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1883 found
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1 — 50 / 1883
  1. Tell-Tale Signs of Pseudoskepticism (Bogus Skepticism).Marcoen J. T. F. Cabbolet - manuscript
    Pseudoskepticism, which typically is portraying someone's work as despicable with scientifically unsound polemics, is a modern day threat to the traditional standard of discussion in science and popular science. This essay gives seven tell-tale signs by which pseudoskepticism can be recognized.
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  2. Restoring Integrity to the Academy: Some Sweeping Suggestions for Wholesale Change.Joseph S. Fulda - manuscript
    Note that this paper is 35 pages, and had been replaced in many places w/ a draft w/o authorization. -/- The academy, broadly construed to include faculty, administrators at all levels, and editors, referees, and publishers of academic work, is beset by more ills bespeaking of a fundamental lack of integrity than can possibly be enumerated in a single monograph; nevertheless, as the need is urgent, and everyone seems to prefer either silence or piecemeal treatments, myself heretofore included, five ills (...)
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  3. Isaac Newton Vs. Robert Hooke on the Law of Universal Gravitation.Nicolae Sfetcu - manuscript
    One of the most disputed controversy over the priority of scientific discoveries is that of the law of universal gravitation, between Isaac Newton and Robert Hooke. Hooke accused Newton of plagiarism, of taking over his ideas expressed in previous works. In this paper I try to show, on the basis of previous analysis, that both scientists were wrong: Robert Hooke because his theory was basically only ideas that would never have materialized without Isaac Newton's mathematical support; and the latter was (...)
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  4. What is Media Ethics ? (Marathi Version).Shriniwas श्रीनिवास Hemade हेमाडे - October 2014 - Daily Loksatta, A Indian Express Publication, Mumbai. Tattvabhan- The Philosophical Consciousness:08.
    What is Media Ethics ? Read in Marathi. पत्रकारिता या व्यवसायाचे स्वरूप एका चमत्कारिक विरोधाभासाने भरलेले आहे. तो असा की, पत्रकारिता ही पूर्णपणे खासगी नोकरी असते आणि माध्यमे हे खासगी क्षेत्र असते. पण त्यांचा चिंतन विषय मात्र निखळ सामाजिक असतो.
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  5. Surrogate Practices in Research in the Absence of a Research Ethics Committee: A Qualitative Study.Anna Marie C. Abrera, Paulo Maria N. Pagkatipunan & Elisa Bernadette E. Limson - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    The establishment of a Research Ethics Committee is a significant step to ensure the standard procedures in ethics review process that protect human participants. However, in instances when RECs are not yet established, surrogate activities are practiced by some institutions. The objective of this study was to identify prevailing research ethical practices of research directors and faculty researchers in the absence of a research ethics committee in their respective academic institutions. Specifically, it aimed to explore the participants’ 1) experiences in (...)
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  6. How to Deal with Kant's Racism—In and Out of the Classroom in Advance.Victor Fabian Abundez-Guerra - forthcoming - Teaching Philosophy.
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  7. Integrating Ethics Training Into an Undergraduate Research Program in Advance.Shurooq al Hashimi, Mercedes Sheen, Jessica Essary & Majeda Humeidan - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  8. Virtue, Utility and Improvisation: A Multinational Survey of Academic Staff Solving Integrity Dilemmas.Alexander Amigud & David J. Pell - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-23.
    Academic staff owe a duty of fidelity to uphold institutional standards of integrity. They also have their own values and conceptions of integrity as well as personal responsibilities and commitments. The question of how academic practitioners address or reconcile conflicting values and responsibilities has been underexplored in the literature. Before we can examine effectiveness of academic integrity strategies and develop best practices, we need to examine the breadth of integrity decisions. To this end we posited the academic integrity problem as (...)
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  9. Character Education in Schools and the Education of Teachers.L. R. Arthur - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education.
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  10. Correction to: International Predictors of Contract Cheating in Higher Education.R. Awdry & B. Ives - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-1.
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  11. International Predictors of Contract Cheating in Higher Education.R. Awdry & B. Ives - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-20.
    Prevalence of contract cheating and outsourcing through organised methods has received interest in research studies aiming to determine the most suitable strategies to reduce the problem. Few studies have presented an international approach or tested which variables could be correlated with contract cheating. As a result, strategies to reduce contract cheating may be founded on data from other countries, or demographics/situations which may not align to variables most strongly connected to engagement in outsourcing. This paper presents the results of a (...)
