Results for 'Osvaldo Pessoa Júnior'

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  1.  3
    O canto do cisne da visão ortodoxa da filosofia da ciência.Osvaldo Pessoa Júnior - 2004 - Scientiae Studia 2 (2):259-263.
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  2.  15
    Unidades de conhecimento na teoria da ciência.Osvaldo Pessoa Junior - 2004 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 9 (2).
    Após apresentar, em linhas gerais, a abordagem dos modelos causais em história da ciência, define-se a noção de “avanço” como uma manifestação cultural de natureza cognitiva ou, na linguagem da biologia evolutiva, como um “meme” cognitivo. Discute-se até que ponto tais avanços podem ser considerados verdadeiras “unidades”, e discorre-se sobre a noção problemática de “unidades que se conservariam na passagem de uma história possível para outra”. Comentários são feitos sobre a distinção entre a definição de um avanço e seu grau (...)
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  3.  19
    Modelo causal dos primórdios da ciência do magnetismo.Osvaldo Pessoa Júnior - 2010 - Scientiae Studia 8 (2):195-212.
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  4.  3
    Reducionismo e o experimento mental da duplicação humana.Osvaldo Pessoa Júnior - 2010 - Revista de Filosofia Aurora 22 (30):69.
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  5.  19
    Refinements of the Interpretation of Complementarity From Afshar's Experiment.Osvaldo Pessoa Júnior - 2013 - Scientiae Studia 11 (1):119-139.
    O experimento de Afshar foi proposto recentemente como sendo uma violação do princípio de complementaridade. Reconhecendo a novidade trazida pelo experimento, argumentamos que ele permite um refinamento de tal princípio, a partir do estabelecimento de dois pontos: (1) a possibilidade de modificar o "tipo" de fenômeno (onda ou partícula) sem alterar o estado quântico, e (2) a constatação de que o tipo de fenômeno, associado a um quantum detectado, refere-se a um trecho determinado percorrido pelo objeto quântico. O primeiro ponto (...)
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  6.  4
    The Swan Song of the Orthodox Vision of Philosophy of Science.Osvaldo Pessoa Júnior - 2004 - Scientiae Studia 2 (2):259-263.
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  7.  4
    Delineando o problema da medição na mecânica quântica: o debate de Margenau e Wigner versus Putnam.Frederik Moreira dos Santos & Osvaldo Pessoa Júnior - 2011 - Scientiae Studia 9 (3):625-644.
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  8.  31
    Counterfactual Histories: The Beginning of Quantum Physics.Osvaldo Pessoa - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):S519 - S530.
    This paper presents a method for investigating counterfactual histories of science. A central notion to our theory of science are "advances" (ideas, data, etc.), which are units passed among scientists and which would be conserved in passing from one possible history to another. Advances are connected to each other by nets of causal influence, and we distinguish strong and weak influences. Around sixty types of advances are grouped into ten classes. As our case study, we examine the beginning of the (...)
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  9. Can the Decoherence Approach Help to Solve the Measurement Problem?Osvaldo Pessoa - 1997 - Synthese 113 (3):323-346.
    This work examines whether the environmentally-induced decoherence approach in quantum mechanics brings us any closer to solving the measurement problem, and whether it contributes to the elimination of subjectivism in quantum theory. A distinction is made between ,collapse, and ,decoherence,, so that an explanation for decoherence does not imply an explanation for collapse. After an overview of the measurement problem and of the open-systems paradigm, we argue that taking a partial trace is equivalent to applying the projection postulate. A criticism (...)
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  10.  36
    Counterfactual Histories: The Beginning of Quantum Physics.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2001 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2001 (3):S519-.
    This paper presents a method for investigating counterfactual histories of science. A central notion to our theory of science are "advances" , which are units passed among scientists and which would be conserved in passing from one possible history to another. Advances are connected to each other by nets of causal influence, and we distinguish strong and weak influences. Around sixty types of advances are grouped into ten classes. As our case study, we examine the beginning of the Old Quantum (...)
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  11.  30
    The Tausk Controversy on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: Physics, Philosophy, and Politics.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr, Olival Freire Jr & Alexis de Greiff - unknown
    In 1966 the Brazilian physicist Klaus Tausk (b. 1927) circulated a preprint from the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, criticizing Adriana Daneri, Angelo Loinger, and Giovanni Maria Prosperi`s theory of 1962 on the measurement problem in quantum mechanics. A heated controversy ensued between two opposing camps within the orthodox interpretation of quantum theory, represented by Leon Rosenfeld and Eugene P. Wigner. The controversy went well beyond the strictly scientific issues, however, reflecting philosophical and political commitments within the (...)
