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  1.  6
    The “Man of Desire” or the “Man of Labor”?Vilde Lid Aavitsland - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):935-940.
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  2.  3
    Christianities and the Culture (Wars) of Victimhood.Jason W. Alvis - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):881-898.
    Some of the most powerful persons today are those most successful at convincing others they have the greatest claim to victimhood. This new, socio-political shift marks the rise of what recently has been called “victimhood culture.” This article addresses how certain Christian theological views on God’s wrath, along with differing appropriations of the church’s collective victimhood both have played significant roles in generating a “culture war of victimhood”—a mode of conflict in which individuals and parties fight for the status of (...)
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  3.  6
    Rethinking Victimhood: Phenomenology, Religion, and the Human Condition.Jason W. Alvis & Ludger Hagedorn - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):767-772.
    How we use our own victimhood and that of others has been changing in recent years. Today it may be used to decry an injustice of violence, to garner attention to our causes, to command a unique moral and ecclesial authority, or even to gain advantage over other groups. The many possible uses of victimhood lead us to study phenomenologically its influence upon our human condition, considering especially its cultural manifestations, and religious underpinnings. The contributions investigate the topic through four (...)
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  4.  6
    Resisting “Forgiveness Oppression”.Bruce Ellis Benson - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):863-879.
    Victims of abuse and violence are often pressured to forgive their perpetrators. The idea of unconditional forgiveness—forgiveness granted regardless of apology, remorse, or change of behavior—has become a norm for many in the west and those who refuse to forgive are often seen as resentful and bitter. Yet those imploring forgiveness are often the powerful and those asked to forgive are often minorities who have comparatively little power. Since forgiveness in western culture derives from Jesus’s teachings, I return to those (...)
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  5.  1
    Desire in and Beyond Liberalism.Miguel de Beistegui - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):951-970.
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  6.  8
    Étienne Balibar, On Universals: Constructing and Deconstructing Community.Ekin Erkan - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):971-978.
    Review of Etienne Balibar's On Universals with an eye towards Balibar's Hegelianism and work on translation.
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  7.  2
    Vincent Blok, Heidegger’s Concept of Philosophical Method: Innovating Philosophy in the Age of Global Warming.Lorenzo Girardi - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):979-984.
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  8.  7
    Victimhood in Bataille‘s Reading of Sade and in Popular Sovereignty.James Griffith - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):789-805.
    This article reveals three aspects of victimhood in Bataille’s reading of Sade (of the other, of the self, and Sade’s language) and relates them to some of Bataille’s metaphysical and political notions: the impossible, the general and the restricted economy, sovereignty, and transgression. Doing so shows a progressive simplification of possibilities for transgression from the pre-Christian world to that of popular sovereignty, i.e., the sovereignty of the crowd, the latter leaving open one avenue for transgression: Sadean victimhood. The article then (...)
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  9.  3
    Victimhood in Bataille‘s Reading of Sade and in Popular Sovereignty.James Griffith - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):789-805.
    This article reveals three aspects of victimhood in Bataille’s reading of Sade (of the other, of the self, and Sade’s language) and relates them to some of Bataille’s metaphysical and political notions: the impossible, the general and the restricted economy, sovereignty, and transgression. Doing so shows a progressive simplification of possibilities for transgression from the pre-Christian world to that of popular sovereignty, i.e., the sovereignty of the crowd, the latter leaving open one avenue for transgression: Sadean victimhood. The article then (...)
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  10.  7
    Can Victims Make Sense of Trauma?Tamsin Jones - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):847-861.
    This article reflects on the borders between sense and non-sense in order to think about the meaning of a particular kind of non-sense: traumatic violence. What does it mean for a victim of traumatic violence to make sense of it? Bringing together the discourses of phenomenology and trauma theory this article demonstrates the way in which traumatic violence, as a limit case of the phenomenal, can be brought into meaning without being reduced to an object of knowledge.
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  11.  3
    The Child Victim in Andrey Tarkovsky’s Ivan's Childhood.Alexander Kozin - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):917-933.
