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1 — 50 / 319
  1. added 2020-05-20
    How the Mind-World Problem Shaped the History of Science: A Historiographical Analysis of Edwin Arthur Burtt's The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science Part I.Konstantinos Chatzigeorgiou - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    This manuscript, divided into two parts, provides a contextual and historiographical analysis of Edwin Arthur Burtt's classic The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science. My discussion corroborates the sparse technical literature on Burtt (Moriarty, 1994; Villemaire, 2002), positioning his work in the aftermath of American idealism and the rise of realist, pragmatist and naturalist alternatives. However, I depart from the existing interpretations both in content and focus. Disagreeing with Moriarty, I maintain that Burtt's Metaphysical Foundations is not an idealist work. (...)
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  2. added 2020-04-15
    Reflections on the History of Science and the Modern University.Raffaele Pisano - 2020 - Metascience:1-3.
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  3. added 2020-04-01
    Meteorology.Monte Johnson - 2020 - In Liba Taub (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek and Roman Science. Cambridge, UK: pp. 160-184.
    Greco-Roman meteorology will be described in four overlapping developments. In the archaic period, astro-meteorological calendars were written down, and one appears in Hesiod’s Works and Days; such calendars or almanacs originated thousands of years earlier in Mesopotamia. In the second development, also in the archaic period, the pioneers of prose writing began writing speculative naturalistic explanations of meteorological phenomena: Anaximander, followed by Heraclitus, Anaxagoras, and others. When Aristotle in the fourth century BCE mentions the ‘inquiry that all our predecessors have (...)
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  4. added 2020-02-26
    Comment on David G. Anderson & Dmitry V. Arzyutov, “The Etnos Archipelago: Sergei M. Shirokogoroff and the Life History of a Controversial Anthropological Concept”.Jeff Kochan - 2019 - Current Anthropology 60 (6):741-73 (pp. 760-1).
    In response to Anderson and Arzyutov’s paper, I argue that ambiguities in the Russian social-scientific concept of “etnos” reveal its place in what I call a “field style” for thinking and doing science. Tolerance for ambiguity is, I suggest, a methodological strength of the field sciences. I support these reflections by also addressing the etnos concept’s origins in the complex history of Ukrainian nationalism.
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  5. added 2020-02-12
    The Chemical Philosophy of Robert Boyle: Mechanicism, Chymical Atoms, and Emergence.Marina P. Banchetti - forthcoming - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    This book examines the way in which Robert Boyle seeks to accommodate his complex chemical philosophy within the framework of a mechanistic theory of matter. More specifically, the book proposes that Boyle regards chemical qualities as properties that emerged from the mechanistic structure of chymical atoms. Within Boyle’s chemical ontology, chymical atoms are structured concretions of particles that Boyle regards as chemically elementary entities, that is, as chemical wholes that resist experimental analysis. Although this interpretation of Boyle’s chemical philosophy has (...)
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  6. added 2020-02-06
    Auguste Comte and J. S. Mill on Physical Causes: The Case of Joseph Fourier’s Analytical Theory of Heat.Andreea Eșanu - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (2):275-295.
  7. added 2020-01-31
    ‘The Rhetoric of Medicine: Lessons on Professionalism From Ancient Greece’: Book Review. [REVIEW]Adam Hayden - 2020 - The Polyphony: Conversations Across the Humanities.
  8. added 2020-01-09
    Negotiating History: Contingency, Canonicity, and Case Studies.Agnes Bolinska & Joseph D. Martin - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 80:37–46.
    Objections to the use of historical case studies for philosophical ends fall into two categories. Methodological objections claim that historical accounts and their uses by philosophers are subject to various biases. We argue that these challenges are not special; they also apply to other epistemic practices. Metaphysical objections, on the other hand, claim that historical case studies are intrinsically unsuited to serve as evidence for philosophical claims, even when carefully constructed and used, and so constitute a distinct class of challenge. (...)
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  9. added 2020-01-06
    The Role of Oral History in Surviving a Eugenic Past.Robert A. Wilson - 2015 - In Steven High (ed.), Beyond Testimony and Trauma: Oral History in the Aftermath of Mass Violence. pp. 119-138.
    Despite the fact that the history of eugenics in Canada is necessarily part of the larger history of eugenics, there is a special role for oral history to play in the telling of this story, a role that promises to shift us from the muddled middle of the story. Not only has the testimony of eugenics survivors already played perhaps the most important role in revealing much about the practice of eugenics in Canada, but the willingness and ability of survivors (...)
