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  1.  2
    Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference: Race in Early Modern Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2015 - Princeton University Press.
    People have always been xenophobic, but an explicit philosophical and scientific view of human racial difference only began to emerge during the modern period. Why and how did this happen? Surveying a range of philosophical and natural-scientific texts, dating from the Spanish Renaissance to the German Enlightenment, Nature, Human Nature, and Human Difference charts the evolution of the modern concept of race and shows that natural philosophy, particularly efforts to taxonomize and to order nature, played a crucial role. Smith demonstrates (...)
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  2.  22
    Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    Though it did not yet exist as a discrete field of scientific inquiry, biology was at the heart of many of the most important debates in seventeenth-century philosophy. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the work of G. W. Leibniz. In Divine Machines, Justin Smith offers the first in-depth examination of Leibniz's deep and complex engagement with the empirical life sciences of his day, in areas as diverse as medicine, physiology, taxonomy, generation theory, and paleontology. He shows how these (...)
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  3.  39
    Philosophy and Its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy.Mogens Laerke, Justin E. H. Smith & Eric Schliesser (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This volume collects contributions from leading scholars of early modern philosophy from a wide variety of philosophical and geographic backgrounds. The distinguished contributors offer very different, competing approaches to the history of philosophy.
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  4.  39
    The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith (ed.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume Smith examines the early modern science of generation, which included the study of animal conception, heredity, and fetal development. Analyzing how it influenced the contemporary treatment of traditional philosophical questions, it also demonstrates how philosophical pre-suppositions about mechanism, substance, and cause informed the interpretations offered by those conducting empirical research on animal reproduction. Composed of essays written by an international team of leading scholars, the book offers a fresh perspective on some of the basic problems in early (...)
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  5.  30
    Tradition, Culture, and the Problem of Inclusion in Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2015 - Comparative Philosophy 6 (2):1-13.
    Many today agree that philosophy, as an academic discipline, must, for the sake of its very survival, become more inclusive of a wider range of perspectives, coming from a more diverse pool of philosophers. Yet there has been little serious reflection on how our very idea of what philosophy is might be preventing this change from taking place. In this essay I would like to consider the ways in which our ideas about philosophy's relation to tradition, and its relation to (...)
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  6.  6
    Appendix 3. The Human Body, Like That of Any Animal, is a Sort of Machine.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 290-296.
  7. Introduction.Justin E. H. Smith, Mogens Lærke & Eric Schliesser - 2013 - In Mogens Laerke, Justin E. H. Smith & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Philosophy and its History: Aims and Methods in the Study of Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford University Press USA.
    The introduction explain the need for how an international, inclusive discussion about the range of different methodological approaches from different traditions of philosophy can be read alongside each other and be seen in sometimes very critical conversation with each other. In addition, the introduction identifies four broad themes in the volume: the largest group of chapters advocate methods that promote history of philosophy as an unapologetic, autonomous enterprise with its own criteria within philosophy. Second, three chapters can be seen as (...)
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  8.  57
    The Body-Machine in Leibniz’s Early Physiological and Medical Writings: A Selection of Texts with Commentary.Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - The Leibniz Review 17:141-179.
    Other than the historical writings, the edition of which has yet to begin, Series VIII of the Academy Edition of Leibniz’s writings, presenting his “natural-scientific, medical, and technical” contributions, has been, since the project began in 1923, consistently deemed to be of low priority, and it is only very recently that the project has got fully underway. Coming, as it does, nearer to the end of the edition of the complete works, Series VIII has the advantage of accumulating some of (...)
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  9.  3
    Introduction.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 1-22.
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  10.  2
    Preface.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  11.  51
    Confused Perception and Corporeal Substance in Leibniz.Justin E. H. Smith - 2003 - The Leibniz Review 13:45-64.
    I argue against the view that Leibniz’s construction of reality out of perceiving substances must be seen as the first of the modern idealist philosophies. I locate this central feature of Leibniz’s thought instead in a decidedly premodern tradition. This tradition sees bodiliness as a consequence of the confused perception of finite substances, and equates God’s uniquely disembodied being with his maximally distinct perceptions. But unlike modern idealism, the premodern view takes confusion as the very feature of any created substance (...)
