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Laura Westra [41]Laura S. Westra [2]
  1. Laura Westra (2013). A New Environmental Ethics: The Next Millennium for Life on Earth. Bioscience 63 (1):55-56.
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  2. Laura Westra (2013). Respecting Life: A Human Obligation. Bioscience 63 (1):55-56.
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  3. Laura Westra (2009). Why Norton's Approach is Insufficient for Environmental Ethics. In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Nature in Common?: Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy. Temple University Press. 279-297.
    There has been an ongoing debate about the best approach in environmental ethics. Bryan Norton believes that “weak anthropocentrism” will yield the best results for public policy, and that it is the most defensible position. In contrast, I have argued that an ecocentric, holistic position is required to deal with the urgent environmental problems that face us, and that position is complemented by the ecosystem approach and complex systems theory. I have called this approach “the ethics of integrity,” and in (...)
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  4. Laura Westra (2005). Virtue Ethics as Foundational for a Global Ethic. In R. Sandler & P. Cafaro (eds.), Environmental Virtue Ethics. Rowman & Littlefield. 79--91.
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  5. Laura Westra (2001). From Aldo Leopold to the Wildlands Project. Environmental Ethics 23 (3):261-274.
    Aldo Leopold’s influence on environmental ethics cannot be overstated. I return to Leopold’s work in order to show the connection between the ethics of integrity and many of the points made by Leopold in his writings. I also show how the spirit of Leopold’s land ethic and his love and respect for wilderness is present and current in the Wildlands Project, and that it is a live part of public policy in North America, albeit a debated one.
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  6. Laura Westra (2000). Integrating the Social Contract and the Ecological Approach. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2000:45-52.
  7. Laura Westra (2000). Living in Integrity: A Global Ethic to Restore a Fragmented Earth. Environmental Ethics 22 (1):101-103.
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  8. Laura Westra (2000). Peter Miller, Forestry and the Ethics of Integrity. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 19 (1):91-95.
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  9. Laura Westra (2000). The Disvalue of 'Contingent Valuation' and the Problem of the 'Expectation Gap'. Environmental Values 9 (2):153 - 171.
    ‘Contingent Valuation’ is a method often used to make decisions about environmental issues. It is used to elicit citizens’ preferences at the location of a specific facility, new road and the like. I argue that even if we could elicit a truly informed and ‘free’ choice, the method would remain flawed, as 1) all ‘local’ activity also has far-reaching environmental consequences; 2) majority decisions may support chices that adversely affect minorities; 3) even with full information, consenting to harms like significant (...)
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  10. Laura Westra (1999). Environmental Racism and the First Nations of Canada: Terrorism at Oka. Journal of Social Philosophy 30 (1):103-124.
  11. Laura Westra (1999). Diritto Per la Natura. Environmental Ethics 21 (1):101-103.
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  12. Laura Westra (1998). Biotechnology and Transgenics in Agriculture and Aquaculture: The Perspective From Ecosystem Integrity. Environmental Values 7 (1):79 - 96.
    New agricultural technologies are often justified morally in terms of their expected benefits, e.g., feeding the world's hungry. Such justifications stand or fall, not only on whether such benefits are indeed forthcoming, but on whether or not they are outweighed by attendant dangers. The practical details of easch case are, therefore, all-important. In this paper agriculture and aquaculture are examined from the perspective of ecosystem integrity, and with further reference to the uncertain effects of anthropogenic changes in the earth's atmosphere. (...)
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  13. Kristin Shrader-Frechette & Laura Westra (1997). Overview: Ethical Studies About Technology. In Kristin Shrader-Frechette & Laura Westra (eds.), Technology and Values. Rowman & Littlefield. 10.
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  14. Kristin Shrader-Frechette & Laura Westra (eds.) (1997). Technology and Values. Rowman & Littlefield.
    Technology and Values provides a highly useful collection of essays organized around issues related to science, technology, public health, economics, the environment, and ethical theory.
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  15. Laura Westra (1997). And Agriculture. In Kristin Shrader-Frechette & Laura Westra (eds.), Technology and Values. Rowman & Littlefield. 433.
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  16. Laura Westra (1997). Post-Normal Science, the Precautionary Principle and the Ethics of Integrity. Foundations of Science 2 (2):237-262.
    Present laws and regulations even in democratic countries are not sufficient to prevent the grave environmental threats we face. Further, even environmental ethics, when they remain anthropocentric cannot propose a better approach. I argue that, taking in considerations the precautionary principle, and adopting the perspective of post-normal science, the ethics of integrity suggest a better way to reduce ecological threats and promote the human good globally.
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  17. Laura Westra (1997). Why Norton's Approach is Insufficient for Environmental Ethics. Environmental Ethics 19 (3):279-297.
    There has been an ongoing debate about the best approach in environmental ethics. Bryan Norton believes that “weak anthropocentrism” will yield the best results for public policy, and that it is the most defensible position. In contrast, I have argued that an ecocentric, holistic position is required to deal with the urgent environmental problems that face us, and that position is complemented by the ecosystem approach and complex systems theory. I have called this approach “the ethics of integrity,” and in (...)