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  10. added 2019-12-24
    Kuhn and the History of Science.K. Brad Wray - 2019 - In Miranda Fricker, Peter J. Graham, David Henderson & Nikolaj Jang Lee Linding Pedersen (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Social Epistemology. Routledge. pp. 40-48.
  11. added 2019-12-20
    Pere Grapí, Inspiring Air: A History of Air-Related Science. Wilmington: Vernon Press, 2019. Pp. Ix + 352. ISBN 1-62273-738-5. £44.00. [REVIEW]Nicholas Danne - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Science 52 (4):717-719.
    Greatly detailed history of design changes of the eudiometer; unfortunately the annotation on many diagrams is illegible.
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  12. added 2019-12-19
    On the Cultural Relationship Between Niels Bohr and Harald HØffding.Roberto Angeloni - 2010 - Nuncius 25 (2):317-356.
    It is this paper’s aim to shed some light on the debate about the cultural debt of Niels Bohr towards his mentor and teacher of philosophy, Harald Høffding. The debate began at the end of seventies between two Danish scholars, Jan Faye and David Favrholdt, and in a broader sense it stands for way to show how philosophical influences may shape the scientist’s outlook on the world and consequently the approach to his field of studies. In my view, Edgar Rubin, (...)
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  13. added 2019-12-13
    What is This Thing Called Philosophy of Science? A Computational Topic-Modeling Perspective, 1934–2015.Christophe Malaterre, Jean-François Chartier & Davide Pulizzotto - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (2):215-249.
    What is philosophy of science? Numerous manuals, anthologies or essays provide carefully reconstructed vantage points on the discipline that have been gained through expert and piecemeal historical analyses. In this paper, we address the question from a complementary perspective: we target the content of one major journal of the field—Philosophy of Science—and apply unsupervised text-mining methods to its complete corpus, from its start in 1934 until 2015. By running topic-modeling algorithms over the full-text corpus, we identified 126 key research topics (...)
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  14. added 2019-12-09
    The Philosophy of History of Science of Thomas Kuhn.Alexander Bird - 2012 - Discusiones Filosóficas 13 (21):167 - 185.
    Int his article, I argue that Kuhn was a historicist in two respects. First, he was a conservative in Mannheim’s sense—tradition is important for understanding scientific change, and the evaluation of a scientific idea is relative to historical context. Secondly, Kuhn embraced determinism—there is a pattern to scientific change, akin to laws of scientific development. I show that Kuhn’s determinism requires that he is an internalist about the causes of scientific change; Kuhn’s internal- ism contrasts with the externalism that characterises (...)
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  15. added 2019-09-16
    The Doctrine of Specific Etiology.Lauren Ross - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):37.
    Modern medicine is often said to have originated with nineteenth century germ theory, which attributed diseases to bacterial contagions. The success of this theory is often associated with an underlying principle referred to as the “doctrine of specific etiology”. This doctrine refers to specificity at the level of disease causation or etiology. While the importance of this doctrine is frequently emphasized in the philosophical, historical, and medical literature, these sources lack a clear account of the types of specificity that it (...)
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  16. added 2019-09-09
    Historical and Epistemological Reflections on the Culture of Machines Around the Renaissance: Machines, Machineries and Perpetual Motion.Raffaele Pisano & Paolo Bussotti - 2015 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 3 (1):69-87.
    This paper is the second part of our recent paper ‘Historical and Epistemological Reflections on the Culture of Machines around the Renaissance: How Science and Technique Work’. In the first paper—which discussed some aspects of the relations between science and technology from Antiquity to the Renaissance—we highlighted the differences between the Aristotelian/Euclidean tradition and the Archimedean tradition. We also pointed out the way in which the two traditions were perceived around the Renaissance. The Archimedean tradition is connected with machines: its (...)
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  17. added 2019-09-09
    European Society for the History of Science.Raffaele Pisano - 2012 - Centaurus 54 (4):330-331.
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  18. added 2019-09-09
    European Society for the History of Science.Raffaele Pisano - 2012 - Centaurus 54 (2):202-203.
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  19. added 2019-09-09
    European Society for the History of Science.Raffaele Pisano & M. Rosa Massa-Esteve - 2011 - Centaurus 53 (3):253-254.
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  20. added 2019-09-09
    European Society for the History of Science.Raffaele Pisano - 2011 - Centaurus 53 (4):346-347.
