Results for 'class'

998 found
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  1.  29
    Sufferers in Babylon: A Rastafarian Perspective on Class and Race in Reggae.Martin A. M. Gansinger - 2020 - In Ian Peddie (ed.), The Bloomsbury Handbook of Popular Music and Social Class. New York: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 443-464.
    The chapter deals with the contrast between defining aspects of religious rigidity, a socio-historically derived counter-narrative, and anti-consumerism in Rastafarian philosophy and culture on one hand and the universal message and commercial success of the music on the other. After discussing the status of the genre as part of Jamaican national culture, the inherent socio-political claim of Reggae and Rastafarian culture are put in context with the conflicting claims of superiority and non-partiality that can frequently be found in the music. (...)
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  2. The Reference Class Problem is Your Problem Too.Alan Hájek - 2007 - Synthese 156 (3):563--585.
    The reference class problem arises when we want to assign a probability to a proposition (or sentence, or event) X, which may be classified in various ways, yet its probability can change depending on how it is classified. The problem is usually regarded as one specifically for the frequentist interpretation of probability and is often considered fatal to it. I argue that versions of the classical, logical, propensity and subjectivist interpretations also fall prey to their own variants of the (...)
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  3.  35
    The Zombie Stalking English Schools: Social Class and Educational Inequality.Diane Reay - 2006 - British Journal of Educational Studies 54 (3):288-307.
    The aim of this article is to reclaim social class as a central concern within education, not in the traditional sense as a dimension of educational stratification, but as a powerful and vital aspect of both learner and wider social identities. Drawing on historical and present evidence, a case is made that social inequalities arising from social class have never been adequately addressed within schooling. Recent qualitative research is used to indicate some of the ways in which (...) is lived in classrooms. The article also raises concerns about the ability of the education system to positively address social class in the classroom when contemporary initial teacher training rarely engages with it as a relevant concern within schooling. (shrink)
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  4.  36
    The Objective Bayesian Conceptualisation of Proof and Reference Class Problems.James Franklin - 2011 - Sydney Law Review 33 (3):545-561.
    The objective Bayesian view of proof (or logical probability, or evidential support) is explained and defended: that the relation of evidence to hypothesis (in legal trials, science etc) is a strictly logical one, comparable to deductive logic. This view is distinguished from the thesis, which had some popularity in law in the 1980s, that legal evidence ought to be evaluated using numerical probabilities and formulas. While numbers are not always useful, a central role is played in uncertain reasoning by the (...)
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  5.  32
    Feature Selection Methods for Solving the Reference Class Problem.James Franklin - 2010 - Columbia Law Review Sidebar 110:12-23.
    Probabilistic inference from frequencies, such as "Most Quakers are pacifists; Nixon is a Quaker, so probably Nixon is a pacifist" suffer from the problem that an individual is typically a member of many "reference classes" (such as Quakers, Republicans, Californians, etc) in which the frequency of the target attribute varies. How to choose the best class or combine the information? The article argues that the problem can be solved by the feature selection methods used in contemporary Big Data science: (...)
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  6.  28
    The Eighteenth Brumaire in Historical Context: Reconsidering Class and State in France and Syria.Jonathan Viger - 2019 - Theory and Society 48 (4):611-638.
    This article seeks to reinterpret the process of state and class formation in “peripheral” societies—notably Syria—through a contextualized reading of Marx’s Eighteenth Brumaire influenced by the approach of Political Marxism. In light of PM’s claim that capitalism did not emerge in France until the late nineteenth century, it draws a picture of post-revolutionary French society in which the legacy of the precapitalist Absolutist state still determined the nature of ruling class reproduction and class struggle, centered on the (...)
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  7.  28
    The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844.Friedrich Engels - 2010 [1844] - Cambridge University Press.
    Frederich Engels (1820-1895) was a German businessman and political theorist renowned as one of the intellectual founders of communism. In 1842 Engels was sent to Manchester to oversee his father's textile business, and he lived in the city until 1844. This volume, first published in German in 1845, contains his classic and highly influential account of working-class life in Manchester at the height of its industrial supremacy. Engels' highly detailed descriptions of urban conditions and contrasts between the different classes (...)
