Results for 'chaos'

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  1.  71
    Chaos, Add Infinitum.Hayden Wilkinson - manuscript
    Our universe is both chaotic and (most likely) infinite in space and time. But it is within this setting that we must make moral decisions. This presents problems. The first: due to our universe's chaotic nature, our actions often have long-lasting, unpredictable effects; and this means we typically cannot say which of two actions will turn out best in the long run. The second problem: due to the universe's infinite dimensions, and infinite population therein, we cannot compare outcomes by simply (...)
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  2.  73
    Deterministic Chaos and the Evolution of Meaning.Elliott O. Wagner - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):547-575.
    Common wisdom holds that communication is impossible when messages are costless and communicators have totally opposed interests. This article demonstrates that such wisdom is false. Non-convergent dynamics can sustain partial information transfer even in a zero-sum signalling game. In particular, I investigate a signalling game in which messages are free, the state-act payoffs resemble rock–paper–scissors, and senders and receivers adjust their strategies according to the replicator dynamic. This system exhibits Hamiltonian chaos and trajectories do not converge to equilibria. This (...)
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  3.  29
    Explaining Chaos.Peter Smith - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Chaotic dynamics has been hailed as the third great scientific revolution in physics this century, comparable to relativity and quantum mechanics. In this book, Peter Smith takes a cool, critical look at such claims. He cuts through the hype and rhetoric by explaining some of the basic mathematical ideas in a clear and accessible way, and by carefully discussing the methodological issues which arise. In particular, he explores the new kinds of explanation of empirical phenomena which modern dynamics can deliver. (...)
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  4. How Brains Make Chaos in Order to Make Sense of the World.Christine A. Skarda & Walter J. Freeman - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (2):161-173.
  5. Chaos Out of Order: Quantum Mechanics, the Correspondence Principle and Chaos.Gordon Belot & John Earman - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 28 (2):147-182.
    A vast amount of ink has been spilled in both the physics and the philosophy literature on the measurement problem in quantum mechanics. Important as it is, this problem is but one aspect of the more general issue of how, if at all, classical properties can emerge from the quantum descriptions of physical systems. In this paper we will study another aspect of the more general issue-the emergence of classical chaos-which has been receiving increasing attention from physicists but which (...)
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  6. Structural Chaos.Conor Mayo-Wilson - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):1236-1247.
    A dynamical system is called chaotic if small changes to its initial conditions can create large changes in its behavior. By analogy, we call a dynamical system structurally chaotic if small changes to the equations describing the evolution of the system produce large changes in its behavior. Although there are many definitions of “chaos,” there are few mathematically precise candidate definitions of “structural chaos.” I propose a definition, and I explain two new theorems that show that a set (...)
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  7.  17
    Explaining Chaos.Lawrence Sklar - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (2):289.
    Explaining Chaos provides both a succinct and accurate introduction to the physics and mathematics of chaotic dynamical systems along with a number of pertinent philosophical commentaries on the scientific results. The book provides the clearest and most sensible treatment of chaos theory from a philosophical perspective available in the literature.
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  8.  2
    Order Out of Chaos: Man's New Dialogue with Nature.I. Prigogine - 1984 - Random House.
    Uitleg van nieuwe wetenschappelijke-wijsgerige visies op de natuurwetten, in het bijzonder in de thermodynamica, berustend op het belang van de instabiliteit van bestaande systemen.
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  9.  48
    Chaos.Robert Bishop - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The big news about chaos is supposed to be that the smallest of changes in a system can result in very large differences in that system's behavior. The so-called butterfly effect has become one of the most popular images of chaos. The idea is that the flapping of a butterfly's wings in Argentina could cause a tornado in Texas three weeks later. By contrast, in an identical copy of the world sans the Argentinian butterfly, no such storm would (...)
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  10.  17
    Chaos, Territory, Art: Deleuze and the Framing of the Earth.Elizabeth Grosz - 2008 - Columbia University Press.
    Instead of treating art as a unique creation that requires reason and refined taste to appreciate, Elizabeth Grosz argues that art-especially architecture, music, and painting-is born from the disruptive forces of sexual selection.
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  11.  13
    Chaos, Indeterminism, and Free Will.Robert C. Bishop - 2002 - In Robert Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 84-100.
    An overview of chaos, indeterminism, free will and the relationship between physics and free will.
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  12. Chaos, Complexity, and God: Divine Action and Scientism.Taede A. Smedes - 2006 - Ars Disputandi 6:1566-5399.
  13.  4
    Chaos-Based Application of a Novel Multistable 5D Memristive Hyperchaotic System with Coexisting Multiple Attractors.Fei Yu, Li Liu, Shuai Qian, Lixiang Li, Yuanyuan Huang, Changqiong Shi, Shuo Cai, Xianming Wu, Sichun Du & Qiuzhen Wan - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-19.
