Results for 'Sarah Jane Smith'

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  1.  11
    Subjective States Associated with Retrieval Failures in Parkinson’s Disease.Celine Souchay & Sarah Jane Smith - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):795-805.
    Instances in which we cannot retrieve information immediately but know that the information might be retrieved later are subjective states that accompany retrieval failure. These are expressed in feeling-of-knowing and Tip-of-the-tongue experiences. In Experiment 1, participants with Parkinson’s disease and older adult controls were given general questions and asked to report when they experienced a TOT state and to give related information about the missing word. The PD group experienced similar levels of TOTs but provided less correct peripheral information related (...)
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  2. Mapping the Components of the Telephone Conference: An Analysis of Tutorial Talk at a Distance Learning Institution.Sarah Seymour-Smith, Sally Wiggins, Jane Montague & Mary Horton-Salway - 2008 - Discourse Studies 10 (6):737-758.
    This article maps the components of telephone tutorial conferences used for distance learning in higher education. Using conversation analysis we identified four common sequences of TTCs as `calling in'; `agenda-setting'; `tutorial proper'; and `closing down'. Patterns of student participation look similar to those in face-to-face tutorials and the degree of interaction during `calling-in' and agenda setting does not foretell student participation in the `tutorial proper'. Student participation was related to differences in `communicative formats' adopted by tutors and students for different (...)
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  3. The Original Sin of Cognition: Fear Prejudice, and Generalization.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (8):393-421.
    Generic generalizations such as ‘mosquitoes carry the West Nile virus’ or ‘sharks attack bathers’ are often accepted by speakers despite the fact that very few members of the kinds in question have the predicated property. Previous work suggests that such low-prevalence generalizations may be accepted when the properties in question are dangerous, harmful, or appalling. This paper argues that the study of such generic generalizations sheds light on a particular class of prejudiced social beliefs, and points to new ways in (...)
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  4. Generics: Cognition and Acquisition.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2008 - Philosophical Review 117 (1):1-47.
    Ducks lay eggs' is a true sentence, and `ducks are female' is a false one. Similarly, `mosquitoes carry the West Nile virus' is obviously true, whereas `mosquitoes don't carry the West Nile virus' is patently false. This is so despite the egg-laying ducks' being a subset of the female ones and despite the number of mosquitoes that don't carry the virus being ninety-nine times the number that do. Puzzling facts such as these have made generic sentences defy adequate semantic treatment. (...)
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  5. “Hillary Clinton is the Only Man in the Obama Administration”: Dual Character Concepts, Generics, and Gender.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2015 - Analytic Philosophy 56 (2):111-141.
  6. Essence and Natural Kinds: When Science Meets Preschooler Intuition.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4:108-66.
  7. Generics Oversimplified.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2015 - Noûs 49 (1):28-54.
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  8. Generics and the Structure of the Mind.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2007 - Philosophical Perspectives 21 (1):375–403.
  9.  46
    Generic Generalizations.Sarah-Jane Leslie & Adam Lerner - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  10.  62
    Quantified Statements Are Recalled as Generics: Evidence From Preschool Children and Adults.Sarah-Jane Leslie & Susan Gelman - 2012 - Cognitive Psychology 64 (186):214.
  11. Essence, Plenitude, and Paradox.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):277-296.
  12.  51
    All Ducks Lay Eggs: The Generic Overgeneralization Effect.Sarah-Jane Leslie, Sangeet Khemlani & Sam Glucksberg - 2011 - Journal of Memory and Language 65:15-31.
  13.  73
    Generics Articulate Default Generalizations.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2012 - Recherches Linguistiques de Vincennes 41:25-45.
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  14. Carving Up the Social World with Generics.Sarah-Jane Leslie - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy.
  15. Generics.Sarah-Jane Leslie - forthcoming - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  16.  84
    Generics.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2012 - In Gillian Russell & Delia Fara (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Routledge. pp. 355--366.