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  8.  85
    Offsetting Class Privilege.Holly Lawford-Smith - 2016 - Journal of Practical Ethics 4 (1):23-51.
    The UK is an unequal society. Societies like these raise significant ethical questions for those who live in them. One is how they should respond to such inequality, and in particular, to its effects on those who are worst-off. In this article, I’ll approach this question by focusing on the obligations of a particular group of those who are best-off. I’ll defend the idea of morally objectionable class-based advantage, which I’ll call ‘class privilege’, argue that class privilege (...)
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  9.  24
    Naïve and Robust: Class‐Conditional Independence in Human Classification Learning.Jana B. Jarecki, Björn Meder & Jonathan D. Nelson - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):4-42.
    Humans excel in categorization. Yet from a computational standpoint, learning a novel probabilistic classification task involves severe computational challenges. The present paper investigates one way to address these challenges: assuming class-conditional independence of features. This feature independence assumption simplifies the inference problem, allows for informed inferences about novel feature combinations, and performs robustly across different statistical environments. We designed a new Bayesian classification learning model that incorporates varying degrees of prior belief in class-conditional independence, learns whether or not (...)
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  10. Immigration, Class, and Global Justice: Some Moral Considerations/Implications.Alex Sager - 2012 - In Micheline Labelle, Jocelyne Couture & Frank Remiggi (eds.), La communauté politique en question. Regards croisés sur l’immigration, la citoyenneté, la diversité et le pouvoir. UQAM Press. pp. 21-46.
    I argue for the importance of class-based analysis for analyzing the justice of migration policies. I contend that the abstract, liberal discourse of much writing on justice and immigration distorts our moral judgments. In contrast, I provide a class-based critique of the role of human capital in managed migration, drawing evidence from Canada’s Seasonal Agricultural Worker and Live-in Caregiver Programs. This reveals the domination and exploitation inherent in these migration policies and allows us to situate immigration in a (...)
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  11. Naturalness and Convex Class Nominalism.Ben Blumson - 2019 - Dialectica 73 (1-2):65-81.
    In this paper I argue that the analysis of natural properties as convex subsets of a metric space in which the distances are degrees of dissimilarity is incompatible with both the definition of degree of dissimilarity as number of natural properties not in common and the definition of degree of dissimilarity as proportion of natural properties not in common, since in combination with either of these definitions it entails that every property is a natural property, which is absurd. I suggest (...)
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  12.  12
    The Class of Infinite Dimensional Neat Reducts of Quasi‐Polyadic Algebras is Not Axiomatizable.Tarek Sayed Ahmed - 2006 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 52 (1):106-112.
    SC, CA, QA and QEA denote the classes of Pinter's substitution algebras, Tarski's cylindric algebras, Halmos' quasi-polyadic algebras and quasi-polyadic equality algebras, respectively. Let ω ≤ α < β and let K ∈ {SC,CA,QA,QEA}. We show that the class of α -dimensional neat reducts of algebras in Kβ is not elementary. This solves a problem in [3]. Also our result generalizes results proved in [2] and [3].
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  13.  50
    A Problem with Conceptually Relating Race and Class, Regarding the Question of Choice.Emily S. Lee - 2017 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 38 (2):349-368.
    The close association of particular races with particular classes invites a means to exhibit disdain for a race via class. Class and race do not simply occupy a list of social problems, because generally, specific races correlate with particular classes. Racism is presently unacceptable, but not classism. We may feel sympathy for the poor, but we do not refrain from disdain. The disdain of the poor centers on Neoclassical economics’ insistence on choice in regards to class. The (...)
