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Anna Wierzbicka
Australian National University
  1. Semantics: Primes and Universals.Anna Wierzbicka - 1996 - Oxford University Press.
    Conceptual primitives and semantic universals are the cornerstones of a semantic theory which Anna Wierzbicka has been developing for many years. Semantics: Primes and Universals is a major synthesis of her work, presenting a full and systematic exposition of that theory in a non-technical and readable way. It delineates a full set of universal concepts, as they have emerged from large-scale investigations across a wide range of languages undertaken by the author and her colleagues. On the basis of empirical cross-linguistic (...)
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  2.  33
    Language and Metalanguage: Key Issues in Emotion Research.Anna Wierzbicka - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (1):3-14.
    Building on the author's earlier work, this paper argues that language is a key issue in understanding human emotions and that treating English emotion terms as valid analytical tools continues to be a roadblock in the study of emotions. Further, it shows how the methodology developed by the author and colleagues, known as NSM (from Natural Semantic Metalanguage), allows us to break free of the “shackles” (Barrett, 2006) of English psychological terms and explore human emotions from a culture-independent perspective. The (...)
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  3.  53
    The Semantics of Grammar.Anna Wierzbicka - 1988 - John Benjamins.
    Introduction 1. Language and meaning Nothing is as easily overlooked, or as easily forgotten, as the most obvious truths. The tenet that language is a tool ...
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  4.  18
    Defining Emotion Concepts.Anna Wierzbicka - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (4):539-581.
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  5. The Meaning of Color Terms: Semantics, Culture, and Cognition.Anna Wierzbicka - 1990 - Cognitive Linguistics 1 (1):99-150.
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  6.  11
    Indirect Reports and Pragmatics in the World Languages.Alessandro Capone, Una Stojnic, Ernie Lepore, Denis Delfitto, Anne Reboul, Gaetano Fiorin, Kenneth A. Taylor, Jonathan Berg, Herbert L. Colston, Sanford C. Goldberg, Edoardo Lombardi Vallauri, Cliff Goddard, Anna Wierzbicka, Magdalena Sztencel, Sarah E. Duffy, Alessandra Falzone, Paola Pennisi, Péter Furkó, András Kertész, Ágnes Abuczki, Alessandra Giorgi, Sona Haroutyunian, Marina Folescu, Hiroko Itakura, John C. Wakefield, Hung Yuk Lee, Sumiyo Nishiguchi, Brian E. Butler, Douglas Robinson, Kobie van Krieken, José Sanders, Grazia Basile, Antonino Bucca, Edoardo Lombardi Vallauri & Kobie van Krieken (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
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  7.  55
    Talking About Emotions: Semantics, Culture, and Cognition.Anna Wierzbicka - 1992 - Cognition and Emotion 6 (3-4):285-319.
  8.  24
    Russian Cultural Scripts: The Theory of Cultural Scripts and Its Applications.Anna Wierzbicka - 2002 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 30 (4):401-432.
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  9.  40
    Is Pain a Human Universal? A Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Cultural Perspective on Pain.Anna Wierzbicka - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):307-317.
    Pain is a global problem whose social, economic, and psychological costs are immeasurable. It is now seen as the most common reason why people seek medical (including psychiatric) care. But what is pain? This article shows that the discourse of pain tends to suffer from the same problems of ethnocentrism and obscurity as the discourse of emotions in general. Noting that in the case of pain, the costs of miscommunication are particularly high, this article offers a new paradigm for communicating (...)
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  10.  22
    A Conceptual Basis for Cultural Psychology.Anna Wierzbicka - 1993 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 21 (2):205-231.
  11.  18
    Japanese Cultural Scripts: Cultural Psychology and “Cultural Grammar”.Anna Wierzbicka - 1996 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 24 (3):527-555.
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  12.  71
    On Emotions and on Definitions: A Response to Izard.Anna Wierzbicka - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):379-380.
    This commentary argues that the question of metalanguage is a key issue in emotion research. Izard (2010) ignores this issue (and all the earlier literature relating to it, including the debate in Emotion Review, 2009, 1[1]), and thus falls into the old traps of circularity, obscurity, and ethnocentrism. This commentary rejects Izard’s claim that “emotion” defies definition, and it offers a viable definition of “emotion” formulated in simple and universal human concepts, using the English version of the universal conceptual lingua (...)
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  13.  17
    Emotion and Culture: Arguing with Martha Nussbaum.Anna Wierzbicka - 2003 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 31 (4):577-600.
  14.  22
    The Semantics of Human Facial Expressions.Anna Wierzbicka - 2000 - Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (1):147-184.
