Universals

Edited by Gabriele Contessa (Carleton University)
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  1. added 2020-05-18
    A Problem for Immanent Universals in States of Affairs.Michael J. Raven - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
    This paper raises a problem for the pair of views that universals are immanent in their instantiations and that these instantiations, or states of affairs, are somehow constructed from the instantiated universals. It is argued that the pair is inconsistent. The first view implies that universals are prior to states of affairs, whereas the second view implies that states of affairs are prior to universals. This paper does not attempt to solve this problem, but rather to formulate it precisely. That (...)
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  2. added 2020-05-05
    Replies.Barbara Vetter - 2020 - Philosophical Inquiries 1 (8):199-222.
    This paper responds to the contributions by Alexander Bird, Nathan Wildman, David Yates, Jennifer McKitrick, Giacomo Giannini & Matthew Tugby, and Jennifer Wang. I react to their comments on my 2015 book Potentiality: From Dispositions to Modality, and in doing so expands on some of the arguments and ideas of the book.
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  3. added 2020-04-07
    A Study About the Universals in Ideas I.Nathalie de la Cadena - 2017 - Aoristo 1 (2):23-42.
    The problem of universals remains a philosophical theme not only in ontology but also in epistemology. In Husserl, there are particular universals, the noematic ‘X’, the identical, and universals stricto sensu, atemporal universal names. In this paper, I present the theme as it is analyzed by Husserl in Ideas I. In the first section, I describe the trajectory to the universals highlighting the parallelism between noese and noema. In the second section, I draw the reflection of this problem on the (...)
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  4. added 2020-04-02
    Platonism and the Objects of Science.Scott Berman - 2020 - London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
  5. added 2020-04-02
    A Platonic Theory of Truthmaking.Scott Berman - 2013 - Metaphysica 14 (1):109-125.
    A Platonic explanation of non-modal and modal truths is explained and defended using non-spatiotemporal entities as their truthmakers. It is argued, further, that this theory is parsimonious, naturalistic, and ontologically serious. These features should commend the view to a wide swath of philosophers.
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  6. added 2020-03-27
    Ontology in Heidegger and Deleuze: A Comparative Analysis.Gavin Rae - 2014 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Prince of Networks is the rst treatment of Bruno Latour speci cally as a philosopher. Part One covers four key works that display Latour’s underrated contributions to metaphysics: Irreductions, Science in Action, We Have Never Been Modern, and Pandora’s Hope. Harman contends that Latour is one of the central gures of contemporary philosophy, with a highly original ontology centred in four key concepts: actants, irreduction, translation, and alliance.
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  7. added 2020-03-17
    Non-Symmetric Relations.Cian Dorr - 2004 - In Dean Zimmerman (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics Volume 1. Oxford University Press. pp. 155-92.
    Presupposing that most predicates do not correspond directly to genuine relations, I argue that all genuine relations are symmetric. My main argument depends on the premise that there are no brute necessities, interpreted so as to require logical and metaphysical necessity to coincide for sentences composed entirely of logical vocabulary and primitive predicates. Given this premise, any set of purportedly primitive predicates by which one might hope to express the facts about non-symmetric relations order their relata will generate an objectionable (...)
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  8. added 2020-03-06
    Plain Paritculars.Ernani Magalhaes - 2015 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 92:87-108.
    Are concrete objects in some sense made up of the properties they exemplify? A distinguished tradition holds they are. I begin by defending the distinction: there is a real and not just semantic distinction between asserting and denying that concrete objects have their properties as parts. I then argue in favor of the view that concrete objects are not made up of their parts. First, this view has less ontological baggage than its opponent. Next, the supposed advantages of the alternative (...)
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  9. added 2020-02-20
    Lewis, David: Nuevo Trabajo para una Teoría de los Universales [Translation] - Parte II.David K. Lewis & Diego Morales - 2015 - Ideas Y Valores 64 (158):247-277.