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  21. added 2019-08-09
    Philosophy of Science A to Z, Arabic Translation فلسفة العلم من الألف إلى الياء.Salah Osman - 2018 - Cairo, Cairo Governorate, Egypt: Ministry of Culture, National Center for Translation.
    دليل مُرتَّب أبجديًا للمصطلحات الأساسية، وكذلك لأشهر الأعلام، في المجالات المختلفة لفلسفة العلم. يُغطي الكتاب أبرز المشكلات، والمواقف، والتصورات، والحجج التي كانت مثار مناقشات واسعة بين الفلاسفة. والهدف الأساسي له هو فهم المناقشات الحالية من خلال تتبع وتفسير تطوراتها التاريخية وارتباطاتها بالمسائل الفلسفية الأبعد. ومع أن الكتاب يفترض مسبقًا وجود خلفية معرفية بفلسفة العلم لدى القارئ، إلا أنه مفيد بالقدر ذاته لكل من المبتدئين من دارسي فلسفة العلم، والمتخصصين ذوي الخبرات الواسعة، فضلاً عن عامة القُراء. وسوف يجد القارئ من خلال (...)
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  22. added 2019-08-08
    William Bynum, A Little History of Science. [REVIEW]Sean F. Johnston - 2013 - British Society for the History of Science Viewpoint 101:10.
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  23. added 2019-07-02
    Sofia A. Yanovskaya: The Marxist Pioneer of Mathematical Logic in the Soviet Union.Dimitris Kilakos - 2019 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 6:49-64.
    K. Marx’s 200th jubilee coincides with the celebration of the 85 years from the first publication of his “Mathematical Manuscripts” in 1933. Its editor, Sofia Alexandrovna Yanovskaya (1896–1966), was a renowned Soviet mathematician, whose significant studies on the foundations of mathematics and mathematical logic, as well as on the history and philosophy of mathematics are unduly neglected nowadays. Yanovskaya, as a militant Marxist, was actively engaged in the ideological confrontation with idealism and its influence on modern mathematics and their interpretation. (...)
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  24. added 2019-06-14
    Retrospectiva del desempeño de las políticas científicas impulsadas en Ecuador.Paulo Vélez-León - 2018 - Analysis. Claves de Pensamiento Contemporáneo 21 (13):1.21.
    This article presents a reconstruction of the scientific policies established in Ecuador in the years between 1979 and 2007. The purpose is double: on the one hand, it seeks to understand the process of institutionalization of the System of Science and Technology, on the other hand analysing the achievements of three scientific policies established during this period. Hence, the reconstruction is split into three stages: from 1979 to 1994 when the first scientific policy was in place; from 1994 to 2004 (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    Hermeneutical Contributions to the History of Science: Gadamer on ‘Presentism’.Oscar Moro Abadía - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):372-380.
    This article examines how Hans G. Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics can contribute to contemporary debates on the concept of ‘presentism’. In the field of the history of science, this term is usually employed in two ways. First, ‘presentism’ refers to the kind of historiography which judges the past to legitimate the present. Second, this concept designates the inevitable influence of the present in the interpretation of the past. In this paper, I argue that both dimensions of the relationship between the present (...)
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  26. added 2019-06-06
    Peter J.T. Morris , Science for the Nation: Perspectives on the History of the Science Museum. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Pp. Xxi+350. ISBN 978-0-230-23009-5. £65.00. [REVIEW]Richard Dunn - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Science 44 (1):152-153.
  27. added 2019-06-06
    History and Scientific Practice in the Construction of an Adequate Philosophy of Science: Revisiting a Whewell/Mill Debate.Aaron D. Cobb - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):85-93.
    William Whewell raised a series of objections concerning John Stuart Mill’s philosophy of science which suggested that Mill’s views were not properly informed by the history of science or by adequate reflection on scientific practices. The aim of this paper is to revisit and evaluate this incisive Whewellian criticism of Mill’s views by assessing Mill’s account of Michael Faraday’s discovery of electrical induction. The historical evidence demonstrates that Mill’s reconstruction is an inadequate reconstruction of this historical episode and the scientific (...)
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    Early Conceptualizations of the Telescope as an Optical Instrument.Antoni Malet - 2005 - Early Science and Medicine 10 (2):237-262.
    This article focuses on some theoretical developments prompted by the use and construction of telescopes in the first half of the seventeenth century. It argues that today's notion of "scientific instrument" cannot be used to categorize these optical devices or explain their impact on natural philosophy. The article analyzes in historical terms the construction of conceptual references for the telescope as an instrument of a new kind, which possessed capabilities and working principles unlike those of traditional "mathematical instruments." It shows (...)
