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Martin Van Hees
VU University Amsterdam
  1. Logical Constraints on Judgement Aggregation.Marc Pauly & Martin van Hees - 2006 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 35 (6):569 - 585.
    Logical puzzles like the doctrinal paradox raise the problem of how to aggregate individual judgements into a collective judgement, or alternatively, how to merge collectively inconsistent knowledge bases. In this paper, we view judgement aggregation as a function on propositional logic valuations, and we investigate how logic constrains judgement aggregation. In particular, we show that there is no non-dictatorial decision method for aggregating sets of judgements in a logically consistent way if the decision method is local, i.e., only depends on (...)
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  2. Degrees of Causation.Matthew Braham & Martin van Hees - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (3):323 - 344.
    The primary aim of this paper is to analyze the concept of degrees of causal contribution for actual events and examine the way in which it can be formally defined. This should go some way to filling out a gap in the legal and philosophical literature on causation. By adopting the conception of a cause as a necessary element of a sufficient set (the so-called NESS test) we show that the concept of degrees of causation can be given clear and (...)
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  3.  61
    Counterfactual Success and Negative Freedom.Keith Dowding & Martin van Hees - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (2):141-162.
    Recent theories of negative freedom see it as a value-neutral concept; the definition of freedom should not be in terms of specific moral values. Specifically, preferences or desires do not enter into the definition of freedom. If preferences should so enter then Berlin's problem that a person may enhance their freedom by changing their preferences emerges. This paper demonstrates that such a preference-free conception brings its own counter-intuitive problems. It concludes that these problems might be avoided if the description of (...)
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  4. The Formula of Universal Law: A Reconstruction.Matthew Braham & Martin van Hees - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (2):243-260.
    This paper provides a methodologically original construction of Kant’s “Formula of Universal Law” . A formal structure consisting of possible worlds and games—a “game frame”—is used to implement Kant’s concept of a maxim and to define the two tests FUL comprises: the “contradiction in conception” and “contradiction in the will” tests. The paper makes two contributions. Firstly, the model provides a formal account of the variables that are built into FUL: agents, maxims, intentions, actions, and outcomes. This establishes a clear (...)
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  5. Intentions and Plans in Decision and Game Theory.Martin van Hees & Olivier Roy - 2007 - In Bruno Verbeek (ed.), Reasons and Intentions. Ashgate.
  6. Freedom of Choice.Keith Dowding & Martin van Hees - 2009 - In Paul Anand, Prasanta Pattanaik & Clemens Puppe (eds.), Handbook of Rational and Social Choice. Oxford University Press.
     
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  7.  83
    On the Analysis of Negative Freedom.Martin van Hees - 1998 - Theory and Decision 45 (2):175-197.
    This paper presents a non-preference-based approach to the analysis of negative freedom. It is argued that a proper understanding of (different conceptions of) negative freedom necessitates an examination of the consequences of changes in the set of feasible alternatives. For this reason the paper does not focus on freedom rankings of opportunity sets but on freedom rankings of opportunity situations, i.e., pairs consisting of a feasible set and an opportunity set. Three different freedom rankings of opportunity situations are axiomatically characterised. (...)
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  8.  67
    Rights, Goals, and Capabilities.Martin van Hees - 2013 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 12 (3):247-259.
    This article analyses the relationship between rights and capabilities in order to get a better grasp of the kind of consequentialism that the capability theory represents. Capability rights have been defined as rights that have a capability as their object (rights to capabilities). Such a definition leaves the relationship between capabilities and rights to a great extent underspecified since nothing is said about the nature of those rights. Hence, it is not precluded that they are mere negative liberties, something that (...)
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  9.  52
    Voluntariness, Suffering and Euthanasia.Martin Van Hees - 2003 - Philosophical Explorations 6 (1):50 – 64.
    Dutch euthanasia legislation states that an act of euthanasia is only permissible if it is based on a voluntary request made in a situation of unbearable suffering to which there are no alternatives.The central question of this article is whether these criteria can be satisfied simultaneously. In an analysis of several (partly overlapping) definitions of voluntariness it is argued that there are circumstances in which this question should be answered negatively.The possible incompatibility of the criteria reveals a tension between different (...)
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  10.  64
    Acting Autonomously Versus Not Acting Heteronomously.Martin Van Hees - 2003 - Theory and Decision 54 (4):337-355.
    This paper presents a formal framework that purports to capture some aspects of Kant's theory of freedom. In particular, we argue that the analysis sheds further light on Kant's distinction between a negative and a positive concept of freedom. The paper shows that the two concepts are not equivalent: we not only argue that in a Kantian perspective negative freedom need not entail positive freedom, but also that there are situations in which a person can be said to be positively (...)
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  11.  55
    On Rights in Game Forms.Marc Fleurbaey & Martin Van Hees - 2000 - Synthese 123 (3):295 - 326.
    This paper makes a contribution to the further development of the game-theoretic analysis of rights. The model presented here differs in several respects from the existing models. First of all, a distinction is made between outcome-oriented and action-oriented rights, a distinction which is closely related to the distinction between active and passive rights. Second, the legal-theoretic notions of negative and positive rights are formally defined. Third, we not only discuss the definition of rights, but also the way rights can be (...)
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  12.  49
    Introduction to the Special Issue of Economics and Philosophy on Ambiguity Aversion.Giacomo Bonanno, Martin van Hees, Christian List & Bertil Tungodden - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (3):247-248.
    The paradigm for modelling decision-making under uncertainty has undoubtedly been the theory of Expected Utility, which was first developed by von Neumann and Morgenstern (1944) and later extended by Savage (1954) to the case of subjective uncertainty. The inadequacy of the theory of Subjective Expected Utility (SEU) as a descriptive theory was soon pointed out in experiments, most famously by Allais (1953) and Ellsberg (1961). The observed departures from SEU noticed by Allais and Ellsberg became known as “paradoxes”. The Ellsberg (...)
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  13.  13
    Kantian Kantian Optimization.Matthew Braham & Martin Van Hees - 2020 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 13 (2).
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  14.  40
    Ordering the Right and the Good, Practically Speaking.Matthew Braham & Martin van Hees - 2014 - Journal of Value Inquiry 48 (1):95-105.
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  15.  53
    Responsibility in Games.Matthew Braham & Martin Van Hees - unknown
    SOCREAL 2010: 2nd International Workshop on Philosophy and Ethics of Social Reality. Sapporo, Japan, 2010-03-27/28. Session 3: Responsibility and Collective Agency.
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  16.  77
    The Impossibility of Pure Libertarianism.Matthew Braham & Martin van Hees - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy 111 (8):420-436.
  17.  17
    Causing Harm. A Logico-Legal Study. By Lennart Aqvist and Philip Mullock. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. 1989. Pp. 353.Martin Van Hees - 1997 - Ratio Juris 10 (3):351-355.
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  18. De ethiek van een taboe.Martin van Hees - 2009 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 101 (3):208-210.
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  19. De vele gedaantes van de rationele-keuzetheorie.Martin van Hees & Jack Vromen - 2002 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 94 (1).
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  20.  7
    List of Reviewers in 2015.Martin van Hees & Attila Tanyi - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (1):5-7.
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  21.  10
    New Choices: Genomics, Freedom, and Morality.Martin van Hees & Paul Anand - 2003 - Social Theory and Practice 29 (4):607-630.
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