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  12. Conceptualising Ethical Issues in the Conduct of Research: Results From a Critical and Systematic Literature Review.Élie Beauchemin, Louis Pierre Côté, Marie-Josée Drolet & Bryn Williams-Jones - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-24.
    This article concerns the ways in which authors from various fields conceptualise the ethical issues arising in the conduct of research. We reviewed critically and systematically the literature concerning the ethics of conducting research in order to engage in a reflection about the vocabulary and conceptual categories used in the publications reviewed. To understand better how the ethical issues involved in conducting research are conceptualised in the publications reviewed, we 1) established an inventory of the conceptualisations reviewed, and 2) we (...)
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  13. Conceptual Stewardship and Ethics Centers in Advance.Jonathan Beever - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  14. “There must be Someone’s Name Under Every Bit of Text, Even if it is Unimportant or Incorrect”: Plagiarism as a Learning Strategy.Beata Bielska & Mateusz Rutkowski - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-20.
    The article offers analyses of the phenomenon of copying in higher education. The analyses were based on a quantitative survey using questionnaires, conducted in 2019 at one of the Polish universities. Plagiarism is discussed here both as an element of the learning process and a subject of public practices. The article presents students’ definitions of plagiarism, their strategies for unclear or difficult situations, their experiences with plagiarism and their opinions on how serious and widespread this phenomenon is. Focusing on the (...)
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  15. The Mission Before the Mission: Toward an Ethics of Ethics Centers in Advance.Cordula Brand & Thomas Potthast - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  16. “Teach more, but do not expect any applause”: Are Women Doubly Discriminated Against in Universities’ Recruitment Processes?Douglas Brommesson, Gissur Ó Erlingsson, Jörgen Ödalen & Mattias Fogelgren - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-14.
    Studies repeatedly find that women and men experience life in academia differently. Importantly, the typical female academic portfolio contains less research but more teaching and administrative duties. The typical male portfolio, on the other hand, contains more research but less teaching and administration. Since previous research has suggested that research is a more valued assignment than teaching in academia, we hypothesise that men will be ranked higher in the peer-evaluations that precede hirings to tenured positions in Swedish academia. We analyze (...)
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  17. Ъ Eaching Students to Òti Communities Ethically.Amy Bruckman - forthcoming - Journal of Information Ethics.
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  18. On Ethics Institute Activism in Advance.Michael Burroughs - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  19. Who Rules the Ruler? On the Misconduct of Journal Editors.Mariana Fontes Costdaa - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    There are very few (published) accounts of editorial misconduct, and those that do exist are almost exclusively focused on medicine-related areas. In the present article we detail a case of editorial misconduct in a rather underexplored domain, the social sciences. This case demonstrates that although legal systems provide different instruments of protection to avoid, compensate for, and punish misconduct on the part of journal editors, the social and economic power unbalance between authors and publishers suggests the importance of alternative solutions (...)
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  20. Seeking Approval: International Higher Education Students’ Experiences of Applying for Human Research Ethics Clearance in Australia.K. Davis, L. Tan, J. Miller & M. Israel - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    University human research ethics application procedures can be complicated and daunting, especially for international students unfamiliar with the process and the language. We conducted focus groups and interviews with four research higher degree and 21 Master’s coursework international students at an Australian university to gain their views on the human ethics application process. We found the most important influences on their experience were: the time it took to do an application; support from supervisors, peers and others; their own language skills; (...)
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  21. Strategic Leadership as a Tool for Growth, Mission Alignment and Long-Term Stability in Advance.Aine Donovan - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
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  22. Academic Confidence Mediates the Link Between Psychopathy and Academic Dishonesty.Innocent Ikechukwu Enweh, Maria Chidi Christiana Onyedibe & Desmond Uchechukwu Onu - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-11.
    Academic dishonesty is a threat to quality education, ethics of professional practices and career outcomes. Psychopathy is connected to AD. This study investigated whether academic confidence mediates the relationship between psychopathy and AD. University students completed measures of relevant variables, in addition to providing demographic details. Results of statistical analysis showed that AC mediated the association between primary psychopathy and AD. Considering the extent of students' belief, trust and expectation that they can execute their academic tasks by themselves could be (...)
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  23. Ethics Issues with Private Research Ethics Boards: A Breakout Session at the 2009 Ncehr National Conference.Jack Corman Francis Rolleston, Paddi O'Hara Serge Gauthier & Rod Schmaltz - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics.
    Research Ethics Boards (REBs) provide oversight for Canadians that research projects will comply with standards of ethics if the studies are carried out as described in the documents that have been approved. While REBs have traditionally been affiliated with institutions such as universities and hospitals, a number of factors - including the increased volume of research being conducted outside academic centres - have resulted in the establishment of some private or independent REBs. This, in turn, has raised concerns about the (...)
