Philosophy Today

ISSN: 0031-8256

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  1.  3
    Editors' Note.Peg Birmingham & Ian Alexander Moore - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):829-830.
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  2.  12
    The Metaphysics of Speculative Materialism.Drew M. Dalton - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):687-705.
    Much has been made of the so-called “empirical turn” of “speculative materialism” with thinkers like Quentin Meillassoux championing the material sciences as a new route to absolute reality. According to Meillassoux, the material sciences “provide philosophers access once again to the great outdoors, the absolute outside,” of reality in-itself. One might expect from such encomia the attempt to engage with the products of contemporary science in order to develop a new metaphysics; but, Meillassoux spends almost no time in this way, (...)
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  3.  4
    The Metaphysics of Speculative Materialism.Drew M. Dalton - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):687-705.
    Much has been made of the so-called “empirical turn” of “speculative materialism” with thinkers like Quentin Meillassoux championing the material sciences as a new route to absolute reality. According to Meillassoux, the material sciences “provide philosophers access once again to the great outdoors, the absolute outside,” of reality in-itself. One might expect from such encomia the attempt to engage with the products of contemporary science in order to develop a new metaphysics; but, Meillassoux spends almost no time in this way, (...)
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  4.  3
    The Metaphysics of Speculative Materialism.Drew M. Dalton - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):687-705.
    Much has been made of the so-called “empirical turn” of “speculative materialism” with thinkers like Quentin Meillassoux championing the material sciences as a new route to absolute reality. According to Meillassoux, the material sciences “provide philosophers access once again to the great outdoors, the absolute outside,” of reality in-itself. One might expect from such encomia the attempt to engage with the products of contemporary science in order to develop a new metaphysics; but, Meillassoux spends almost no time in this way, (...)
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  5.  3
    The Metaphysics of Speculative Materialism.Drew M. Dalton - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):687-705.
    Much has been made of the so-called “empirical turn” of “speculative materialism” with thinkers like Quentin Meillassoux championing the material sciences as a new route to absolute reality. According to Meillassoux, the material sciences “provide philosophers access once again to the great outdoors, the absolute outside,” of reality in-itself. One might expect from such encomia the attempt to engage with the products of contemporary science in order to develop a new metaphysics; but, Meillassoux spends almost no time in this way, (...)
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  6.  2
    The Metaphysics of Speculative Materialism.Drew M. Dalton - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):687-705.
    Much has been made of the so-called “empirical turn” of “speculative materialism” with thinkers like Quentin Meillassoux championing the material sciences as a new route to absolute reality. According to Meillassoux, the material sciences “provide philosophers access once again to the great outdoors, the absolute outside,” of reality in-itself. One might expect from such encomia the attempt to engage with the products of contemporary science in order to develop a new metaphysics; but, Meillassoux spends almost no time in this way, (...)
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  7.  1
    The Metaphysics of Speculative Materialism.Drew M. Dalton - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):687-705.
    Much has been made of the so-called “empirical turn” of “speculative materialism” with thinkers like Quentin Meillassoux championing the material sciences as a new route to absolute reality. According to Meillassoux, the material sciences “provide philosophers access once again to the great outdoors, the absolute outside,” of reality in-itself. One might expect from such encomia the attempt to engage with the products of contemporary science in order to develop a new metaphysics; but, Meillassoux spends almost no time in this way, (...)
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  8.  1
    Thomas Sheehan.Emmanuel Faye & Aengus Daly - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):831-857.
    Thomas Sheehan’s attack on my book Heidegger, l’introduction du nazisme dans la philosophie, addressed neither the book’s topic nor its arguments. He instead highlighted a few isolated details in a sophistic and biased fashion. Moreover, his exposition was interspersed with ad personam insults not typically found in philosophical or scientific discussions. Although I had hitherto resolved not to respond to personal attacks, I owe it to the memory of Johannes Fritsche, who was also attacked by Sheehan, to take my turn (...)
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  9.  2
    Le Style C'est l'Homme Même?József Kollár & Dávid Kollár - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):781-798.