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  12.  17
    Causal Models in the History of Science.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2005 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 5 (14):263-274.
    The investigation of a method for postulating counterfactual histories of science has led to the development of a theory of science based on general units of knowledge, which are called “advances”. Advances are passed on from scientist to scientist, and may be seen as “causing” the appearance of other advances. This results in networks which may be analyzed in terms of probabilistic causal models, which are readily encodable in computer language. The probability for a set of advances to give rise (...)
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  13.  9
    Eventos Qu'nticos E Reducionismo Causal.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2013 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 17 (3):365.
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  14.  6
    Counterfactual Histories: The Beginning of Quantum Physics.Osvaldo Pessoa - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (S3):S519-S530.
  15.  24
    Computation of Probabilities in Causal Models of History of Science.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2006 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 10 (2):109-124.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate the ascription of probabilities in a causal model of an episode in the history of science. The aim of such a quantitative approach is to allow the implementation of the causal model in a computer, to run simulations. As an example, we look at the beginning of the science of magnetism, “explaining” — in a probabilistic way, in terms of a single causal model — why the field advanced in China but not (...)
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  16.  12
    Towards a Modal Logical Treatment of Quantum Physics.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2005 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 13 (1):139-147.
    The question of which is the logic that underlies quantum physics does not have an absolute answer, but only in relation to a conventional choice of interpretation . Most of the interpretations that have been offered work within the framework of classical logic. In contrast to these, we examine the corpuscular interpretation which is assumed in the application of non-distributive logic . The experiment in which single photons pass through a Mach-Zehnder interferometer is examined, indicating the difficulty of employing a (...)
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  17.  6
    Corpos voláteis, corpos perfeitos.Osvaldo Barreto Oliveira Júnior - 2014 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 19 (1):195-200.
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  18.  14
    Construção do ponto de vista e a alteridade em textos produzidos por alunos do Ensino Médio. [REVIEW]Osvaldo Barreto Oliveira Júnior & Dinéa Maria Sobral Muniz - 2018 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 23 (1):45-62.
    Educar na diferença pressupõe respeitar as diversas vozes dos sujeitos da escola, a fim de que, sociocognitivamente, estudantes e professores construam saberes, partilhando experiências, socializando conhecimentos e refletindo sobre seus modos de ver/conceber as coisas do mundo. Por essa razão, o professor de língua portuguesa precisa estar atento aos modos de compreensão que seus alunos revelam quando produzem dizeres nas atividades realizadas em sala de aula. Para isso, é preciso assumir que os sentidos são sempre negociados, e que os sujeitos, (...)
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  19.  9
    Sobre Saúde Mental: A Natureza Proteiforme Das Pulsões.Osvaldo Giacoia Júnior - 2007 - Discurso 36:37-54.
    Focusing on the relation between Freud and Nietzsche, the paper aims at pointing to an alternative path to the displacement of subjectivity among the moderns. Nietzschean notions of instinct and sublimation, which are among the central tenets of his critique of culture and modernity, could be the starting point for a productive discussion with psychoanalysis.
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  20.  1
    Physiology Responses and Players’ Stay on the Court During a Futsal Match: A Case Study With Professional Players.Julio Wilson Dos-Santos, Henrique Santos da Silva, Osvaldo Tadeu da Silva Junior, Ricardo Augusto Barbieri, Matheus Luiz Penafiel, Roberto Nascimento Braga da Silva, Fábio Milioni, Luiz Henrique Palucci Vieira, Diogo Henrique Constantino Coledam, Paulo Roberto Pereira Santiago & Marcelo Papoti - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Physiological responses in futsal have not been studied together with temporal information about the players’ stay on the court. The aim of this study was to compare heart rate and blood lactate concentration responses between 1-H and 2-H considering the time of permanency of the players on the court at each substitution in a futsal match. HR was recorded during entire match and [La−] was analyzed after each substitution of seven players. %HRmean and [La−] mean did not differ between 1-H (...)
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  21.  3
    A Causal-Pluralist Metatheory of Observation.Osvaldo Pessoa - 2019 - Open Philosophy 2 (1):657-667.
    An extended definition of “observation” is developed in order to account for the usage in the physical sciences and in neuropsychology. An observation is initially defined as a perception that has a focus of attention and is guided by theoretical considerations. Since the focus may change, one adopts a pluralist position according to which the object of perception may involve any stage of the causal chain that leads to perception, such as the source of light or sound, the obstructions, the (...)