    Novel memristive hyperchaotic system designs and their engineering applications have received considerable critical attention. In this paper, a novel multistable 5D memristive hyperchaotic system and its application are introduced. The interesting aspect of this chaotic system is that it has different types of coexisting attractors, chaos, hyperchaos, periods, and limit cycles. First, a novel 5D memristive hyperchaotic system is proposed by introducing a flux-controlled memristor with quadratic nonlinearity into an existing 4D four-wing chaotic system as a feedback term. Then, (...)
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  14.  1
    Chaos and Complexity in Psychology: The Theory of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems.Stephen J. Guastello, Matthijs Koopmans & David Pincus (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book reports recent landmark developments and the state of the art in NDS science in psychological theory and research.
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  15. Defining Chaos.Robert W. Batterman - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):43-66.
    This paper considers definitions of classical dynamical chaos that focus primarily on notions of predictability and computability, sometimes called algorithmic complexity definitions of chaos. I argue that accounts of this type are seriously flawed. They focus on a likely consequence of chaos, namely, randomness in behavior which gets characterized in terms of the unpredictability or uncomputability of final given initial states. In doing so, however, they can overlook the definitive feature of dynamical chaos--the fact that the (...)
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  16.  1
    Chaos-Based Engineering Applications with a 6D Memristive Multistable Hyperchaotic System and a 2D SF-SIMM Hyperchaotic Map. [REVIEW]Fei Yu, Shuai Qian, Xi Chen, Yuanyuan Huang, Shuo Cai, Jie Jin & Sichun Du - 2021 - Complexity 2021:1-21.
    In recent years, the research of chaos theory has developed from simple cognition and analysis to practical engineering application. In particular, hyperchaotic systems with more complex and changeable chaotic characteristics are more sensitive and unpredictable, so they are widely used in more fields. In this paper, two important engineering applications based on hyperchaos pseudorandom number generator and image encryption are studied. Firstly, the coupling 6D memristive hyperchaotic system and a 2D SF-SIMM discrete hyperchaotic mapping are used as the double (...)
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  17. God, Chaos, and the Quantum Dice.Jeffrey Koperski - 2000 - Zygon 35 (3):545-559.
    A recent noninterventionist account of divine agency has been proposed that marries the probabilistic nature of quantum mechanics to the instability of chaos theory. On this account, God is able to bring about observable effects in the macroscopic world by determining the outcome quantum events. When this determination occurs in the presence of chaos, the ability to influence large systems is multiplied. This paper argues that although the proposal is highly intuitive, current research in dynamics shows that it (...)
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  18.  45
    Chaos in Game Dynamics.Brian Skyrms - 1992 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 1 (2):111-130.
    Two examples demonstrate the possibility of extremely complicated non-convergent behavior in evolutionary game dynamics. For the Taylor-Jonker flow, the stable orbits for three strategies were investigated by Zeeman. Chaos does not occur with three strategies. This papers presents numerical evidence that chaotic dynamics on a strange attractor does occur with four strategies. Thus phenomenon is closely related to known examples of complicated behavior in Lotka-Volterra ecological models.
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  19.  38
    Chaos, Prediction and Laplacean Determinism.M. A. Stone - 1989 - American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (2):123--31.
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  20. Chaos, Emergence, and the Mind-Body Problem.David V. Newman - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (2):180-96.
  21. Has Chaos Been Explained?Jeffrey Koperski - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (4):683-700.
    In his recent book, Explaining Chaos, Peter Smith presents a new problem in the foundations of chaos theory. Specifically, he argues that the standard ways of justifying idealizations in mathematical models fail when it comes to the infinite intricacy found in strange attractors. I argue that Smith's analysis undermines much of the explanatory power of chaos theory. A better approach is developed by drawing analogies from the models found in continuum mechanics.
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  22.  38
    The Collapse of Chaos: Discovering Simplicity in a Complex World.Jack Cohen - 1994 - Viking Press.
    Jack Cohen and Ian Stewart explore the ability of complicated rules to generate simple behaviour in nature through 'the collapse of chaos'.
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  23.  73
    Deterministic Chaos and the Nature of Chance.John A. Winnie - 1996 - In J. Earman & J. Norton (eds.), The Cosmos of Science: Essays of Exploration. University of Pitsburgh Press. pp. 299--324.
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  24.  45
    Computable Chaos.John A. Winnie - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (2):263-275.
    Some irrational numbers are "random" in a sense which implies that no algorithm can compute their decimal expansions to an arbitrarily high degree of accuracy. This feature of (most) irrational numbers has been claimed to be at the heart of the deterministic, but chaotic, behavior exhibited by many nonlinear dynamical systems. In this paper, a number of now classical chaotic systems are shown to remain chaotic when their domains are restricted to the computable real numbers, providing counterexamples to the above (...)
