Results for 'National Bioethics Advisory Commission'

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  1.  7
    National Bioethics Advisory Commission Report: Ethical and Policy Issues in International Research.B. J. Crigger & National Bioethics Advisory Commission - 2001 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 23 (4):9.
  2.  8
    The National Bioethics Advisory Commission: Contributing to Public Policy.Elisa Eiseman - 2003 - Rand.
    Details goverment, private, and international response to the policy recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission.
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  3.  36
    A Home for the National Bioethics Advisory Commission Electronic Archive.National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (4):389-390.
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  4.  9
    A Home for the National Bioethics Advisory Commission Electronic Archive.National Reference Center For Bioet - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (4):389-390.
  5.  11
    Reflections on the National Bioethics Advisory Commission and Models of Public Bioethics.James F. Childress - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (S1):S20-S23.
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  6.  4
    New Presidential National Bioethics Advisory Commission Proposed.Bette-Jane Crigger - 1993 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 16 (5):10-11.
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  7.  14
    Bioethics Inside the Beltway: An Egg Takes Flight: The Once and Future Life of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission.Alexander Morgan Capron - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (1):63-80.
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  8. Ethical and Policy Issues in Research Involving Human Participants. Bethesda, Md.: NBAC, Oo2001: Recommendation 4.1. O1. Freedman B. Scientific Value and Validity as Ethical Requirements for Research: A Proposed Explication. [REVIEW]National Bioethics Advisory Commission - 1987 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 9 (6):7-10.
     
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  9.  7
    Cloning Human Beings. Responding to the National Bioethics Advisory Commission's Report.Erika Blacksher - 1997 - Hastings Center Report 27 (5):6-9.
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  10.  24
    Flesh of My Flesh: The Ethics of Cloning Humans a Reader.Gregory E. Pence, George Annas, Stephen Jay Gould, George Johnson, Axel Kahn, Leon Kass, Philip Kitcher, R. C. Lewontin, Gilbert Meilaender, Timothy F. Murphy, National Bioethics Advisory Commission, Chief Justice John Roberts & James D. Watson - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Flesh of My Flesh is a collection of articles by today's most respected scientists, philosophers, bioethicists, theologians, and law professors about whether we should allow human cloning. It includes historical pieces to provide background for the current debate. Religious, philosophical, and legal points of view are all represented.
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  11.  81
    Promises and Perils of Public Deliberation: Contrasting Two National Bioethics Commissions on Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (3):269-288.
    : National bioethics commissions have struggled to develop ethically warranted methods for conducting their deliberations. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission in its report on stem cell research adopted an approach to public deliberation indebted to Rawls in that it sought common ground consistent with shared values and beliefs at the foundation of a well-ordered democracy. In contrast, although the research cloning and stem cell research reports of the President's Council on Bioethics reveal that (...)
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  12.  25
    Diversity and Deliberation: Bioethics Commissions and Moral Reasoning.M. Cathleen Kaveny - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (2):311 - 337.
    This article considers the sort of diversity in perspective appropriate for a presidential commission on bioethics, and by implication, high-level governmental commissions on ethics more generally. It takes as its point of comparison the respective reports on human cloning produced by the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, appointed by President Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush's President's Council on Bioethics, under the leadership of its original chair, Leon Kass. I argue that the Clinton (...) Report exemplifies forensic diversity (the type of diversity between contesting parties in a legal case), while the Kass Council Report exemplifies academic diversity (the diversity found in a medieval disputatio). Drawing upon Thomas Aquinas, I argue that the type of diversity most appropriate for such advisory bodies is deliberative diversity, which facilitates the President's process of taking counsel. After considering their respective charges, I suggest that neither the Clinton Commission nor the Kass Council possessed an adequate degree of deliberative diversity for their respective tasks. (shrink)
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  13.  33
    National Ethics Advisory Bodies in the Emerging Landscape of Responsible Research and Innovation.Franc Mali, Toni Pustovrh, Blanka Groboljsek & Christopher Coenen - 2012 - NanoEthics 6 (3):167-184.
