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1808 found
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1 — 50 / 1808
  1. Tell-Tale Signs of Pseudoskepticism (Bogus Skepticism).Marcoen J. T. F. Cabbolet - manuscript
    Pseudoskepticism, which typically is portraying someone's work as despicable with scientifically unsound polemics, is a modern day threat to the traditional standard of discussion in science and popular science. This essay gives seven tell-tale signs by which pseudoskepticism can be recognized.
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  2. Restoring Integrity to the Academy: Some Sweeping Suggestions for Wholesale Change.Joseph S. Fulda - manuscript
    Note that this paper is 35 pages, and had been replaced in many places w/ a draft w/o authorization. -/- The academy, broadly construed to include faculty, administrators at all levels, and editors, referees, and publishers of academic work, is beset by more ills bespeaking of a fundamental lack of integrity than can possibly be enumerated in a single monograph; nevertheless, as the need is urgent, and everyone seems to prefer either silence or piecemeal treatments, myself heretofore included, five ills (...)
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  3. Isaac Newton Vs. Robert Hooke on the Law of Universal Gravitation.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    One of the most disputed controversy over the priority of scientific discoveries is that of the law of universal gravitation, between Isaac Newton and Robert Hooke. Hooke accused Newton of plagiarism, of taking over his ideas expressed in previous works. In this paper I try to show, on the basis of previous analysis, that both scientists were wrong: Robert Hooke because his theory was basically only ideas that would never have materialized without Isaac Newton's mathematical support; and the latter was (...)
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  4. What is Media Ethics ? (Marathi Version).Shriniwas श्रीनिवास Hemade हेमाडे - October 2014 - Daily Loksatta, A Indian Express Publication, Mumbai. Tattvabhan- The Philosophical Consciousness:08.
    What is Media Ethics ? Read in Marathi. पत्रकारिता या व्यवसायाचे स्वरूप एका चमत्कारिक विरोधाभासाने भरलेले आहे. तो असा की, पत्रकारिता ही पूर्णपणे खासगी नोकरी असते आणि माध्यमे हे खासगी क्षेत्र असते. पण त्यांचा चिंतन विषय मात्र निखळ सामाजिक असतो.
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  5. How to Deal with Kant's Racism—In and Out of the Classroom in Advance.Victor Fabian Abundez-Guerra - forthcoming - Teaching Philosophy.
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  6. Respect the Author: A Research Ethical Principle for Readers.Jesper Ahlin Marceta - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-11.
    Much of contemporary research ethics was developed in the latter half of the twentieth century as a response to the unethical treatment of human beings in biomedical research. Research ethical considerations have subsequently been extended to cover topics in the sciences and technology such as data handling, precautionary measures, engineering codes of conduct, and more. However, moral issues in the humanities have gained less attention from research ethicists. This article proposes an ethical principle for reading for research purposes: Respect the (...)
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  7. Integrating Ethics Training Into an Undergraduate Research Program in Advance.Shurooq al Hashimi, Mercedes Sheen, Jessica Essary & Majeda Humeidan - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  8. Academic Centrarchy: A Political System of Governing Education and Technology.Abdulrahman Essa Al Lily - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    This article relies on two international projects to argue for the existence of a ‘centrarchy’ in the fields of education and technology. Centrarchy denotes a power structure in which power rests with ‘the Centre’. The Centre signifies well-respected departments, top-tiered journals, the best editors, critical reviewers and leading authors; the Periphery denotes anyone else. The Centre has assigned itself the mission of guiding the Periphery out of its underdevelopment. It has served as a proxy for quality scholarship and believes that (...)
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  9. Perceptions of Challenges Affecting Research Ethics Committees’ Members at Medical and Health Science Colleges in Omani and Jordanian Universities.Omar Al Omari, Atika Khalaf, Wael Al Delaimy, Mohammad Al Qadire, Moawiah M. Khatatbeh & Imad Thultheen - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    In recent years there has been an increase in research conducted in the Middle East, with a corresponding increase in the challenges faced by members of the Research Ethics Committees. This study compares the structures of Omani and Jordanian RECs and investigates the perceptions of the challenges affecting the work of the REC members in Oman and Jordan. A convenience sample of 34 Omani and 66 Jordanian participants from 21 universities was recruited in this cross-sectional study. Almost 70% disagreed that (...)
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  10. Tolerance of Future Professionals Towards Corruption. Analysis Through the Attitudes of Students of Lima’s Universities Regarding Situations Related to Ethics and Morals.Edgar Alva, Vanina Vivas & María Urcia - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-17.
