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Reproductive Ethics

Edited by Ruchika Mishra (Program in Medicine and Human Values, California Pacific Medical Center)
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Subcategories:History/traditions: Reproductive Ethics
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  1. Rajib Acharya, H. Eini-Zinab, S. Islam, M. A. Islam, S. S. Padmadas, S. Billingsley, T. Spoorenberg, D. Beguy, K. Grace & C. Muresan (2010). Estimating Parity Specific Rate of Induced Abortion: A New Approach. Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (6):705-19.
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  2. Damian H. Adams (2013). Conceptualising a Child-Centric Paradigm. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):369-381.
    Since its inception, donor conception practices have been a reproductive choice for the infertile. Past and current practices have the potential to cause significant and lifelong harm to the offspring through loss of kinship, heritage, identity, and family health history, and possibly through introducing physical problems. Legislation and regulation in Australia that specifies that the welfare of the child born as a consequence of donor conception is paramount may therefore be in conflict with the outcomes. Altering the paradigm to a (...)
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  3. W. H. Adler (1979). Cell Biology Stem Cells and Tissue Homeostasis B. I. Lord C. S. Potten R. J. Cole. BioScience 29 (11):682-682.
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  4. Leila Afshar & Alireza Bagheri (2013). Embryo Donation in Iran: An Ethical Review. Developing World Bioethics 13 (3):119-124.
    Iran is the only Muslim country that has legislation on embryo donation, adopted in 2003. With an estimated 10–15% of couples in the country that are infertile, there are not any legal or religious barriers that prohibit an infertile couple from taking advantage of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs). Although all forms of ARTs available in Iran have been legitimized by religious authorities, there is a lack of legislation in all ARTs except embryo donation. By highlighting ethical issues in embryo donation, (...)
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  5. N. Agar (2013). Why is It Possible to Enhance Moral Status and Why Doing so is Wrong? Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):67-74.
    This paper presents arguments for two claims. First, post-persons, beings with a moral status superior to that of mere persons, are possible. Second, it would be bad to create such beings. Actions that risk bringing them into existence should be avoided. According to Allen Buchanan, it is possible to enhance moral status up to the level of personhood. But attempts to improve status beyond that fail for want of a target - there is no category of moral status superior to (...)
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  6. Ellen S. Agard & Edward E. Wallach (1999). The Limits of Reproductive Technology: Who Decides? Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (4):329.
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  7. Pamela Chávez Aguilar (2013). Lecturas del principio de precaución en el debate actual sobre el estatuto ético del embrión humano. Dilemata 11:113-125.
    This paper analyzes the precautionary principle in the discussion about the ethical status of the human embryo. In this debate, some argue that the mere probability that a human person is involved justifies the duty to refrain from harming to the human embryo; from another point of view, the respect for life and human dignity decreases if the human embryo is not respected; finally, the philosophers Hans Jonas and Jürgen Habermas have proposed the existence of responsibility towards the human life (...)
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  8. B. E. Aguirre (1980). Repeat Induced Abortion: Single, Married and Divorced Women. Journal of Biosocial Science 12 (3):275.
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  9. Bro John Ahmann (2001). Therapeutic Cloning and Stem Cell Therapy. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (2):145-150.
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  10. Salma Ahmed & Ranjan Ray (2013). Determinants of Pregnancy and Induced and Spontaneous Abortion in a Jointly Determined Framework: Evidence From a Country-Wide, District-Level Household Survey in India. Journal of Biosocial Science:1-38.
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  11. Enola G. Aird, Allan C. Carlson, David Elkind, William A. Galston, S. Jody Heymann, Wade F. Horn, Bernice Kanner, Juliet B. Schor, Raymond Seidelman, Theda Skocpol, Ruy Teixeira, Cornel West, Peter Winn, Edward Wolff & Ruth A. Wooden (2002). Taking Parenting Public: The Case for a New Social Movement. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Taking Parenting Public makes a compelling case that parenting has become dangerously undervalued in America today. It calls for a new investment—both personal and public—into the work of raising children and argues that we are all "stockholders" in the next generation. With a foreword by Sylvia Ann Hewlett and Cornel West, Taking Parenting Public crosses boundaries to bring together thinkers from diverse fields spanning the political spectrum. It features contributions from distinguished experts in economics, political science, public policy, child development, (...)
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  12. Halida H. Akhter & Rowland V. Rider (1984). Continuation of Contraception Following Menstrual Regulation–a Bangladesh Experience. Journal of Biosocial Science 16 (1):137.
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  13. Sahin Aksoy (2001). Antenatal Screening and its Possible Meaning From Unborn Baby's Perspective. BMC Medical Ethics 2 (1):1-11.