    In this article I examine Andrei Tarkovsky’s 1962 film Ivan’s Childhood. The film tells a story about a twelve-year old Russian boy, whose family was killed by the Germans at the onset of WWII. Orphaned and dispossessed, Ivan began to scout for the Soviet troops. Eventually, he was captured, tortured and executed by the Gestapo. Using a wide gamut of mythopoetic “articulations,” in this film, Tarkovsky shows how Ivan’s victimization affected him beyond repair, leading to the erosion of his child (...)
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  12.  2
    Becoming a Victim.Marguerite La Caze - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):899-916.
    Euzhan Palcy’s film A Dry White Season, set in apartheid South Africa, portrays a resistance not intended to lead to victimhood, yet leads to the death of the Afrikaans protagonist, Benjamin Du Toit. The narrative follows Ben as they are educated about Black South Africans’ suffering under apartheid, their growing activism and simultaneous increasing victimization beside that of their Black friends. I first examine how early political critics of the film thought it stressed the victimization of the white character at (...)
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  13.  1
    Comments on Miguel De Beistegui’s The Government of Desire: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject.Kevin Thompson - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):941-950.
  14.  3
    On the Repeatable Human Victim and Perpetrator in Genocide.Noëlle Vahanian - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):829-846.
    This article is concerned with how we meet the victim of genocide in the middle of experience. François Laruelle, in Théorie générale des victimes, suggests that to think the victim is a work of resurrection rather than remembrance. To think the victim should allow us to recognize that the victim, especially the victim for who they are as such, is always human in the last instance—a repeatable victim. With this thesis, the article begins with the definition of the crime of (...)
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  15.  2
    Authentic Ressentiment?Sjoerd van Tuinen - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):807-827.
    Following Nietzsche, we can discern two types of therapeutical voice on ressentiment, which find themselves in a polemical relation to one another: The philosopher and the priest. In this paper, I turn to a third polemical voice, embodied by Jean Améry, namely that of the victim who bears witness to his own ressentiment. A dialectical reconstruction of this standpoint within the polemical triangle contributes to the Améry reception in three ways: It is no longer necessary to justify his tactlessness through (...)
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  16.  5
    Karen Ng, Hegel’s Concept of Life: Self-Consciousness, Freedom, Logic.Karl von der Luft - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):985-987.
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  17.  2
    Sartre and the Transformation of Victimhood in Saint Genet.Ruud Welten - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (4):773-788.
    In this contribution, a poetical transformation of victimhood is explored as described by Jean-Paul Sartre in his Saint Genet, a study of the writer Jean Genet. First, the question is answered what Sartre, who famously wrote “There are no innocent victims,” has to say about victimhood. Second, an outline is given of the context of Jean Genet’s work and the role he plays in Sartre’s thinking. There is a clear line from Sartre’s earlier study of Baudelaire to Saint Genet. Both (...)
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  18.  12
    The Ontic Gift.Alina Achenbach - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):465-484.
    Much of modern technology critique inherits Heidegger’s ontico-ontological distinction. In this paper, following Stiegler’s linking of the ontic to the transgenerational, I argue that Heidegger leaves the materiality of technics as a potential site for difference in the wake. Put differently, Heidegger “declines the gift of the ontic,” instead constructing an order of an imagined Graeco-German inheritance—a culturally and linguistically specific “saving-power” against the ills of modern technology. Through Derrida’s inheritance of Heidegger’s work—marked by a different language and positionality—I reconsider (...)
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  19.  19
    Sartre’s Affective Turn.Ellie Anderson - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):709-726.
    Jean-Paul Sartre’s theory of “the look” has generally been understood as an argument for the impossibility of mutual recognition between consciousnesses. Being-looked-at reveals me as an object for the other, but I can never grasp this object that I am. I argue here that the chapter “The Look” in Being and Nothingness has been widely misunderstood, causing many to dismiss Sartre’s view unfairly. Like Hegel’s account of recognition, Sartre’s “look” is meant as a theory of successful mutual recognition that proves (...)
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  20.  12
    Habermas’s Interpretation of Arendt in The Future of Human Nature.Michael J. Bennett - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):727-745.