    This study analyses the attitudes of university students towards unethical behaviour in the individual and organisational environments, and relates these attitudes to tolerance of corruption in their future professional lives. The results show a positive relationship between attitudes towards unethical behaviour in both environments, as well as tolerance towards acts of corruption, based on a virtual perception survey. Despite the general rejection attitude by students of such behaviour and acts, the rejection diminishes as their degree programme progresses. This study contributes (...)
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  11. Testing the Predictors of College Students’ Attitudes Toward Plagiarism.Ademola Amida, Joseph Appianing & Yusuf Adam Marafa - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate factors contributing to college students’ attitudes towards plagiarism. This study tested a hypothesized model that students’ self-esteem, usage of eBooks, working hours, and understanding of plagiarism policy predicted their subjective norm to plagiarize, which in turn, ultimately predicted their positive and negative attitudes towards plagiarism. The study also examined if students’ demographic characteristics influenced their attitude towards plagiarism. Data collected in an online survey from 90 college students were analyzed using path analysis (...)
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  12. Virtue, Utility and Improvisation: A Multinational Survey of Academic Staff Solving Integrity Dilemmas.Alexander Amigud & David J. Pell - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-23.
    Academic staff owe a duty of fidelity to uphold institutional standards of integrity. They also have their own values and conceptions of integrity as well as personal responsibilities and commitments. The question of how academic practitioners address or reconcile conflicting values and responsibilities has been underexplored in the literature. Before we can examine effectiveness of academic integrity strategies and develop best practices, we need to examine the breadth of integrity decisions. To this end we posited the academic integrity problem as (...)
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  13. Two Sides of the Coin: Lack of Academic Integrity in Exams During the Corona Pandemic, Students' and Lecturers' Perceptions.Meital Amzalag, Noa Shapira & Niva Dolev - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-21.
    The Covid-19 pandemic that entered our lives suddenly in 2020 compelled higher education systems throughout the world to transfer to online learning, including online evaluation. A severe problem of online evaluation is that it enables various technological possibilities that facilitate students' unethical behaviors. The research aimed to investigate these behaviors, as well as the reasons for their appearance, as practiced in exams held for the first time during the Covid-19 pandemic, and to elicit students' and lecturers' perceptions of students' academic (...)
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  14. Character Education in Schools and the Education of Teachers.L. R. Arthur - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education.
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  15. Teachers’ Struggle with Gifts: Gift Culture at Schools and Associated Ethical Problems.İnayet Aydın, Tuğba Güner Demir, Burcu Toptaş & Özge Erdemli - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:1-15.
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  16. Conceptualising Ethical Issues in the Conduct of Research: Results From a Critical and Systematic Literature Review.Élie Beauchemin, Louis Pierre Côté, Marie-Josée Drolet & Bryn Williams-Jones - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-24.
    This article concerns the ways in which authors from various fields conceptualise the ethical issues arising in the conduct of research. We reviewed critically and systematically the literature concerning the ethics of conducting research in order to engage in a reflection about the vocabulary and conceptual categories used in the publications reviewed. To understand better how the ethical issues involved in conducting research are conceptualised in the publications reviewed, we 1) established an inventory of the conceptualisations reviewed, and 2) we (...)
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  17. Pro-Social and Altruistic Behaviors of Military Students in Random Events.Marek Bodziany & Ryszard Kałużny - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    The cognitive purpose of the research presented in the article is to identify the propensity for pro-social and altruistic behavior among first-year military students in three simulated situations of need for help to other people. It raised the question contained in the main research problem: to what extent do military students at universities tend to behave in a pro-social and altruistic way in situations that pose a threat to the other people’s life and health, and what is the relationship between (...)
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  18. Ъ Eaching Students to Òti Communities Ethically.Amy Bruckman - forthcoming - Journal of Information Ethics.
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  19. Can Higher Education Increase Students’ Moral Reasoning? The Role of Student Engagement in the U.S.Wei-Lin Chen & Yun-Wen Chan - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-17.
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  20. The Messiness of Ethics in Education.Johanna Cliffe & Carla Solvason - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-17.
    This article considers the multifaceted concept of ethics and how, despite being a familiar notion within education, it is still much contested within literature and professional practice. Drawing on postmodern, feminist and political literature, the authors explore conceptualisations of ethics and ethicality in relation to ethical identity, professionalism and practice. Applying philosophical and metaphorical tools, such as the rhizome and nomad, the authors suggest there is the potential to accommodate the multiple and often divergent facets of ethics, thereby engaging with (...)