    In recent decades antenatal screening has become one of the most routine procedure of pregnancy-follow up and the subject of hot debate in bioethics circles. In this paper the rationale behind doing antenatal screening and the actual and potential problems that it may cause will be discussed. The paper will examine the issue from the point of wiew of parents, health care professionals and, most importantly, the child-to-be. It will show how unthoughtfully antenatal screening is performed and how pregnancy is (...)
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  14. Yagoub Y. Al-Kandari & Douglas E. Crews (2011). The Effect of Consanguinity on Congenital Disabilities in the Kuwaiti Population. Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (1):65-73.
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  15. Abdulrahman Al-Matary & Jaffar Ali (2014). Controversies and Considerations Regarding the Termination of Pregnancy for Foetal Anomalies in Islam. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):10.
    Approximately one-fourth of all the inhabitants on earth are Muslims. Due to unprecedented migration, physicians are often confronted with cultures other than their own that adhere to different paradigms.
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  16. Linda Alcoff (2008). Gender and Reproduction. Asian Journal of Women's Studies 14 (4):7-27.
    This paper provides a materialist approach to defining gender identity.
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  17. Elizabeth M. Alder, David T. Baird, Martin M. Lees, Dennis W. Lincoln, Nancy B. Loudon & Allan A. Templeton (1986). Attitudes of Women of Reproductive Age to in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Research. Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (2):155.
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  18. Donald T. Stuss & Alexander & P. Michael (2008). Is There a Dysexecutive Syndrome? In Jon Driver, Patrick Haggard & Tim Shallice (eds.), Mental Processes in the Human Brain. OUP Oxford
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  19. Donald Algeo (1981). Abortion, Personhood, and Moral Rights. The Monist 64 (4):543-549.
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  20. Amel Alghrani (2013). Womb Transplantation and the Interplay of Islam and the West. Zygon 48 (3):618-634.
    In Saudi Arabia in 2000 the world's first human uterus transplant was attempted with some success. In 2011 the second successful human uterus transplant took place in Turkey. Doctors in the United Kingdom have recently announced that uterus transplants will be carried out in the UK if doctors can raise enough funds to complete their research. As scientists continue to make progress in this domain this is anticipated to be the next breakthrough in the arena of assisted reproductive technologies. The (...)
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  21. David F. Allen, Jacques Postel & German E. Berrios (2000). The Ganser Syndrome. In G. Berrios & J. Hodges (eds.), Memory Disorders in Psychiatric Practice. Cambridge University Press 443.
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  22. Fritz Allhoff (2005). Stem Cells and the Blastocyst Transfer Method: Some Concerns Regarding Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):28 – 30.
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  23. B. Almond (2012). The Ethics of Parenthood, by Norvin Richards. Mind 121 (483):838-842.
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  24. Kenneth D. Alpern & Mary Anne Warren (1995). The Ethics of Reproductive Technology. Bioethics 9 (2):164.
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  25. Zac Alstin (2012). Abortion Rates: Is a Rough Estimate Better Than No Estimate at All? Bioethics Research Notes 24 (2):32.
    Alstin, Zac Conventional wisdom teaches that prohibition is counter-productive. We are all familiar with the idea that making something illegal - whether it be drug abuse, alcohol consumption, or abortion - merely 'drives it underground'. Abortion is indeed one of the most potent examples, with the spectre of 'backyard abortion' haunting any talk of restricting abortion access. On a global scale the term 'unsafe abortion' serves the same purpose - reinforcing the idea that unless abortion is made safe, legal, and (...)
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  26. Charo R. Alta (2000). Bush's Stem Cell Compromise: A Few Mirrors? Hastings Center Report 31 (6):6-7.
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  27. Helen M. Alvaré (2013). Constitutional Abortion and Culture. Christian Bioethics 19 (2):133-149.
    The US Supreme Court’s abortion decisions over the past forty years have helped to shape cultural beliefs and practices concerning heterosexual relationships, marriage, and parenting. This is true both in the practical and in the legal senses. Practically speaking, definitively separating sex from childbearing, as only abortion can do (given how often contraception fails), inevitably changes the meaning of sex, and therefore of heterosexual relationships. Legally speaking, the Court’s influence was mediated significantly by its decision to locate the right of (...)
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  28. Bertha Alvarez Manninen (2007). Revisiting the Argument From Fetal Potencial. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2:7.
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  29. Fiifi Amoako Johnson & Nyovani J. Madise (2009). Examining the Geographical Heterogeneity Associated with Risk of Mistimed and Unwanted Pregnancy in Ghana. Journal of Biosocial Science 41 (2):249-267.