    This article responds to several liberal bioethicists’ criticisms of Jürgen Habermas’s The Future of Human Nature by placing it in the context of his intellectual influences and career-spanning theorization of communicative rationality. In particular, I argue that Habermas’s critics have not grasped his interpretation of Hannah Arendt’s concept of natality. Far from merely ventriloquizing his friend and teacher, Habermas distinguishes his construal of that concept from Arendt’s, which he presents as a naturalistic foil to his concerns about the potential ethical (...)
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  21.  13
    The Pluralist Revolt.Lawrence Cahoone - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):747-765.
    Post–World War Two philosophy in America has been divided into the mainstream of analytic philosophy and a family of nonanalytic schools of thought, for example, continental philosophy and American pragmatism. The current balance of power among these perspectives reflects an event that occurred forty years ago: the “Pluralist Revolt” at the 1979 APA Eastern Division Meetings. What follows is a progress report on the Revolt’s hopes. The tale has something to do with the recent history of philosophy, Richard Rorty, truth, (...)
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  22.  9
    Para-Sitos.Valeria Campos Salvaterra - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):637-653.
    The aim of this article is to show how, through Derrida, the concept of unconditional hospitality can be understood through a logic of the parasite. In a supplementary chain that leads to the figure of the parasite, I first knot two main concepts: hospitality and unconditionality. Then I explore the knotting itself through two theoretical articulations discussed by Derrida in many of his text on the work of mourning and the altered constitution of ipseity. Finally, I will arrive at the (...)
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  23.  12
    Digital Avatars.Franco Faccennini - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):599-617.
    Ever since Facebook appeared circa 2004, social network sites have gained more and more presence and importance in our daily lives. At the very core of SNS lies the necessity to create a profile; this profile becomes our digital persona or our digital avatar. Since what we do online matters and ever increasingly affects the offline world, our online identity becomes in turn increasingly important. But how does our personal identity—how do we—relate to our digital avatars? This paper explores the (...)
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  24.  18
    Beyond the Minimal Self.Di Huang - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):691-708.
    This article reconstructs Sartre’s theory of selfhood against the background of the contemporary debate between minimal-self theories and narrative-self theories. I argue that Sartre’s theory incorporates both an emphasis on the singular first-person perspective, which is characteristic of minimal-self theories, and an emphasis on the practical intelligibility of experience, which is characteristic of narrative-self theories. The distinctiveness of the Sartrean combination of these motifs consists in its idea of the necessary ideal-relatedness of consciousness. According to Sartre, the logical structure of (...)
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  25.  8
    Black Mirrors.Nidesh Lawtoo - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):523-547.
    Reflections on mimesis have tended to be restricted to aesthetic fictions in the past century; yet the proliferation of new digital technologies in the present century is currently generating virtual simulations that increasingly blur the line between aesthetic representations and embodied realities. Building on a recent mimetic turn, or re-turn of mimesis in critical theory, this paper focuses on the British science fiction television series, Black Mirror to reflect critically on the hypermimetic impact of new digital technologies on the formation (...)
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  26.  29
    A Digital Picture to Hold Us Captive? A Flusserian Interpretation of Misinformation Sharing on Social Media.Lavinia Marin - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):485–504.
    In this article I investigate online misinformation from a media philosophy perspective. I, thus move away from the debate focused on the semantic content, concerned with what is true or not about misinformation. I argue rather that online misinformation is the effect of an informational climate promoted by user micro-behaviours such as liking, sharing, and posting. Misinformation online is explained as the effect of an informational environment saturated with and shaped by techno-images in which most users act automatically under the (...)
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  27.  15
    The Algorithmic Disruption of Workplace Solidarity.Darian Meacham & Francesco Tava - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):571-598.
    This paper examines the development and technological mediation of the concept of solidarity. We focus on the workplace as a focal point of solidarity relations, and utilise a phenomenological approach to describe and analyse those relations. Workplace solidarity, which has been historically concretised through social objects such as labor unions, is of particular political relevance since it has played an outsize role in the broader struggle for social, economic, and political rights, recognition, and equality. We argue that the use of (...)