    The article examines the role played by policy advice institutions in the governance of ethically controversial new and emerging science and technology in Europe. The empirical analysis, which aims to help close a gap in the literature, focuses on the evolution, role and functioning of national ethics advisory bodies (EABs) in Europe. EABs are expert bodies whose remit is to issue recommendations regarding ethical aspects of new and emerging science and technology. Negative experiences with the impacts of science (...)
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  14.  5
    The Nbac Report on Cloning : A Case Study in Religion, Public Policy and Bioethics.M. Cathleen Kaveny - 2006 - In David E. Guinn (ed.), Handbook of Bioethics and Religion. Oxford University Press.
    The report produced by the National Bioethics Advisory Commission at the request of President Bill Clinton, titled Cloning Human Beings, provides a good example of the two-pronged approach to religion in bioethics. The report merits careful scrutiny precisely because of the deftness with which it appears to negotiate the thorny questions surrounding the role of religion in public policy. Analysis of the structure, arguments, and rhetoric of the report reveals the theoretical and practical inadequacy of (...)
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  15.  42
    Assessing Research Risks Systematically: The Net Risks Test.D. Wendler & F. G. Miller - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (8):481-486.
    Dual-track assessment directs research ethics committees to assess the risks of research interventions based on the unclear distinction between therapeutic and non-therapeutic interventions. The net risks test, in contrast, relies on the clinically familiar method of assessing the risks and benefits of interventions in comparison to the available alternatives and also focuses attention of the RECs on the central challenge of protecting research participants.Research guidelines around the world recognise that clinical research is ethical only when the risks to participants are (...)
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  16.  43
    Ethical Review of Health Research: A Perspective From Developing Country Researchers.A. A. Hyder - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (1):68-72.
    Background: Increasing collaboration between industrialised and developing countries in human research studies has led to concerns regarding the potential exploitation of resource deprived countries. This study, commissioned by the former National Bioethics Advisory Commission of the United States, surveyed developing country researchers about their concerns and opinions regarding ethical review processes and the performance of developing country and US international review boards .Methods: Contact lists from four international organisations were used to identify and survey 670 health (...)
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  17.  50
    The Ordination of Bioethicists as Secular Moral Experts.H. Tristram Engelhardt - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):59-82.
    The philosophy of medicine cum bioethics has become the socially recognized source for moral and epistemic direction in health-care decision-making. Over the last three decades, this field has been accepted politically as an authorized source of guidance for policy and law. The field's political actors have included the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems (...)
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  18.  10
    Electronic Health Record: Ethical Issues.The Hellenic National Bioethics Commission - 2016 - Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 20 (1).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik Jahrgang: 20 Heft: 1 Seiten: 289-292.
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  19.  9
    The Ordination Of Bioethicists As Secular Moral Experts.H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 2002 - Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):59-82.
    The philosophy of medicine cum bioethics has become the socially recognized source for moral and epistemic direction in health-care decision-making. Over the last three decades, this field has been accepted politically as an authorized source of guidance for policy and law. The field's political actors have included the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems (...)
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  20.  59
    Stem Cell Research: A Target Article Collection Part I - Jordan's Banks, a View From the First Years of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Laurie Zoloth - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):3 – 11.
    This essay will address the ethical issues that have emerged in the first considerations of the newly emerging stem cell technology. Many of us in the field of bioethics were deliberating related issues as we first learned of the new science and confronted the ethical issues it raised. In this essay, I will draw on the work of colleagues who were asked to reflect on early stages of the research (members of the IRBs, the Geron Ethicist Advisory Board, (...)
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  21.  20
    Capital Report: A New National Bioethics Commission-Maybe.Joseph Palca - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (1):5.
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  22.  51
    The Ethics and Politics of Small Sacrifices in Stem Cell Research.Glenn McGee & Arthur L. Caplan - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (2):151-158.
    : Pluripotent human stem cell research may offer new treatments for hundreds of diseases, but opponents of this research argue that such therapy comes attached to a Faustian bargain: cures at the cost of the destruction of many frozen embryos. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC), government officials, and many scholars of bioethics, including, in these pages, John Robertson, have not offered an adequate response to ethical objections to stem cell research. Instead of examining the (...)
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  23.  44
    National Bioethics Council: A Brazilian Proposal.V. Garrafa & H. ten Have - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (2):99-102.