    In our article, we argue, following Nelson Goodman and Arthur Danto, that in contrast to the essentialist conception of authenticity, it is more fertile to consider authentic patterns not as the inner core of the person, but as a case of metaphorical exemplification. According to our approach, if we accept that authentic style is a metaphorical exemplification, then, based on Richard Rorty’s concepts of language and metaphor, style can be seen as an exaptation or reuse of symbols previously adapted through (...)
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  10.  14
    Don Beith, The Birth of Sense: Generative Passivity in Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy.Yuhui Li - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):871-873.
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  11.  3
    Jean-Hugues Barthélémy, Manifeste pour l’écologie humaine.Barnaby Norman - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):859-863.
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  12. Thinking as Folding.Kyle Novak - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):745-762.
    Rosi Braidotti has recently argued that the emerging scholarship on posthumanism should employ what she calls nomadic thinking. Braidotti identifies Gilles Deleuze’s work on Spinoza as the genesis of posthumanist ontology, yet Deleuze’s claims about nomadic thinking or nomadology come from his work on Leibniz. I argue that for posthumanist thought to theorize subjectivity beyond the human, it must use nomadology to overcome ontology itself. To make my argument, I demonstrate that while Braidotti is correct about Spinoza’s influence on Deleuze, (...)
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  13.  5
    Can We Force Someone to Feel Shame?Madeleine Shield - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):817-828.
    For many philosophers, there is a tension inherent to shame as an inward-looking, yet intersubjective, emotion: that between the role of the ashamed self and the part of the shaming Other in pronouncing the judgement of shame. Simply put, the issue is this: either the perspective of the ashamed self takes precedence in autonomously choosing to feel shame, and the necessary role of the audience is overlooked, or else the view of the shaming Other prevails in heteronomously casting the shame, (...)
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  14. Gatekeepers and Gated Communities.Massimiliano Simons - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):763-779.
    In his 2018 essay Down to Earth, the French philosopher Bruno Latour proposes a hypothesis that connects a number of contemporary issues, ranging from climate denialism to deregulation and growing inequality. While his hypothesis, namely that the elites act as if they live in another world and are leaving the rest of the world behind, might seem like a conspiracy theory, I will argue that there is a way to make sense of it. To do so, I will turn to (...)
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  15.  6
    Love Without Desire.Andrew Song - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):799-815.
    This article advances a close reading of Hannah Arendt’s use of the phrase amo: volo ut sis in her posthumously published lecture “Willing.” Through this close reading, the essay argues that this affirmation of love, which Arendt translates as “I love you, I want you to be,” describes an enduring activity by which we unite our minds to the world. This argument is analyzed formally and practically: the formal aspect addresses love as an activity which has its end in itself (...)
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  16.  6
    The Sense of Interconnectedness in African Thought-Patterns.Donald Mark Chinonso Ude - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):707-723.
    The sense of interconnectedness is perhaps one of the most celebrated features of African thought. It has been theorized under different philosophical idioms among African philosophers. It has appeared variously as African metaphysics, ontology, socialism and even religion—all in a bid to underline the basic idea that aspects of reality are inextricably interconnected and mutually impact one another in a seemingly universal web of interaction. While each of the idioms used to express this idea has some merits, the article privileges (...)
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  17.  2
    The Sense of Interconnectedness in African Thought-Patterns.Donald Mark Chinonso Ude - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):707-723.
    The sense of interconnectedness is perhaps one of the most celebrated features of African thought. It has been theorized under different philosophical idioms among African philosophers. It has appeared variously as African metaphysics, ontology, socialism and even religion—all in a bid to underline the basic idea that aspects of reality are inextricably interconnected and mutually impact one another in a seemingly universal web of interaction. While each of the idioms used to express this idea has some merits, the article privileges (...)
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  18.  1
    The Sense of Interconnectedness in African Thought-Patterns.Donald Mark Chinonso Ude - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):707-723.