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  14.  23
    The Reference Class Problem for Credit Valuation in Science.Carole J. Lee - manuscript
    Scholars belong to multiple communities of credit simultaneously. When these communities disagree about how much credit to assign to a scholarly achievement, this raises a puzzle for decision theory models of credit-seeking in science. The reference class problem for credit valuation in science is the problem of determining to which of an agent’s communities – which reference class – credit determinations should be indexed for any given act under any given state of nature. I will identify strategies and (...)
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  15.  15
    Howard G. Schneiderman, Engagement and Disengagement: Class, Authority, Politics, and Intellectuals, New York, Routledge, 2018. [REVIEW]Sanja Petkovska - 2019 - Filozofija I Društvo 30 (1):171-174.
    Howard G. Schneiderman, Engagement and Disengagement: Class, Authority, Politics, and Intellectuals, New York, Routledge, 2018. Sanja Petkovska.
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  16.  41
    Queer Reproduction Revisited and Why Race, Class and Citizenship Still Matters: A Response to Cristina Richie.Doris Leibetseder - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (2):138-144.
    In the dialogue between Timothy F. Murphy and Cristina Richie about queer bioethics and queer reproduction in this journal, significant points of the emergent and extremely important discussions on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer bioethics are raised. Richie specifies correctly that queer bioethics can either complement or contradict LGBT bioethics and the queer standpoint against heteroconformity and heterofuturity is decisive here. As the field of queer bioethics is such a recent and essential part of consideration for bioethics and as (...)
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  17.  75
    Social Class, Merit and Equality of Opportunity in Education.Gideon Elford - 2016 - Res Publica 22 (3):267-284.
    The paper offers to substantiate a claim about the so-called Meritocratic Conception of how educational opportunities ought to be distributed. Such a conception holds an individual’s prospects for educational achievement may be a function of that individual’s talent or effort levels but should not be influenced by their social class background. The paper highlights the internal tension in the Meritocratic Conception between on the one hand a prohibition on the influence of social class on educational opportunities and on (...)
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  18.  1
    La New Class del neoconservatorismo e la de/legittimazione del capitalismo americano.Matteo Battistini - 2019 - Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 31 (61).
    The essay presents the American debate on the «new class» as a political category that has been the pivot of the rise of neoconservatism, the public writing of the neocons’ discourse – in particular the one of Daniel P. Moynihan and Irving Kristol – and their strategy aimed at attacking the scientific and political foundations of the liberal order of the American capitalism that between the Sixties and Seventies no longer found in the «middle class» the public word (...)
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  19.  30
    Broadening the Circumference: A Socio-Historical Analysis of Family Enactments of Literacy and Numeracy Within the Official Script of Middle Class Early Childhood Discourse.Marilyn Fleer & Jill Robbins - 2004 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 6 (2):17-34.
    Informed by s socio-historical theory, this paper will report on a study that sought to document the literacy and numeracy outcomes for children living in low socio-economic circumstances in a region south-east of Melbourne, Australia. The research focused on children in preschool and child care centres in the year prior to beginning school, and was designed to map literacy and numeracy experiences of children in the home and in the early childhood centre. In this paper an analysis of the cultural (...)
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  20.  41
    Class: An Essential Aspect of Watershed Planning. [REVIEW]Jane Adams - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (6):533-556.
    A study of a watershed planning process in the Cache River Watershed in southern Illinois revealed that class divisions, based on property ownership, underlay key conflicts over land use and decision-making relevant to resource use. A class analysis of the region indicates that the planning process served to endorse and solidify the locally-dominant theory that landownership confers the right to govern. This obscured the class differences between large full-time farmers and small-holders whose livelihood depends on non-farm labor. (...)
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  21.  20
    Portrait of an Outsider: Class, Gender, and the Scientific Career of Ida M. Mellen. [REVIEW]Samantha K. Muka - 2014 - Journal of the History of Biology 47 (1):29-61.
    In 1916, a 41 year old woman with little formal scientific education became the secretary of the New York Aquarium. In becoming the Aquarium’s first female officer, Ida M. Mellen realized her lifelong dream of successfully pursuing a career in the biological sciences and broke with the limitations and low expectations surrounding her sex and class backgrounds. By 1930, Mellen left the NYA and pursued a career in popular hobbyist writing, becoming the foremost expert on aquarium fishes and domesticated (...)