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  28.  14
    The “New” Materialisms of Jacques Lacan and Judith Butler.Gavin Rae - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):655-672.
    This article defends Jacques Lacan and Judith Butler against the long-standing but recently reiterated charge that they affirm a linguistic idealism or foundationalism. First outlining the parameters of Lacan’s thinking on this topic through his comments on the materiality inherent in the imaginary, symbolic, real schema to show that he offers an account built around the tension between the real and symbolic, I then move to Butler to argue that she more coherently identifies the parameters of the problem before offering (...)
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  29.  10
    An-Arche and Indifference.Malte Fabian Rauch - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):619-636.
    This essay explores Giorgio Agamben’s engagement with Reiner Schürmann, focusing in particular on their ontological understanding of anarchy. Setting out from the lacuna in the literature on this issue, it gives a close reading of the passages where Agamben addresses Schürmann, interrogates the role of of arche in Agamben’s works and links his interest in Schürmann to his long-standing critique of Derrida. Tracing these issues through Agamben’s and Schürmann’s texts, it becomes apparent that both authors operate with a strikingly similar (...)
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  30.  11
    Silicon Valley Goes to War.Elke Schwarz - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):549-569.
    Across the world, militaries are racing to acquire and develop new capabilities based on the latest in machine learning, neural networks, and artificial intelligence. In this paper, I argue that the shift into military AI is shaping human behaviour in heretofore unacknowledged and morally significant ways. Following Anders, I argue that as the human becomes digitally co-machinistic, they are compelled to adopt a logic of speed and optimisation in their ethical reasoning. The consequence of this is a form a moral (...)
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  31.  5
    Kristeva Vis-À-Vis Hegel.Dylan Shaul - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):673-690.
    This article reconstructs and compares Kristeva’s account of psychoanalytic interpretation as a practice of forgiveness with Hegel’s account of the origin of Absolute Knowing in the forgiveness constitutive of mutual recognition. An emphasis on homologies between the memory-work of Kristevan psychoanalysis and the recollective process of Hegelian Absolute Knowing elicits deeper affinities between Kristeva and Hegel than have previously been supposed. Both Kristevan and Hegelian forgiveness operate as the healing of an originary guilt, achieved through the verbal confession and examination (...)
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  32.  13
    The Ideology of AI.Leonardo Sias - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):505-522.
    This paper criticises the ideological dimension of the AI narrative. It does so by questioning the implicit assumptions behind its vision, which promises a world that automatically adapts to our desires before we even know them. These assumptions hinge on a misconception of the value of desire as residing exclusively with its fulfilment, warranting human manipulation for increased predictability. This social trajectory towards algorithmic governance, rather than delivering on the promised fulfilment, undermines our capacity to sustain the same desire that (...)
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  33.  6
    Technology and Society.Massimiliano Simons, Mauritz Kelchtermans & Lode Lauwaert - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):459-464.
    It is commonly accepted that technology and society have always been intertwined. The question is rather how we should understand that relation. This introduction to the special issue ‘Technology and Society’ gives a brief overview of the history of the questions related to this intertwinement. The special issue consists of six essays, emanating from presentations at the 2019 conference on Technology and Society at the Institute of Philosophy, KU Leuven. It was organized by the Working Group on Philosophy of Technology, (...)
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  34.  17
    Homo Animalis, a Japanese Futurism.Hiroki Azuma & Yuk Hui - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):401-408.
    In this dialogue, Hiroki Azuma discusses with Yuk Hui about the perception of technology in Japan after the defeat in the Second World War, from the Kyoto School to the postmodern critics, and the ambivalent conflicts between the modern and the tradition. The postmodern culture has a different signification in Japan than in the West as well as in other parts of Asia. Azuma documents the rise of the Otaku culture in Japan, and calls them “database animals,” a thesis that (...)
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  35.  12
    On Necropolitics and Techno-Scotosis.Babette Babich - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):305-324.
    To talk about automation and invisibility in our digitally projected world, I argue the case for the “cancelled” or lost voices of postphenomenology such as, most notably, Günther Anders. Reflecting on Nietzsche as on the role of GPS for location and for dating services like Grindr, I take up Nietzschean humanism including the fragility of his portable brass typing ball, latterly not unlike daisy wheel printer technologies and the programmed death of ink jet printers. With a casual reflection on pocket (...)