    The sense of interconnectedness is perhaps one of the most celebrated features of African thought. It has been theorized under different philosophical idioms among African philosophers. It has appeared variously as African metaphysics, ontology, socialism and even religion—all in a bid to underline the basic idea that aspects of reality are inextricably interconnected and mutually impact one another in a seemingly universal web of interaction. While each of the idioms used to express this idea has some merits, the article privileges (...)
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  19.  4
    The Sense of Interconnectedness in African Thought-Patterns.Donald Mark Chinonso Ude - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):707-723.
    The sense of interconnectedness is perhaps one of the most celebrated features of African thought. It has been theorized under different philosophical idioms among African philosophers. It has appeared variously as African metaphysics, ontology, socialism and even religion—all in a bid to underline the basic idea that aspects of reality are inextricably interconnected and mutually impact one another in a seemingly universal web of interaction. While each of the idioms used to express this idea has some merits, the article privileges (...)
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  20.  12
    Marx and the Anticipation of Postwork Futures.Sarah E. Vitale - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):725-743.
    Work defines the lives of most people. Many people work overtime, work second jobs, or bring work home with them. It is often difficult to know when work stops and the rest of life begins. In a culture where work is central to our identities, good work is increasingly difficult to find. This article argues that one of the impediments to imagining a future beyond work is the productivist logic that predominates today, which determines labor and production to be key (...)
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  21.  10
    Marx and the Anticipation of Postwork Futures.Sarah E. Vitale - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):725-743.
    Work defines the lives of most people. Many people work overtime, work second jobs, or bring work home with them. It is often difficult to know when work stops and the rest of life begins. In a culture where work is central to our identities, good work is increasingly difficult to find. This article argues that one of the impediments to imagining a future beyond work is the productivist logic that predominates today, which determines labor and production to be key (...)
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  22.  2
    Fanny Söderbäck, Revolutionary Time.Rafael Vizcaíno - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):865-870.
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  23.  4
    Wormholes in Hyper-Chaos.Niels Wilde - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (4):669-686.
    In this article, I examine the possible link between Nietzsche’s philosophy of the will to power and the new movement in continental philosophy known as speculative realism. Nietzsche is never invoked as a possible source in the war against anti-realism, nor is he identified as a leading officer behind enemy lines but remains in the neutral zone. Although Meillassoux does seem to place Nietzsche in the camp of anti-realists, he is not the main target but only mentioned in a passing (...)
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  24.  4
    The (Voided) Origin of Social Relations.Eliran Bar-El - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):507-527.
    This article positions relational social theories against theories of non-relation. Relational social theories consider relations to be primary as opposed to objects. In contrast, two theoretical positions—psychoanalysis and Marxism—hold non-relation as the origin of any social relations. Not coincidentally, psychoanalysis and Marxism also hold the position of the subject, which relational social theories abolish as yet another object. What makes the link between non-relation and subject possible for psychoanalysis and Marxism, is the affirmation of a constitutive negativity embodied in-and-through social (...)
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  25.  5
    The Political Capacity of the Philosopher in the Work of Ernst Cassirer.Jeffrey Bernstein - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):623-636.
    Ernst Cassirer’s The Myth of the State is often read as being insufficiently attentive to the possibility of fascism. In this paper, I examine, and partially contest, this reading. In his usage of the figures of Spinoza and prophetic Judaism, Cassirer develops a conception of the political capacity of the philosopher as pedagogically attempting to replace mythical thought with rational thought. In the end, Cassirer was aware of the onset and dangers of fascism.
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  26.  8
    Will Symbolic Sacrifice Triumph Over Real Sacrifice?Florence Burgat, Elisabeth Lyman & Holly James - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):455-469.
    Can humanity abandon its meat-based diet, and is it willing to? This diet is unique in that it institutes an endlessly bloody relationship to animals. Highlighted time and again in analyses of the sacrificial system, the possibility of substituting a plant-based offering for one that requires killing, replacing the latter with the former and eventually achieving equivalence between the two, could prove unexpectedly fruitful in contemporary discussions of substitutes for meat. This is the guiding question and the answer, in the (...)