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  25.  43
    Global Chaos Synchronization of New Chaotic System Using Linear Active Control.Israr Ahmad, Azizan Bin Saaban, Adyda Binti Ibrahim & Mohammad Shahzad - 2016 - Complexity 21 (1):379-386.
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  26.  5
    Chaos or Coherence? Future Directions for Moral Education.James C. Conroy - 2021 - Journal of Moral Education 50 (1):1-12.
    ABSTRACT This introduction attempts to draw together the various threads which comprise this special issue and place them in the context of recent disruptions to the political order occasioned by the rise of populist politics, the resurgence of widespread racial tensions in a number of polities and the emergence of a global pandemic. Central to the challenges thrown up by these ‘events’ and a motive force, has been the incremental advancement of libertarianism with its capacity to disorient and displace a (...)
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  27.  27
    Chaos Synchronization of a Fractional-Order Modified Van der Pol-Duffing System Via New Linear Control, Backstepping Control and Takagi-Sugeno Fuzzy Approaches.Ahmed Ezzat Matouk - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):116-124.
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  28.  34
    Quantum Chaos and Semiclassical Mechanics.Robert Batterman - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:50-65.
    This paper discusses the problem of finding and defining chaos in quantum mechanics. While chaotic time evolution appears to be ubiquitous in classical mechanics, it is apparently absent in quantum mechanics in part because for a bound, isolated quantum system, the evolution of its state is multiply periodic. This has led a number of investigators to search for semiclassical signatures of chaos. Here I am concerned with the status of semiclassical mechanics as a distinct third theory of the (...)
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  29.  13
    Chaos Control and Synchronization Via Switched Output Control Strategy.Runzi Luo, Haipeng Su & Yanhui Zeng - 2017 - Complexity 2017:1-11.
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  30.  1
    Attitudes, Chaos and the Connectionist Mind.J. Richard Eiser - 1994 - Cambridge: Blackwell.
    This book presents a broad-ranging and fascinating examination of attitudes: how we form them; how we organize them towards others; and whether they are inherently human or could also be developed by computers. Professor Eiser suggests there are fundamental objections to the idea of a computer having a sense of self or a set of attitutdes.
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  31.  67
    Indeterminism in Physics, Classical Chaos and Bohmian Mechanics.\\ Are Real Numbers Really Real?Nicolas Gisin - 2019 - Erkenntnis:1-13.
    It is usual to identify initial conditions of classical dynamical systems with mathematical real numbers. However, almost all real numbers contain an infinite amount of information. I argue that a finite volume of space can’t contain more than a finite amount of information, hence that the mathematical real numbers are not physically relevant. Moreover, a better terminology for the so-called real numbers is “random numbers”, as their series of bits are truly random. I propose an alternative classical mechanics, which is (...)
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  32.  25
    Chaos and Algorithmic Complexity.Robert W. Batterman & Homer White - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (3):307-336.
    Our aim is to discover whether the notion of algorithmic orbit-complexity can serve to define “chaos” in a dynamical system. We begin with a mostly expository discussion of algorithmic complexity and certain results of Brudno, Pesin, and Ruelle (BRP theorems) which relate the degree of exponential instability of a dynamical system to the average algorithmic complexity of its orbits. When one speaks of predicting the behavior of a dynamical system, one usually has in mind one or more variables in (...)
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  33.  7
    Rigidity, Chaos and Integration: Hemispheric Interaction and Individual Differences in Metaphor Comprehension.Miriam Faust & Yoed N. Kenett - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  34.  60
    Bigger Than Chaos: Understanding Complexity Through Probability.Michael Strevens - 2003 - Harvard University Press.
    In this book, Michael Strevens aims to explain how simplicity can coexist with, indeed be caused by, the tangled interconnections between a complex system's ...
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  35. What Are the New Implications of Chaos for Unpredictability?Charlotte Werndl - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (1):195-220.
    From the beginning of chaos research until today, the unpredictability of chaos has been a central theme. It is widely believed and claimed by philosophers, mathematicians and physicists alike that chaos has a new implication for unpredictability, meaning that chaotic systems are unpredictable in a way that other deterministic systems are not. Hence, one might expect that the question ‘What are the new implications of chaos for unpredictability?’ has already been answered in a satisfactory way. However, (...)
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  36.  55
    Chaos, History, and Narrative.George A. Reisch - 1991 - History and Theory 30 (1):1-20.
    Hempel's proposal of covering laws which explain historical events has a certain plausibility, but can never be actually realized due to the chaotic nature of history. The natural laws that would govern both individual lives and greater history would be nonlinear; consequently, in the terminology of chaos theory, the final states of both are extremely sensitive to initial conditions. Initial conditions would need to be exactly known in order to account correctly for historic phenomena, especially for causes and effects (...)