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  22.  7
    Are Untestable Scientific Theories Acceptable?Osvaldo Pessoa - 2016 - Science & Education 25 (3-4):443-448.
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  23. Bell's Theorem And The Counterfactual Definition Of Locality.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2010 - Manuscrito 33 (1):351-363.
    This paper proposes a solution to the problem of non-locality associated with Bell’s theorem, within the counterfactual approach to the problem. Our proposal is that a counterfactual definition of locality can be maintained, if a subsidiary hypothesis be rejected, “locality involving two counterfactuals”. This amounts to the acceptance of locality in the actual world, and a denial that locality is always valid in counterfactual worlds. This also introduces a metaphysical asymmetry between the factual and counterfactual worlds. This distinction is analogous (...)
     
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  24.  15
    Computing Possible Worlds in the History of Modern Astronomy.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr, Rafaela Gesing, Mariana Jó de Souza & Daniel Carlos de Melo Marcílio - 2016 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 20 (1):117-126.
    As part of an ongoing study of causal models in the history of science, a counterfactual scenario in the history of modern astronomy is explored with the aid of computer simulations. After the definition of “linking advance”, a possible world involving technological antecedence is described, branching out in 1510, in which the telescope is invented 70 years before its actual construction, at the time in which Fracastoro actually built the first prototelescope. By using the principle of the closest possible world, (...)
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  25.  12
    David Bohm E a Controvérsia Dos Quanta. [REVIEW]Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2003 - Isis 94:555-555.
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  26. How to measure a quale.Osvaldo Frota Pessoa Jr - 2019 - Sofia 8 (1):187-198.
    According to the colored-brain thesis, sense data or qualia are real physical-chemical qualities, located inside the brain, possibly at a specific locus. Our hypothesis is that the seats of phenomenal consciousness have a structure and a materiality. According to the proposed view, a chromatic quale emerges when a certain pixel of the visual sensorium is fed with a certain pattern Σ of spikes; a change in this pattern quickly changes the color that is subjectively generated. How could one manage to (...)
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  27. O canto do cisne da visão ortodoxa da Filosofia da Ciência.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2004 - Scientiae Studia 2 (2):259-263.
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  28.  10
    Reversibility and the Interpretation of Mixtures in Quantum Mechanics.Osvaldo Pessoa - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:381 - 392.
    This paper examines the problem of the interpretation of mixtures in quantum mechanics, presenting a survey of the philosophical debate between the ignorance interpretation (IgI) and the instrumentalist approach. By defining specific procedures for preparing and analyzing mixed beams of polarized light, we show that an important argument in defense of the IgI is not valid: differently prepared but equivalent mixtures cannot be distinguished by measuring particle fluctuations. We present an alternative argument, based on an experiment to test whether the (...)
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  29.  1
    The Colored-Brain Thesis.Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2021 - Filosofia Unisinos 22 (1):84-93.
    The “colored-brain thesis”, or strong qualitative physicalism, is discussed from historical and philosophical perspectives. This thesis was proposed by Thomas Case, in a non-materialistic context, and is close to views explored by H. H. Price and E. Boring. Using Mary’s room thought experiment, one can argue that physicalism implies qualitative physicalism. Qualitative physicalism involves three basic statements: perceptual internalism, and realism of qualia; ontic physicalism, charaterized as a description in space, time, and scale; and mind-brain identity thesis. In addition, structuralism (...)
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  30. What is an Essentially Quantum Mechanical Effect?Osvaldo Pessoa - 2001
  31. Erwin Schrödinger E o Princípio de Mach.A. K. Assis & Osvaldo Pessoa Jr - 2001 - Cadernos de História E Filosofia da Ciência 11 (2).
    Apresentamos os conceitos de inércia, espaço e tempo na mecânica newtoniana. Analisamos o princípio de Mach, segundo o qual a inércia de qualquer corpo é devida a sua interação com os corpos distantes do universo. Em seguida explicamos porque, em geral, a teoria da gravitação de Einstein não implementa este princípio. Discutimos então o trabalho de Erwin Schrödinger que apresenta uma formulação alternativa para a mecânica baseada numa lei de Weber para a gravitação e que é compatível com as idéias (...)
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  32. O neoconstitucionalismo E a concretização da dignidade da Pessoa idosa.Ricardo Maurício Freire Soares & Gilson Alves de Santana Júnior - 2015 - Revista Fides 6 (2).
    O NEOCONSTITUCIONALISMO E A CONCRETIZAÇÃO DA DIGNIDADE DA PESSOA IDOSA.