    Second part of the translation into Spanish of David Lewis' "New Work for a Theory of Universals", corresponding to the last sections of the original paper. || Segunda parte de la traducción al español del trabajo de David Lewis "New Work for a Theory of Universals", correspondiente a últimas secciones del artículo original. Artículo original publicado en: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 61, No. 4, Dec. 1983, pp. 343-377.
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  10. added 2020-02-20
    Lewis, David: Nuevo Trabajo para una Teoría de los Universales [Translation] - Parte I.David Lewis & Diego Morales - 2015 - Ideas Y Valores 64 (157):251-267.
    First part of the translation into Spanish of David Lewis' "New Work for a Theory of Universals", corresponding to the introduction and the first two sections of the original paper. || Primera parte de la traducción al español del trabajo de David Lewis "New Work for a Theory of Universals", correspondiente a la introducción y las dos primeras secciones del artículo original. Artículo original publicado en: Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 61, No. 4, Dec. 1983, pp. 343-377.
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  11. added 2020-02-19
    Emergence and Structural Properties.Michele Paolini Paoletti - 2020 - Synthese:1-24.
    I present in this article a new theory of structural properties or, more precisely, of structural kinds, such as being methane. According to this theory, structural kinds are kinds that are both emergent and sustained in their existence. In the first section, I introduce structural properties and four problems that affect the most widely held conception of them, namely, the pictorial conception. In the second section, I introduce some theses about emergence, powers, emergent powers, relations and structures that I have (...)
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  12. added 2020-02-12
    The Multi-Location Trilemma.Damiano Costa & Claudio Calosi - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-17.
    The possibility of multilocation --- of one entity having more than one exact location --- is required by several metaphysical theories such as the immanentist theory of universals and three-dimensionalism about persistence. One of the most pressing challenges for multi-location theorists is that of making sense of exact location --- in that extant definitions of exact location entail a principle called Functionality, according to which nothing can have more than one exact location. Recently in a number of promising papers, Antony (...)
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  13. added 2020-02-12
    On Universals: An Essay in Ontology.John Perry - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (8):252-257.
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  14. added 2020-02-11
    Resemblance Nominalism: A Solution to the Problem of Universals. [REVIEW]C. Dorr - 2005 - Mind 114 (454):457-461.
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  15. added 2020-01-20
    Figure..Stephen Lester Thompson - manuscript
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  16. added 2019-11-20
    Abstracta and Abstraction in Trope Theory.A. R. J. Fisher - 2019 - Philosophical Papers 49 (1):41-67.
    Trope theory is a leading metaphysical theory in analytic ontology. One of its classic statements is found in the work of Donald C. Williams who argued that tropes qua abstract particulars are the very alphabet of being. The concept of an abstract particular has been repeatedly attacked in the literature. Opponents and proponents of trope theory alike have levelled their criticisms at the abstractness of tropes and the associated act of abstraction. In this paper I defend the concept of a (...)
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  17. added 2019-11-05
    Against Conjunctive Properties.Michele Paolini Paoletti - 2019 - Acta Analytica:1-17.
    I put in question in this article the existence of conjunctive properties. In the second section, after having provided a characterization of conjunctive properties, I develop an argument based on the principle of ontological parsimony: if we accept that there are conjunctive properties in the universe then, ceteris paribus, our ontology turns out to be less ontologically parsimonious than if we reject them. Afterwards, in the third section, I distinguish between maximalist and non-maximalist and reductionist and non-reductionist theories of conjunctive (...)
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  18. added 2019-10-29
    Platonic Laws of Nature.Tyler Hildebrand - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):365-381.
    David Armstrong accepted the following three theses: universals are immanent, laws are relations between universals, and laws govern. Taken together, they form an attractive position, for they promise to explain regularities in nature—one of the most important desiderata for a theory of laws and properties—while remaining compatible with naturalism. However, I argue that the three theses are incompatible. The basic idea is that each thesis makes an explanatory claim, but the three claims can be shown to run in a problematic (...)
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  19. added 2019-10-22
    What Has Aquinas Got Against Platonic Forms?Turner C. Nevitt - 2018 - In Gyula Klima & Alex Hall (eds.), Hylomorphism and Mereology: Proceedings of the Society for Medieval Logic and Metaphysics Volume 15. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 67–79.