    The number of national bioethics commissions has burgeoned since the establishment of the first one in 1983. They provide an arena in which stakeholders with widely differing moral views can discuss, interact and negotiate about controversial matters. The establishment of the Brazilian committee is used as an example of how such bodies can be introduced. If such councils are to be implemented effectively and regarded as legitimate, the society as a whole should be included in the construction of (...)
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  24.  16
    The Poster Child for the Need for Central Review of Research Protocols: The Children's Oncology Group.Rebecca D. Pentz & Anita F. Khayat - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (4):359-365.
    Multiple groups, including the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the National Coalition of Comprehensive Cancer Centers, Workgroup 6 of the Summit Series on Cancer, PRIM&R, the Bell Report, and prominent ethicists have called for replacing the current system of local institutional review with central review for multisite national trials. We argue that this need is particularly acute in pediatric oncology, as shown by the experience of the Children's Oncology Group.
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  25.  4
    Diversity and Deliberation.M. Cathleen Kaveny - 2006 - Journal of Religious Ethics 34 (2):311-337.
    ABSTRACTThis article considers the sort of diversity in perspective appropriate for a presidential commission on bioethics, and by implication, high‐level governmental commissions on ethics more generally. It takes as its point of comparison the respective reports on human cloning produced by the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, appointed by President Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush's President's Council on Bioethics, under the leadership of its original chair, Leon Kass. I argue that the Clinton (...) Report exemplifies forensic diversity, while the Kass Council Report exemplifies academic diversity. Drawing upon Thomas Aquinas, I argue that the type of diversity most appropriate for such advisory bodies is deliberative diversity, which facilitates the President's process of taking counsel. After considering their respective charges, I suggest that neither the Clinton Commission nor the Kass Council possessed an adequate degree of deliberative diversity for their respective tasks. (shrink)
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  26.  8
    The Missions of National Commissions: Mapping the Forms and Functions of Bioethics Advisory Bodies.Schmidt Harald & L. Schwartz Jason - 2016 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (4):431-456.
    Ethics advisory groups, in various forms, have existed for at least 50 years in the United States and other countries. In science and biomedicine, four principal types of committees can be distinguished: policy-making and/or advisory committees, health professional association committees, health care ethics committees, and research ethics committees. Overall, these bodies have been of use to governments, policy makers, health care professionals, and the public in considering ‘what is ethical’ and ‘what is unethical’ in areas such as research (...)
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  27.  2
    Four Forward‐Looking Guidance Points.Ruth Macklin - 2001 - Developing World Bioethics 1 (2):121-134.
    Four key guidance points in the UNAIDS guidance document, Ethical Considerations in HIV Preventive Vaccine Research, are compared with analogous statements in three other recently issued documents dealing with international research. Those documents are: the Declaration of Helsinki, as revised in 2000; the report of the U.S. National Bioethics Advisory Commission, issued in 2001; and a current draft revision of the 1993 CIOMS International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects. The four guidance points compared (...)
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  28.  36
    Determining Risk in Pediatric Research with No Prospect of Direct Benefit: Time for a National Consensus on the Interpretation of Federal Regulations.Celia B. Fisher - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):5-10.
    United States federal regulations for pediatric research with no prospect of direct benefit restrict institutional review board (IRB) approval to procedures presenting: 1) no more than "minimal risk" (§ 45CFR46.404); or 2) no more than a "minor increase over minimal risk" if the research is commensurate with the subjects' previous or expected experiences and intended to gain vitally important information about the child's disorder or condition (§ 45CFR46.406) (DHHS 2001). During the 25 years since their adoption, these regulations have helped (...)
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  29.  14
    Pursuing Reform in Clinical Research: Lessons From Women's Experience.Lisa A. Eckenwiler - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (2):158-170.
    In a White House ceremony on May 16, 1997, President Clinton issued an apology on behalf of the nation for the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, a forty-year research project in which African-American men were deceived and denied treatment in order to document the natural course of syphilis. Reflection on this occasion can give us pause to take pride in the progress made toward more ethical research with humans. The President's apology is perhaps the most public of a number of recent events (...)
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  30.  3
    Pursuing Reform in Clinical Research: Lessons From Women's Experience.Lisa A. Eckenwiler - 1999 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 27 (2):158-170.