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  21. Who Rules the Ruler? On the Misconduct of Journal Editors.Mariana Fontes Costdaa - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    There are very few (published) accounts of editorial misconduct, and those that do exist are almost exclusively focused on medicine-related areas. In the present article we detail a case of editorial misconduct in a rather underexplored domain, the social sciences. This case demonstrates that although legal systems provide different instruments of protection to avoid, compensate for, and punish misconduct on the part of journal editors, the social and economic power unbalance between authors and publishers suggests the importance of alternative solutions (...)
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  22. Rescuing Liberalism From Silencing.Aluizio Couto - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-17.
    In this paper, I criticize two recent and influential arguments for no-platforming advanced by Robert Simpson and Amia Srinivasan and by Neil Levy, respectively. What both arguments have in common is their attempt to reconcile no-platforming with liberal values. For Simpson and Srinivasan, no-platforming does not contradict liberalism if grounded on the distinction between norms of free speech and norms of academic freedom; for Levy, those who defend the practice need not be accused of promoting paternalism. I argue that neither (...)
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  23. Understanding Undergraduate Plagiarism in the Context of Students’ Academic Experience.Jorge Ávila de Lima, Áurea Sousa, Angélica Medeiros, Beatriz Misturada & Cátia Novo - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-22.
    Previous research has shown that student plagiarism is the product of interplay between individual and situational factors. The present study examined the relationship between these two sets of factors with a particular focus on variables linked to students’ academic context namely, their perception of peer behaviors, their experience of adversities in academic life, and their year of enrollment. So far, these situational features have received scant attention in studies of plagiarism conducted in most of Europe. A survey was carried out (...)
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  24. Exploring the Perceived Spectrum of Plagiarism: A Case Study of Online Learning.Valerie Denney, Zachary Dixon, Aman Gupta & Eric Hulphers - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    Scholarship on faculty and student perceptions of plagiarism is plagued by a vast, scattered constellation of perspectives, context, and nuance. Cultural, disciplinary, and institutional subtitles, among others in how plagiarism is defined and perspectives about it tested obfuscate consensus about how students and faculty perceive and understand plagiarism and what can or should be done about those perspectives. However, there is clear consensus that understanding how students and faculty perceive plagiarism is foundational to mitigating and preventing plagiarism. This study takes (...)
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  25. Research Integrity Codes of Conduct in Europe: Understanding the Divergences.Hugh Desmond & Kris Dierickx - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    In the past decade, policy-makers in science have been concerned with harmonizing research integrity standards across Europe. These standards are encapsulated in the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity. Yet, almost every European country today has its own national-level code of conduct for research integrity. In this study we document in detail how national-level codes diverge on almost all aspects concerning research integrity – except for what constitutes egregious misconduct. Besides allowing for potentially unfair responses to joint misconduct by (...)
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  26. The Scientific Judgment-Making Process From a Virtue Ethics Perspective.Thomas Dillern - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    From my own standpoint as a scientist, I, in this paper attempt to explore the scientific judgement-making process from an ethical perspective. In the process of developing truthful scientific knowledge, there are a myriad of judgements to make for the scientist. However, our contemporary world, dominated by technology, rules and regulations, presents us with less unconditioned opportunities for exercising our judgmental abilities. Any deliberation about a choice of action within our practice is, in a manner, made for us, and not (...)
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  27. Monitoring Uncharted Communities of Crowdsourced Plagiarism.Zachary Dixon & Kelly George - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-11.
    This paper reports on a study of crowd-sourcing ‘study aid’ web platforms. Students are sharing completed academic coursework through a growing network of ‘study aid’ web platforms like CourseHero.com. These websites facilitate the crowd-sourced exchange of coursework, and effectively support plagiarism. However, virtually no data exists concerning the scope or extent of coursework being shared through these platforms. This paper reports on two experiments to monitor the frequency of coursework from a sample university uploaded onto CourseHero.com. Ultimately, both experiments failed (...)
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  28. Predictors of Plagiarism Research Misconduct: A Study of Postgraduate Pharmacy Students in Jordan.Rana Abu Farha, Tareq Mukattash & Wael Al-Delaimy - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-13.
    This study aimed to evaluate Jordanian pharmacy postgraduate students’ knowledge, behavior and perception about plagiarism and why do they commit such research misconduct.This is a cross-sectional survey that was conducted in Jordan during the period between June-July 2019. The study targeted postgraduate pharmacy students from all Jordanian universities. Recruited students were asked to fill out the study questionnaire to evaluate their knowledge, behavior, and perception about plagiarism.A total of 103 postgraduate students participated in this survey, most of them were enrolled (...)