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  36.  13
    Jacques Derrida, Life Death. [REVIEW]Jonathan Basile - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):409-415.
  37.  11
    Heidegger and the Automatic Earth Image.Howard Caygill - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):325-338.
    The article reflects on Heidegger’s admission in the 1966 Spiegel Interview that he was shocked by images of the Earth taken from space. It asks what these images were and shows that far from testifying to the encounter of planetary technics and the modern human they evince the meeting between an improvised automated technology of image capture and contingency.
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  38.  6
    Invitations to Multiplicity.Jessica S. Elkayam - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):433-440.
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  39.  8
    John McCumber, The Philosophy Scare: The Politics of Reason in the Early Cold War.Jeffrey Epstein - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):417-423.
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  40.  8
    Not-Being-at-Ease.Jennifer Gammage - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):441-448.
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  41.  5
    John E. Drabinski, Glissant and the Middle Passage.Miguel Gualdron Ramirez - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):425-431.
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  42.  23
    On the Limit of Artificial Intelligence.Yuk Hui - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):339-357.
    This article asks how can we articulate the limit of artificial intelligence, which virtually has no limit? Or maybe the definition of AI already implies its limit, how Marvin Minsky once declared that there is no generally accepted theory of intelligence, and that AI is only one particular way of modelling it. This article revisits the debate between Minsky and Hubert Dreyfus and repositions them in terms of an opposition between mechanism and organism, in order to expose the limit of (...)
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  43.  11
    Introduction: Philosophy After Automation?Yuk Hui - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):217-233.
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  44.  39
    The Artifact of Non-Humanity A Materialist Account of the Signifying Automaton and Its Physical Support in a Fantasized Unity.Katerina Kolozova - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):359-374.
    The scope of the paper is to present the concept of the radical dyad of the “non-human,” in an attempt to think radical humanity in terms of Marxian materialism, which is the product of approaching Marx’s writings on “the real” and “the physical” by way of François Laruelle’s non-philosophical method. Unlike posthumanism, inspired by critical theory and the method of poststructuralism, the theory of the non-human, as a radical dyad of technology in the generic sense of the word (ranging from (...)
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  45.  10
    Towards Idiodiversity.Michał Krzykawski - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):265-287.
    This article discusses translation as a technique of doing philosophy and introduces the concept of idiodiversity as an alternative to the current model of automated translation machines. The dominant functionalist approach to technology has made these machines the agents of linguistic homogenisation, which constitutes a threat for the diversity of idiomatic open systems this article advocates for. However, as this article argues, the challenge is not merely to accuse automated translation technologies of impoverishing the knowledge of how to translate but, (...)
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  46.  10
    Landscapes of Technological Thoughts.Pieter Lemmens & Yuk Hui - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):375-389.
    In this dialogue with Yuk Hui, Pieter Lemmens explains the discipline called philosophy of technology and gives a concise overview of the most important contemporary approaches within this field. He also offers a critical evaluation of what are probably the two most salient characteristics of contemporary philosophy of technology, the so-called “empirical turn” and the “ethical turn,” which are deeply related and partly reflect the discipline’s on-going alignment with the global neoliberal agenda of exclusively profit-driven technological innovation. He also critically (...)
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  47.  11
    The Automation of Philosophy or the Game of Induction.Anna Longo - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):289-303.
    In order to think of philosophy after automation, we have to ask if there is more in philosophy than the process of learning what philosophy is by inducing, from actual inferential practices, the future possible moves that are believed to produce philosophical truths. In the same way as the production of scientific hypothesis has been automated like a self-updating process which entails schemas of decisions and actions, philosophy itself, once conceived as a game where the truth of the statements is (...)
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  48.  14
    Automation, Alteration.Jean-Luc Nancy & Daniel Ross - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):235-240.