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  22.  7
    Il feticcio middle-class e le scienze sociali fra ordine liberal e neoliberale negli Stati Uniti.Matteo Battistini - 2017 - Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 29 (57).
    In the United States, the crisis broke out in 2008 launched a public debate on the decline of the middle class with peculiar historical references: from the Great Depression and the New Deal to the globalization of the Nineties, through the fractures imposed by the social movements of the Sixties and the neo-liberal turn of the Eighties. In the light of a debate in which the middle class emerges as an indisputable keyword of the American political cultures, the (...)
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  23.  17
    Completeness Theorem for Topological Class Models.Radosav Djordjevic, Nebojša Ikodinović & Žarko Mijajlović - 2007 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 46 (1):1-8.
    A topological class logic is an infinitary logic formed by combining a first-order logic with the quantifier symbols O and C. The meaning of a formula closed by quantifier O is that the set defined by the formula is open. Similarly, a formula closed by quantifier C means that the set is closed. The corresponding models are a topological class spaces introduced by Ćirić and Mijajlović (Math Bakanica 1990). The completeness theorem is proved.
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  24. Georg Lukács and Organizing Class Consciousness.Robert Lanning - 2009 - Mep Publications.
    Class consciousness and reification -- Historical necessity as self-activity -- The concept of imputed class consciousness -- Common sense and market rationality in sociological studies of class -- Being determines consciousness -- Consciousness overemphasized? -- Class experience, substitution, and false consciousness -- Imputed class consciousness in the development of the individual.
     
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  25. No Class: Russell on Contextual Definition and the Elimination of Sets.Scott Soames - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 139 (2):213 - 218.
    The article rebutts Michael Kremer’s contention that Russell’s contextual definition of set-theoretic language in Principia Mathematica constituted the ontological achievement of eliminating commitment to classes. Although Russell’s higher-order quantifiers, used in the definition, need not range over classes, none of the plausible substitutes provide a solid basis for eliminating them. This point is used to defend the presentation, in The Dawn of Analysis, of Russell’s logicist reduction, using a first-order version of naive set theory.
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  26.  54
    Khaleeji-Capital: Class-Formation and Regional Integration in the Middle-East Gulf.Adam Hanieh - 2010 - Historical Materialism 18 (2):35-76.
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  27.  38
    Osgood Dimensions as an Encoding Class in Short-Term Memory.Delos D. Wickens & Sandra Clark - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):580.
  28.  26
    Symbolic Power and Group-Making: On Pierre Bourdieu's Reframing of Class.Loïc Wacquant - 2012 - Polis: Research and studies on Italian society and politics 26 (3):379-400.
  29.  11
    Investigation of Grammatical Class as an Encoding Category in Short-Term Memory.Delos D. Wicken, Sandra E. Clark, Frances A. Hill & Roy P. Wittlinger - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):599.
  30.  22
    Part Versus Whole Practice in the Acquisition of Serial Lists as a Function of Class and Organization of Material.Allan L. Fingeret & W. J. Brogden - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):406.
  31.  21
    Exploring Working-Class Consciousness: A Critique of the Theory of the 'Labour-Aristocracy'.Charles Post - 2010 - Historical Materialism 18 (4):3-38.
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  32. Engels, Manchester, and the Working Class.Steven Marcus - 1974
     
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  33.  8
    Some Questions About Work, Labour, Agency and Class in Jason Moore’s Capitalist World-Ecology.Henry Bernstein - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Kritische Sozialtheorie Und Philosophie 4 (1-2):296-305.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialtheorie und Philosophie Jahrgang: 4 Heft: 1-2 Seiten: 296-305.
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  34.  4
    Background, Symbolic, and Class Shift in Short-Term Verbal Memory.Donald B. Reutener - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):90.
  35.  10
    Class Results with Spaced and Unspaced Memorizing.Kate Gordon - 1925 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (5):337.