    In a White House ceremony on May 16, 1997, President Clinton issued an apology on behalf of the nation for the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, a forty-year research project in which African-American men were deceived and denied treatment in order to document the natural course of syphilis. Reflection on this occasion can give us pause to take pride in the progress made toward more ethical research with humans. The President's apology is perhaps the most public of a number of recent events (...)
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  31.  22
    Ethics, Regulation, and Biomedical Research.Matthew Weed - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (4):361-368.
    : Controversy has surrounded the institutions that facilitate discussion and regulation of American biomedical research for years. Recent challenges to the legitimacy of the President's Council on Bioethics have been focused on stem cell research. These arguments represent an opportunity to reconsider the legislation under which stem cell research is regulated, as well as to consider preexisting bodies like the Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee and National Bioethics Advisory Commission. This paper proposes a Federal Life (...)
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  32.  5
    The Past, Present, and Future of Mexico's National Bioethics Commission.Manuel Ruiz de Chavez, Aidee Orozco & Gustavo Olaiz - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (S1):S31-S34.
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  33.  15
    Inside the Beltway Again: A Sheep of a Different Feather.Alexander Morgan Capron - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (2):171-179.
    : The appearance of a sheep named Dolly, the first clone of an adult mammal, dramatically affected the agenda, pace of work, and visibility of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission. The Commission's approach to its task and some of the issues it considered in responding to President Clinton's request for review and recommendations within 90 days are described.
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  34.  63
    A Crossroads in Genetic Counseling and Ethics.Glenn Mcgee & Monica Arruda - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (1):97-100.
    Genetic counselors are on the front lines of the genetic revolution, presented with tests of varying predictive values and reliability, unfair testing distribution mechanisms, tests for conditions where no treatment exists, and companies that oversell the usefulness of their tests to physicians and nurses. Many scholars, both genetic testing task forces as well as the newly formed National Bioethics Advisory Commission, have all noted that genetic counseling programs and services are critical for adequate genetic testing. At (...)
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  35.  22
    Being Human: Science, Knowledge and Virtue: John Haldane.John Haldane - 2000 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 45:189-202.
    In February 1997, following the announcement that the Roslin Institute in Scotland had successfully cloned a sheep by means of cell-nuclear transfer, US President Clinton requested the National Bioethics Advisory Commission to review legal and ethical issues of cloning and to recommend federal actions to prevent abuse. In the meantime he directed the heads of executive departments and agencies not to allocate federal funds for ‘cloning human beings’. The Commission consulted with members of relevant academic (...)
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  36.  8
    Should Consensus Be 'the Commission Method' in the US? The Perspective of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, Regulations, and Case Law.Bethany Spielman - 2003 - Bioethics 17 (4):341–356.
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  37.  10
    In Focus. The Brief Career of a Government Advisory Committee: One Members's Perspective. The Life and Death of the National Human Research Protections Advisory Committee (NHRPAC). [REVIEW]J. D. Moreno - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics: Ajob 2 (4).
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  38.  33
    Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
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  39.  5
    A Gay Epidemiologist and the DC Commission of Public Health AIDS Advisory Committee.Steven S. Coughlin, Paul Mann & Bruce Jennings - forthcoming - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics.
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  40.  43
    Multiple Roles and Successes in Public Bioethics: A Response to the Public Forum Critique of Bioethics Commissions.Summer Johnson - 2006 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):173-188.
    : National bioethics commissions have been critiqued for a variety of structural, procedural, and political aspects of their work. A more recent critique published by Dzur and Levin uses political philosophy to constructively critique the work of national bioethics commissions as public deliberative forums. However, this public forum critique of bioethics commissions ignores empirical research in political science and normative claims that suggest that advisory commissions can and should have diverse of functions beyond that (...)
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  41.  54
    Begetting, Cloning and Being Human: Two National Commission Reports Against Human Cloning From Italy and the U.S.A.Matteo Galletti - 2006 - HEC Forum 18 (2):156-171.
    The aim of this paper is to compare two reports on human cloning, one by the US President’s Council on Bioethics and one by the Italian Comitato Nazionale per la Bioetica. I shall focus on those arguments against human cloning, in both reports, which are articulated in terms of (a) the development of human identity, (b) the meaning of human reproduction, and (c) the nature of family relationships. My general conclusion will be that the arguments against human cloning put (...)