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  37. Order Out of Chaos.Ilya Prigogine & Isabelle Stengers - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (3):352-354.
  38.  86
    Chaos and Free Will.James W. Garson - 1995 - Philosophical Psychology 8 (4):365-74.
    This paper explores the possibility that chaos theory might be helpful in explaining free will. I will argue that chaos has little to offer if we construe its role as to resolve the apparent conflict between determinism and freedom. However, I contend that the fundamental problem of freedom is to find a way to preserve intuitions about rational action in a physical brain. New work on dynamic computation provides a framework for viewing free choice as a process that (...)
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  39.  12
    Chaos and Control: Nanotechnology and the Politics of Emergence.Matthew Kearnes - 2006 - Paragraph 29 (2):57-80.
    This article looks at the strong links between Deleuze's molecular ontology and the fields of complexity and emergence, and argues that Deleuze's work implies a ‘philosophy of technology’ that is both open and dynamic. Following Simondon and von Uexküll, Deleuze suggests that technical objects are ontologically unstable, and are produced by processes of individuation and self-organization in complex relations with their environment. For Deleuze design is not imposed from without, but emerges from within matter. The fundamental departure for Deleuze, on (...)
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  40. Chaos, Quantization, and the Correspondence Principle.Robert W. Batterman - 1991 - Synthese 89 (2):189 - 227.
  41.  13
    Chaos and Symbol Complexity in a Conformable Fractional-Order Memcapacitor System.Shaobo He, Santo Banerjee & Bo Yan - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-15.
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  42. Chaos and Constraints.Howard Nye - 2014 - In David Boersema (ed.), Dimensions of Moral Agency. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 14-29.
    Agent-centered constraints on harming hold that some harmful upshots of our conduct cannot be justified by its generating equal or somewhat greater benefits. In this paper I argue that all plausible theories of agent-centered constraints on harming are undermined by the likelihood that our actions will have butterfly effects, or cause cascades of changes that make the world dramatically different than it would have been. Theories that impose constraints against only intended harming or proximally caused harm have unacceptable implications for (...)
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  43.  15
    Chaos Bound: Orderly Disorder in Contemporary Literature and Science.Tom LeClair & N. Katherine Hayles - 1991 - Substance 20 (1):129.
  44.  30
    Chaos Theory.Niall Shanks - 1994 - Idealistic Studies 24 (3):241-254.
    In this article we discuss two divergent accounts of non-human animals as analog models of human biomedical phenomena. Using a classical account of analogical reasoning, toxicologists and teratologists claim that if the model and subject modeled are substantially similar, then test results in non-human animals are likely applicable to humans . However, the same toxicologists report that different species often react very differently to the same chemical stimuli . The best way to understand their findings is to abandon the classical (...)
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  45.  22
    Chaos and the Explanatory Significance of Equilibrium: Strange Attractors in Evolutionary Game Dynamics.Brian Skyrms - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:374-394.
    This paper discusses the explanatory significance of the equilibrium concept in the context of an example of extremely complicated dynamical behavior. In particular, numerical evidence is presented for the existence of chaotic dynamics on a "strange attractor" in the evolutionary game dynamics introduced by Taylor and Jonker [also known as the "replicator dynamics"]. This phenomenon is present already in four strategy evolutionary games where the dynamics takes place in a simplex in three dimensional space-the lowest number of dimensions in which (...)
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  46.  16
    Chaos Control of Uncertain Time-Delay Chaotic Systems with Input Dead-Zone Nonlinearity.Ming-Chang Pai - 2016 - Complexity 21 (3):13-20.
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  47. Chaos Theory and the Evolution of Consciousness and Mind: A Thermodynamic/Holographic Resolution to the Mind-Body Problem.Larry R. Vandervert - 1995 - New Ideas in Psychology 13:107-27.
  48.  10
    Bigger Than Chaos: Understanding Complexity Through Probability. [REVIEW]M. Strevens - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (4):875-882.
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  49.  33
    Chaos and Indeterminism.Jesse Hobbs - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):141 - 164.
    Laplacean determinism remains a popular theory among philosophers and scientists alike, in spite of the fact that the Copenhagen Interpretation of quantum mechanics, with which it is inconsistent, has been around for more than fifty years. There are a number of reasons for its continuing popularity. One, recently articulated by Honderich, is that there are too many possible interpretations of quantum mechanics, and the subject is too controversial even among physicists to be an adequate basis for overturning determinism. Nevertheless, quantum (...)
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  50.  20
    Is Chaos Indeterministic?Robert C. Bishop & Frederick M. Kronz - 1999 - In Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara (ed.), Language, Quantum, Music. pp. 129--141.
    An examination of determinism in the context of chaotic dynamics.
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