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  33.  5
    Resenha Do Livro Política: Uma Pequena Introdução a Um Grande Tema, de David Runciman.José Costa Júnior - 2020 - Educação E Filosofia 33 (67).
    Estamos cada vez mais céticos em relação à política e aos políticos nessas primeiras décadas do século XXI. A ausência de respostas aos problemas mais próximos dos cidadãos, a dificuldade de representação, além dos frequentes questionamentos morais sobre as práticas dos políticos são alguns dos motivos que fundamentam esse ceticismo. No entanto, há poucas décadas, mantínhamos expectativas melhores acerca das instituições políticas e dos seus líderes. Após os grandes conflitos, derramamentos de sangue e colapsos sociais do século passado, nutrimos grandes (...)
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  34. Rousseau E o Paradoxo da Censura.José Benedito de Almeida Júnior, Loyana Christian de Lima Tomaz & Luciana Xavier de Castro - 2018 - Griot : Revista de Filosofia 18 (2):176-186.
    Este artigo tem por objetivo analisar a aparente contradição entre a instituição da censura no Contrato Social de Rousseau e a censura que sofreu em Genebra e Paris. Para tanto analisaremos o conceito de censura no Contrato Social e os argumentos utilizados por Rousseau nas obras Cartas escritas da Montanha e a Carta à Christophe Beaumont, com apoio na obra de alguns comentadores da obra política de Rousseau. Nossos estudos nos levam a concluir que Jean-Jacques Rousseau admite, de fato, a (...)
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  35.  18
    Em defesa de um conceito pluralista de felicidade, a partir de Stuart Mill.Sagid Salles & D. G. Alves Júnior - 2008 - Revista da Pesquisa and Pós-Graduação (UFOP) 8 (2):40-45.
    O objetivo deste texto é responder a uma objeção comum à doutrina utilitarista. Essa doutrina é comumente descrita como aquela que aceita que a ação moralmente correta é a que promove a maior felicidade possível para as pessoas envolvidas. A objeção que trabalhamos aqui nega a afirmação utilitarista de que a felicidade é o único fim da vida humana. Diferentes respostas podem ser formuladas de acordo com o modo que definimos o bem ou a felicidade. Sustentaremos que a versão da (...)
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  36. Resiliência e espiritualidade: algumas implicações para a formação humana.Ana Lúcia Leal, Ferdinand Röhr & José Policarpo Júnior - 2010 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 15 (1):11-24.
    A teoria pedagógica comporta muitos fenômenos que o educador deve compreender e levar em consideração, dentre eles, a crise. Alguns educadores exercem dignamente o seu ofício. Mesmo diante das situações mais adversas, eles podem ser considerados resilientes. Resiliência é o nome dado à capacidade concreta das pessoas de não só superarem situações críticas, mas também de utilizá-las em seus processos de desenvolvimento pessoal. Os estudos sobre o tema se propõem a enfatizar a promoção de processos educativos que facilitem ou tornem (...)
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  37.  22
    Learning to live together in peace and harmony: um olhar comprometido com a formação humana // Learning to live together in peace and harmony: a look committed to human formation.Claudemir Inacio dos Santos & Policarpo Junior - 2015 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 20 (2):94-111.
    Viver de forma autônoma, em paz e em harmonia ainda é um estorvo para os seres humanos. O documento Learning to live together in peace and harmony, publicação conjunta da UNESCO-APNIEVE, retrata essa dificuldade e expressa os desafios políticos, econômicos, sociais, étnicos e culturais que os habitantes da região Ásia-Pacífico enfrentam para aprender a viver de maneira autônoma, pacífica e harmoniosa. O documento defende que o caminho para esse processo é mudar o modelo vigente, voltado para criar uma força de (...)
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  38.  25
    Física: Estudos Filosóficos E Históricos.Roberto de Andrade Martins, Guillermo Boido & Victor Rodriguez (eds.) - 2006 - Afhic-Associação de Filosofia E História da Ciência Do Cone Sul.
    Apresentação / Pablo Lorenzano Introdução / Os editores Princípios em cosmologia / Antonio Augusto Passos Videira Aleatoriedad vs. arbitrariedad en la mecánica estadística clásica / Eduardo H. Flichman La teoría galileana de la materia: resolutio e infinitos indivisibles / Fernando Tula Molina Ciencia y música en la obra de Vincenzo Galilei (ca. 1520-1591) / Guillermo Boido & Eduardo Kastika T-invariancia, irreversibilidad, flecha del tiempo: similares pero diferentes / Olimpia Lombardi Mapa das interpretações da teoria quântica / Osvaldo Pessoa (...)