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  12.  10
    Vincent Aucante.La Philosophie Médicale de Descartes. Preface by Jean‐Luc Marion. Xxi + 472 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables, App., Bibl., Index. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2006. €31. [REVIEW]Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):623-625.
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  13.  2
    Index.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 375-380.
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  14.  6
    Confused Perception and Corporeal Substance in Leibniz.Justin E. H. Smith - 2003 - The Leibniz Review 13:45-64.
    I argue against the view that Leibniz’s construction of reality out of perceiving substances must be seen as the first of the modern idealist philosophies. I locate this central feature of Leibniz’s thought instead in a decidedly premodern tradition. This tradition sees bodiliness as a consequence of the confused perception of finite substances, and equates God’s uniquely disembodied being with his maximally distinct perceptions. But unlike modern idealism, the premodern view takes confusion as the very feature of any created substance (...)
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  15. The Leibniz-Stahl Controversy.François Duchesneau & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2016 - Yale University Press.
    _The first unabridged English translation of the correspondence between Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Georg Ernst Stahl detailing their opposing philosophies_ The correspondence between the eighteenth-century mathematician and philosopher G. W. Leibniz and G. E. Stahl, a chemist and physician at the court of King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, known as the Leibniz-Stahl Controversy, is one of the most important intellectual contributions on theoretical issues concerning pre-biological thinking. Editors François Duchesneau and Justin E. H. Smith offer readers the first fully (...)
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  16.  38
    The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy.Ohad Nachtomy & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    This volume explores the intersection between early modern philosophy and the life sciences by presenting the contributions of important but often neglected figures such as Cudworth, Grew, Glisson, Hieronymus Fabricius, Stahl, Gallego, Hartsoeker, and More, as well as familiar figures such as Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Malebranche, and Kant.
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  17.  2
    Abbreviations.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  18.  3
    Appendix 1. Directions Pertaining to the Institution of Medicine.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 275-287.
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  19.  5
    Appendix 4. On Writing the New Elements of Medicine.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 297-302.
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  20.  6
    Appendix 5. On Botanical Method.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 303-310.
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  21.  4
    Appendix 2. The Animal Machine.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 288-289.
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  22. Bibliography.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 357-374.
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  23.  30
    Beyond Philosophy: Ethics, History, Marxism, and Liberation Theology.Justin E. H. Smith - 2004 - Teaching Philosophy 27 (4):398-401.
  24. Contents.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press.
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  25.  2
    Chapter Four. Organic Bodies, Part II: Context and Legacy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 137-162.
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  26.  4
    Chapter Five. The Divine Preformation Of Organic Bodies.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 165-196.
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  27.  42
    “Curious Kinks of the Human Mind”: Cognition, Natural History, and the Concept of Race.Justin E. H. Smith - 2012 - Perspectives on Science 20 (4):504-529.
  28.  3
    Chapter One. “Que Les Philosophes Medicinassent”.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 25-58.
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  29.  5
    Chapter Six. Games of Nature, the Emergence of Organic Form, and the Problem of Spontaneity.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 197-232.
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  30.  6
    Chapter Seven. The Nature And Boundaries Of Biological Species.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 235-274.
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  31.  11
    Chapter Three. Organic Bodies, Part I. Nature and Structure.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 97-136.
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  32.  13
    Chapter Two. The “Hydraulico-Pneumaticopyrotechnical Machine of Quasi-Perpetual Motion”.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life. Princeton University Press. pp. 59-94.
  33.  19
    Diet, Embodiment, and Virtue in the Mechanical Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (2):338-348.
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  34.  7
    Daniel Garber. Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Pp. Xxii+428. $55.00. [REVIEW]Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):153-157.
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  35. Embodiment, Oxford Philosophical Concepts.Justin E. H. Smith (ed.) - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
  36.  13
    Hegel, China, and The 19th Century Europeanization Of Philosophy.Justin E. H. Smith - 2018 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 45 (1-2):18-37.
    I clarify Hegel’s role in the Europeanization of philosophy over the course of the 19th century. I begin with an investigation of the way non-Western philosophy was conceptualized in Europe before, and after, I move on to a consideration of the debates about philosophy that emerged in late 19th century China because of European attempts, such as that of Hegel, to circumscribe the geographical and civilizational scope of this discipline. How may we see the emergence of a distinctly modern, generally (...)
