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  1. G. A. (1973). Metakritik der Formalen Logik. Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):381-382.
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  2. Evandro Agazzi (1983). Modern Logic--A Survey. Historical, Philosophical, and Mathematical Aspects of Modern Logic and its Applications. Mind 92 (366):286-288.
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  3. Saʻīd Akbarī (2007). .
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  4. Quṭb al-Taḥtānī & Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad (2003). .
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  5. Robert Albin (2012). BEYOND MODES OF OBJECTIVITY. Logos and Episteme (3):361-371.
    ABSTRACT: Frege, and others who followed him, stressed the role of fallibility as a means to defining ‘objectivity.’ By defining objective judgments as fallible, these philosophers contributed to the consolidation of a theory of objectivity which suggested interpreting epistemological, as well as other judgements, as being objective. An important philosophical implication of this theory lies in its disclosure of the interrelations between truth and objectivity. In light of this insight, and based on an analysis of instances of false (epistemological and (...)
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  6. Layman E. Allen (1968). Review: A. N. Prior, A. I. Melden, Escapism: The Logical Basis of Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):610-611.
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  7. Enrique Alvarez & Manuel Correia (2012). Syllogistic with Indefinite Terms. History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (4):297-306.
    This paper presents a restructured set of axioms for categorical logic. In virtue of it, the syllogistic with indefinite terms is deduced and proved, within the categorical logic boundaries. As a result, the number of all the conclusive syllogisms is deduced through a simple and axiomatic methodology. Moreover, the distinction between immediate and mediate inferences disappears, which reinstitutes the unity of Aristotelian logic.
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  8. Edgar Andrade-Lotero & Catarina Dutilh Novaes (2012). Validity, the Squeezing Argument and Alternative Semantic Systems: The Case of Aristotelian Syllogistic. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (2):387 - 418.
    We investigate the philosophical significance of the existence of different semantic systems with respect to which a given deductive system is sound and complete. Our case study will be Corcoran's deductive system D for Aristotelian syllogistic and some of the different semantic systems for syllogistic that have been proposed in the literature. We shall prove that they are not equivalent, in spite of D being sound and complete with respect to each of them. Beyond the specific case of syllogistic, the (...)
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  9. Irving H. Anellis (2012). Editor's Introduction to Jean van Heijenoort, Historical Development of Modern Logic. Logica Universalis 6 (3-4):301-326.
    Van Heijenoort’s account of the historical development of modern logic was composed in 1974 and first published in 1992 with an introduction by his former student. What follows is a new edition with a revised and expanded introduction and additional notes.
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  10. Irving H. Anellis (2012). Jean van Heijenoort's Conception of Modern Logic, in Historical Perspective. Logica Universalis 6 (3-4):339-409.
    I use van Heijenoort’s published writings and manuscript materials to provide a comprehensive overview of his conception of modern logic as a first-order functional calculus and of the historical developments which led to this conception of mathematical logic, its defining characteristics, and in particular to provide an integral account, from his most important publications as well as his unpublished notes and scattered shorter historico-philosophical articles, of how and why the mathematical logic, whose he traced to Frege and the culmination of (...)
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  11. Aristoteles & Gottfried Scherer (2012). Erklärungen. Bautz.
    Aristoteles Περὶ ἑρμηvείας Erklärungen Griechisch-deutsch ins Deutsche übersetzt von Gottfried Scherer In seiner Schrift Erklärungen handelt Aristoteles von Namen, die alles, vieles oder Einzelnes bezeichnen, von Prädikatswörtern, die bestimmende oder zufällige Eigenschaften angeben, und von Worten und deren Kombinationsmöglichkeiten. Dabei untersucht er konkret die Struktur von Aussagesätzen, die er von anderen Redensarten abgrenzt, und stellt fest, dass sie etwas als existent und zutreffend, als wahr oder falsch bezeichnen. Er gibt an, wann mehrwertige Aussagen entstehen und beschreibt, was für Gattungsnamen und (...)
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  12. David Aristotle & Ross (1970). Aristotelis Topica Et Sophistici Elenchi. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  13. Henri Aristotle, Boethius, Porphyry & Estienne (1617). [Logicorum Libri]. Ex Officina Libraria Henrici Stephani.
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  14. John Richard Aristotle & Magrath (1868). Selections From the Organon of Aristotle. Rivingtons.
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  15. Thomas Aristotle, Robert Taylor, Simplicius, Ammonius & Wilks (1807). The Organon; or, Logical Treatises of Aristotle. Printed for the Translator, Manor-Place, Walworth, Surrey; by Robert Wilks, 89, Chancery-Lane, Fleet-Street.
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  16. W. D. Aristotle & Ross (1964). Aristotelis Analytica Priora Et Posteriora. E. Typographeo Clarendoniano.
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  17. W. D. Aristotle & Ross (1958). Aristotelis Topica Et Sophistici Elenchi. E Typographeo Clarendoniano.
