Search results for 'polygyny' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Daniel W. Sellen (1999). Polygyny and Child Growth in a Traditional Pastoral Society. Human Nature 10 (4):329-371.score: 18.0
    In this paper I use measures of childhood growth to assess from both an evolutionary theoretical and an applied public health perspective the impact of polygyny on maternal-child welfare among the Datoga pastoralists of Tanzania. I report that the growth and body composition of children varies in such a way as to suggest that polygyny is not generally beneficial to women in terms of offspring quality. Cross-sectional analysis of covariance by maternal marriage status revealed that children of first (...)
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  2. Bruce Baum (1997). Feminism, Liberalism and Cultural Pluralism: J. S. Mill on Mormon Polygyny. Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (3):230–253.score: 15.0
  3. William H. James (1998). Prior and Proximate Causes of Infant Survival in Ghana, with Special Attention to Polygyny. A Comment. Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (1):127-133.score: 15.0
    Amankwaa (1996) gives data on infant mortality in monogamous and polygynous families. However he does not categorise his data by sex. This is important because one might expect infant mortality to vary by sex; moreover the offspring sex ratios of polygynous and monogamous women reportedly differ.
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  4. John Marshall Townsend (2005). Sex, Sex Differences, and the New Polygyny. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):295-296.score: 15.0
    The Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI) was not designed to illuminate the sexually dimorphic mental mechanisms posited by evolutionary theories. Its results are therefore open to competing interpretations. Measures designed to tap the thought processes surrounding sexual experience generate findings that are more compatible with evolutionary than with social structural theory.
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  5. R. M. Bove, Emily Vala-Haynes & Claudia Valeggia (2014). Polygyny and Women's Health in Rural Mali. Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (1):66-89.score: 15.0
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  6. Richard Dawkins (1986). Wealth, Polygyny, and Reproductive Success. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):190.score: 15.0
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  7. Monique Borgerhoff Mulder (2009). Serial Monogamy as Polygyny or Polyandry? Human Nature 20 (2):130-150.score: 15.0
    Applications of sexual selection theory to humans lead us to expect that because of mammalian sex differences in obligate parental investment there will be gender differences in fitness variances, and males will benefit more than females from multiple mates. Recent theoretical work in behavioral ecology suggests reality is more complex. In this paper, focused on humans, predictions are derived from conventional parental investment theory regarding expected outcomes associated with serial monogamy and are tested with new data from a postreproductive cohort (...)
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  8. J. Ahmed (1986). Polygyny and Fertility Differentials Among the Yoruba of Western Nigeria. Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (1):63-74.score: 15.0
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  9. Adansi A. Amankwaa (1996). Prior and Proximate Causes of Infant Survival in Ghana, with Special Attention to Polygyny. Journal of Biosocial Science 28 (3):281-295.score: 15.0
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  10. Laura Betzig (forthcoming). Roman polygyny. Human Nature: A Critical Reader.score: 15.0
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  11. Monique Borgerhoff Mulder (2009). Serial Monogamy as Polygyny or Polyandry? Human Nature 20 (2):130-150.score: 15.0
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  12. F. Fames (1979). Colonial Rodents The Work by Downhower and Armitage (1971) on Yellow-Bellied Marmots has Made Colonial Rodents Something of a Test Case for the Polygyny-Threshold Model. It is Therefore Appropriate to Consider in Detail the Various Hypotheses Advanced to Explain Polygyny in These Species. Before Discussing These Hypotheses, a Word On. [REVIEW] In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), Handbook of Behavioral Neurobiology. , Volume 2. 3--288.score: 15.0
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  13. Mhairi A. Gibson & Ruth Mace (2007). Polygyny, Reproductive Success and Child Health in Rural Ethiopia: Why Marry a Married Man? Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (2):287-300.score: 15.0
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  14. Francis J. Sichona (1993). The Polygyny–Fertility Hypothesis Revisited: The Situation in Ghana. Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (4):473-482.score: 15.0
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  15. Shuji Sueyoshi & Ryutaro Ohtsuka (2003). Effects of Polygyny and Consanguinity on High Fertility in the Rural Arab Population in South Jordan. Journal of Biosocial Science 35 (4):513-526.score: 15.0
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  16. Monique Borgerhoff Mulder (1992). Women's Strategies in Polygynous Marriage. Human Nature 3 (1):45-70.score: 9.0
    Both behavioral ecological and social anthropological analyses of polygynous marriage tend to emphasize the importance of competition among men in acquisition of mates, whereas the strategic options to women both prior to and after the establishment of a marriage have been neglected. Focusing on African marriage systems that are in some senses analogous to resource-defense polygyny, I first review the evidence of reproductive costs of polygyny to women. Then I discuss why the conflict of interests between men and (...)