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    SOFIA ÅKERBERG, Knowledge and Pleasure at Regent's Park: The Gardens of the Zoological Society of London During the Nineteenth Century. Idéhistoriska Skrifter, 36. Umeå: Department of Historical Studies, 2001. Pp. 254. ISBN 91-7305-147-0. No Price Given. [REVIEW]Paul White - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (1):113-114.
  30. added 2019-06-06
    Ibn Al-Haytham on Binocular Vision: A Precursor of Physiological Optics: Dominique Raynaud.Dominique Raynaud - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):79-99.
    The modern physiological optics introduces the notions related to the conditions of fusion of binocular images by the concept of correspondence, due to Christiaan Huygens, and by an experiment attributed to Christoph Scheiner. The conceptualization of this experiment dates, in fact, back to Ptolemy and Ibn al-Haytham. The present paper surveys Ibn al-Haytham's knowledge about the mechanisms of binocular vision. The article subsequently explains why Ibn al-Haytham, a mathematician, but here an experimenter, did not give the circular figure of the (...)
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  31. added 2019-06-06
    The Invisible World: Early Modern Philosophy and the Invention of the Microscope. [REVIEW]Margaret Atherton - 1998 - Dialogue 37 (3):650-652.
    Not long ago, historians of philosophy realized with some excitement the canonical texts of the early modern period could be rendered increasingly intelligible if they were read not as discussing a series of atemporal “purely philosophical” questions, but as embedded in the issues raised by contemporaneous events such as the scientific revolution. To take an often-discussed example, it was hoped that, so contextualized, Locke’s notoriously puzzling distinction between primary and secondary qualities would fall into place as an expression of his (...)
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    Georges Canguilhem, A Vital Rationalist: Selected Writings From Georges Canguilhem, Edited by François Delaporte and Translated by Arthur Goldhammer. New York: Zone Books, 1994. Pp. 481. ISBN 0-942299-72-8. £24.25, $36.25. [REVIEW]John Sutton - 1997 - British Journal for the History of Science 30 (1):101-121.
    Georges Canguilhem, A Vital Rationalist: Selected Writings from Georges Canguilhem, edited by François Delaporte and translated by Arthur Goldhammer. New York: Zone Books, 1994. Pp. 481. ISBN 0-942299-72-8. £24.25, $36.25.
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    The Living Academies of Nature: Scientific Experiment in Learning and Communicating the New Skills of Early Nineteenth-Century Landscape Painting.Beryl Hartley - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (2):149-180.
  34. added 2019-06-06
    The Method and Theory of V. Gordon Childe. [REVIEW]Alison Wylie - 1986 - International Studies in Philosophy 18 (3):67-69.
  35. added 2019-06-06
    General Natural Order: Historical Studies of Scientific Culture. Edited by Barry Barnes and Steven Shapin. London and Beverly Hills: Sage, 1979. Pp. 225. £10.00/£4.25. [REVIEW]David Gooding - 1981 - British Journal for the History of Science 14 (1):84-86.
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  36. added 2019-06-05
    Miguel Á. Granada, Patrick J. Boner, and Dario Tessicini, Eds. Unifying Heaven and Earth: Essays in the History of Early Modern Cosmology. Barcelona: Publicacions I Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona, 2016. Pp. 356. €30.00. [REVIEW]Aviva Rothman - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (1):169-173.
  37. added 2019-06-05
    Robert J. Richards and Lorraine Daston, Eds., Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions at Fifty: Reflections on a Science Classic. Chicago: University of Chicago Press , 202 Pp., $25.00 ; $75.00. [REVIEW]K. Brad Wray - 2017 - Philosophy of Science 84 (1):184-188.
  38. added 2019-06-05
    J Tyler Friedman and Sebastian Luft, Eds. The Philosophy of Ernst Cassirer: A Novel Assessment. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015. Pp. Vi+475. $154.00. [REVIEW]Francesca Biagioli - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):164-167.
  39. added 2019-06-05
    Alan G. Gross and Joseph E. Harmon. Science From Sight to Insight: How Scientists Illustrate Meaning. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014. Pp. 332. $90.00 ; $30.00. [REVIEW]Omar W. Nasim - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):168-171.