    Aquinas consistently criticizes Plato and his followers for their commitment to the existence of separate forms or ideas. There is no whiteness existing by itself apart from any particular white things or any particular person's thoughts about them. The same goes for every natural form, from humanity to heat. And yet Aquinas is happy to appeal to such separate forms as examples to illustrate his own metaphysical views. This seems like a strange and dangerous procedure. If Aquinas considers Platonic forms (...)
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  20. added 2019-09-17
    Classifications.Ludger Jansen - forthcoming - Applied Ontology: An Introduction.
    It has long been a standard practice for the natural sciences to classify things. Thus, it is no wonder that, for two and a half millennia, philosophers have been reflecting on classifications, from Plato and Aristotle to contemporary philosophy of science. Some of the results of these reflections will be presented in this chapter. I will start by discussing a parody of a classification, namely: the purportedly ancient Chinese classification of animals described by Jorge Luis Borges. I will show that (...)
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  21. added 2019-09-13
    Bundle Theory with Kinds.Markku Keinänen & Tuomas E. Tahko - 2019 - Philosophical Quarterly 69 (277):838-857.
    Is it possible to get by with just one ontological category? We evaluate L.A. Paul's attempt to do so: the mereological bundle theory. The upshot is that Paul's attempt to construct a one category ontology may be challenged with some of her own arguments. In the positive part of the paper we outline a two category ontology with property universals and kind universals. We will also examine Paul's arguments against a version of universal bundle theory that takes spatiotemporal co-location instead (...)
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  22. added 2019-08-30
    Amstrongian Particulars with Necessary Properties.Daniel von Wachter - 2013 - In Ch Svennerlind, J. Almäng & R. Ingthorsson (eds.), Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag. pp. 709--716.
    After a general remark about Armstrong’s conception of ontology, I raise objections against this view and defend an alternative account of the connection between particulars and their properties, involving a kind of ontological dependence which is different from Armstrong’s necessary connection between particulars and their properties.
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  23. added 2019-08-30
    Are Natural Kinds and Natural Properties Distinct?Emma Tobin - 2013 - In Stephen Mumford & Matthew Tugby (eds.), Metaphysics and Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 164-182.
    This chapter discusses the distinction between natural kinds and natural properties. Some theorists deny the distinction, and claim that natural kinds can be identified with properties. For example, natural kinds might be understood as the perfectly natural properties, reducible to properties or the extensions of properties. Alternatively, one might argue that natural kinds and natural properties are distinct and that natural kinds could be considered as a sui generis type of entity. For example, one might hold that natural kinds require (...)
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  24. added 2019-08-04
    Is Socrates A Predicate?Richard Brian Davis - 2006 - Metaphysica 7 (2).
    In his Moderate Realism and Its Logic (Yale, 1996), Donald Mertz argues that the traditional ontology of nonpredicable substances and predicable universals is beset by “intractable problems,” “harbors an insidious error,” and constitutes a “stumbling block” for the ontologist. By contrast, a onecategory ontology consisting of relation instances (and combinations thereof) is sustainable, and indeed the only way of avoiding commitment to bare particulars. The success of the project turns on Mertz’s claim that every relation instance has a linking aspect, (...)
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  25. added 2019-07-24
    An Argument Against Aristotelian Universals.Damiano Costa - forthcoming - Synthese.
    I provide an argument against the Aristotelian view of universals, according to which universals depend for their existence on their exemplifiers. The argument consists in a set of five jointly inconsistent assumptions. As such, the argument can be used to argue in favour of other conclusions, such as that exemplification is no relation or that plausible principles concerning ontological dependence or grounding do not hold.
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  26. added 2019-07-13
    The One Over Many Principle of Republic 596a.José Edgar González-Varela - forthcoming - Apeiron.