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  27.  3
    The Erasures of Peter Singer’s Theory, and the Ethical Need to Consider Animals as Irreducible Others.Pablo P. Castelló - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):637-653.
    This article examines Peter Singer’s animal ethic’s theory and argues that the utilitarian calculus’ inherent process of abstraction and homogenisation is epistemically violent because it erases animals’ singularities. I also argue that considering the sentience we can know of as the only characteristic that marks animals as worthy of moral considerability, as Singer does, can lead to violent actions towards animals because this logic erases all the violence that escapes sentientist logics. I show that key to this critique is Singer’s (...)
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  28.  4
    Review of Mathematics and Information in the Philosophy of Michel Serres, by Vera Bühlmann. [REVIEW]Reinhold Clausjürgens - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):655-661.
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  29.  2
    Reading the Inscriptions of Our Lifeworld: Transgenerational Existence and the Metaphysics of the Grave.Natan Elgabsi - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):529-545.
    This existential phenomenological exploration concerns how writing is not the mere tool for communication and commemoration, or the supplementary image of a memory, but is closely connected to the phenomenon of the grave. The exploration aims to show a transgenerational mode of human existence and moral life, by considering how the becoming of a historical, which is to say a transgenerational subject through the features that writing and the grave together lets us capture, is also importantly bound to the becoming (...)
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  30.  11
    Does the World Exist?James Hill - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):491-506.
    Markus Gabriel’s metaphysical nihilism—elaborated and defended most completely in his book Fields of Sense—contends that there is no legitimate ontological sense or reference attached to the words “the world.” In this paper, I present a detailed case for concluding that this project, at least in its current form, is unsuccessful. I argue, in particular, that Gabriel has at best shown that an absolutely unrestricted extensional domain cannot exist, but that his attempt to parlay this into a general rejection of metaphysics (...)
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  31.  4
    Mauro Carbone, Philosophy-Screens: From Cinema to the Digital Revolution.Rajiv Kaushik - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):663-668.
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  32.  5
    Cessation and Contingency in Meillassoux’s Speculative Materialism.Mark Losoncz - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):605-621.
    This article analyzes Quentin Meillassoux’s concept of cessation. First, the article argues that this concept plays a decisive role in Meillassouxian philosophy. Second, by taking into consideration medieval and early modern debates on annihilation, it critically examines the conclusions elaborated in After Finitude. After that, it conceptualizes the relation between absolute time and absolute contingency, keeping in mind the critical reception of Meillassoux’s philosophy. Finally, the article turns to his insights into death and resurrection, and it confronts them with phenomenological (...)
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  33.  2
    Nietzsche’s Photophilosophy.Ian Maley - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):569-586.
    In reply to Hagi Kenaan’s recent book Photography and Its Shadow, this essay argues for a theory of photography informed by Nietzsche’s perspectivism. It argues that Nietzsche’s perspectivism offers tools for a theory of photography as a way of life and for a positive conception of the inherent nothingness and artificiality of the photographic image. The first part examines Kenaan’s criticism of photography as an agent of post-modern malaise and nihilism in line with Nietzsche’s theory of the death of God. (...)
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  34.  3
    Praescriptum.Peter Milne - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):587-603.
    This takes a little-known reading of Kafka’s “In the Penal Colony” by Lyotard as the starting point for an examination of the relation between body and law. Lyotard’s late notion of the intractable serves as a frame for this examination: explicitly claimed to be an absolute condition of morals, I argue it also has political implications, which are here drawn out through the link between the intractable and the body. In Lyotard’s later writings, the body is usually associated with an (...)
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  35.  10
    Of Cartesianism and Spiritual Exercises.Matteo J. Stettler & Matthew Sharpe - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (3):471-489.