    This paper points out that a major shift of paradigm is currently going on in the study of the human face and it seeks to articulate and to develop the fundamental assumptions underlying this shift. The main theses of the paper are: 1) Facial expressions can convey meanings comparable to the meanings of verbal utterances. 2) Semantic analysis (whether of verbal utterances or of facial expressions) must distinguish between the context-independent invariant and its contextual interpretations. 3) Certain components of facial (...)
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  15.  24
    ""Why" Kill" Does Not Mean" Cause to Die": The Semantics of Action Sentences.Anna Wierzbicka - 1975 - Foundations of Language 13 (4):491-528.
  16.  15
    Empirical Universals of Language as a Basis for the Study of Other Human Universals and as a Tool for Exploring Cross‐Cultural Differences.Anna Wierzbicka - 2005 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 33 (2):256-291.
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  17.  1
    Right and Wrong: From Philosophy to Everyday Discourse.Anna Wierzbicka - 2002 - Discourse Studies 4 (2):225-252.
    One of the most interesting phenomena in the history of the English language is the remarkable rise of the word right, in its many interrelated senses and uses. This article tries to trace the changes in the meaning and use of this word, as well as the rise of new conversational routines based on right, and raises questions about the cultural underpinnings of these semantic and pragmatic developments. It explores the hypothesis that the `discourse of truth' declined in English over (...)
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  18.  3
    Japanese Cultural Scripts: Cultural Psychology and "Cultural Grammar".Anna Wierzbicka - 1996 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 24 (3):527-555.
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  19.  17
    Russian Emotional Expression.Anna Wierzbicka - 1998 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 26 (4):456-483.
  20.  51
    Introduction: The Body in Description of Emotion.N. J. Enfield & Anna Wierzbicka - 2002 - Pragmatics and Cognition 10 (1):1-26.
    Anthropologists and linguists have long been aware that the body is explicitly referred to in conventional description of emotion in languages around the world. There is abundant linguistic data showing expression of emotions in terms of their imagined ¿locus¿ in the physical body. The most important methodological issue in the study of emotions is language, for the ways people talk give us access to ¿folk descriptions¿ of the emotions. ¿Technical terminology¿, whether based on English or otherwise, is not excluded from (...)
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  21.  12
    Reading Human Faces: Emotion Components and Universal Semantics.Anna Wierzbicka - 1993 - Pragmatics and Cognition 1 (1):1-23.
    It is widely believed that there are some emotions which are universally associated with distinctive facial expressions and that one can recognize, universally, an angry face, a happy face, a sad face, and so on. The "basic emotions " are believed to be part of the biological makeup of human species and to be therefore "hardwired". In contrast to this view, Or tony and Turner have suggested that it is not emotions but some components of emotions which are universally linked (...)
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  22.  8
    The Semantics of Human Facial Expressions.Anna Wierzbicka - 2000 - Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (1):147-183.
    This paper points out that a major shift of paradigm is currently going on in the study of the human face and it seeks to articulate and to develop the fundamental assumptions underlying this shift. The main theses of the paper are: 1) Facial expressions can convey meanings comparable to the meanings of verbal utterances. 2) Semantic analysis must distinguish between the context-independent invariant and its contextual interpretations. 3) Certain components of facial behavior do have constant context-independent meanings. 4) The (...)
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  23.  80
    “Universals of Colour” From a Linguistic Point of View.Anna Wierzbicka - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):724-725.
    Saunders and van Brakel's observation that “linguistic evidence provides no grounds for the universality of basic color categories” also applies to the concept of “colour” itself. The language of “seeing” is rooted in human experience, and its basic frame of reference is provided by the universal rhythm of “light” days and “dark” nights and by the fundamental and visually salient features of human environment: the sky, the sun, vegetation, fire, the sea, the naked earth.
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  24.  5
    Introduction: The Body in Description of Emotion.N. J. Enfield & Anna Wierzbicka - 2002 - Pragmatics and Cognition 10 (1-2):1-25.
    Anthropologists and linguists have long been aware that the body is explicitly referred to in conventional description of emotion in languages around the world. There is abundant linguistic data showing expression of emotions in terms of their imagined ‘locus’ in the physical body. The most important methodological issue in the study of emotions is language, for the ways people talk give us access to ‘folk descriptions’ of the emotions. ‘Technical terminology’, whether based on English or otherwise, is not excluded from (...)
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  25.  20
    Lexical Universals of Kinship and Social Cognition.Anna Wierzbicka - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (5):403-404.
    Jones recognizes the existence of out of which NSM semantics has identified these primitives through a cross-linguistic search for lexical universals ( stands for Natural Semantic Metalanguage and also for the corresponding linguistic theory). These empirical universals provide, I argue, a better bridge between cognitive anthropology and evolutionary psychology than the abstract constructs of OT, with dubious claim to conceptual reality.
