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  1. John Abatzoglou, Joseph Fc Dimento, Pamela Doughman & Stefano Nespor (2007). A Primer on Global Climate Change and its Likely Impacts. In Joseph F. DiMento & Pamela Doughman (eds.), Climate Change: What It Means for Us, Our Children, and Our Grandchildren. The MIT Press
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  2. Ralph Acampora (2004). The Joyful Wisdom of Ecology'. New Nietzsche Studies 5 (3):4.
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  3. P. Acot & J. M. Drouin (1996). [The Introduction in France, Between the Two World Wars, of the Ideas of American Scientific Ecology]. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 50 (4):461-479.
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  4. Pascal Acot, Ecosystems.
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  5. Hussein M. Adam, Elizabeth Bell, Robert D. Bullard, Robert Melchior Figueroa, Clarice E. Gaylord, Segun Gbadegesin, R. J. A. Goodland, Howard McCurdy, Charles Mills, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Peter S. Wenz & Daniel C. Wigley (2001). Faces of Environmental Racism: Confronting Issues of Global Justice. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
  6. Jonathan S. Adams & Thomas O. Mcshane (1996). The Myth of Wild Africa Conservation Without Illusion. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  7. Maniklal Adhikary & Samrat Chowdhury (2010). Virtual Water Trade, Sustainability and Territorial Equity Across Phases of Globalisation in India. Environmental Values 19 (1):33 - 56.
    The aim of this paper is to bring out the effect of economic reforms introduced in India on the direction of virtual water trade (through trade of agricultural products). The study also identifies the dual role that virtual water has in an economy. It is a source of export earnings (benefit side), but at the same time there is a loss of virtual water (cost side) through agricultural trade. The study is novel in the sense that it not only identifies (...)
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  8. Hicham-Stéphane Afeissa (2010). La Communauté des Êtres de Nature. Éditions Mf.
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  9. Hoda Afshari (2012). Design Fundamentals in the Hot and Humid Climate of Iran: The Case of Khoramshahr. Asian Culture and History 4 (1):p65.
    Building design based on principles of architecture in harmony with the climate of each region, in addition to creating thermal comfort in building interiors, reduces fuel consumption and more important it will demonstrate a clean and green environment. This issue becomes more intense in some geological areas like Khoramshahr in Iran, which has a warm, tropical and critical climate, since if this issue is not taking into account, using air conditioning utilities would be necessary in most periods of the year. (...)
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  10. Emmanuel Agius (2006). 16 Intergenerational Justice. In Tremmel J. (ed.), The Handbook of Intergenerational Justice. Edward Elgar 317.
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  11. Arun Agrawal (1996). The Community Vs. The Market and the State: Forest Use Inuttarakhand in the Indian Himalayas. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 9 (1):1-15.
    Most writers on resource management presume that local populations, if they act in their self-interest, seldom conserve or protect natural resources without external intervention or privatization. Using the example of forest management by villagers in the Indian Himalayas, this paper argues that rural populations can often use resources sustainably and successfully, even under assumptions of self-interested rationality. Under a set of specified social and environmental conditions, conditions that prevail in large areas of the Himalayas and may also exist in other (...)
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  12. Farid Ahmed, Fair Access to Environmental Justice in Poor Nations: Case Studies in Bangladesh.
    The thesis is about environmental values that we encounter in our everyday life. The thesis also talks about environmental justice dialogues and tensions that play in Bangladesh. The thesis, in the first place, explores how an environmental planning and resource management approach causes a particular type of environmental injustice; i.e., non-recognition of access to the decision making process of local ethnic communities, which identifies them as adivasi meaning indigenous, poses a threat to their livelihood and culture, and obstructs the process (...)
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  13. William Aiken (1979). Food First: Beyond the Myth of Scarcity. Environmental Ethics 1 (3):279-282.