    This article challenges the recurrent critique that Pierre Hadot’s identification of ancient philosophy with the practice of spiritual exercises introduces a non- or irrational dimension into metaphilosophy. The occasion to do this is provided by Kerem Eksen’s recent reading of Descartes’s Meditations as consisting of solely intellectual, rather than spiritual, exercises—since the latter, Eksen claims, involve extrarational means and ends. Part 2 presents an alternative account of the role of cognition in the ancient meditatio at issue in understanding Descartes’s antecedents. (...)
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  36.  4
    The Catastrophe to Come.Anthony Curtis Adler - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):365-383.
    Taking its departure from The Differend’s analysis of Auschwitz as a sign for the evental character of history, I argue that the looming ecological disaster we now face reveals both the continuing relevance and limits of Lyotard’s thought. While the form of political agency of the catastrophe to come involves a differend, this differend cannot be attached to a proper name, however problematic its mode of signification. This, however, suggests the even greater relevance of Lyotard’s treatment, in the conclusion of (...)
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  37.  2
    The Fox and the Hound.Nicole Anderson - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):417-428.
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  38.  7
    Nancy Tuana and Charles E. Scott, Beyond Philosophy: Nietzsche, Foucault, Anzaldúa.Walter Brogan - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):411-416.
  39.  3
    Trans-Genre Lyotard.Erin Graff Zivin - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):345-364.
    If Lyotard is correct to acknowledge the role of commentary in guarding the kernel of misunderstanding at the heart of the ethical phrase when he exclaims, “but isn’t this exactly what commentary does with ethics! It comments upon it as though it were a misunderstanding, and it thereby conserves in itself its own requirement that there be something ununderstood,” he does not account for that which a trans-generic or transmedial “commentary” might permit, what troubling, unanswerable questions it might raise, what (...)
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  40.  2
    Lyotard and the Trolls.Daniel Hoffman-Schwartz - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):261-286.
    The present article examines the contemporary stakes and “application” of The Differend with particular attention to neo-fascist denialism, trolling, and alt-right “free speech” discourse. This entails investigating the text’s own rhetorical performance as well as the shifting attitudes towards the sophistic tradition in The Differend and its precursor text, “On the Force of the Weak.” The article thus also takes up in detail three examples of the characteristic sophistic form of the dilemma or double-bind, two of which are drawn from (...)
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  41.  3
    Rereading The Differend, Rewriting The Differend.Daniel Hoffman-Schwartz - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):227-236.
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  42.  2
    Reiner Schürmann, Tomorrow the Manifold; Neo-Aristotelianism and the Medieval Renaissance; and The Philosophy of Nietzsche. [REVIEW]John W. M. Krummel - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):405-410.
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  43.  5
    Persuasion and Automation.Leonard Lawlor - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):429-440.
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  44.  2
    The Schema of Institution.Jacques Lezra - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):385-404.
    Regress threatens throughout Lyotard’s Differend, especially where the argument appears to make normative ethical or political claims. How a term, a case or an example “links onto” a phrase serves as a way of examining how instituting can be non-regressively grounded, and with what consequences for abstract political subjectivity. The essay offers an alternative to liberal philosophical and jurisprudential schemata of political institution.
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  45.  2
    Phrasing, Steining.Jan Mieszkowski - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):327-344.
    The thesis of this essay is that Gertrude Stein plays an important role in The Differend, the brevity of her appearance in the book notwithstanding. Scarcely one and a half pages long, Lyotard’s discussion of a string of quotations from Stein is the most sustained consideration of a female author in his text. Lyotard is intrigued by Stein’s efforts to conceive of la phrase less as a form or building block than an event—or rupture—of language. Characterizing her work as écriture (...)
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  46.  5
    Thirty Years in the Pharmacy.Michael Naas - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):441-453.
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  47.  3
    False Differends.Parisa Vaziri - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):237-259.
    The Holocaust serves as a foundational critical resource in postwar philosophy. Interventions into the logic of its exemplarity tend to treat exemplarity as a matter of archival selection that ignores earlier histories of genocide and slavery. A recent example is Alexander Weheliye’s critique of Giorgio Agamben, which seeks to restitute racial slavery as a theoretically significant moment of biological precarity. In a continuation of this logic, this essay introduces the history of Indian Ocean slavery, which precedes transatlantic slavery but is (...)