    Is “philosophy after automation” a theme or a question? One might hesitate about this, because we may wonder whether or not it implies that philosophy could disappear after automation, or at least be subject to serious revision. Philosophy could be read as a historical movement towards self-determination [autodétermination] as well as the exposition of the limit of such a program of archi-autonomy. The Cartesian event is essentially ambivalent, and man alone in the world is undoubtedly also the one who can (...)
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  49.  18
    In-Between-Worlds and Re-Membering.Mariana Ortega - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):449-458.
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  50.  18
    Elements for a Neganthropology of Automatic Man.Bernard Stiegler & Daniel Ross - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):241-264.
    Ours is an age of general automation. The factory that produced proletarians now extends to the biosphere; consequently, disautomatization is needed, which is the real meaning of autonomy. Autonomy and automatism must be reconceived as a composition rather than an opposition. Knowledge depends on hypomnesic automatisms that open up the possibility of what Socrates called “thinking for oneself”; digitalization thus requires a new epistemology that entails questions of political and libidinal economy. Today, automatization serves the autonomization of technics more than (...)
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  51.  62
    For a Strategic Primitivism.Eduardo Viveiros de Castro & Yuk Hui - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (2):391-400.
    In this dialogue with Yuk Hui, Eduardo Viveiros de Castro discusses his work on the Amerindian perspectivism, multinaturalism; the relation between nature, culture and technics in his ethnographic studies; as well as the necessity of a non-anthropocentric definition of technology. He also discusses a haunting futurism of ecological crisis and automation of the Anthropocene, and explores a “strategic primitivism” as survival tool.
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  52.  7
    Distant Poverty, Human Vulnerability, and the African Ethics of Character.Ronald Olufemi Badru - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):1-19.
    This African moral framework discusses distant poverty as human vulnerability. Contextually, if vulnerability means human frailty, relative to some opposing facts of life, and that poverty makes the human person frail, relative to some largely unrealized/unrealizable desirables without assistance, then distant poverty as human vulnerability invariably connects, significantly, with poor dependency: poor people are vulnerable as dependent on the assisting other. Some fundamental questions arise: 1) What is the ontology of distant poverty as human vulnerability? 2) In what ways does (...)
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  53.  13
    The Body a Guiding Thread.Ali Beheler - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):69-88.
    Despite a shared recognition of the significant contribution of corporeality to normative phenomena such as agency, it is rare for Nietzsche scholarship on naturalism and agency to include explicit employment of so-called “new materialist” approaches to agency. In an effort to show the fecundity of such an employment, I apply Diana Coole’s notion of a spectrum of distributed agentic capacities to a reading of passages within Nietzsche’s genealogy of the subject. I suggest that doing so helps to emphasize the significant (...)
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  54.  12
    Unseen Wounds.Fabian Bernhardt - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):21-36.
    Philosophical interest in vulnerability focusses mainly on normative questions concerning its relevance for moral, political and legal theory. However, beneath these questions there lies another one which is epistemological: How do we gain clear knowledge about another person’s pain and suffering? How do we recognize a wounded life? Drawing primarily on the account of Elaine Scarry, the article aims at showing that the difficulties to apprehend and recognize a life as injured are not only grounded in political and cultural frames, (...)
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  55.  9
    Weak Action.Jan Bierhanzl - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):37-47.
    The notion of “weak action” is developed in this paper in an attempt to overcome the schism between the action of a free political subject on the one hand, and their dependency on the support of others and the environment on the other. This paper focuses foremost on Judith Butler’s later work raising two different questions. First, following Butler and her critical reading of Levinas, the problem is raised how and at what price the ethics of vulnerability would be able (...)
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  56.  7
    Simon Critchley, Tragedy, the Greeks, and Us.Andrew J. Cooper - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):211-215.
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  57.  31
    Political New Sincerity and Profilicity.Paul J. D’Ambrosio & Hans-Georg Moeller - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):105-123.
    The past few years have seen a dramatic backlash against identity politics from academics such as Michael Sandel, Kwame Appiah, Mark Lilla, and Francis Fukuyama. In the vocabulary of identity conceptions, we can classify this as a reaction to a growing dissatisfaction with the perceived hollowness and ineffectiveness of “authenticity” that calls for a return to “sincerity”—or a “Political New Sincerity.” We argue that a third identity paradigm is in play as well, namely “profilicity.” This profile-based approach to understanding oneself, (...)