  36.  15
    “I Didn’T Feel Right About Animal Dissection”: Dissection Objectors Share Their Science Class Experiences.Jan Oakley - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (4):360-378.
    This paper highlights the voices and experiences of individuals who objected to animal dissection in their high school science and biology classes. The data were collected via online surveys , and 8 of these participants took part in more in-depth telephone interviews. Participants were former students from Ontario, Canada, who discussed their experiences with animal dissection in general, and objection to dissection in particular, if applicable. The findings reveal that students who expressed objection to dissection experienced a range of teacher (...)
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  37.  19
    Topographies of Class: Modern Architecture and Mass Society in Weimar Berlin.Owen Hatherley - 2010 - Historical Materialism 18 (2):177-194.
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  38.  13
    Part-Whole Transfer in Free Recall as a Function of Word Class and Imagery.Robert E. Hicks & Robert K. Young - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):100.
  39.  10
    The Role of Class-Descriptive Cues in Paired-Associates Learning.J. Jepson Wulff & Lawrence M. Stolurow - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (3):199.
  40.  12
    Globalisation, Individualisation and the Death of Social Class: An Empirical Assessment for 18 European Countries.Fabrizio Bernardi - 2009 - Polis: Research and studies on Italian society and politics 23 (2):195-220.
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  41.  11
    Subject Uncertainty and Word-Class Effects in Short-Term Memory for Sentences.Edwin Martin & Donald A. Walter - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):47.
  42.  13
    Postmodern Contributions to Marxian Economics: Theoretical Innovations and Their Implications for Class Politics.David Kristjanson-Gural - 2008 - Historical Materialism 16 (2):85-115.
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  43.  8
    A Laboratory Class Demonstration of the Establishment of a Conditioned Reflex.K. L. Barkley - 1932 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (1):97.
  44.  6
    Form Class as an Effective Encoding Dimension in Short-Term Memory.Charles P. Bird & C. James Goodwin - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):625.
  45.  5
    Class Structure in the Biasing of Perceived Pattern Similarity.Leona S. Aiken, Richard M. Fenker & Selby H. Evans - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):489.
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  46.  5
    Retroactive Inhibition as a Function of Response-Class Similarity.Mark J. Friedman & James H. Reynolds - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (3):351-355.
  47.  6
    Women and the Politics of Class.LaDelle McWhorter - 2000
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  48. The Culture of Cursilería: Bad Taste, Kitsch, and Class in Modern Spain.Noël Maureen Valis - 2002 - Duke University Press.
    On origins -- Adorning the feminine, or the language of fans -- Salon poets, the Bécquer craze, and Romanticism -- Textual economies : the embellishment of credit -- Fabricating history -- The dream of negation -- The margins of home : modernist cursilería -- The culture of nostalgia, or the language of flowers -- Coda : the metaphor of culture in post-Franco Spain.
     
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  49. In Defense of the Progressive Stack: A Strategy for Prioritizing Marginalized Voices During in-Class Discussion.Jake Wright - 2018 - Teaching Philosophy 41 (4):407-428.
    Progressive stacking is a strategy for prioritizing in-class contributions that allows marginalized students to speak before non-marginalized students. I argue that this strategy is both pedagogically and ethically defensible. Pedagogically, it provides benefits to all students (e.g., expanded in-class discourse) while providing special benefits (e.g., increased self-efficacy) to marginalized students, helping to address historic educational inequalities. Ethically, I argue that neither marginalized nor non-marginalized students are wronged by such a policy. First, I present a strategy for self-disclosure that (...)
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  50. The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class.Dean MacCannell - 2013 - University of California Press.
    In this classic analysis of travel and sightseeing, author Dean MacCannell brings social scientific understandings to bear on tourism in the postindustrial age, during which the middle class has acquired leisure time for international travel. In _The Tourist_—now with a new introduction framing it as part of a broader contemporary social and cultural analysis—the author examines notions of authenticity, high and low culture, and the construction of social reality around tourism.
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