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  48.  4
    The Silences of Feeling.Naomi Waltham-Smith - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):287-306.
    In Le différend Lyotard evocatively describes what remains to be heard as “the silence of feeling.” Setting Lyotard’s différend among a differentiated set of incommensurable family resemblances, including Rancière’s mésentente and Derrida’s différance, this paper argues that le différend même, far from coinciding with itself, points to the re-marks and differs from itself, silencing itself by putting itself under a conditional. This is what gives its particular affective quality that is bound up with address and listening. From this perspective, it (...)
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  49.  4
    To Give the Differend Its Due.Simon Morgan Wortham - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (2):307-326.
    For Lyotard, “Auschwitz” is named only as the terrible sign of a differend. However, this paper argues that the dissymmetrical address alluded to in a 1993 lecture given by Lyotard for Amnesty, “The Other’s Rights,” makes possible an alternative legacy found in the very formation of civil politics which might itself “rephrase” this differend otherwise, transforming what may be termed “distress” into “rights” without recourse to the type of contractuality that would risk both repressing and compounding a “wrong” by seeking (...)
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  50.  5
    Living Existentially.Jennifer Mei Sze Ang - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):133-147.
    John Cooper and Pierre Hadot suggest that contemporary philosophy can no longer be regarded as a way of life as it has become an academic discipline of study that is theoretical and abstract. According to them, for philosophy to be considered a way of life, it has to be able to shape one’s understanding of the world, guide how one should respond from moment to moment, and reach an existential level in defining one’s being. In this article, I discuss how (...)
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  51.  3
    Comments on Gayle Salamon's The Life and Death of Latisha King. [REVIEW]Talia Mae Bettcher - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):191-198.
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  52.  6
    On Love and the Limits of Theory. [REVIEW]Alisa Bierria - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):207-215.
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  53.  1
    Revisiting an Old Quarrel.Jérôme de Gramont & Taylor Knight - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):167-181.
    In this article, the French philosopher Jérôme de Gramont evaluates the modes in which twentieth century philosophy and literature—from Heidegger and Derrida to Blanchot and Beckett—aim to think our being-in-the-world beyond the concept of “man” and without the genus of the human.
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  54.  3
    On “How” to Do African Philosophy in African Language.Maduka Enyimba - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):25-37.
    How should African philosophy be done in African Language? In response to this question, I engage Ngugi and Wiredu in their response to this language question in African philosophy. My aim is to appraise and extend their arguments by answering the question of “how” doing African philosophy in African language can be practically achieved. In this regard, I make a case for the creation of an indigenous cultural language that serves as a means of articulating, communicating and disseminating African philosophical (...)
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  55. Dionyseus Lyseus Reborn.Joshua M. Hall - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):57-74.
    Having elsewhere connected Walter Otto’s interpretation of Dionysus as a politically progressive deity to Huey P. Newton’s vision for the Black Panthers, I here expand this inquiry to a line of Otto-inspired scholarship. First, Alain Daniélou identifies Dionysus and Shiva as the dancing god of a democratic/decolonizing cult oppressed by tyrannical patriarchies. Arthur Evans sharpens this critique of sexism and heteronormativity, concluding that, as Dionysus’s chorus is to Greek tragedy, so Socrates’s circle is to Western philosophy. I thus call for (...)
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  56.  2
    Philosophy’s Persuasiveness of Death.Fiacha Heneghan - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):149-166.
    In his seminars on the death penalty, Derrida argues that Kant’s defense of that punishment is the most rigorous and systematically philosophical. For that same reason, he says, the arguments are especially vulnerable to deconstruction. I argue, in detail, that Derrida’s deconstruction fails if Kant’s distinction between the noumenal and the phenomenal is respected, which Derrida’s arguments do not specifically challenge. I close with some considerations for philosophical opponents of the death penalty. Derrida seeks a condemnation of capital punishment that (...)
