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Steve Torrance [23]Steven Torrance [1]
  1.  24
    Steve Torrance (2008). Ethics and Consciousness in Artificial Agents. AI and Society 22 (4):495-521.
    In what ways should we include future humanoid robots, and other kinds of artificial agents, in our moral universe? We consider the Organic view, which maintains that artificial humanoid agents, based on current computational technologies, could not count as full-blooded moral agents, nor as appropriate targets of intrinsic moral concern. On this view, artificial humanoids lack certain key properties of biological organisms, which preclude them from having full moral status. Computationally controlled systems, however advanced in their cognitive or informational capacities, (...)
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  2.  13
    Steve Torrance & Tom Froese (2011). An Inter-Enactive Approach to Agency: Participatory Sense-Making, Dynamics, and Sociality. Humana. Mente 15:21-53.
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  3.  52
    Steve Torrance (2005). In Search of the Enactive: Introduction to Special Issue on Enactive Experience. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (4):357-368.
    In the decade and a half since the appearance of Varela, Thompson and Rosch's workThe Embodied Mind,enactivism has helped to put experience and consciousness, conceived of in a distinctive way, at the forefront of cognitive science. There are at least two major strands within the enactive perspective: a broad view of what it is to be an agent with a mind; and a more focused account of the nature of perception and perceptual experience. The relation between these two strands is (...)
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  4.  76
    Giovanna Colombetti & Steve Torrance (2009). Emotion and Ethics: An Inter-(En)Active Approach. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):505-526.
    In this paper, we start exploring the affective and ethical dimension of what De Jaegher and Di Paolo (Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 6:485–507, 2007 ) have called ‘participatory sense-making’. In the first part, we distinguish various ways in which we are, and feel, affectively inter-connected in interpersonal encounters. In the second part, we discuss the ethical character of this affective inter-connectedness, as well as the implications that taking an ‘inter-(en)active approach’ has for ethical theory itself.
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  5. Steve Torrance & Ron Chrisley, Modelling Consciousness-Dependent Expertise in Machine Medical Moral Agents.
    It is suggested that some limitations of current designs for medical AI systems stem from the failure of those designs to address issues of artificial consciousness. Consciousness would appear to play a key role in the expertise, particularly the moral expertise, of human medical agents, including, for example, autonomous weighting of options in diagnosis; planning treatment; use of imaginative creativity to generate courses of action; sensorimotor flexibility and sensitivity; empathetic and morally appropriate responsiveness; and so on. Thus, it is argued, (...)
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  6.  19
    Robert Clowes, Steve Torrance & Ron Chrisley (2007). Machine Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):7-14.
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  7. Steve Torrance (2009). Contesting the Concept of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (5):111-126.
     
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  8.  16
    Steve Torrance (2014). Artificial Consciousness and Artificial Ethics: Between Realism and Social Relationism. Philosophy and Technology 27 (1):9-29.
    I compare a ‘realist’ with a ‘social–relational’ perspective on our judgments of the moral status of artificial agents (AAs). I develop a realist position according to which the moral status of a being—particularly in relation to moral patiency attribution—is closely bound up with that being’s ability to experience states of conscious satisfaction or suffering (CSS). For a realist, both moral status and experiential capacity are objective properties of agents. A social relationist denies the existence of any such objective properties in (...)
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  9.  47
    Steve Torrance (2007). Two Conceptions of Machine Phenomenality. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):154-166.
    Current approaches to machine consciousness (MC) tend to offer a range of characteristic responses to critics of the enterprise. Many of these responses seem to marginalize phenomenal consciousness, by presupposing a 'thin' conception of phenomenality. This conception is, we will argue, largely shared by anti- computationalist critics of MC. On the thin conception, physiological or neural or functional or organizational features are secondary accompaniments to consciousness rather than primary components of consciousness itself. We outline an alternative, 'thick' conception of phenomenality. (...)
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  10.  38
    Steven Torrance (ed.) (1984). The Mind And The Machine: Philosophical Aspects Of Artificial Intelligence. Chichester: Horwood.
  11.  20
    Steve Torrance (2009). Will Robots Need Their Own Ethics? Philosophy Now 72:10-11.
  12.  21
    Steve Torrance (2002). The Skill of Seeing: Beyond the Sensorimotor Account? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):495-496.
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  13.  15
    Steve Torrance (2011). Machine Ethics and the Idea of a More-Than-Human Moral World. In M. Anderson S. Anderson (ed.), Machine Ethics. Cambridge Univ. Press 115.
  14.  5
    Terry Dartnall, Steve Torrance, Mark Coulson, Stephen Nunn, Brendan Kitts, R. F. Port, T. Van Gelder, Donald Peterson & Philip Gerrans (1996). Cognitive Science. Metascience 5 (1):95-166.
  15.  30
    Steve Torrance (2013). Artificial Agents and the Expanding Ethical Circle. AI and Society 28 (4):399-414.
  16.  14
    Steve Torrance (2008). Special Issue on Ethics and Artificial Agents. AI and Society 22 (4):461-462.
  17.  17
    Steve Torrance (2012). Super-Intelligence and (Super-)Consciousness. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (02):483-501.
  18.  21
    Steve Torrance (2007). Introduction to the Second Special Issue on Enactive Experience. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):425-425.
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  19.  4
    Steve Torrance (1999). Regaining Consciousness. Metascience 8 (3):434-440.
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  20.  5
    Marek McGann & Steve Torrance (forthcoming). Doing It and Meaning It (and the Relationship Between the Two). Consciousness and Emotion: Agency, Conscious Choice, and Selective Perception.
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  21.  2
    Steve Torrance (2002). The Diffident Physicalist Speaks Out. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (11):37-40.
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  22.  5
    Steve Torrance (1994). The Mentality of Robots, II. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 68 (68):229-262.
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  23. R. A. Young & Steve Torrance (1994). The Mentality of Robots. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 68 (1):199-262.
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