    Republic 596a introduces a One over Many principle that has traditionally been considered as an argument for the existence of Forms, according to which, one Form should be posited for each like-named plurality. This interpretation was challenged by (Smith, J. A. 1917. “General Relative Clauses in Greek.” Classical Review 31: 69–71.), who interpreted it rather as a statement that each Form is unique and correlated to a plurality of things that have the same name as it. (Sedley, D. 2013. “Plato (...)
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  27. added 2019-07-13
    The Razor Argument of Metaphysics A.9.José Edgar González-Varela - 2018 - Phronesis 63 (4):408-448.
    I discuss Aristotle’s opening argument against Platonic Forms in _Metaphysics_ A.9, ‘the Razor’, which criticizes the introduction of Forms on the basis of an analogy with a hypothetical case of counting things. I argue for a new interpretation of this argument, and show that it involves two interesting objections against the introduction of Forms as formal causes: one concerns the completeness and the other the adequacy of such an explanatory project.
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  28. added 2019-06-27
    Lasst uns den Weg einer neuen Ontologie einschlagen! (2. Teil).Gianluigi Segalerba - 2018 - Analele Universitǎţii Din Craiova, Seria: Filosofie 42 (2):5-48.
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  29. added 2019-06-11
    Modes of Referring and the Problem of Universals an Essay in Metaphysics.D. S. SHWAYDER - 1961 - Berkeley: University of California Press Cambridge University Press.
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  30. added 2019-06-10
    Russell on Universals.J. O. Urmson - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 20:245-258.
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  31. added 2019-06-07
    A Review of The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy. Cambridge University Press, 2015. [REVIEW]Mihretu P. Guta - 2018 - Philosophical Quarterly 68 (271):417-419.
    The Problem of Universals in Contemporary Philosophy. Edited by Gabriele Galluzzo and Michael J. Loux.
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    On Aristotelian Universals and Individuals: The "Vink" That Is In Body and May Be In Me.Irena Cronin - 2015 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 15 (3):341-348.
    G. E. L. Owen, in his infl uential paper “Inherence,” talks of “vink,” a name he has created for a particular shade of the color pink, and this “vink” serves as an individual in the Aristotelian category of quality. Owen was one of the first to aim to discredit the belief that J. L. Ackrill and his camp espoused, the belief that Aristotle thought that “general attributes are not in individuals, particular attributes are not in more than one individual.” I (...)
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    Singular Terms, Predicates and the Spurious ‘Is’ of Identity.Danny Frederick - 2013 - Dialectica 67 (3):325-343.
    Contemporary orthodoxy affirms that singular terms cannot be predicates and that, therefore, ‘is’ is ambiguous as between predication and identity. Recent attempts to treat names as predicates do not challenge this orthodoxy. The orthodoxy was built into the structure of modern formal logic by Frege. It is defended by arguments which I show to be unsound. I provide a semantical account of atomic sentences which draws upon Mill's account of predication, connotation and denotation. I show that singular terms may be (...)
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    John Poinsot on the Universale Materialiter Sumptum: A Dual Viewpoint.Daniel Heider - 2012 - Modern Schoolman 89 (1/2):47-63.
    The paper deals with Poinsot’s ontology of universals presented not only in the Material Logic but also in the volume devoted to the Natural Philosophy of his Thomistic Philosophical Course. Currently, it takes into account also the often neglected Theological Course. The author states that there are two different positions as far as the issue of the ontology of universals is concerned, which prima facie lead to the doctrinal tension in Poinsot’s corpus. On one hand, in the Ars Logica, the (...)
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    Abelard on Status and Their Relation to Universals. A Husserlian Interpretation.Mark K. Spencer - 2011 - International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):223-240.
    The discussion of universals in Peter Abelard’s Logica ‘Ingredientibus’ has been interpreted in many ways. Of particular controversy has been the proper way to interpret his use of the term status. In this paper I offer an interpretation of status by comparing Abelard’s account of knowledge of universals to Edmund Husserl’s presentations of categorial and eidetic intuition. I argue that status is meant to be understood as something like an ideal object, in Husserl’s sense of the term. First, I present (...)