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  29. Ethics Issues with Private Research Ethics Boards: A Breakout Session at the 2009 Ncehr National Conference.Jack Corman Francis Rolleston, Paddi O'Hara Serge Gauthier & Rod Schmaltz - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    Research Ethics Boards (REBs) provide oversight for Canadians that research projects will comply with standards of ethics if the studies are carried out as described in the documents that have been approved. While REBs have traditionally been affiliated with institutions such as universities and hospitals, a number of factors - including the increased volume of research being conducted outside academic centres - have resulted in the establishment of some private or independent REBs. This, in turn, has raised concerns about the (...)
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  30. Is Applied Ethics Morally Problematic?David J. Franz - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    This paper argues that applied ethics can itself be morally problematic. As illustrated by the case of Peter Singer’s criticism of social practice, morally loaded communication by applied ethicists can lead to protests, backlashes, and aggression. By reviewing the psychological literature on self-image, collective identity, and motivated reasoning three categories of morally problematic consequences of ethical criticism by applied ethicists are identified: serious psychological discomfort, moral backfiring, and hostile conflict. The most worrisome is moral backfiring: psychological research suggests that ethical (...)
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  31. Respect for Subjects in the Ethics of Causal and Interpretive Social Explanation.Michael L. Frazer - forthcoming - American Political Science Review.
    Rival causal and interpretive approaches to explaining social phenomena have important ethical differences. While human actions can be explained as a result of causal mechanisms, as a meaningful choice based on reasons, or as some combination of the two, it is morally important that social scientists respect others by recognizing them as persons. Interpretive explanations directly respect their subjects in this way, while purely causal explanations do not. Yet although causal explanations are not themselves expressions of respect, they can be (...)
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  32. Promising Pathways From School Restorative Practices to Educational Equity.John A. Gomez, Christina L. Rucinski & Ann Higgins-D’Alessandro - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-19.
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  33. Plagiarism as a Social Contract, a New Way to Approach Plagiarism.Jess L. Gregory - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-18.
    Most cases of plagiarism involve a power differential where not every person has the same ability to enter into a social contract. A social contract requires that each party understands the expectations or norms of the contract, has a voice in setting or changing the norms and has the ability to exit the contract. If those with less power want to gain power then they have to engage in activities bound by norms set by others with little or no ability (...)
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  34. Improved Model Exploration for the Relationship Between Moral Foundations and Moral Judgment Development Using Bayesian Model Averaging.Hyemin Han & Kelsie J. Dawson - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-15.
    Although some previous studies have investigated the relationship between moral foundations and moral judgment development, the methods used have not been able to fully explore the relationship. In the present study, we used Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA) in order to address the limitations in traditional regression methods that have been used previously. Results showed consistency with previous findings that binding foundations are negatively correlated with post-conventional moral reasoning and positively correlated with maintaining norms and personal interest schemas. In addition to (...)
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  35. Optimistic Fiction as a Tool for Ethical Reflection in STEM.Kathryn Strong Hansen - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    Greater emphasis on ethical issues is needed in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education. The fiction for specific purposes approach, using optimistic science fiction texts, offers a way to focus on ethical reflection that capitalizes on role models rather than negative examples. This article discusses the benefits of using FSP in STEM education more broadly, and then explains how using optimistic fictions in particular encourages students to think in ethically constructive ways. Using examples of science fiction texts with hopeful perspectives, (...)
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  36. Public Intervention in Business Ethics: A Auto-Case Study.Stephen Matthias Harney - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics Education.
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  37. Student and Faculty Perceptions of Study Helper Websites: A New Practice in Collaborative Cheating.Douglas Harrison, Allison Patch, Darragh McNally & Laura Harris - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-18.
    Drawing on a survey of over 4000 students and 1300 faculty members at the University of Maryland Global Campus, we find evidence for a reconceptualization of the use of commercialized websites offering access to “tutors” or “study help” as a type of collaborative cheating. Past studies have examined this behavior as an extension of contract cheating, but we find that students perceive the use of these sites very differently than they perceive contract cheating behaviors. In this paper we will discuss (...)
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  38. Chinese University Teachers’ Perceptions and Practices Regarding Plagiarism: Knowledge, Stance, and Intertextual Competence.Guangwei Hu & Yunhua Shen - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:1-18.
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  39. Systemic Explanations of Scientific Misconduct: Provoked by Spectacular Cases of Norm Violation?Pieter Huistra & Herman Paul - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    In the past two decades, individual explanations of scientific misconduct have increasingly given way to systemic explanations. Where did this interest in systemic factors come from? Given that research ethicists often present their interventions as responses to scientific misconduct, this article tests the hypothesis that these systemic explanations were triggered by high-visibility cases of scientific norm violation. It does so by examining why Dutch scientists in 2011 explained Diederik Stapel’s grand-scale data fabrication largely in systemic terms, whereas only fifteen years (...)