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  42.  23
    The "Nation's Conscience:" Assessing Bioethics Commissions as Public Forums.Albert W. Dzur & Daniel Lessard Levin - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (4):333-360.
    : As the fifth national bioethics commission has concluded its work and a sixth is currently underway, it is time to step back and consider appropriate measures of success. This paper argues that standard measures of commissions' influence fail to fully assess their role as public forums. From the perspective of democratic theory, a critical dimension of this role is public engagement: the ability of a commission to address the concerns of the general public, to learn (...)
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  43.  11
    Improving Fairness in Coverage Decisions: Insights From the Harvard Community Health Plan's LORAN Commission Report.John J. Paris - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):103-104.
    As the only nation in the western world without a national health insurance program, the United States faces ongoing issues of access and fairness in health care coverage. The Clinton administration tried and failed to address the problem of universal coverage. Since then we have focused on the narrower, but nonetheless real, issues of fairness and equity in the benefits package provided in insurance plans. The LORAN Commission spent two years trying to devise agreed-upon principles to govern such (...)
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  44.  11
    Research Bioethics in the Ugandan Context: A Program Summary.Sana Loue, David Okello & Medi Kawuma - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (1):47-53.
    Researchers, scientists, and physicians in Uganda have become increasingly aware of the need to develop a systematic approach to reviewing bio-medical research conducted in their country. Much of this awareness and their concern stems from Uganda's high seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and the consequent large influx of research monies and HIV researchers from developed countries, including the United States and Great Britain.We report on the proceedings of a five-day symposium on bioethical principles governing clinical trials, which convened in Jinja, (...)
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  45.  19
    Research Bioethics in the Ugandan Context: A Program Summary.Sana Loue, David Okello & Medi Kawuma - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (1):47-53.
    Researchers, scientists, and physicians in Uganda have become increasingly aware of the need to develop a systematic approach to reviewing bio-medical research conducted in their country. Much of this awareness and their concern stems from Uganda's high seroprevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and the consequent large influx of research monies and HIV researchers from developed countries, including the United States and Great Britain.We report on the proceedings of a five-day symposium on bioethical principles governing clinical trials, which convened in Jinja, (...)
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  46. Justicia global e investigación biomédica: La obligación post investigación hacia la comunidad anfitriona.Ignacio Mastroleo - 2007 - Perspectivas Bioéticas 12 (23):76-92.
    Este artículo considera el problema de justicia en la investigación biomédica en países en desarrollo. En particular se hace foco en la discusión de si el requisito de poner a disposición toda intervención probada efectiva puede ser considerado como una obligación post investigación de los patrocinadores hacia la comunidad anfitriona. Primero, se discuten las concepciones de la Comisión Nacional de Asesoramiento sobre Bioética (NBAC) de los Estados Unidos y de las guías éticas internacionales sobre la obligación post investigación hacia la (...)
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  47. Opinion of the National Bioethics Committee on the Therapeutic Use of Stem Cells.National Bioethics Committee - forthcoming - Rome: National Bioethics Committee.
     
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  48. The Historical Foundations of the Research-Practice Distinction in Bioethics.Tom L. Beauchamp & Yashar Saghai - 2012 - Heoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (1):45-56.
    The distinction between clinical research and clinical practice directs how we partition medicine and biomedical science. Reasons for a sharp distinction date historically to the work of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, especially to its analysis of the “boundaries” between research and practice in the Belmont Report (1978). Belmont presents a segregation model of the research-practice distinction, according to which research and practice form conceptually exclusive sets of activities and (...)
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  49.  7
    Do We Need Another Advisory Commission on Human Experimentation?Jay Katz - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (1):29-31.
  50.  30
    Liberalism, Authority, and Bioethics Commissions.D. Robert MacDougall - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (6):461-477.
    Bioethicists working on national ethics commissions frequently think of themselves as advisors to the government, but distance themselves from any claims to actual authority. Governments however may find it beneficial to appear to defer to the authority of these commissions when designing laws and policies, and might appoint such commissions for exactly this reason. Where does the authority for setting laws and policies come from? This question is best answered from within a normative political philosophy. This paper explains the (...)
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