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  17. Thom Brooks (2009). The Problem with Polygamy. Philosophical Topics 37 (2):109-22.score: 6.0
    Polygamy is a hotly contested practice and open to widespread misunderstandings. This practice is defined as a relationship between either one husband and multiple wives or one wife and multiple husbands. Today, 'polygamy' almost exclusively takes the form of one husband with multiple wives. In this article, my focus will centre on limited defences of polygamy offered recently by Chesire Calhoun and Martha Nussbaum. I will argue that these defences are unconvincing. The problem with polygamy is primarily that it is (...)
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  18. Yu‐Ching Huang & John Wang (2014). Did the Fire Ant Supergene Evolve Selfishly or Socially? Bioessays 36 (2):200-208.score: 6.0
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  19. Ting Ji, Jing-Jing Xu & Ruth Mace (forthcoming). Intergenerational and Sibling Conflict Under Patrilocality. Human Nature.score: 6.0
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  20. Andrew F. March, Marriage, Sex and Future Persons in Liberal Public Justification: Is There a Right to Incest?score: 3.0
    In this article I consider whether there a right to incestuous marriage. I begin by suggesting that the liberal state get out of the "marriage" business by leveling down to a universal civil union or "registered domestic partnership" status. Removing the symbolism of the term "marriage" from political conflict, privatizing it in the same way as religion, would have the advantage of both consistency and political reconciliation. The question is then whether incestuous unions should be both legal and eligible for (...)
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  21. Elizabeth Brake (2012). Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law. OUP USA.score: 3.0
    Even in secular and civil contexts, marriage retains sacramental connotations. Yet what moral significance does it have? This book examines its morally salient features - promise, commitment, care, and contract - with surprising results. In Part One, "De-Moralizing Marriage," essays on promise and commitment argue that we cannot promise to love and so wedding vows are (mostly) failed promises, and that marriage may be a poor commitment strategy. The book contends with the most influential philosophical accounts of the moral value (...)
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  22. Ayodele S. Jegede (2009). Culture and Genetic Screening in Africa. Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):128-137.score: 3.0
    Africa is a continent in transition amidst a revival of cultural practices. Over previous years the continent was robbed of the benefits of medical advances by unfounded cultural practices surrounding its cultural heritage. In a fast moving field like genetic screening, discussions of social and policy aspects frequently need to take place at an early stage to avoid the dilemma encountered by Western medicine. This paper, examines the potential challenges to genetic screening in Africa. It discusses how cultural practices may (...)
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  23. Anthony Luyirika Kafumbe (2010). Women's Rights to Property in Marriage, Divorce, and Widowhood in Uganda: The Problematic Aspects. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 11 (2):199-221.score: 3.0
    This article examines women’s rights to property in marriage, upon divorce, and upon the death of a spouse in Uganda, highlighting the problematic aspects in both the state-made (statutory) and non-state-made (customary and religious) laws. It argues that, with the exception of the 1995 Constitution, the subordinate laws that regulate the distribution, management, and ownership of property during marriage, upon divorce, and death of a spouse are discriminatory of women. It is shown that even where the relevant statutory laws are (...)
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  24. J. Michael Plavcan (2012). Sexual Size Dimorphism, Canine Dimorphism, and Male-Male Competition in Primates. Human Nature 23 (1):45-67.score: 3.0
    Sexual size dimorphism is generally associated with sexual selection via agonistic male competition in nonhuman primates. These primate models play an important role in understanding the origins and evolution of human behavior. Human size dimorphism is often hypothesized to be associated with high rates of male violence and polygyny. This raises the question of whether human dimorphism and patterns of male violence are inherited from a common ancestor with chimpanzees or are uniquely derived. Here I review patterns of, and (...)
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  25. Peter Frost (1998). Sex Differences May Indeed Exist for 3-D Navigational Abilities: But Was Sexual Selection Responsible? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):443-444.score: 3.0
    Polygyny does not necessarily entail sexual selection of men. All factors that affect the operational sex ratio must be considered. Data from contemporary hunter-gatherers indicate higher mortality rates in men than in women, and lost female reproductive time. If sexual selection did occur in ancestral hunter-gatherers, it was probably men selecting women and not women selecting men.
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  26. Sabine Hoier (2003). Father Absence and Age at Menarche. Human Nature 14 (3):209-233.score: 3.0
    Life history data, attractiveness ratings of male photographs, and attitudes towards partnership and child-rearing of 321 women were used to test four evolutionary models (quantitative reproductive strategy, male short-age, polygyny indication, and maternal reproductive interests) which attempt to explain the influence of family composition on reproductive strategies. Links between early menarche and other markers of reproductive strategy were investigated. Childhood stress and absence of a father figure, whether genetically related or not, were found to have accelerated menarche whereas having (...)
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