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  37.  1
    Irrationality: A History of the Dark Side of Reason.Justin E. H. Smith - 2019 - Princeton University Press.
    A fascinating history that reveals the ways in which the pursuit of rationality often leads to an explosion of irrationality It’s a story we can’t stop telling ourselves. Once, humans were benighted by superstition and irrationality, but then the Greeks invented reason. Later, the Enlightenment enshrined rationality as the supreme value. Discovering that reason is the defining feature of our species, we named ourselves the “rational animal.” But is this flattering story itself rational? In this sweeping account of irrationality from (...)
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  38.  1
    Irrationality: A History of the Dark Side of Reason.Justin E. H. Smith - 2019 - Princeton University Press.
    From sex and music to religion and politics, a history of irrationality and the ways in which it has always been with us—and always will be In this sweeping account of irrationality from antiquity to the rise of Twitter mobs and the election of Donald Trump, Justin Smith argues that irrationality makes up the greater part of human life and history. Ranging across philosophy, politics, and current events, he shows that, throughout history, every triumph of reason has been temporary and (...)
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  39. Imagination and the Problem of Heredity in Mechanist Embryology.Justin E. H. Smith - 2006 - In The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  40.  6
    In Memoriam Heinrich Schepers.Justin E. H. Smith - 2019 - The Leibniz Review 29:201-203.
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  41.  55
    Leibniz and the Natural World.Justin E. H. Smith - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:73-84.
  42.  7
    Leibniz and the Natural World: Activity, Passivity and Corporeal Substances in Leibniz’s Philosophy. [REVIEW]Justin E. H. Smith - 2006 - The Leibniz Review 16:73-84.
  43.  6
    La Génération Spontanée Et le Problème de la Reproduction des Espèces Avant Et Après Descartes.Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - Philosophiques 34 (2):273-294.
    Dans cet article je mets en évidence quelques problèmes conceptuels importants posés par le prétendu phénomène de la génération spontanée, en montrant comment ils étaient liés historiquement à la question théorique des origines et de l’ontologie des espèces biologiques. Au XVIe et XVIIe siècle tout particulièrement, la possibilité que des formes organiques soient générées dans la matière inorganique supposait la possibilité que le hasard gouverne non seulement l’apparition d’une anguille ou d’une souris, mais qu’il gouverne l’apparition originelle de leurs espèces (...)
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  44.  48
    Leibniz, le vivant et l’organisme.Justin E. H. Smith - 2010 - The Leibniz Review 20:85-96.
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  45.  8
    Leibniz, le Vivant Et L’Organisme. [REVIEW]Justin E. H. Smith - 2010 - The Leibniz Review 20:85-96.
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  46.  44
    Leibniz on Spermatozoa and Immortality.Justin E. H. Smith - 2007 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 89 (3):264-282.
    In this article, I consider the significance of the discovery of spermatozoa for Leibniz's deeply held beliefs that (i) no true substance can ever be generated or destroyed, except miraculously; and (ii) that every substance must be perpetually organically embodied. I further consider the way these beliefs are transformed as Leibniz's basic middle-period commitment to corporeal substance gives way (though not entirely) to a metaphysics of monadological immaterialsm. What endures throughout, I show, is the conviction that whatever is real must (...)
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  47.  21
    Leibniz Und Das Judentum. Studia Leibnitiana Sonderhefte.Justin E. H. Smith - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):344 – 347.
  48.  1
    Leibniz Und Das Judentum. Studia Leibnitiana Sonderhefte. [REVIEW]Justin E. H. Smith - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):344-347.
  49.  10
    Machines, Souls, and Vital Principles.Justin E. H. Smith - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the debate among natural philosophers during the early modern period which concerned whether living beings could be understood as biological machines that did not require a distinct principle of life or soul to explain their complex functioning. It suggests that these innovations can be seen collectively as a gradual substitution of the categorial framework of Aristotle by one derived from the experimental and mathematical sciences. The traditional epistemic relationship between natural philosophy and metaphysics thereby began a long-term (...)
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  50.  24
    Making Sense of the U.S. Prison Industry.Justin E. H. Smith - 2005 - Radical Philosophy Review 8 (1):83-96.
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