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  14. Gill Aitken (2004). A New Approach to Conservation the Importance of the Individual Through Wildlife Rehabilitation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  15. Akaiko Akana (1992). Light Upon the Mist a Reflection of Wisdom for the Future Generations of Native Hawaiians. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  16. Tomohiro Akiyama, Jia Li, Jumpei Kubota, Yuki Konagaya & Mitsuko Watanabe (2012). Perspectives on Sustainability Assessment: An Integral Approach to Historical Changes in Social Systems and Water Environment in the Ili River Basin of Central Eurasia, 1900–2008. World Futures 68 (8):595-627.
    This article proposes an alternative approach in sustainability assessment. The conceptual framework was developed by modifying Ken Wilber's All Quadrants, All Levels (AQAL) approach, and focuses on the inter-relatedness/inter-connection of various perspectives inherent to the concept of sustainability. To look at how our framework can facilitate the practice of sustainability assessment, we apply the framework to examine the relationships between social systems and the environmental changes in the Ili River basin across the period 1900?2008. This approach enables us to investigate (...)
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  17. Sameer K. Alhamidi, Mats Gustafsson, Hans Larsson & Per Hillbur (2003). The Cultural Background of the Sustainability of the Traditional Farming System in the Ghouta the Oasis of Damascus, Syria. Agriculture and Human Values 20 (3):231-240.
    This paper discusses thepractical impact of a non-materialistic cultureon sustainable farm management.Two elements are discussed: first, how deeplyrooted religion is in this culture; second,the feasibility of using both human knowledgeand experience, so-called tradition and divineguidance in management. Finally, theimplications of the fusion of these twoelements are drawn. The outcome is thecapability of man to integrate ethical valuesinto decisions and actions. This integration,when applied by skilled farmers, leads to amanagement of natural resources in analtruistic fashion and not merely to economicends. Moreover, (...)
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  18. Alison Hope Alkon (2008). From Value to Values: Sustainable Consumption at Farmers Markets. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 25 (4):487-498.
    Advocates of environmental sustainability and social justice increasingly pursue their goals through the promotion of so-called “green” products such as locally grown organic produce. While many scholars support this strategy, others criticize it harshly, arguing that environmental degradation and social injustice are inherent results of capitalism and that positive social change must be achieved through collective action. This study draws upon 18 months of ethnographic fieldwork at two farmers markets located in demographically different parts of the San Francisco Bay Area (...)
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  19. T. F. H. Allen & Thomas B. Starr (1982). Hierarchy Perspectives for Ecological Complexity /T.F.H. Allen and Thomas B. Starr. --. --. University of Chicago Press,1982.
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  20. Fritz Allhoff (forthcoming). Issues: The Distant Future? Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology.
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  21. Lincoln Allison (1991). Ecology and Utility the Philosophical Dilemmas of Planetary Management. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  22. Ben Almassi (2012). Climate Change, Epistemic Trust, and Expert Trustworthiness. Ethics and the Environment 17 (2):29-49.
    The evidence most of us have for our beliefs on global climate change, the extent of human contribution to it, and appropriate anticipatory and mitigating actions turns crucially on epistemic trust. We extend trust or distrust to many varied others: scientists performing original research, intergovernmental agencies and those reviewing research, think tanks offering critique and advocating skepticism, journalists transmitting and interpreting claims, even social systems of modern science such as peer-reviewed publication and grant allocation. Our personal experiences and assessments of (...)
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  23. Michael Alvard (2009). Kinship and Cooperation. Human Nature 20 (4):394-416.
    Chagnon’s analysis of a well-known axe fight in the Yanomamö village of Mishimishiböwei-teri (Chagnon and Bugos 1979) is among the earliest empirical tests of kin selection theory for explaining cooperation in humans. Kin selection theory describes how cooperation can be organized around genetic kinship and is a fundamental tool for understanding cooperation within family groups. Previous analysis on groups of cooperative Lamaleran whale hunters suggests that the role of genetic kinship as a principle for organizing cooperative human groups could be (...)
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  24. Michael S. Alvard (1994). Conservation by Native Peoples. Human Nature 5 (2):127-154.