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  17. 'If', 'Unless', and Quantification.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2008 - In R. Stainton & C. Viger (eds.), Compositionality, Context, and Semantic Values: Essays in Honor of Ernie Lepore.
    Higginbotham argues that conditionals embedded under quantifiers constitute a counterexample to the thesis that natural language is semantically compositional. More recently, Higginbotham and von Fintel and Iatridou have suggested that compositionality can be upheld, but only if we assume the validity of the principle of Conditional Excluded Middle. I argue that these authors’ proposals deliver unsatisfactory results for conditionals that, at least intuitively, do not appear to obey Conditional Excluded Middle. Further, there is no natural way to extend their accounts (...)
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  18.  41
    Conceptual and Linguistic Distinctions Between Singular and Plural Generics.Sarah-Jane Leslie, Sangeet Khemlani, Sandeep Prasada & Sam Glucksberg - 2009 - Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  19. 'Real Men': Polysemy or Implicature?Sarah-Jane Leslie - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.
  20.  18
    Expanding Nurses' Participation in Ethics: An Empirical Examination of Ethical Activism and Ethical Assertiveness.Sarah-Jane Dodd, Bruce S. Jansson, Katherine Brown-Saltzman, Marilyn Shirk & Karen Wunch - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (1):15-27.
    This research project investigated the extent to which nurses engage in two important kinds of ethical behaviours: ethical activism (where they try to make hospitals more receptive to nurses’ participation in ethics deliberations) and ethical assertiveness (where they participate in ethics deliberations even when not formally invited). This research probed not only the extent to which nurses engage in these ethical behaviours but also whether this is influenced by professional, training and organizational factors. A random sample of 165 nurses from (...)
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  21.  86
    Moderately Sensitive Semantics.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2007 - In G. Preyer (ed.), Context Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism. Oxford University Press. pp. 133--168.
  22. Concepts, Analysis, Generics and the Canberra Plan.Mark Johnston & Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2012 - Philosophical Perspectives 26 (1):113-171.
  23.  75
    Cultural Transmission of Social Essentialism.Marjorie Rhodes, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Christina Tworek - 2012 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109 (34):13526-13531.
  24.  25
    Equality, Justice and Gender: Barriers to the Ethical University for Women.Sarah Jane Aiston - 2011 - Ethics and Education 6 (3):279 - 291.
    Academic women experience working in higher education differently to their male counterparts. This article argues that the unequal position of women academics is unethical, irrespective of whether one takes a consequentialist or deontological ethical position. By drawing on a range of international studies, the article explores the reasons for this inequity, suggesting that the ?cult of individual responsibility?, the positioning of women academics as ?other? and the impact of having a family are significant factors. Having identified the reasons why university (...)
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  25. What a Loaded Generalization: Generics and Social Cognition.Daniel Wodak, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Marjorie Rhodes - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (9):625-635.
    This paper explores the role of generics in social cognition. First, we explore the nature and effects of the most common form of generics about social kinds. Second, we discuss the nature and effects of a less common but equally important form of generics about social kinds. Finally, we consider the implications of this discussion for how we ought to use language about the social world.
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  26.  96
    Essentialist Beliefs About Bodily Transplants in the United States and India.Meredith Meyer, Sarah-Jane Leslie, Susan A. Gelman & Sarah M. Stilwell - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (1):668-710.
    Psychological essentialism is the belief that some internal, unseen essence or force determines the common outward appearances and behaviors of category members. We investigated whether reasoning about transplants of bodily elements showed evidence of essentialist thinking. Both Americans and Indians endorsed the possibility of transplants conferring donors' personality, behavior, and luck on recipients, consistent with essentialism. Respondents also endorsed essentialist effects even when denying that transplants would change a recipient's category membership (e.g., predicting that a recipient of a pig's heart (...)
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  27. The Mark of the Plural: Generic Generalizations and Race.Daniel Wodak & Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2017 - In Paul C. Taylor, Linda Martín Alcoff & Luvell Anderson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Race. Routledge. pp. 277-289.