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  58.  20
    Phenomenology with Big-Hearted Reason.Kadir Filiz, Claude Romano & Christina M. Gschwandtner - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):183-200.
    In this interview, Claude Romano discusses his phenomenological project of the event in relation to hermeneutics, reason, realism, and some other fundamental problems of phenomenology. He explains common themes in his phenomenological project and elucidates why he considers it important to leave behind the transcendental perspective in phenomenology. He distinguishes his descriptive realism from other realist movements in contemporary French philosophy. The interview also questions the Eurocentric orientation of many phenomenological authors and considers the possibility of going beyond such assumptions (...)
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  59.  9
    Thinking the Event in Heidegger’s “Black Notebooks”.Sebastiano Galanti Grollo - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):89-104.
    In this essay I examine the concept of the “event” in Heideggerian thought, with particular reference to the first volume of the Black Notebooks, which is contemporaneous with Contributions to Philosophy and Notes III from the fourth volume. At issue are the concepts of “event”, “essential unfolding”, and “expropriation”, which assume considerable importance in the mid-1930s. Through his treatment of the event, Heidegger reinterprets being as an alterity with respect to beings and to Dasein, in that being withdraws and conceals (...)
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  60.  9
    Epistrophe and Metanoia in the History of Philosophy.Pierre Hadot & Andrew Irvine - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):201-210.
    Crucial in Pierre Hadot’s account of ancient philosophy as a way of life is the phenomenon of conversion. Well before he encountered some of the decisive influences upon his understanding of philosophy, Hadot already understood ancient philosophy and its long legacy in later thinkers of the West as much more than a formal discourse. Philosophy is an experience, or at least the exploration and articulation of a potential for experience. The energy of this potential originates in a polar tension between (...)
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  61.  7
    “Translation” as Metaphor and as Task.Ulrike Kistner - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):125-143.
    The distinct role of the concept metaphor of “translation” in psychoanalysis has been obscured. It has generally been considered in conjunction if not synonymy with metaphors of “writing/graphy,” leaving it theoretically underdetermined. Its distinct role went largely unnoticed, moreover, since Freud himself dropped the concept metaphor of translation from his work after 1900. However, this did not prevent it from re-surfacing in a pivotal role in Jean Laplanche’s structural-linguistic accounts of “the drive to translate” and of the translation model of (...)
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  62.  17
    The “Relations of Affect” and “the Spiritual”.Brian Lightbody - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):163-181.
    In his book Foucault and Religion, Jeremy Carrette presents a compelling argument against Foucault’s genealogical method (what he terms “relations of force”). In brief, Carrette holds that while Foucault’s genealogical method effectively unmasked the origins of “rationality” and “madness,” it was less successful when explaining the materialization of “the spiritual.” Foucault’s analysis of spiritual practices is at best functional and, according to Carrette, fails to explain the psychophysical state of subjects engaged in religious customs. In the following paper, I argue (...)
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  63.  9
    Human Rights and the Vulnerability of Rights-Bearers.Diana Tietjens Meyers - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):49-67.
    I seek to understand the relationship between human vulnerability and human rights as something more than a problem that respect for human rights solves. After characterizing vulnerability and noting that human rights are generally regarded as entitlements that respect the dignity of persons by securing their autonomous agency, I draw out the implications of these premises. I argue that human vulnerabilities are constitutive of the capacity for autonomous agency and therefore that the circumstances of respect for persons must include persons’ (...)
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  64.  12
    A Physics of Thought.Florian Vermeiren - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (1):145-162.
    In What Is Philosophy? Deleuze and Guattari understand concepts in a very unconventional way. One of the central aspects of their theory is that concepts are self-referential and should not be understood in terms of any form of reference or representation. Instead, concepts are complex “assemblages” interacting on a “plane of immanence.” I argue that we can best understand this theory through the philosophy of Spinoza. The latter understands thought and ideas through the model of physical bodies. Spinoza’s theory of (...)
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