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  57.  14
    Zen and Anarchy in Reiner Schürmann.John W. M. Krummel - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):115-132.
    This paper discusses Reiner Schürmann’s notions of ontological anarché and anarchic praxis in his readings of Heidegger and Eckhart, while bringing his philosophy of anarchy into dialogue with Zen-inspired Japanese thought. I thereby hope to shed light on his thought of anarchy in terms of what I call “an-ontology.” The inspiration for this project is the fact that Schürmann himself had practiced Zen as a young adult in France and had engaged in comparative analyses of Zen and Eckhart in his (...)
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  58.  5
    Review of Adriana Cavarero, Surging Democracy: Notes on Hannah Arendt’s Political Thought. [REVIEW]Paula Landerreche Cardillo - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):183-189.
  59.  1
    Prolegomena to Any Future Cosmology.Mukasa Mubirumusoke - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):39-55.
    This paper highlights the shortcomings of Georges Bataille’s writings in terms of his failure to address white supremacy and blackness by critically engaging and expanding his cosmological metaphor through the figure of the black hole. The sun is a timeless figure in the history of western thought as an epistemological and ontological metaphor. Bataille offers alternative cosmological interpretations whereby luxurious excess and waste aim to transfigure the traditions of metaphysics, ethics, and political economy. This paper confronts Bataille’s cosmologies and heliotropes (...)
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  60.  9
    Freedom Comes From the Outside.Jean-Luc Nancy, Marie-Eve Morin & Travis Holloway - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):1-11.
    On the one hand, freedom is said to be the property of a subject. On the other, freedom only happens in the space of being-in-common. Freedom, then, is the place of a conflict between the “self” and the “with,” between independence or autonomy and dependence or sharing. Resolving this apparent antinomy requires showing how the with ontologically constitutes the self. This, in turn, allows for a rethinking of freedom beyond what liberal democracy and political economy have to offer, as the (...)
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  61.  2
    Reflections on Gayle Salamon's The Life and Death of Latisha King. [REVIEW]Andrea Pitts - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):199-206.
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  62.  3
    Heaviness, Suffocation, Loneliness. [REVIEW]Gayle Salamon - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):217-226.
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  63.  7
    Descartes, the Savage, and the Barbarian.Peter Westmoreland - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):75-93.
    Philosophers struggle to identify a conception of race in Descartes’s philosophy. Yet, Descartes was not wholly silent on matters of foreign ethnicity and identity. This paper compares Descartes’s various statements on savages and barbarians, which have never been methodically analyzed. A tensive view emerges across several texts wherein Descartes asserts that all persons are rational while simultaneously presuming the epistemic inferiority of the foreign other construed as “savage” or “barbarous.” Further examination indicates that prejudice against this foreign other is endemic (...)
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  64.  1
    A Philology of Survival.Dominik Zechner - 2022 - Philosophy Today 66 (1):95-114.
    Focusing on the works of Theodor W. Adorno, Walter Benjamin, and particularly Werner Hamacher, this essay seeks to develop an understanding of “survival” as the medial condition of linguistic structures. In the course of the past century and beyond, the term “survival” has repeatedly been deployed in discussions around the ontological status of linguistic entities. Most prominently, Benjamin finds in “survival” the essence of what he calls “translatability.” He decidedly puts the term in quotations marks to signal its linguistic nature, (...)
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  65.  8
    Poetry and Survival.Timothy Stock - 2022 - Philosophy Today.
    I propose a critique of Heidegger’s poetics, and show that poetic critique of Heidegger is also philosophical critique on Lévinasian lines. I identify an obsessional erasure of absence in Heidegger’s poetics, a neglect of the immemorial other. Lévinas frames this critique through Valéry’s Eupalinos, a dialogue of an immemorial Socrates, in Limbo after his own death, praising architecture over his own, lost, philosophy. Separating poetics from ontology, Lévinas’s immemorial acknowledges irrecuperable traces, murmurs, or echoes of alterity; poetry, as commemoration, marks (...)
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