qualitatively coding texts from ancient cultures, the standard tools used throughout the cognitive sciences—large quantities of data, coders as blind to the hypothesis as possible, intercoder reliability measures, and statistical analysis—allow the noise of randomly distributed interpretative differences to (...)
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  12.  17
    From Threat to Relief: Expressing Prejudice toward Atheists as a Self-Regulatory Strategy Protecting the Religious Orthodox from Threat.Małgorzata Kossowska, Paulina Szwed, Aneta Czernatowicz-Kukuczka, Maciek Sekerdej & Miroslaw Wyczesany - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  13.  15
    Issues and advances in research methods on video games and cognitive abilities.Bart Sobczyk, Paweł Dobrowolski, Maciek Skorko, Jakub Michalak & Aneta Brzezicka - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  14.  12
    Computerized Systems Supporting Clinical Decision in Medicine.Aleksander J. Owczarek, Mike Smertka, Przemysław Jędrusik, Anita Gębska-Kuczerowska, Jerzy Chudek & Romuald Wojnicz - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 56 (1):107-120.
    Statistics is the science of collection, summarizing, presentation and interpretation of data. Moreover, it yields methods used in the verification of research hypotheses. The presence of a statistician in a research group remarkably improves both the quality of design and research and the optimization of financial resources. Moreover, the involvement of a statistician in a research team helps the physician to effectively utilize the time and energy spent on diagnosing, which is an important aspect in view of limited healthcare resources. (...)
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    Response to Maciek Zając.Daniel Restrepo - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 21 (1):82-87.
    This is a short rejoinder piece to Maciek Zając's article. In it, I acknowledge what I think are some of Zając's strongest arguments against my original piece, “In Defense of Mercy”, and I offer a...
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  16.  33
    Did the Chinese Have a Change of Heart?Esther Klein & Colin Klein - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (2):179-182.
    In their “The Prevalence of Mind-Body Dualism in Early China,” Slingerland and Chudek use a statistical analysis of the early Chinese corpus to argue for Weak Folk Dualism (WFD). We raise three methodological objections to their analysis. First, the change over time that they find is largely driven by genre. Second, the operationalization of WFD is potentially misleading. And, third, dating the texts they use is extremely controversial. We conclude with some positive remarks.
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