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  24. Is Applied Ethics Morally Problematic?David J. Franz - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    This paper argues that applied ethics can itself be morally problematic. As illustrated by the case of Peter Singer’s criticism of social practice, morally loaded communication by applied ethicists can lead to protests, backlashes, and aggression. By reviewing the psychological literature on self-image, collective identity, and motivated reasoning three categories of morally problematic consequences of ethical criticism by applied ethicists are identified: serious psychological discomfort, moral backfiring, and hostile conflict. The most worrisome is moral backfiring: psychological research suggests that ethical (...)
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  25. Respect for Subjects in the Ethics of Causal and Interpretive Social Explanation.Michael L. Frazer - forthcoming - American Political Science Review.
    Rival causal and interpretive approaches to explaining social phenomena have important ethical differences. While human actions can be explained as a result of causal mechanisms, as a meaningful choice based on reasons, or as some combination of the two, it is morally important that social scientists respect others by recognizing them as persons. Interpretive explanations directly respect their subjects in this way, while purely causal explanations do not. Yet although causal explanations are not themselves expressions of respect, they can be (...)
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  26. Self-efficacy and Self-control Mediate the Relationship Between Negative Emotions and Attitudes Toward Plagiarism.Kit Wing Fu & Kell S. Tremayne - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-21.
    Plagiarism is a problematic issue in universities across the globe. This study explored the relationship between negative emotionality and positive attitudes toward plagiarism through the mediation of academic self-efficacy and self-control. Negative emotionality was examined as three components: stress, anxiety, and depression. Self-report surveys were completed by 454 university students to investigate the relationship between negative emotionality and positive attitudes toward plagiarism, as well as the mediating role of academic self-efficacy and self-control in this relationship. The hierarchical multiple regression found (...)
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  27. Systemic Obstacles to Addressing Research Misconduct in Higher Education: A Case Study.James Golden, Catherine M. Mazzotta & Kimberly Zittel-Barr - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-12.
    Several widely publicized incidents of academic research misconduct, combined with the politicization of the role of science in public health and policy discourse threaten to undermine faith in the integrity of empirical research. Researchers often maintain that peer-review and study replication allow the field to self-police and self-correct; however, stark disparities between official reports of academic research misconduct and self-reports of academic researchers, specifically with regard to data fabrication, belie this argument. Further, systemic imperatives in academic settings often incentivize institutional (...)
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  28. Correction to: Systemic Obstacles to Addressing Research Misconduct in Higher Education: a Case Study.James Golden, Catherine M. Mazzotta & Kimberly Zittel-Barr - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-1.
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  29. Correction to: Ethical Sensitivity of Nursing Students During a 4-Year Nursing Curriculum in Turkey.Hilal Gamze Hakbilen, Serpil Ince & Mustafa Levent Ozgonul - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-1.
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  30. Ethical Sensitivity of Nursing Students During a 4-Year Nursing Curriculum in Turkey.Hilal Gamze Hakbilen, Serpil Ince & Mustafa Levent Ozgonul - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-11.
    This study was carried out to determine the ethical sensitivity levels of students enrolled in the nursing faculty. The sample of the descriptive study consisted of 594 students who were taught at the Faculty of Nursing in February - May 2018 and agreed to participate in the study. The data were collected by Personal Information Form prepared by researchers to evaluate the demographic characteristics of students and The Modified Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire for Student Nurses. The data obtained from the application (...)
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  31. Public Intervention in Business Ethics: A Auto-Case Study.Stephen Matthias Harney - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics Education.
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  32. Research Integrity and Hidden Value Conflicts.Gert Helgesson & William Bülow - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-11.
    Research integrity is a well-established term used to talk and write about ethical issues in research. Part of its success might be its broad applicability. In this paper, we suggest that this might also be its Achilles heel, since it has the potential to conceal important value conflicts. We identify three broad domains upon which research integrity is applied in the literature: the researcher, research, and research-related institutions and systems. Integrity in relation to researchers concerns character, although it remains to (...)
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  33. Beyond Criticism of Ethics Review Boards: Strategies for Engaging Research Communities and Enhancing Ethical Review Processes.Andrew Hickey, Samantha Davis, Will Farmer, Julianna Dawidowicz, Clint Moloney, Andrea Lamont-Mills, Jess Carniel, Yosheen Pillay, David Akenson, Annette Brömdal, Richard Gehrmann, Dean Mills, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Tanya Machin, Suzanne Reich, Kim Southey, Lynda Crowley-Cyr, Taiji Watanabe, Josh Davenport, Rohit Hirani, Helena King, Roshini Perera, Lucy Williams, Kurt Timmins, Michael Thompson, Douglas Eacersall & Jacinta Maxwell - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-19.