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  40. Exploring the Issue of a Lack of Cohesion in Moral Education: An Empirical Study in Chinese Primary and Secondary Schools.Yan Huo & Jin Xie - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-17.
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  41. Philosophy for Resilience: A Meaningful Intervention for Medical Students.Neil Jeyasingam - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-6.
    Philosophy and ethics in medicine is an interesting and often fascinating topic of enquiry, however uptake amongst medical students is highly variable and it is often regarded as a nonessential component of the medical curriculum. Medical students themselves are often overwhelmed by the demands of medical study, and cite high rates of burnout. This paper describes a novel intervention provided at Western Sydney University as part of the Professional Development curriculum, which provided three broad tutorial interventions in their first clinical (...)
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  42. Academic Integrity From China to the U.S.: The Acculturation Process for Chinese Graduate Students in the U.S.Hu Jian, Russell Marion & Weijun Wang - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
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  43. Ethically Important Moments – a Pragmatic-Dualist Research Ethics.Martin Blok Johansen & Jan Thorhauge Frederiksen - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-11.
    This article analyses and discusses dilemmas, ambivalences and problematic issues related to research ethics. This is done firstly by making a distinction between procedural research ethics and particularistic research ethics. Such a distinction reflects a theoretical construction and generalization. In practice, there can be a very close correlation between the two types. In the following, the distinction will therefore be used as a starting point for the presentation of a pragmatic-dualist research ethics. The approach is dualist because it draws on (...)
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  44. I Didn’T Have Time! A Qualitative Exploration of Misbehaviors in Academic Contexts.Hansika Kapoor, Vedika Inamdar & James C. Kaufman - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-18.
    Students display resistance, including academic dishonesty, at all educational levels. In the present study, we qualitatively examined the extent and incidence of academic misbehaviors by 101 US college students. Using a combination of self-reported closed- and open-ended questions, we developed a multi-faceted understanding of how students perceived their own classroom misbehaviors to avoid work as being original, clever, deceptive, and unethical. Questions pertaining to possible prevention, impact on grade, and repetition of the misbehavior were also included. Further, environmental contributors of (...)
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  45. Are Cheaters Common or Creative?: Person-Situation Interactions of Resistance in Learning Contexts.Hansika Kapoor & James C. Kaufman - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-18.
    Students display resistance in the classroom in numerous ways, often in the form of academic misconduct. Some argue that resistance can reflect cleverness and creativity, rather than apathy. This investigation aimed to develop a psychometric tool to examine classroom resistance as well as identify individual and situational determinants of the same. Data from 853 participants was collected on measures of resistance behaviors in educational contexts and their environmental contributors, creativity, personality, and deception. Further, participants indicated their frequency of resistance across (...)
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  46. Culture, Collectivism-Individualism and College Student Plagiarism.Jonathan Kasler, Leehu Zysberg & Raya Gal - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:1-10.
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  47. Character, Corruption, and ‘Cultures of Speed’ in Higher Education.Ian Kidd - forthcoming - In Philosophical Perspectives on the Contemporary University: In Shadows and Light. Springer.
    This chapter offers a character-based criticism of ‘the culture of speed’ condemned by the Canadian literary scholars, Maggie Berg and Barbara Seeber in their influential polemic, The Slow Professor. Central to their criticisms of speed and praise of slowness are, I argue, substantive concerns about their effects on moral and intellectual character. I argue that a full reckoning of the wrongs of academic cultures of speed must include appreciation of the ways they promote a host of accelerative vices and failings (...)
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  48. The Case of Common Humanity: Towards a Deeper Understanding of Children’s Social Ideas.Anna L. Kirby & Paul L. Harris - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-18.
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  49. Social Media as Inadvertent Educators.Alkis Kotsonis - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-14.
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  50. Evaluating Student Evaluations of Teaching: a Review of Measurement and Equity Bias in SETs and Recommendations for Ethical Reform.Rebecca J. Kreitzer & Jennie Sweet-Cushman - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-12.
    Student evaluations of teaching are ubiquitous in the academe as a metric for assessing teaching and frequently used in critical personnel decisions. Yet, there is ample evidence documenting both measurement and equity bias in these assessments. Student Evaluations of Teaching have low or no correlation with learning. Furthermore, scholars using different data and different methodologies routinely find that women faculty, faculty of color, and other marginalized groups are subject to a disadvantage in SETs. Extant research on bias on teaching evaluations (...)
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1 — 50 / 1808