    Native peoples have often been portrayed as natural conservationists, living a “balanced” existence with nature. It is argued that this perspective is a result of an imprecise operational definition of conservation. Conservation is defined here in contrast to the predictions of foraging theory, which assumes that foragers will behave to maximize their short-term harvesting rate. A behavior is deemed conservation when a short-term cost is paid by the resource harvester in exchange for long-term benefits in the form of sustainable harvests. (...)
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  25. Kojo Sebastian Amanor (1991). Managing the Fallow: Weeding Technology and Environmental Knowledge in the Krobo District of Ghana. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 8 (1-2):5-13.
    The paper explores the relationship between environmental knowledge and farming and fallowing strategies on degraded forest land in the Upper Manya Krobo district of southeastern Ghana. Changes in cropping strategies are related to the expansion and transformation of frontier agrarian settlement, increasing population density, social differentiation, and land hunger. As a consequence land degradation has become a serious problem among the smaller farmers with insufficient land to allow fallow recuperation. Small farmers' awareness and perceptions of the processes of degradation are (...)
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  26. Aklilu Amsalu & Jan de Graaff (2006). Farmers' Views of Soil Erosion Problems and Their Conservation Knowledge at Beressa Watershed, Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Agriculture and Human Values 23 (1):99-108.
    Farmers’ decisions to conserve natural resources generally and soil and water particularly are largely determined by their knowledge of the problems and perceived benefits of conservation. In Ethiopia, however, farmer perceptions of erosion problems and farmer conservation practices have received little analysis or use in conservation planning. This research examines farmers’ views of erosion problems and their conservation knowledge and practices in the Beressa watershed in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Data were obtained from a survey of 147 farm households (...)
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  27. James C. Anderson (1993). Species Equality and the Foundations of Moral Theory. Environmental Values 2 (4):347 - 365.
    The paper discusses various concepts of 'species equality' and 'species superiority' and the assumptions concerning intrinsic value on which they depend. I investigate what philosophers from the traditional deontological (Taylor and Lombardi) and utilitarian (Singer and Attfield) perspectives have meant by their claims for species equality. I attempt to provide a framework of intrinsic values that justifies one sense in which members of a species can be said to be superior to members of another species.
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  28. Joseph Anderson & Barbara Anderson (1996). The Case for an Ecological Metatheory. In David Bordwell Noel Carroll (ed.), Post-Theory: Reconstructing Film Studies. University of Wisconsin Press 347--367.
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  29. Peder Anker (2007). Science as a Vacation: A History of Ecology in Norway. History of Science 45 (150):455-479.
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  30. Jonas Anshelm & Anders Hansson (2011). Climate Change and the Convergence Between ENGOs and Business: On the Loss of Utopian Energies. Environmental Values 20 (1):75-94.
    The conflicts permeating the environmental debate since the 1960s have mainly involved two actors: multinational companies and international environmental organizations. Today, there are signs that the antagonism is ending with regards to co-operation and strategy. We argue that this convergence is no longer limited to specific joint projects, but is also prevalent at the idea and policy levels. Both actors have begun describing problems in similar terms, articulating the same goals and recommending the same solutions. Such convergence offers advantages in (...)
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  31. Erik Ansink, Lars Hein & Knut Per Hasund (2008). To Value Functions or Services? An Analysis of Ecosystem Valuation Approaches. Environmental Values 17 (4):489-503.
    Monetary valuation of ecosystem services is a widely used approach to quantify the benefits supplied by the natural environment to society. An alternative approach is the monetary valuation of ecosystem functions, which is defined as the capacity of the ecosystem to supply services. Using two European case-study areas, this paper explores the relative advantages of the two valuation approaches. This is done using a conceptual analysis, a qualitative application, and an overall comparison of both approaches. It is concluded that both (...)
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  32. Raymond Anthony (2012). Building a Sustainable Future for Animal Agriculture: An Environmental Virtue Ethic of Care Approach Within the Philosophy of Technology. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2):123-144.