    We argue that generic generalizations about racial groups are pernicious in what they communicate (both to members of that racial group and to members of other racial groups), and may be central to the construction of social categories like racial groups. We then consider how we should change and challenge uses of generic generalizations about racial groups.
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  28. Generics, Generalism, and Reflective Equilibrium: Implications for Moral Theorizing From the Study of Language.Adam Lerner & Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2013 - Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):366-403.
  29. The Myth of 'Scientific Method' in Contemporary Educational Research.Darrell Patrick Rowbottom & Sarah Jane Aiston - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (2):137–156.
    Whether educational research should employ the ‘scientific method’ has been a recurring issue in its history. Hence, textbooks on research methods continue to perpetuate the idea that research students ought to choose between competing camps: ‘positivist’ or ‘interpretivist’. In reference to one of the most widely referred to educational research methods textbooks on the market—namely Research Methods in Education by Cohen, Manion, and Morrison—this paper demonstrates the misconception of science in operation and the perversely false dichotomy that has become enshrined (...)
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  30.  95
    Generics, Prevalence, and Default Inferences.Sangeet Khemlani, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Sam Glucksberg - 2009 - Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society:443--8.
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  31.  55
    Inferences About Members of Kinds: The Generics Hypothesis.Sangeet Khemlani, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Sam Glucksberg - 2012 - Language and Cognitive Processes 27:887-900.
  32.  37
    Do Ducks Lay Eggs? How People Interpret Generic Assertions.Sangeet Khemlani, Sarah-Jane Leslie, Sam Glucksberg & Paula Rubio-Fernandez - 2007 - Proceedings of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  33.  9
    The Myth of 'Scientific Method' in Contemporary Educational Research.Darrell Patrick Rowbottom & Sarah Jane Aiston - unknown
    Whether educational research should employ the ‘scientific method’ has been a recurring issue in its history. Hence, textbooks on research methods continue to perpetuate the idea that research students ought to choose between competing camps: ‘positivist’ or ‘interpretivist’. In reference to one of the most widely referred to educational research methods textbooks on the market—namely Research Methods in Education by Cohen, Manion, and Morrison—this paper demonstrates the misconception of science in operation and the perversely false dichotomy that has become enshrined (...)
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  34.  8
    What Difference Does History of Science Make, Anyway?Jane Maienschein & George Smith - 2008 - Isis 99:318-321.
    This essay opens up the question of what difference the history of science makes. What is the value of the history of science, beyond its role as an academic pursuit that we historians of science know and love? It introduces the set of essays that follow as explorations that grew out of a seminar on this topic and that arise from the authors' particular concerns both that historians of science do not work hard enough to make their work of value (...)
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  35.  3
    What Difference Does History of Science Make, Anyway?Jane Maienschein & George Smith - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):318-321.
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  36. Conceptual Distinctions Amongst Generics.Sandeep Prasada, Sangeet Khemlani, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Sam Glucksberg - 2013 - Cognition 126 (3):405-422.
    Generic sentences (e.g., bare plural sentences such as “dogs have four legs” and “mosquitoes carry malaria”) are used to talk about kinds of things. Three experiments investigated the conceptual foundations of generics as well as claims within the formal semantic approaches to generics concerning the roles of prevalence, cue validity and normalcy in licensing generics. Two classes of generic sentences that pose challenges to both the conceptually based and formal semantic approaches to generics were investigated. Striking property generics (e.g. “sharks (...)
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  37.  68
    Research Led by Participants: A New Social Contract for a New Kind of Research.Effy Vayena, Roger Brownsword, Sarah Jane Edwards, Bastian Greshake, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Navjoyt Ladher, Jonathan Montgomery, Daniel O'Connor, Onora O'Neill, Martin P. Richards, Annette Rid, Mark Sheehan, Paul Wicks & John Tasioulas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):216-219.