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  36. added 2019-06-06
    Suárez on Forms, Universals and Understanding: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Erik Åkerlund - 2009 - Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (2):159-182.
    The interpretations in the secondary literature of Suárez’ position in the “classical” debate on the status of universals vary considerably. In this article, the problem is looked at from a slightly different angle: that of Suárez’ basic metaphysics of substantial forms and his views concerning understanding and knowledge. These areas of Suárez’ thought are thoroughly analysed and related to each other. Regarding the question of the status of universals it is argued that Suárez’ thought in the areas of substantial forms (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-06
    Cultural Universals and Particulars: An African Perspective. [REVIEW]Patrick J. Ryan - 1998 - International Philosophical Quarterly 38 (4):443-445.
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    Substances and Universals in Aristotle’s Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Daryl McGowan Tress - 1996 - International Philosophical Quarterly 36 (2):254-256.
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  39. added 2019-06-06
    Cultural Universals as Endless Tasks: Phenomenology, Relativism, and Ethnocentrism.Keiichi Noé - 1995 - The Monist 78 (1):41-51.
    The question of the existence of cultural universals immediately leads us to the problem of intercultural communication and of so-called incommensurability. Over the last few decades, these topics have been the subject of controversy in the philosophy of science, and the stock of universalism has been falling as a result of the rise of Kuhn’s paradigm theory and Quine’s thesis of the indeterminacy of translation. Nowadays cultural pluralism or relativism is rather dominant among philosophers and has begun to appear plausible, (...)
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Duns Scotus’s Doctrine on Universals and the Aphrodisian Tradition.Martin M. Tweedale - 1993 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 67 (1):77-93.
  41. added 2019-06-06
    The Politics Of The Transgressive Sign.Andrew Milner - 1990 - Thesis Eleven 27 (1):190-203.
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    A Context for Narrative Universals: Or: Semiology as Pars Semiotica.John Deely - 1986 - American Journal of Semiotics 4 (3/4):53-68.
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  43. added 2019-06-06
    Particulars, Paradigms, and Universals: Metaphysics Z-H.Lynne Spellman - 1980 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):489-500.
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  44. added 2019-06-06
    Universals and Scientific Realism.Laurence Goldstein - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (117):360-362.
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  45. added 2019-06-06
    Abailard on Universals. Martin M. Tweedale.William Courtenay - 1978 - Speculum 53 (3):640-641.
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  46. added 2019-06-06
    Alessandro Achillini and His Doctrine of ‘Universals’ and ‘Transcendentals.’ a Study in Renaissance Ockhamism. [REVIEW]M. B. B. - 1975 - Review of Metaphysics 29 (2):347-349.
    With the growing interest in Renaissance studies, it is gratifying to see a major scholarly work on a little known philosopher of the Averroistic trend of Aristotelianism that had its seat in his native city of Bologna. Matsen’s study, whose first draft was submitted as a doctoral dissertation at Columbia University, opens with a summary presentation of Alessandro Achillini’s life and works based on archival documents and other first-hand sources. The body of the work focuses on two major themes: the (...)
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  47. added 2019-06-06
    Saint Thomas Aquinas’s Theory of Universals.Ralph W. Clark - 1974 - The Monist 58 (1):163-172.
    The ‘theory of universals’ of St. Thomas Aquinas has been interpreted in one of two ways by most commentators. Traditionally, commentators have attributed to Thomas the theory which is usually also attributed to Aristotle: “moderate realism,” the view that universals exist in things, subject in some way to individuating principles in the things. For example, according to Copleston.
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  48. added 2019-06-06
    The Problem of Universals: Its Scope and Meaning.Joseph Möller - 1966 - International Philosophical Quarterly 6 (4):557-573.
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  49. added 2019-06-06
    Comments on the Problem of Universals in Philosophy of Education— by George Burgh.Harry S. Broudy - 1957 - Educational Theory 7 (4):281-282.
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  50. added 2019-06-06
    VI.—Hume's Theory of Universals.R. I. Aaron - 1941 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 42 (1):117-140.
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