    Agricultural technologies are non-neutral and ethical challenges are posed by these technologies themselves. The technologies we use or endorse are embedded with values and norms and reflect the shape of our moral character. They can literally make us better or worse consumers and/or people. Looking back, when the world’s developed nations welcomed and steadily embraced industrialization as the dominant paradigm for agriculture a half century or so ago, they inadvertently championed a philosophy of technology that promotes an insular human-centricism, despite (...)
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  33. Raymond Anthony (2012). Introduction. Ethics and the Environment 17 (2):1-8.
    In 2012, the sea ice in the Arctic Ocean melted to 4.10 million square kilometers, the smallest level to date. 2012 has also been marked by extreme weather, intense storms, drought, heat waves, warming oceans and intense precipitation events in many regions of the world. While climate scientists consider the relationship between climate change and large storms like Hurricane Sandy or the 2010 drought in Russia, many still continue to hum and haw over the extent to which human-induced climate change (...)
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  34. Danilo J. Anton (1995). Diversity, Globalization, and the Ways of Nature.
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  35. Nirmalya N. Arayan Chakraborty (2010). On the Idea of Obligation to Future Generations. In Shashi Motilal (ed.), Applied Ethics and Human Rights: Conceptual Analysis and Contextual Applications. London, Anthem Press
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  36. David Archard (1993). Justice Between Age Groups and Generations. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 63.
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  37. V. Argyrou (2007). Raul Acosta Reviews The Logic of Environmentalism: Anthropology, Ecology and Postcoloniality. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (6):940.
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  38. Finn Arler (2001). Global Partnership, Climate Change and Complex Equality. Environmental Values 10 (3):301-329.
    The prospect of climate change due to human activities has put the question of inter- and intragenerational justice or equity in matters of common concern on the global agenda. This article will focus on the question of intragenerational justice in relation to these issues. This involves three basic questions. Firstly, the question of which distributive criteria may be relevant in the distribution of the goods and bads related to the increasing greenhouse effect. A series of criteria are discussed in relation (...)
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  39. Gustaf Arrhenius & Krister Bykvist, Future Generations and Interpersonal Compensations: Moral Aspects of Energy Use.
    Several people have helped us to write this essay. Our greatest debt is to Wlodek Rabinowicz, who has been an excellent supervisor of the project. He spent a lot of time and energy reading drafts of the essay. Without his painstaking criticism and helpful comments this essay would lack in precision, relevance, and logical correctness. Earlier drafts of the essay were discussed in Sven Danielsson and Wlodek Rabinowicz's seminar at the Department of Philosophy, University of Uppsala. The participants of the (...)
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  40. Kristof van Assche, Sandra Bell & Petruta Teampau (2012). Traumatic Natures of the Swamp: Concepts of Nature in the Romanian Danube Delta. Environmental Values 21 (2):163 - 183.
    This paper focuses on local constructions of 'nature' in governance processes, and the importance of historical and institutional contexts for their genesis and functioning. Through extensive field study in the Romanian Danube Delta, it is demonstrated that the origin and distribution of certain concepts can be credited to a history of conflicts over land and resource use. Considering the implications for participatory natural resource governance, we argue that this capacity of the governance context to produce and transform concepts of nature, (...)
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  41. Robin Atfield (unknown). The Concept of Sustainable Development Revisited. Yeditepe'de Felsefe (Philosophy at Yeditepe) 3.
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  42. R. Attfield (2012). Henry Odera Oruka, Ecophilosophy and Climate Change. Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 4 (2):51-74.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore what Henry Odera Oruka, a renowned ecophilosopher and Director designate of an Ecophilosophy Centre, would have thought and argued in the sphere of climate change if he had remained alive beyond 1995 and up to the present time.The methodology of the paper combines an analytic and normative study of ethical issues concerning climate change that arose during the 1990s or have arisen during the subsequent period, with a critical examination of relevant international (...)
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  43. Robin Attfield (2012). Biocentrism and Artificial Life. Environmental Values 21 (1):83 - 94.
    Biocentrism maintains that all living creatures have moral standing, but need not claim that all have equal moral significance. This moral standing extends to organisms generated through human interventions, whether by conventional breeding, genetic engineering, or synthetic biology. Our responsibilities with regard to future generations seem relevant to non-human species as well as future human generations and their quality of life. Likewise the Precautionary Principle appears to raise objections to the generation of serious or irreversible changes to the quality of (...)
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  44. Robin Attfield (2011). Beyond Anthropocentrism. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69:29-46.
    After the first wave of writings in environmental philosophy in the early 1970s, which were mostly critical of anthropocentrism, a new trend emerged which sought to humanise this subject, and to revive or vindicate anthropocentric stances. Only in this way, it was held, could environmental values become human values, and ecological movements manage to become social ecology. Later writers have detected tacit anthropocentrism lurking even in Deep Ecology, or have defended ‘perspectival anthropocentrism’, as the inevitable methodology of any system of (...)
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  45. Robin Attfield (2011). Sober, Environmentalists, Species, and Ignorance. Environmental Ethics 33 (3):307-316.
    In an influential paper, Elliott Sober raises philosophical problems for environmentalism, and proposes a basis for being an environmentalist without discarding familiar, traditional ethical theories, a basis consisting in the aesthetic value of nature and natural entities. Two of his themes are problematic. One is his objection to arguments from the unknown value of endangered species, which he designates “the argument from ignorance,” but which should instead be understood as arguments from probability. The other concerns his attempt to avoid holistic (...)
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  46. Robin Attfield (2008). Global Warming, Equity and Future Generations. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 23:5-11.
    The phenomenon of global warming, the anthropogenic theory of its genesis and some of the implications of that theory are introduced as a case-study of a global environmental problem involving issues of equity between peoples, generations and species. We should favour the proportioning of emission quotas topopulation, if the charges of anthropocentrism and of discrimination against future generations can be avoided. It is argued that these charges can be replied to satisfactorily, if emissions totals are set low enough for the (...)
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  47. Robin Attfield & Barry Wilkins (1994). Sustainability. Environmental Values 3 (2):155 - 158.
    This paper supplies a critique of the view that a practice which ought not to be followed is ipso facto not sustainable, a view recently defended by Nigel Dower. It is argued that there are ethical criteria independent of the criterion of sustainability. The concept of sustainability is thus retrieved for the distinctive role and the important service in which environmental and social theorists (paradoxically including Dower) have hitherto employed it, not least when debating the nature, merits and demerits of (...)
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  48. Bruce Edward Auerbach (1991). Intergenerational Justice: A Conceptual History and Analysis. Dissertation, University of Minnesota
    This dissertation examines the historical roots of our concept of intergenerational justice and analyzes this concept critically. I trace the historical roots of our concept of intergenerational justice to the writings of the Bible and Plato, and examine the contribution of Edmund Burke. The traditional understanding that intergenerational justice consists of acting justly in an intergenerational community is contrasted with the dominant contemporary view that intergenerational justice consists of meeting our obligations to future persons. ;My analysis of contemporary approaches suggests (...)
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  49. Robert Ayres, Jeroen van den Berrgh & John Gowdy (2001). Strong Versus Weak Sustainability: Economics, Natural Sciences, and Consilience. Environmental Ethics 23 (2):155-168.
    The meaning of sustainability is the subject of intense debate among environmental and resource economists. Perhaps no other issue separates more clearly the traditional economic view from the views of most natural scientists. The debate currently focuses on the substitutability between the economy and the environment or between “natural capital” and “manufactured capital”—a debate captured in terms of weak versus strong sustainability. In this article, we examine the various interpretations of these concepts. We conclude that natural science and economic perspectives (...)
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  50. Gary Backhaus (2002). Safeguarding Our Common Future: Rethinking Sustainable Development. Environmental Ethics 24 (4):437-440.
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