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  18. Laura Westra, Thomas M. Robinson, Madonna R. Adams, Donald N. Blakeley, C. W. DeMarco, Owen Goldin, Alan Holland, Timothy A. Mahoney, Mohan Matten, M. Oelschlaeger, Anthony Preus, J. M. Rist, T. M. Robinson, Richard Shearman & Daryl McGowan Tress (1997). The Greeks and the Environment. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  19. Laura Westra (1996). Response to Sagoff/Daly Debate. Bioscience 46 (3):173-173.
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  20. Laura Westra (1995). Abraham Edel, Elizabeth Flower and Finbarr W. O'Connor, Critique of Applied Ethics: Reflections and Recommendations Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 15 (4):236-238.
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  21. Laura Westra (1995). The Corporation and the Environment. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (4):661-673.
  22. Laura Westra (1994). An Environmental Proposal for Ethics: The Principle of Integrity. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
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  23. Laura Westra (1994). The Problem of Sustainability: Traditional African or Islamic Land Ethics or Western Technological. In W. Michael Hoffman (ed.), Emerging Global Business Ethics. Quorum Books. 242.
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  24. Laura S. Westra (1994). Corporate Responsibility and Hazardous Products. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (1):97-110.
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  25. Laura Westra (1993). A "Transgenic Dinner"? Social and Ethical Issues in Biotechnology and Agriculture. Journal of Social Philosophy 24 (3):215-232.
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  26. Laura Westra (1992). Response: Dr. Frankenstein and Today's Professional Biotechnologist: A Failed Analogy? Between the Species 8 (4):8.
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  27. Laura Westra (1992). Upstream/Downstream. Teaching Philosophy 15 (4):401-405.
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  28. Laura Westra (1991). Sergio Bartolommei: Etica E Amiente. Environmental Ethics 13 (4):367-369.
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  29. Laura Westra (1989). In Defense of Innocents. Journal of Social Philosophy 20 (3):59-63.
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  30. Laura Westra (1989). Terrorism, Self-Defense, and Whistleblowing. Journal of Social Philosophy 20 (3):46-58.
  31. Laura Westra (1989). Ecology and Animals: Is There a Joint Ethic of Respect? Environmental Ethics 11 (3):215-230.
    Recent work in animal ethics has advanced principles that are too individualistic to be compatible with a holistic environmental ethic such as the land ethic proposed by Aldo Leopold. J. Baird Callicott, on the other hand, has attempted to reconcile the two ethics by suggesting that sympathy, natural among humanity, as he claims on Humean grounds, does not necessarily terminate at the species barrier. His argument shows minimally that it is not necessary that we abandon ecological ethics in order to (...)
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  32. Laura Westra (1989). „Respect “,„Dignity “and „Integrity “: An Environmental Proposal for Ethics. Epistemologia 12 (11):91-123.
     
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  33. Laura Westra (1988). Animal Ethics, Biocentric Environmental Ethics and Feminism. Between the Species 4 (3):9.
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  34. Laura Westra (1986). On War and Innocence. Dialogue 25 (04):735-.
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  35. Laura Westra (1986). The Religious Dimension of Individual Immortality in the Thinking of William James. Faith and Philosophy 3 (3):285-297.
    William James states “Immortality is one of the great spiritual needs of man,” yet the arguments presented in his LECTURE ON IMMORTALITY, while interesting and ingenious, are somewhat less than conclusive in proving that human beings can survive bodily death. Therefore I attempt to clarity the notion of “individual survivor” through an analysis and discussion of various approaches to the problem, before returning to a further examination of James’ thought in the “Final Impressions of a Psychical Researcher,” the THEORY OF (...)
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  36. Laura S. Westra (1986). Whose “Loyal Agent”? Towards an Ethic of Accounting. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (2):119 - 128.
    In order to move towards an Ethic of Accounting, one must start by defining the function and role of the accountant. This in turn depends to a great extent on the identity of the client or whatever party the Accountant owes his loyal agency to. The issue is one of cardinal importance, and it is perceived as such by the accountants themselves. Loeb for instance says that the client-identity issue is overriding importance now, and will become even more crucial in (...)
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  37. Laura Westra (1985). Let It Be: Heidegger and Future Generations. Environmental Ethics 7 (4):341-350.
    The concept offreedom in Heidegger’s sense of truth or unconcealedness of beings may be applied to future generations without thereby reducing the status of other elements within the environment to mere means, since Da-sein’s approach as one who is a caring and concernful, anxious and aware of its own death in an authentic manner, does not place man in any sense “above” other things. This care (Sorge), concern, favor can be captured in Heidegger’s remark that man is not the lord (...)
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  38. Laura Westra (1984). Death Can Be Beautiful Kenneth A. Bryson Antigonish, NS: Eastwind Publications, 1981. Pp. 73. Dialogue 23 (01):161-163.
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  39. Laura Westra (1984). The Soul's Noetic Ascent to the One in Plotinus and to God in Aquinas. New Scholasticism 58 (1):99-126.