  40. added 2019-06-05
    Marco Solinas. From Aristotle’s Teleology to Darwin’s Genealogy: The Stamp of Inutility. London: Macmillan, 2015. Pp. 200. $95.00. [REVIEW]Benjamin Goldberg - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):174-177.
  41. added 2019-06-05
    Susannah Gibson. Animal, Vegetable, Mineral? How Eighteenth-Century Science Disrupted the Natural Order. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. Xv+215, Index. $34.95. [REVIEW]Alan C. Love - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):337-340.
    “To arrange in or analyse into classes according to shared qualities or characteristics; to make a formal or systematic classification” (OED). For many, classification provokes images of dull cataloging and arcane knowledge. However, in the eighteenth century it was neither dull nor arcane and had momentous import for natural philosophers and everyday individuals alike. Susannah Gibson has captured this expertly in her new book, and the subtitle accents the stakes: How Eighteenth-Century Science Disrupted the Natural Order. Although originating out of (...)
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  42. added 2019-06-05
    Philosophical Lessons From Scientific Biography* Robert J. Richards , The Tragic Sense of Life: Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle Over Evolutionary Thought . Chicago: University of Chicago Press (2009), 576 Pp., 8 Color Plates, 122 Halftones, $25.00 (Paper). [REVIEW]Alan C. Love - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (4):696-701.
    If we set aside personal edification, what reasons remain for a philosopher of science to study the intellectual biography of a famous (or infamous) scientist? This question raises familiar and perhaps tired arguments about the relationship between history of science and philosophy of science, but it is also practical: why take the time to digest almost 600 pages devoted to the controversial German zoologist Ernst Haeckel? A preliminary answer is the author. The historical investigations of Robert Richards have been of (...)
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  43. added 2019-06-05
    The Oxford Calculators’ Middle Degree Theorem in Context.Edith Dudley Sylla - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (4-5):338-370.
    The core Oxford Calculators developed a science of kinematics in which the key concept was the "latitude of velocity." Based upon the concept of "latitude," the Calculators developed parts of a mathematical physics in deductive format that could be applied to quite various situations.
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  44. added 2019-06-05
    When Theory Fails? The History of American Sociological Research Methods.Tim May - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (1):147-156.
  45. added 2019-06-05
    From Mineralogy to Geology: The Foundations of a Science, 1650-1830. Rachel Laudan.Henry Frankel - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (2):340-342.
  46. added 2019-05-02
    Mykhailo Hrushevskyi’s Father: Biographical Aspects.Yaryna Yurynets - 2017 - Kyiv-Mohyla Humanities Journal 4:11-27.
    The key scholarly issue of contemporary Ukrainian research is not only a return to existing problems and figures but also a search for new figures and the filling of historical and biographical gaps. The present article is dedicated to the biography of Kyiv Theological Academy graduate Serhii Hrushevskyi (1830–1901), a figure who has rarely appeared in research previously. He was a talented teacher and gained credibility and respect among his contemporaries. More attention should be paid to his publications in periodicals, (...)
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  47. added 2019-04-01
    The Early Animal Behaviorists: Prolegomenon to Ethology.Philip Howard Gray - 1968 - Isis 59 (4):372-383.
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  48. added 2019-03-29
    Bīrūnī, Abū Rayḥān.C. Edmund Bosworth, David Pingree, George Saliba, Georges C. Anawati, François de Blois & Bruce B. Lawrence - unknown - Encyclopædia Iranica.
    BĪRŪNĪ, ABŪ RAYḤĀN MOḤAMMAD b. Aḥmad (362/973- after 442/1050), scholar and polymath of the period of the late Samanids and early Ghaznavids and one of the two greatest intellectual figures of his time in the eastern lands of the Muslim world, the other being Ebn Sīnā.
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  49. added 2019-03-13
    We Need to Recreate Natural Philosophy.Nicholas Maxwell - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (4):28-0.
    Modern science began as natural philosophy, an admixture of philosophy and science. It was then killed off by Newton, as a result of his claim to have derived his law of gravitation from the phenomena by induction. But this post-Newtonian conception of science, which holds that theories are accepted on the basis of evidence, is untenable, as the long-standing insolubility of the problem of induction indicates. Persistent acceptance of unified theories only in physics, when endless equally empirically successful disunified rivals (...)
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  50. added 2019-03-13
    Trout, J. D. , Wondrous Truths: The Improbable Triumph of Modern Science, New York: Oxford University Press, 264pp, ISBN 978-0199385072. [REVIEW]Nicholas Maxwell - 2017 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 5 (2):108-115.
1 — 50 / 319