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  38.  22
    Women Are Underrepresented in Fields Where Success is Believed to Require Brilliance.Meredith Meyer, Andrei Cimpian & Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  39.  30
    Syllogistic Reasoning with Generic Premises: The Generic Overgeneralization Effect.Sangeet Khemlani, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Sam Glucksberg - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  40.  65
    Do Lions Have Manes? For Children, Generics Are About Kinds, Not Quantities.Amanda Brandone, Andrei Cimpian, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Susan Gelman - 2012 - Child Development 83:423-433.
  41.  15
    Detecting Children’s Lies: Are Parents Accurate Judges of Their Own Children’s Lies?Victoria Talwar, Sarah-Jane Renaud & Lauryn Conway - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (1):81-96.
    The current study investigated whether parents are accurate judges of their own children’s lie-telling behavior. Participants included 250 mother–child dyads. Children were between three and 11 years of age. A temptation resistance paradigm was used to elicit a minor transgressive behavior from the children involving peeking at a forbidden toy and children were subsequently questioned about the transgressive event. Mothers were asked to make predictions about whether their child would peek and then watched a video of their child being questioned (...)
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  42.  22
    Taming the River: Negotiating the Academic, Financial, and Social Currents in Selective Colleges and Universities ‐ Edited by C. Z. Charles, M. J. Fischer, M. A. Mooney and D. S. Massey. [REVIEW]Sarah Jane Aiston - 2009 - British Journal of Educational Studies 57 (4):449-451.
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  43.  3
    Camouflaged Collectives: Managing Stigma and Identity at Gun Events.Sarah Jane Blithe & Jennifer Lanterman - 2017 - Studies in Social Justice 11 (1):113-135.
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  44.  13
    Deification: The Mariology of the Ordinary Faithful.Sarah Jane Boss - 2017 - New Blackfriars 98 (1074):188-202.
    Popular devotion to the Virgin Mary can often be understood as implying a doctrine of deification, that is, of becoming perfect as our Heavenly Father is perfect. The Mother of God herself is the primary example of the deified person, and she in turn assists her devotees in their own process of becoming deified. The doctrine of deification articulated by Maximus the Confessor and John Scotus Eriugena provides an account that explains particularly well the theology implicit in much Marian devotion, (...)
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  45. Ramon Llull's Llibre de Santa Maria: Theodicy, Ontology and Initiation.Sarah Jane Boss - 2011 - Studia Lulliana 51 (106):25-51.
  46.  27
    Autonomy, Trust and Ante-Mortem Interventions to Facilitate Organ Donation.Sarah-Jane Brown - 2018 - Clinical Ethics 13 (3):143-150.
    Over the last few years, policies have been introduced in the UK that identify and treat patients as potential organ donors before death. Patients incapacitated due to catastrophic brain injury may now undergo intensive ante-mortem interventions to improve the chances of successfully transplanting their organs into third parties after death. The most significant ethical and legal problem with these policies is that they are not based on the individual’s specific wishes in the circumstances. Policy-makers appear reluctant to inform potential registrants (...)
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  47. Moderately Insensitive Semantics.Sarah-Jane Leslie - 2007 - In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds.), Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism: New Essays on Semantics and Pragmatics. Oxford University Press.
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  48.  30
    Redemption and the Sacred Subject: Themes From Wagner.Sarah-Jane Leslie - forthcoming - In A. Hamilton & N. Zangwill (eds.), Scruton's Aesthetics.
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  49. Book Review: Expansion of Publicly Funded Health Insurance in the United States: The Children's Health Insurance Program and Its Implications. By Jennie Jacobs Kronenfeld. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2006. 161 Pp., $60.00. [REVIEW]Sarah Jane Brubaker - 2008 - Gender and Society 22 (1):134-136.
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  50. Book Review: Poverty, Battered Women, and Work in U.S. Policy. [REVIEW]Sarah Jane Brubaker - 2013 - Gender and Society 27 (1):125-127.
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