    A growing body of literature critical of ethics review boards has drawn attention to the processes used to determine the ethical merit of research. Citing criticism on the bureaucratic nature of ethics review processes, this literature provides a useful provocation for considering how the ethics review might be enacted. Much of this criticism focuses on how ethics review boards deliberate, with particular attention given to the lack of transparency and opportunities for researcher recourse that characterise ethics review processes. Centered specifically (...)
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  34. Reflecting on Responsible Conduct of Research: A Self Study of a Research-Oriented University Community.Rebecca L. Hite, Sungwon Shin & Mellinee Lesley - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-21.
    Research-oriented universities are known for prolific research activity that is often supported by students in faculty-guided research. To maintain ethical standards, universities require on-going training of both faculty and students to ensure Responsible Conduct of Research. However, previous research has indicated RCR-based training is insufficient to address the ethical dilemmas that are prevalent within academic settings: navigating issues of authorship, modeling relationships between faculty and students, minimization of risk, and adequate informed consent. U.S. universities must explore ways to identify and (...)
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  35. An Analysis of the Perceptions of Incivility in Higher Education.Tracy Hudgins, Diana Layne, Celena E. Kusch & Karen Lounsbury - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    The aim of this study was to understand how incivility is viewed across multiple academic programs and respondent subgroups where different institutional and cultural power dynamics may influence the way students and faculty perceive uncivil behaviors. This study used the Conceptual Model for Fostering Civility in Nursing Education as its guiding framework. The Incivility in Higher Education Revised Survey and a detailed demographic questionnaire were used to gather self-assessment and personal perspective data regarding incivility in the higher education setting. This (...)
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  36. Academic Integrity From China to the U.S.: The Acculturation Process for Chinese Graduate Students in the U.S.Hu Jian, Russell Marion & Weijun Wang - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
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  37. Ethics Education Learning Outcomes for Health Professions Students.Belinda Kenny, Yobelli Jimenez, Natalie Pollard, Kate Thomson, Amanda Semaan & Lindy McAllister - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-27.
    The importance of graduating ethical health professionals is indisputable. Yet evaluating the quality of ethics education programs remains problematic for educators. A divide between learning and integrating ethics in everyday professional practice lies at the heart of this issue. The Ethics in Professional Practice project addresses health professions' students’ self-efficacy for ethical practice. Students are cast as central characters in authentic vignettes and complete guided learning activities to facilitate their ethical reasoning skills. A design-based research approach was utilised to create (...)
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  38. Character, Corruption, and ‘Cultures of Speed’ in Higher Education.Ian Kidd - forthcoming - In Philosophical Perspectives on the Contemporary University: In Shadows and Light. Springer.
    This chapter offers a character-based criticism of ‘the culture of speed’ condemned by the Canadian literary scholars, Maggie Berg and Barbara Seeber in their influential polemic, The Slow Professor. Central to their criticisms of speed and praise of slowness are, I argue, substantive concerns about their effects on moral and intellectual character. I argue that a full reckoning of the wrongs of academic cultures of speed must include appreciation of the ways they promote a host of accelerative vices and failings (...)
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  39. A Proposed Strategy for Achieving Institutional Integrity at the University of Ha’il in the Light of NCAAA Standards.Yousef Mubrik N. Almutairi, Reda Ibrahim Elmelegy & Monia Mokhtar Ferchichi - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    The aim of this research was to set a proposed strategy for achieving institutional integrity in the University of Ha’il, Saudi Arabia, in the light of the National Centre of Assessment and Academic Accreditation Standards. This was accomplished through acknowledging theoretical and philosophical frameworks of institutional integrity and their obstacles in university educational institutions and displaying the institutional standards of the National Centre of Assessment and Academic Accreditation. This research depended on the descriptive method and employed the Analysis to examine (...)
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  40. Demonstrating Ethical Leadership in a Virtual World: Accessibility, Community, and Identity.Nate Olson & Kallee McCullough - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
    During the COVID-19 pandemic, ethics centers were forced to reimagine program delivery. In a tumultuous time with rampant social isolation, the need for ethics education and dialogue was also critical. The authors, members of the directorship team of the Kegley Institute of Ethics, discuss how KIE met these challenges through organizing over fifty online events during the pandemic, including webinars, pedagogy workshops, ethics bowls, intercollegiate student conversations, colloquia, film viewings, and podcasts. The article describes both the opportunities and challenges that (...)