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  39.  89
    How Do Emotion and Motivation Direct Executive Control?Luiz Pessoa - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (4):160-166.
  40. Finding Out About Filling-In: A Guide to Perceptual Completion for Visual Science and the Philosophy of Perception.Luiz Pessoa, Evan Thompson & Alva Noë - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):723-748.
    In visual science the term filling-inis used in different ways, which often leads to confusion. This target article presents a taxonomy of perceptual completion phenomena to organize and clarify theoretical and empirical discussion. Examples of boundary completion (illusory contours) and featural completion (color, brightness, motion, texture, and depth) are examined, and single-cell studies relevant to filling-in are reviewed and assessed. Filling-in issues must be understood in relation to theoretical issues about neuralignoring an absencejumping to a conclusionanalytic isomorphismCartesian materialism, a particular (...)
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  41.  17
    Fazendo E Desfazendo Direitos Humanos de Roberto Galvão Faleiros Júnior.Roberto Galvão Faleiros Júnior - 2013 - Filosofia Unisinos 14 (1).
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  42.  17
    A Network Model of the Emotional Brain.Luiz Pessoa - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (5):357-371.
  43.  13
    Junior Doctors and Moral Exploitation.Joshua Parker - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (9):571-574.
    In this paper I argue that junior doctors are morally exploited. Moral exploitation occurs where an individual’s vulnerability is used to compel them to take on additional moral burdens. These might include additional moral responsibility, making weighty moral decisions and shouldering the consequent emotions. Key to the concept of exploitation is vulnerability and here I build on Rosalind McDougall’s work on the key roles of junior doctors to show how these leave them open to moral exploitation by restricting their reasonable (...)
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  44.  25
    Emotion and the Interactive Brain: Insights From Comparative Neuroanatomy and Complex Systems.Luiz Pessoa - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (3):204-216.
    Although emotion is closely associated with motivation, and interacts with perception, cognition, and action, many conceptualizations still treat emotion as separate from these domains. Here, a comparative/evolutionary anatomy framework is presented to motivate the idea that long-range, distributed circuits involving the midbrain, thalamus, and forebrain are central to emotional processing. It is proposed that emotion can be understood in terms of large-scale network interactions spanning the neuroaxis that form “functionally integrated systems.” At the broadest level, the argument is made that (...)
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  45.  37
    Nuevos roles para propiedades y relaciones en la estructura de una analogía.Osvaldo Ares, Alicia Di Sciullo, Gabriela Jiménez, Hernán Miguel, Jorge Paruelo & Liliana Reynoso - 2006 - Signos Filosóficos 8 (16):81-96.
    In this paper we deal with the problem of stating what an analogy relation is, according it is usually used on teaching natural sciences. According our proposal, two situations are said to be analogous if their representations includes isomorphical subsets. We analyze the elements that can be inv..
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  46.  36
    Sustainability Reporting and Assurance: A Historical Analysis on a World-Wide Phenomenon.Renzo Mori Junior, Peter J. Best & Julie Cotter - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 120 (1):1-11.
    Sustainability reporting and assurance of sustainability reports have been used by organizations in an attempt to provide accountability to their stakeholders. A better understanding of current practices is important to provide a base for comparative and trend analyses. This paper aims to consolidate and provide information on sustainability reporting, assurance of sustainability reports and types of assurance providers. Another aim of this paper is to provide a descriptive analysis of these practices for a global sample, comparing results with previous studies, (...)
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  47.  10
    Combating Junior Doctors' "4am Logic": A Challenge for Medical Ethics Education.R. McDougall - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (3):203-206.
    Undergraduate medical ethics education currently focuses on ethical concepts and reasoning. This paper uses an intern’s story of an ethically challenging situation to argue that this emphasis is problematic in terms of ensuring students’ ethical practice as junior doctors. The story suggests that it is aligning their actions with the values that they reflectively embrace that can present difficulties for junior doctors working in the pressures of the hospital environment, rather than reasoning to an ethically appropriate action. I argue that (...)
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  48.  41
    To What Extent Are Emotional Visual Stimuli Processed Without Attention and Awareness?Luiz Pessoa - 2005 - Current Opinion in Neurobiology 15 (2):188-196.
  49.  11
    Should Junior Doctors Strike?Mark Toynbee, Adam A. J. Al-Diwani, Joe Clacey & Matthew R. Broome - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (3):167-170.
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  50.  48
    Précis of The Cognitive-Emotional Brain.Luiz Pessoa - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38:1-66.