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  30. D. A. Ampofo (1994). The Health Issues of Human Reprodution [Sic] of Our Time: Philosophical Perspectives of Health and Social Problems of Procreation. Ghana Academy of Arts and Sciences.
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  31. James W. Anderson (1985). Three Abortion Theorists: A Critical Appreciation. Dissertation, Georgetown University
    This study evaluates the ontological and ethical premises and presuppositions of three abortion theorists: Germain Grisez, Eike-Henner W. Kluge, and Michael Tooley. ;Grisez's argument that human embryos and fetuses are moral persons because moral rights are derived from moral value, and the full moral value of human adults who are moral persons is implicit in the living genetic mechanism of all human beings, is criticized on the basis of the tension in Aristotle's doctrine between the notion of essence as an (...)
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  32. Richard M. Anderson, Laura Jane Bishop, Martina Darragh, Harriet H. Gray & Susan Cartier Poland (2006). Pharmacists and Conscientious Objection. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (4):379-396.
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  33. Sean C. Anderson, Robert G. Farmer, Francesco Ferretti, Aimee Lee S. Houde & Jeffrey A. Hutchings (2011). Correlates of Vertebrate Extinction Risk in Canada. BioScience 61 (7):538-549.
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  34. A. -K. M. Andersson (2011). Embryonic Stem Cells and Property Rights. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (3):221-242.
    This article contributes to the current debate on human embryonic stem cell researchers’ possible complicity in the destruction of human embryos and the relevance of such complicity for the issue of commodification of human embryos. I will discuss if, and to what extent, researchers who destroy human embryos, and researchers who merely use human embryos destroyed by others, have moral use rights, and/or moral property rights, in these embryos. I argue that the moral status of the human embryo, however justified, (...)
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  35. Mandy Andrews & Kate Fowler (2009). A Healthy Child–Direction, Deficit or Diversity? In Michael Reed & Natalie Canning (eds.), Reflective Practice in the Early Years. Sage 83.
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  36. Very Rev Angel Rodríguez Luño (2006). Ethical Reflections on Vaccines Using Cells From Aborted Fetuses. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 6 (3):453-460.
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  37. George J. Annas (1988). Fairy Tales Surrogate Mothers Tell. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 16 (1-2):27-33.
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  38. George J. Annas (1986). The Ethics of Embryo Research: Not as Easy as It Sounds. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 14 (3-4):138-140.
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  39. George J. Annas (1976). Childbirth and the Courts: The Wrong Issue in the Wrong Forum. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 4 (2):4-5.
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  40. Gulshan Ara, Yasir Hasan Siddique, Tanveer Beg & Mohammad Afzal (2008). Abortion Index and Mortality of Offspring Among Women of Different Age, Caste and Population Groups of North Indian Muslims. Journal of Biosocial Science 40 (3):431.
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  41. David Archard (2011). Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction – By Stephen Wilkinson. Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (1):101-104.
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  42. David Archard (2010). The Obligations and Responsibilities of Parenthood. In David Archard & David Benatar (eds.), Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children. OUP Oxford
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  43. David Archard (2009). The Morality of Embryo Use - by Louis M. Guenin. Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (2):212-214.
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  44. David Archard & David Benatar (eds.) (2010). Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children. Oxford University Press.
    Procreation and Parenthood offers new and original essays by leading philosophers on some of the main ethical issues raised by these activities.
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  45. Mary Rachel Ariss (2002). The Recycled Fetus: Ethics of Waste and Gift Exchange in New Reproductive Technologies. Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    The goal of this thesis is to expose and analyze the ethical problems of the proposed use of fetal ovarian tissue as a source of donor eggs for infertility treatment, from an embodied, feminist ethical perspective. Fetal ovarian tissue is taken from an aborted fetus and used to help another woman become pregnant. An ethical analysis of this use must begin by considering the construction of pregnancy in the powerful discourses of medicine and law. Medical discourse constructs pregnant women as (...)
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  46. H. Arkes, N. P. Austriaco, T. Berg, E. C. Brugger, N. M. Cameron, J. Capizzi, M. L. Condic, S. B. Condic, K. T. FitzGerald & K. Flannery (2005). Production of Pluripotent Stem Cells by Oocyte-Assisted Reprogramming: Joint Statement with Signatories. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 5 (3).
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  47. William T. Arnold (1889). The Termination— Ensis. The Classical Review 3 (05):201-202.
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  48. Robert Arp (2009). " I Give Them What They Want-Either an Orphan or an Abortion. In Sandra Shapshay (ed.), Bioethics at the Movies. Johns Hopkins University Press 15.
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  49. Adrienne Asch & David Wasserman (2013). Reproductive Technology. In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell
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  50. Lori Ashford (2006). Ensuring a Wide Range of Family Planning Choices. Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (4):503.
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