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  41. Character Strengths and Ethical Engagement in Online Faculty.Justina Or, Scott Greenberger & Melissa A. Milliken - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-15.
    In this study, the researchers investigated the relationships between character strengths and ethical engagement in online faculty. One of the ethical duties for higher education faculty is to engage in effective teaching practices. As online higher education becomes increasingly popular, online faculty also bear this duty. Numerous studies have shown that character strengths cultivate ethical behavior. Hence, we sought to determine the relationship between character strengths and ethical engagement in online faculty. Specifically, we focused on intellectual character strengths, interpersonal character (...)
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  42. Restoring Honor and Integrity Through Integrating Restorative Practices in Academic Integrity with Student Leaders.James Earl Orr & Karita Orr - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-16.
    This article examines one institution’s transition from a legalistic approach for resolving cases of academic misconduct to a learning-centered approach that embraces peer-to-peer student-led meetings. The article provides detailed information on how to train students on conducting these meetings along with suggestions for future research. The results of this article provide a framework for institutions who wish to engage students in a learning-centered adjudication model for resolving cases.
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  43. Learning Analytics within Higher Education: Autonomy, Beneficence and Non-maleficence.Kevin O’Donoghue - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-13.
    Higher education institutions are increasingly relying on learning analytics to collect voluminous amounts of data ostensibly to inform student learning interventions. The use of learning analytics, however, can result in a tension between the Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education principles of autonomy and non-malfeasance on the one hand, and the principle of beneficence on the other. Given the complications around student privacy, informed consent, and data justice in addition to the potential to do harm, many current (...)
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  44. Ethics Centers’ Conflicts of Interest and the Failure of Disclosure to Remedy This Endemic Problem in Advance.Lisa S. Parker - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  45. The Relationships between Personal Values, Justifications, and Academic Cheating for Business vs. Non-Business Students.Laura Parks-Leduc, Russell P. Guay & Leigh M. Mulligan - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-21.
    In this study we examine college cheating behaviors of business students compared to non-business students, and investigate possible antecedents to cheating in an effort to better understand why and when students cheat. We specifically examine power values; we found that they were positively related to academic cheating in our sample, and that choice of major partially mediated the relationship between power values and cheating. We also considered the extent to which students provide justifications for their cheating, and found that business (...)
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  46. The Higher Education Dilemma: The Views of Faculty on Integrity, Organizational Culture, and Duty of Fidelity.David J. Pell & Alexander Amigud - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-21.
    For over half a century there have been concerns about increases in the occurrence of academic misconduct by higher education students and this is now claimed to have reached crisis proportions. This study explores the extent to which multi-national faculty judge the effectiveness of higher education institutions in dealing with such misconduct.A survey of multi-national higher education faculty was conducted to explore the perceived barriers to the implementation of academic integrity processes. It asked faculty how likely some hypothetical scenarios of (...)
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  47. In Support of a “Generalist” Orientation for an Ethics Center in Advance.Michael S. Pritchard & Sandra L. Borden - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
  48. Preservice Teachers’ Perception of Plagiarism: A Case from a College of Education.Michael H. Romanowski - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-21.
    Few studies examine plagiarism in a Middle Eastern context, specifically from the perspectives of preservice teachers. As future gatekeepers of academic integrity, preservice teachers need to understand plagiarism. This study surveyed 128 female preservice teachers in one university in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries. The survey explores preservice teachers regarding their understandings and reasons for academic plagiarism and their responses to particular scenarios. Findings indicate that preservice teachers have a thorough comprehension of plagiarism and suggest a lack of knowledge of (...)
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  49. Justice, Deontology and Moral Meaningfulness as Factors to Improve Student Performance and Academic Achievement.Manuel Soto-Pérez, Jose-Enrique Ávila-Palet & Juan E. Núñez-Ríos - forthcoming - Journal of Academic Ethics:1-23.
    The relationship between ethics and performance has previously been addressed in the literature, although there are still some gaps, for example, the relationship of ethical ideologies to student performance. This work aims to contribute to the literature with a statistical evaluation using partial least squares path modelling regarding whether university students’ ethical ideologies and moral meaningfulness influence their level of student performance and academic achievement. Results indicate that the ideologies of justice and deontology increase moral meaningfulness, moral meaningfulness in turn (...)
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  50. On the Structure of the Virtuous Ethics Center in Advance.Joseph Spino - forthcoming - Teaching Ethics.
1 — 50 / 1883