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Bjorn Merker [13]Bjorn H. Merker [2]
  1. Consciousness Without a Cerbral Cortex: A Challenge for Neuroscience and Medicine.Bjorn Merker - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):63-81.
    A broad range of evidence regarding the functional organization of the vertebrate brain – spanning from comparative neurology to experimental psychology and neurophysiology to clinical data – is reviewed for its bearing on conceptions of the neural organization of consciousness. A novel principle relating target selection, action selection, and motivation to one another, as a means to optimize integration for action in real time, is introduced. With its help, the principal macrosystems of the vertebrate brain can be seen to form (...)
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  2. The Liabilities of Mobility: A Selection Pressure for the Transition to Consciousness in Animal Evolution.Bjorn H. Merker - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (1):89-114.
    The issue of the biological origin of consciousness is linked to that of its function. One source of evidence in this regard is the contrast between the types of information that are and are not included within its compass. Consciousness presents us with a stable arena for our actions—the world—but excludes awareness of the multiple sensory and sensorimotor transformations through which the image of that world is extracted from the confounding influence of self-produced motion of multiple receptor arrays mounted on (...)
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  3.  26
    From Probabilities to Percepts.Bjorn Merker - 2012 - In Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.), Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience. John Benjamins. pp. 88--37.
  4.  62
    Returning Language to Culture by Way of Biology.Bjorn Merker, Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):460.
    Conflation of our unique human endowment for language with innate, so-called universal, grammar has banished language from its biological home. The facts reviewed by Evans & Levinson (E&L) fit the biology of cultural transmission. My commentary highlights our dedicated learning capacity for vocal production learning as the form of our language endowment compatible with those facts.
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  5.  90
    Memory, Imagination, and the Asymmetry Between Past and Future.Bjorn Merker - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):325-326.
    A number of difficulties encumber the Suddendorf & Corballis (S&C) proposal regarding mental time travel into the future. Among these are conceptual issues turning on the inherent asymmetry of time and causality with regard to past and future, and the bearing of such asymmetry on the uses and utility of retrospective versus prospective mental time travel, on which I comment.
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  6.  78
    Grounding Consciousness: The Mesodiencephalon as Thalamocortical Base.Bjorn Merker - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):110-134.
    My response addresses general commentary themes such as my neglect of the forebrain contribution to human consciousness, the bearing of blindsight on consciousness theory, the definition of wakefulness, the significance of emotion and pain perception for consciousness theory, and concerns regarding remnant cortex in children with hydranencephaly. Further specific topics, such as phenomenal and phylogenetic aspects of mesodiencephalic-thalamocortical relations, are also discussed. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  7.  7
    Codes Are for Messages, Not for Neurons.Bjorn Merker - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    My commentary draws on extensive arguments against “coding in the brain” developed by my neuroscience mentor, the late Eugene Sachs, who summarized them as follows: “[T]he energy in the signal is the only code there is for information…. The code is the same for each cell, but each cell's location is different, and location is the only basis for significance”.
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  8.  16
    Conscious Olfaction: Content, Function, and Localization.Bjorn Merker - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  9. Consciousness Without a Cerebral Cortex.Björn Merker - 2008 - In Hans Liljenström & Peter Århem (eds.), Consciousness Transitions: Phylogenetic, Ontogenetic, and Physiological Aspects. Elsevier.
     
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  10.  18
    Genes, Hosts, Goals: Disentangling Causal Dependencies.Bjorn Merker - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):150-151.
  11. Music, Bonding, and Human Evolution: A Critique.Bjorn Merker - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Savage et al. propose that music filled a hypothetical “bonding gap” in human sociality by Baldwinian gene-culture coevolution. Both these stepping stones to an evolutionary account of the function and origin of music are problematic. They are scrutinized in this commentary, and an alternative is proposed.
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  12.  13
    Speech, Vocal Production Learning, and the Comparative Method.Bjorn Merker - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (6):566-567.
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  13.  22
    The Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness: A Case of Mistaken Identity.Bjorn Merker, Kenneth Williford & David Rudrauf - forthcoming - Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-72.
    Giulio Tononi's Integrated Information Theory proposes explaining consciousness by directly identifying it with integrated information. We examine the construct validity of IIT's measure of consciousness, phi, by analyzing its formal properties, its relation to key aspects of consciousness, and its co-variation with relevant empirical circumstances. Our analysis shows that IIT's identification of consciousness with the causal efficacy with which differentiated networks accomplish global information transfer is mistaken. This misidentification has the consequence of requiring the attribution of consciousness to a range (...)
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  14. 1053-8100/02/$-See Front Matter© 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All Rights Reserved.Jonathan Smallwood, Marc Obonsawin, Derek Heim, Arne Dietrich, Bjorn Merker, Richard A. Bryant, David Mallard, Talis Bachmann, Iiris Luiga & Endel Poder - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12:145.
     
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