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  26.  22
    The “History of Emotions” and the Future of Emotion Research.Anna Wierzbicka - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (3):269-273.
    This article focuses on the emergence of a new subfield of emotion research known as “history of emotions.” People’s emotional lives depend on the construals which they impose on events, situations, and human actions. Different cultures and different languages suggest different habitual construals, and since habitual construals change over time, as a result, habitual feelings change, too. But to study construals we need a suitable methodology. The article assumes that such a methodology is provided by the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) (...)
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  27.  3
    Empirical Universals of Language as a Basis for the Study of Other Human Universals and as a Tool for Exploring Cross-Cultural Differences.Anna Wierzbicka - 2005 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 33 (2):256-291.
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  28.  11
    Overcoming Anglocentrism in Emotion Research.Anna Wierzbicka - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (1):21-23.
    Since English is not a neutral scientific language for the description of emotions (or anything else), then the key question is what (meta)language other than English can be used instead. I draw a distinction between “experiential meaning” which can only be acquired through lived experience, and “compositional meaning” which can be adequately portrayed in the mini-language of universal human concepts (NSM) developed through wide-ranging cross-linguistic investigations. The article rejects both the anglocentrism of emotion studies which take English concepts for granted (...)
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  29.  30
    Kisses, Handshakes, Bows: The Semantics of Nonverbal Communication.Anna Wierzbicka - 1995 - Semiotica 103 (3-4):207-252.
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  30.  25
    Key Worlds, Culture and Cognition.Cliff Goddard & Anna Wierzbicka - 1995 - Philosophica 55.
  31. Policy Statement and Retraction V.Teresa Bejarano-Fernández, Mary Besemeres, Anna Wierzbicka, Christoph Mischo, Steve Nicolle, Pablo Gamallo Otero, Dorit Ravid, Shoshana Zilberbuch, Wolff-Michael Roth & Farzad Sharifian - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognition 11 (2):405-406.
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  32.  26
    The Meaning of the Particle Lah in Singapore English.Mary Besemeres & Anna Wierzbicka - 2003 - Pragmatics and Cognition 11 (1):3-38.
    In this paper we try to crack one of the hardest and most intriguing chestnuts in the field of cross-cultural pragmatics and to identify the meaning of the celebrated Singaporean particle lah — the hallmark of Singapore English. In pursuing this goal, we investigate the use of lah and seek to identify its meaning by trying to find a paraphrase in ordinary language which would be substitutable for lah in any context. In doing so, we try to enter the speakers’ (...)
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  33. Intercultural Pragmatics and Communication.Anna Wierzbicka - 2005 - In Alex Barber (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. pp. 5--735.
     
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  34. Lingua Mentalis: The Semantics of Natural Language.Anna Wierzbicka - 1980 - Academic Press.
     
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  35.  21
    Overcoming the Eurocentrism in Psychological Anthropology with Lexical Universals: A Response to Naomi Quinn.Anna Wierzbicka - 2016 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 44 (3):195-198.
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  36.  10
    Pain: Universal but Culturally Shaped.Anna Wierzbicka - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):324-325.
    Response to comments by Fabrega, Fernandez, and Hinton.
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  37. Semantic Primitives.Anna Wierzbicka - 1972 - (Frankfurt/M.)Athenäum-Verl..
     
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  38. The Body in Description of Emotion.Anna Wierzbicka & N. J. Enfield - 2002 - Pragmatics and Cognition 10 (1):2.
     
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  39. The Concept of ‘Dialogue’ in Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Cultural Perspective.Anna Wierzbicka - 2006 - Discourse Studies 8 (5):675-703.
    ‘Dialogue’ is an important concept in the contemporary world. It plays a very significant role in English public discourse, and through English, or mainly through English, it has spread throughout the world. For example, the dissident leader Aung San Suu Kyi calls for ‘reconciliation and dialogue’ in Burma, the Russian pro-democracy groups ask Russian President Vladimir Putin to ‘begin a dialogue’ with them, and Popes Paul VI and John Paul II are praised for opening the Catholic Church to a ‘dialogue’ (...)
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  40. THINK-a Universal Human Concept and a Conceptual Primitive.Anna Wierzbicka - 1998 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 62:297-310.
  41.  36
    Understanding Others Requires Shared Concepts.Anna Wierzbicka - 2012 - Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (2):356-379.
    “It is a noble task to try to understand others, and to have them understand you but it is never an easy one”, says Everett. This paper argues that a basic prerequisite for understanding others is to have some shared concepts on which this understanding can build. If speakers of different languages didn’t share some concepts to begin with then cross-cultural understanding would not be possible even with the best of will on all sides. Current Anthropology For example, Everett claims (...)
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  42. What Did Jesus Mean? Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts.Anna Wierzbicka - 2001
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