12 found
Sort by:
  1. K. J. Gilhooly, Linden J. Ball & Laura Macchi (2014). Insight and Creative Thinking Processes: Routine and Special. Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):1-4.
    In recent years there has been an upsurge of research aimed at removing the mystery from insight and creative problem solving. The present special issue reflects this expanding field. Overall the papers gathered here converge on a nuanced view of insight and creative thinking as arising from multiple processes that can yield surprising solutions through a mixture of “special” Type 1 processes and “routine” Type 2 processes.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Laura Macchi & Maria Bagassi (2012). Intuitive and Analytical Processes in Insight Problem Solving: A Psycho-Rhetorical Approach to the Study of Reasoning. Mind and Society 11 (1):53-67.
    Language and thought share a unitary cognitive activity, addressed by an interpretative function. This interpretative effort reveals the assonance between the attribution of meaning to an utterance and the discovery of a solution via restructuring in insight problem solving. We suggest a view of complex integrated analytical thinking, which assumes that thinking processes information in different ways, depending on the characteristics of the tasks the subject has to solve, so that reasoning results in a stepwise, rule-based process or in a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Laura Macchi, David Over & Riccardo Viale (2012). Special Issue On: Dual Process Theories of Human Thought: The Debate. [REVIEW] Mind and Society 11 (1):1-2.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Valentina Sala, Laura Macchi, Marco D'Addario & Maria Bagassi (2011). Children's Acceptance of Underinformative Sentences: The Case of Some as a Determiner. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (2):211-235.
    In recent literature there is unanimous agreement about children's pragmatic competence in drawing scalar implicatures about some , if the task is made easy enough. However, children accept infelicitous some sentences more often than adults do. In general their acceptance is assumed to be synonymous with a logical interpretation of some as a quantifier. But in our view an overlap with some as a determiner in under-informative sentences cannot be ruled out, given the ambiguity of the experimental instructions and the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Maria Bagassi & Laura Macchi (2007). The “Vanishing” of the Disjunction Effect by Sensible Procrastination. Mind and Society 6 (1):41-52.
    The disjunction effect (Tversky and Shafir in Psychol Sci 3:305–309, 1992) occurs when decision makers prefer option x (versus y) when knowing that event A occurs and also when knowing that event A does not occur, but they refuse x (or prefer y) when not knowing whether or not A occurs. This form of incoherence violates Savage’s (Cognition 57:31–95, 1954) sure-thing principle, one of the basic axioms of the rational theory of decision-making. The phenomenon was attributed to a lack of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Laura Macchi & Maria Bagassi (2007). The Underinformative Formulation of Conditional Probability. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):274-275.
    The formulation of the conditional probability in classical tasks does not guarantee the effective transmission of the independence of the hit rate from the base rate. In these kinds of tasks, data are all available, but subjects are able to understand them in the specific meanings proper to a specialized language only if these are adequately transmitted. From this perspective, the partitive formulation should not be considered a facilitation, but rather, a way of effectively transmitting the conditional probability.Consider the following (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Maria Bagassi & Laura Macchi (2006). Pragmatic Approach to Decision Making Under Uncertainty: The Case of the Disjunction Effect. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (3):329 – 350.
    The disjunction effect (Tversky & Shafir, 1992) occurs when decision makers prefer option x (versus y) when knowing that event A occurs and also when knowing that event A does not occur, but they refuse x (or prefer y) when not knowing whether or not A occurs. This form of incoherence violates Savage's (1954) sure-thing principle, one of the basic axioms of the rational theory of decision making. The phenomenon was attributed to a lack of clear reasons for accepting an (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Laura Macchi & Maria Bagassi (2006). Probabilistic Reasoning and Natural Language. In Riccardo Viale, D. Andler & Lawrence A. Hirschfeld (eds.), Biological and Cultural Bases of Human Inference. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 1--31.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Giuseppe Mosconi & Laura Macchi (2001). The Role of Pragmatic Rules in the Conjunction Fallacy. Mind and Society 2 (1):31-57.
    We here report the findings of our investigation into the validity of the conjunction fallacy (Tversky & Kahneman, 1983), bearing in mind the role of conversational rules. Our first experiment showed that subjects found a logically correct answer unacceptable when it implied a violation of the conversational rules. We argue that tautological questions, such as those which concern the relationship of inclusion between a class and its sub-class, violate conversational rules because they are not informative. In this sense, it is (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Guy Politzer & Laura Macchi (2000). Reasoning and Pragmatics. Mind and Society 1 (1):73-93.
    Language pragmatics is applied to analyse problem statements and instructions used in a few influential experimental tasks in the psychology of reasoning. This analysis aims to determine the interpretation of the task which the participant is likely to construct. It is applied to studies of deduction (where the interpretation of quantifiers and connectives is crucial) and to studies of inclusion judgment and probabilistic judgment. It is shown that the interpretation of the problem statements or even the representation of the task (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Laura Macchi (1997). Pragmatically Before Ecologically Valid Tasks. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):778-779.
    Most tasks used to demonstrate the base rate fallacy are ambiguous about the independence of the data. The removal of such ambiguities from the texts (by means of a clear reference class for the probabilities) is a necessary condition and has a considerable effect on the use of the base rate in classical probabilistic tasks. Some comments are offered on the frequentist phrasing of such and, more generally, their ecological validity.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation