Search results for 'logical determinism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Alfred J. Freddoso (1983). Accidental Necessity and Logical Determinism. Journal of Philosophy 80 (5):257-278.score: 120.0
    This paper attempts to construct a systematic and plausible account of the necessity of the past. The account proposed is meant to explicate the central ockhamistic thesis of the primacy of the pure present and to vindicate Ockham's own non-Aristotelian response to the challenge of logical determinism.
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  2. Susanne Bobzien (1998). Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy. Oxford University Press.score: 108.0
    Bobzien presents the definitive study of one of the most interesting intellectual legacies of the ancient Greeks: the Stoic theory of causal determinism. She explains what it was, how the Stoics justified it, and how it relates to their views on possibility, action, freedom, moral responsibility, moral character, fatalism, logical determinism and many other topics. She demonstrates the considerable philosophical richness and power that these ideas retain today.
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  3. Susanne Bobzien (ed.) (2011). Afterword to The Philosophy of Aristotle. Signet.score: 90.0
    ABSTRACT: This is a little piece directed at the newcomer to Aristotle, making some general remarks about reading Aristotle at the beginning and end, with sandwiched in between, a brief and much simplified discussion of some common misunderstandings of Aristotle's philosophy, concerning spontaneity, causal indeterminism, freedom-to-do-otherwise, free choice, agent causation, logical determinism, teleological determinism, artistic creativity and freedom (eleutheria).
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  4. Z. Jordan (1963). Logical Determinism. Studia Logica 14 (1):1-38.score: 90.0
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  5. Tobias Chapman (1972). On a New Escape From Logical Determinism. Mind 81 (324):597-599.score: 90.0
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  6. Nicholas Rescher (1982). McTaggart's Logical Determinism. Idealistic Studies 12 (3):231-241.score: 90.0
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  7. Jacopo Agnesina (2011). Anthony Collins and Logical Determinism. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 66 (3):409-430.score: 90.0
  8. Karel Sebela (2010). The Question of so-Called Logical Determinism in Antiquity and in Modern Logic. Filosoficky Casopis 58 (4):589-603.score: 90.0
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  9. Gregory Williams (1987). McTaggart's Logical Determinism. Idealistic Studies 17 (3):219-229.score: 90.0
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  10. Arnon Avron, Logical Non-Determinism as a Tool for Logical Modularity: An Introduction.score: 74.0
    It is well known that every propositional logic which satisfies certain very natural conditions can be characterized semantically using a multi-valued matrix ([Los and Suszko, 1958; W´ ojcicki, 1988; Urquhart, 2001]). However, there are many important decidable logics whose characteristic matrices necessarily consist of an infinite number of truth values. In such a case it might be quite difficult to find any of these matrices, or to use one when it is found. Even in case a logic does have a (...)
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  11. Elizabeth Barnes & Ross Cameron (2009). The Open Future: Bivalence, Determinism and Ontology. Philosophical Studies 146 (2):291 - 309.score: 72.0
    In this paper we aim to disentangle the thesis that the future is open from theses that often get associated or even conflated with it. In particular, we argue that the open future thesis is compatible with both the unrestricted principle of bivalence and determinism with respect to the laws of nature. We also argue that whether or not the future (and indeed the past) is open has no consequences as to the existence of (past and) future ontology.
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  12. Bernard Mayo (1958). A Logical Limitation on Determinism. Philosophy 33 (124):50 - 55.score: 72.0
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  13. Lennart Åqvist (2003). Future Contingents and Determinism in Aristotle's De Interpretatione IX: Some Logical Aspects of the So-Called Second Oldest Interpretation. Logique Et Analyse 46 (181):13-48.score: 72.0
  14. Norman M. Swartz, Foreknowledge and Free Will. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 66.0
    Suppose it were known, by someone else, what you are going to choose to do tomorrow. Wouldn't that entail that tomorrow you must do what it was known in advance that you would do? In spite of your deliberating and planning, in the end, all is futile: you must choose exactly as it was earlier known that you would. The supposed exercise of your free will is ultimately an illusion. Historically, the tension between foreknowledge and the exercise of free will (...)
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  15. Vladimir Marko (2011). Looking for the Lazy Argument Candidates. Organon F 18 (3 & 4):363-383; 447-474.score: 66.0
    The Lazy Argument, as it is preserved in historical testimonies, is not logically conclusive. In this form, it appears to have been proposed in favor of part-time fatalism (including past time fatalism). The argument assumes that free will assumption is unacceptable from the standpoint of the logical fatalist but plausible for some of the nonuniversal or part-time fatalists. There are indications that the layout of argument is not genuine, but taken over from a Megarian source and later transformed. The (...)
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  16. Ari Maunu (1999). Worldlessness, Determinism and Free Will. Dissertation, University of Turku (Finland)score: 60.0
    I have three main objectives in this essay. First, in chapter 2, I shall put forward and justify what I call worldlessness, by which I mean the following: All truths (as well as falsehoods) are wholly independent of any circumstances, not only time and place but also possible worlds. It follows from this view that whatever is actually true must be taken as true with respect to every possible world, which means that all truths are (in a sense) necessary. However, (...)
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  17. Tim Fernando (1999). A Modal Logic for Non-Deterministic Discourse Processing. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 8 (4):445-468.score: 56.0
    A modal logic for translating a sequence of English sentences to a sequence of logical forms is presented, characterized by Kripke models with points formed from input/output sequences, and valuations determined by entailment relations. Previous approaches based (to one degree or another) on Quantified Dynamic Logic are embeddable within it. Applications to presupposition and ambiguity are described, and decision procedures and axiomatizations supplied.
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  18. Norman Swartz, Lecture Notes on Free Will and Determinism.score: 48.0
    For an expansion of the discussion of Sections 2-5 (Logical Determinism, Epistemic Determinism, and Modal Concepts) see Foreknowledge and Free Will ", in the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  19. Marius Backmann & Jan G. Michel (eds.) (2009). Physikalismus, Willensfreiheit, Künstliche Intelligenz. Mentis.score: 48.0
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  20. Seth Shabo (2010). Against Logical Versions of the Direct Argument: A New Counterexample. American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (3):239-252.score: 42.0
    Here I motivate and defend a new counterexample to logical (or non-causal) versions of the direct argument for responsibility-determinism incompatibilism. Such versions purport to establish incompatibilism via an inference principle to the effect that non-responsibility transfers along relations of logical consequence, including those that hold between earlier and later states of a deterministic world. Unlike previous counterexamples, this case doesn't depend on preemptive overdetermination; nor can it be blocked with a simple modification of the inference principle. In (...)
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  21. Scott Sehon (2011). A Flawed Conception of Determinism in the Consequence Argument. Analysis 71 (1):30 - 38.score: 42.0
    According to the Consequence Argument, the truth of determinism plus other plausible principles would yield the conclusion that we have no free will. In this paper I will argue that the conception of determinism typically employed in the various versions of the Consequence Argument is not plausible. In particular, I will argue that, taken most straightforwardly, determinism as defined in the Consequence Argument would imply that the existence of God is logically impossible. This is quite an implausible (...)
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  22. Alba Papa-Grimaldi (2008). Temporal Relations Vs. Logical Reduction: A Phenomenal Theory of Causality. [REVIEW] Axiomathes 18 (3):339-358.score: 42.0
    Kant, in various parts of his treatment of causality, refers to determinism or the principle of sufficient reason as an inescapable principle. In fact, in the Second Analogy we find the elements to reconstruct a purely phenomenal determinism as a logical and tautological truth. I endeavour in this article to gather these elements into an organic theory of phenomenal causality and then show, in the third section, with a specific argument which I call the “paradox of phenomenal (...)
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  23. Raymond D. Bradley, Determinism.score: 42.0
    The abstract noun "Determinism" functions like a family name for a group of philosophical doctrines each of which asserts that, in some sense or other, events occur of necessity when and as they do. Different members of the family stake out different doctrinal territories, some construing the necessity involved in purely logical terms, some in causal terms, and still others in terms of predictability. Each has to do with necessary connections between past, present and future.
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  24. Bogusław Wolniewicz (1983). Logical Space and Metaphysical Systems. Studia Logica 42 (2-3):269 - 284.score: 42.0
    The paper applies the theory presented in A Formal Ontology of Situations (this journal, vol. 41 (1982), no. 4) to obtain a typology of metaphysical systems by interpreting them as different ontologies of situations. Four are treated in some detail: Hume's diachronic atomism, Laplacean determinism, Hume's synchronic atomism, and Wittgenstein's logical atomism. Moreover, the relation of that theory to the situation semantics of Perry and Barwise is discussed.
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  25. Elijah Millgram (2009). John Stuart Mill, Determinism, and the Problem of Induction. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):183-199.score: 42.0
    Auguste Comte's doctrine of the three phases through which sciences pass (the theological, the metaphysical, and the positive) allows us to explain what John Stuart Mill was attempting in his magnum opus, the System of Logic: namely, to move the science of logic to its terminal and 'positive' stage. Both Mill's startling account of deduction and his unremarked solution to the Humean problem of induction eliminate the notions of necessity or force—in this case, the 'logical must'—characteristic of a science's (...)
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  26. Michael Stöltzner (2003). The Principle of Least Action as the Logical Empiricist's Shibboleth. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (2):285-318.score: 42.0
    The present paper investigates why Logical Empiricists remained silent about one of the most philosophy-laden matters of theoretical physics of the day, the Principle of Least Action (PLA). In the two decades around 1900, the PLA enjoyed a remarkable renaissance as a formal unification of mechanics, electrodynamics, thermodynamics, and relativity theory. Taking Ernst Mach's historico-critical stance, it could be liberated from much of its physico-theological dross. Variational calculus, the mathematical discipline on which the PLA was based, obtained a new (...)
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  27. M. Stoltzner (2003). The Principle of Least Action as the Logical Empiricist's Shibboleth. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (2):285-318.score: 42.0
    The present paper investigates why logical empiricists remained silent about one of the most philosophy-laden matters of theoretical physics of their day, the principle of least action (PLA). In the two decades around 1900, the PLA enjoyed a remarkable renaissance as a formal unification of mechanics, electrodynamics, thermodynamics, and relativity theory. Taking Ernst Mach's historico-critical stance, it could be liberated from much of its physico-theological dross. Variational calculus, the mathematical discipline on which the PLA was based, obtained a new (...)
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  28. Mark Thomas Walker (2001). Against One Form of Judgment-Determinism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (2):199 – 227.score: 42.0
    Taking 'rationalized judgments' to be those formed by inference from other judgments, I argue against 'Extreme Determinism': the thesis that theoretical rationalization just is a kind of predetermination of 'conclusion-judgments' by 'premise-judgments'. The argument rests upon two key lemmas: firstly, that a deliberator - in this case, his/her assent to some proposition - to be predetermined (I call this the 'Openness Requirement'): secondly, that a subject's logical insight into his/her premise-judgments must enter into the explanation of any judgment (...)
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  29. Gardner Williams (1945). Logical and Natural Compulsion in Free Will. Journal of Philosophy 42 (March):185-191.score: 42.0
  30. Emiliano Lorini (2010). A Dynamic Logic of Agency II: Deterministic Dla {\Mathcal{Dla}} , Coalition Logic, and Game Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (3):327-351.score: 38.0
    We continue the work initiated in Herzig and Lorini (J Logic Lang Inform, in press) whose aim is to provide a minimalistic logical framework combining the expressiveness of dynamic logic in which actions are first-class citizens in the object language, with the expressiveness of logics of agency such as STIT and logics of group capabilities such as CL and ATL. We present a logic called ( Deterministic Dynamic logic of Agency ) which supports reasoning about actions and joint actions (...)
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  31. Michael Ayers (1968). The Refutation of Determinism: An Essay in Philosophical Logic. London, Methuen.score: 38.0
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  32. Daniel C. Dennett (2005). Natural Freedom. Metaphilosophy 36 (4):449-458.score: 36.0
    Three critics of Freedom Evolves (Dennett 2003) bring out important differences in philosophical outlook and method. Mele’s thought experiments are supposed to expose the importance, for autonomy, of personal history, but they depend on the dubious invocation of mere logical or conceptual possibility. Fischer defends the Basic Argument for incompatibilism, while Taylor and I choose to sidestep it instead of disposing of it. Where does the burden of proof lie? O’Connor’s candid expression of allegiance to traditional ideas that I (...)
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  33. Jan Woleński (2008). Applications of Squares of Oppositions and Their Generalizations in Philosophical Analysis. Logica Universalis 2 (1):13-29.score: 36.0
    . This papers examines formal properties of logical squares and their generalizations in the form of hexagons and octagons. Then, several applications of these constructions in philosophical analysis are elaborated. They concern contingency (accidentality), possibility, permission, axiological concepts (bonum and malum), the generalized Hume thesis (deontic and epistemic modalities), determinism, truth and consistency (in various senses. It is shown that relations between notions used in various branches of philosophy fall into the same formal scheme.
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  34. David Atkinson & Porter Johnson (2010). Nonconservation of Energy and Loss of Determinism II. Colliding with an Open Set. Foundations of Physics 40 (2):179-189.score: 36.0
    An actual infinity of colliding balls can be in a configuration in which the laws of mechanics lead to logical inconsistency. It is argued that one should therefore limit the domain of these laws to a finite, or only a potentially infinite number of elements. With this restriction indeterminism, energy nonconservation and creatio ex nihilo no longer occur. A numerical analysis of finite systems of colliding balls is given, and the asymptotic behaviour that corresponds to the potentially infinite system (...)
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  35. A. J. Ayer (1991). Free-Will and Determinism. In Logical Foundations. New York: St Martin's Press.score: 36.0
     
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  36. Philipp Frank (1941). Between Physics and Philosophy. Cambridge, Mass.,Harvard University Press.score: 36.0
    Introduction: Historical background.--The law of causality and experience (1908)--The importance of Ernst Mach's philosophy of science for our times (1917)--Physical theories of the twentieth century and school philosophy (1929)--Is there a trend today toward idealism in physics? (1934)--The positivistic and the metaphysical conception of physics (1935)--Logical empiricism and the philosophy of the Soviet Union (1935)--Philosophical misinterpretations of the quantum theory (1936)--What "length" means to the physicist (1937)--Determinism and indeterminism in modern physics (1938)--Ernst Mach and the unity of science (...)
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  37. Peter van Inwagen (1974). A Formal Approach to the Problem of Free Will and Determinism. Theoria 40 (1):9-22.score: 32.0
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  38. Arnon Avron, Many-Valued Non-Deterministic Semantics for First-Order Logics of Formal (In)Consistency.score: 32.0
    A paraconsistent logic is a logic which allows non-trivial inconsistent theories. One of the oldest and best known approaches to the problem of designing useful paraconsistent logics is da Costa’s approach, which seeks to allow the use of classical logic whenever it is safe to do so, but behaves completely differently when contradictions are involved. da Costa’s approach has led to the family of Logics of Formal (In)consistency (LFIs). In this paper we provide non-deterministic semantics for a very large family (...)
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  39. Arnon Avron, Non-Deterministic Semantics for Logics with a Consistency Operator.score: 32.0
    In order to handle inconsistent knowledge bases in a reasonable way, one needs a logic which allows nontrivial inconsistent theories. Logics of this sort are called paraconsistent. One of the oldest and best known approaches to the problem of designing useful paraconsistent logics is da Costa’s approach, which seeks to allow the use of classical logic whenever it is safe to do so, but behaves completely differently when contradictions are involved. Da Costa’s approach has led to the family of logics (...)
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  40. Arnon Avron, Many-Valued Non-Deterministic Semantics for First-Order Logics of Formal (in)Consistency.score: 32.0
    A paraconsistent logic is a logic which allows non-trivial inconsistent theories. One of the oldest and best known approaches to the problem of designing useful paraconsistent logics is da Costa’s approach, which seeks to allow the use of classical logic whenever it is safe to do so, but behaves completely differently when contradictions are involved. da Costa’s approach has led to the family of Logics of Formal (In)consistency (LFIs). In this paper we provide non-deterministic semantics for a very large family (...)
     
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  41. Arnon Avron, 5-Valued Non-Deterministic Semantics for The Basic Paraconsistent Logic mCi.score: 32.0
    One of the most important paraconsistent logics is the logic mCi, which is one of the two basic logics of formal inconsistency. In this paper we present a 5-valued characteristic nondeterministic matrix for mCi. This provides a quite non-trivial example for the utility and effectiveness of the use of non-deterministic many-valued semantics.
     
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  42. Arnon Avron, Multi-Valued Calculi for Logics Based on Non-Determinism.score: 32.0
    Non-deterministic matrices (Nmatrices) are multiple-valued structures in which the value assigned by a valuation to a complex formula can be chosen non-deterministically out of a certain nonempty set of options. We consider two different types of semantics which are based on Nmatrices: the dynamic one and the static one (the latter is new here). We use the Rasiowa-Sikorski (R-S) decomposition methodology to get sound and complete proof systems employing finite sets of mv-signed formulas for all propositional logics based on such (...)
     
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  43. John Thorp (1980). Free Will: A Defense Against Neurophysiological Determinism. Routledge.score: 32.0
  44. Peter van Inwagen (1972). Lehrer on Determinism, Free Will, and Evidence. Philosophical Studies 23 (October):351-357.score: 32.0
     
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  45. Alfred Freddoso (1982). ``Accidental Necessity and Power Over the Past&Quot. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 63:54-68.score: 30.0
    The thesis of this paper is that an agent S has the power to bring it about that a proposition p is or will be true at a moment t only if S has at the same time the power to bring it about that it has always been the case that p would be true at t. The author first constructs a prima facie compelling argument for logical determinism and then argues that whoever accepts an Ockhamistic response (...)
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  46. Gordon Belot (1995). Determinism and Ontology. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (1):85 – 101.score: 30.0
    Abstract In the philosophical literature, there are two common criteria for a physical theory to be deterministic. The older one is due to the logical empiricists, and is a purely formal criterion. The newer one can be found in the work of John Earman and David Lewis and depends on the intended interpretation of the theory. In this paper I argue that the former must be rejected, and something like the latter adopted. I then discuss the relevance of these (...)
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  47. William Demopoulos (2010). Effects and Propositions. Foundations of Physics 40 (4):368-389.score: 30.0
    The quantum logical and quantum information-theoretic traditions have exerted an especially powerful influence on Bub’s thinking about the conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics. This paper discusses both the quantum logical and information-theoretic traditions from the point of view of their representational frameworks. I argue that it is at this level—at the level of its framework—that the quantum logical tradition has retained its centrality to Bub’s thought. It is further argued that there is implicit in the quantum information-theoretic (...)
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  48. Karim Nour (2002). Non Deterministic Classical Logic: The Λμ++ ‐Calculus. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (3):357-366.score: 30.0
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  49. Karim Nour (2002). Non Deterministic Classical Logic: The $Lambdamu^{++}$-Calculus. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (3):357-366.score: 30.0
    In this paper, we present an extension of $lambdamu$-calculus called $lambdamu^{++}$-calculus which has the following properties: subject reduction, strong normalization, unicity of the representation of data and thus confluence only on data types. This calculus allows also to program the parallel-or.
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  50. Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (2014). On Non-Deterministic Quantification. Logica Universalis 8 (2):165-191.score: 30.0
    This paper offers a framework for extending Arnon Avron and Iddo Lev’s non-deterministic semantics to quantified predicate logic with the intent of resolving several problems and limitations of Avron and Anna Zamansky’s approach. By employing a broadly Fregean picture of logic, the framework described in this paper has the benefits of permitting quantifiers more general than Walter Carnielli’s distribution quantifiers and yielding a well-behaved model theory. This approach is purely objectual and yields the semantical equivalence of both α-equivalent formulae and (...)
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