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  18. W. D. Aristotle & Ross (1949). Aristotelous Analytika = Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics. At the Clarendon Press.
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  19. Robert L. Armstrong (1970). Reduction and Deduction of Syllogisms. New Scholasticism 44 (2):273-277.
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  20. Antoine Arnauld, Pierre Nicole & T. Spencer Baynes (1850). Logic or, the Art of Thinking : Being the Port-Royal Logic. Sutherland and Knox Simpkin, Marshall.
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  21. E. J. Ashworth (1974). Some Additions to Risse's Bibliographia Logica. Journal of the History of Philosophy 12 (3):361-365.
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  22. J. L. Austin (1952). LUKASIEWICZ, J. -Aristotle's Syllogistic, From the Standpoint of Modern Formal Logic. [REVIEW] Mind 61:395.
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  23. Jirar Averroës & Jihami (1982). Talkhis Mantiq Aristu. Al-Jami Ah Al-Lubnaniyah, Qism Al-Dirasat Al-Falsafiyah Wa-Al-Ijtima Iyah.
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  24. Mahmud Averroës, Charles E. Aristotle, Qasim & Butterworth (1982). Talkhis Kitab Al-Burhan. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  25. Mahmud Averroës, Charles E. Qasim, Ahmad Abd Al-Majid Butterworth & Haridi (1983). Talkhis Kitab Al-Qiyas.
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  26. L. K. B. (1959). Formale Logik. Review of Metaphysics 12 (4):665-665.
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  27. Victor Balowitz (1988). George Englebretsen, Ed., The New Syllogistic. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 8:481-483.
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  28. J. Banas (2003). Aristotelian Versus Stoic Logic. Filozofia 58 (8):551-563.
    This paper deals with Aristotelian and Stoic logic. In the first part the author writes about the history of logic and shows, why Stoic logic had not been studied properly from the Middle Ages up to the beginning of the 20th century, when an increasing interest in the study of Stoic logic is visible. The paper describes the character of Aristotelian and Stoic logic respectively. Stoic logic is first introduced as a system of propositional logic. On this basis a complementarity (...)
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  29. Y. Bar-Hillel (1967). Bernard Bolzano. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York, Macmillan. 2--337.
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  30. John A. Barker & Thomas D. Paxson Jr (1985). Aristotle Vs. Diodorus: Who Won the Fatalism Debate? Philosophy Research Archives 11:41-76.
    We develop a modified system of standard logic, Augmented Standard Logic , and we employ ASL in an effort to show that, contrary to prevailing opinion, both Aristotle and Diodorus presented impressive arguments, having valid structures and highly plausible premisses, in their famous fatalism debate. We argue that ASL, which contains standard logic and a full system of modal and temporal logic emanating from a modicum of primitives, should not only enable one to appreciate the sophisticated philosophizing which characterized this (...)
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  31. Jonathan Barnes (1999). Aristotle and Stoic Logic. In Katerina Ierodiakonou (ed.), Topics in Stoic Philosophy. Clarendon Press.
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  32. Jonathan Barnes (1990). The Prior Analytics. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 40 (2):234-236.
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  33. Marie Bayerová (1994). Bernard Bolzano Evropský Rozmer Jeho Filosofického Myslení. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  34. Gary Bedell (1992). Aristotelian Logic. Review of Metaphysics 46 (1):175-176.
  35. W. Bednarowski (1955). Hamilton's Quantification of the Predicate. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56:217 - 240.
    This paper consists roughly of three parts. In the first part, an attempt has been made to find some tenable interpretation of Hamilton's logic. This results in accepting that Hamilton's logic can be "saved" if it is understood as being an everday language version of Euler's relations, i.e., extensional relations between terms (classes). In the second part, the propositions of Euler and the propositions of Aristotle are compared and found to be interdefinable: every proposition of Aristotle can be defined by (...)
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  36. Ian Begg & J. Peter Denny (1969). Empirical Reconciliation of Atmosphere and Conversion Interpretations of Syllogistic Reasoning Errors. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):351.
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  37. Albert A. Bennett (1938). Review: Emanuele Abita, Compatibilita degli Assiomi della Logica. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 3 (4):162-162.
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  38. J. Berg (forthcoming). Bolzano, the Prescient Encyclopedist: In His Wissenschaftslehre Bernard Bolzano Tried to Lay Down a Logically Satisfactory Foundation of Mathematics and Theory of Probability. Grazer Philosophische Studien.
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  39. K. Berka (1978). Aristotle Theory of Deduction. Filosoficky Casopis 26 (6):879-895.
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  40. Karel Berka (1981). Bernard Bolzano. Horizont.
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  41. Max Black (1947). Review: Jean Cavailles, Albert Lautman, La Pensee Mathematique. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 12 (1):21-22.
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  42. Albert Blumberg (1967). Logic, Modern. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York, Macmillan. 5--6.
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  43. Susanne Bobzien (2006). Ancient Logic. In Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    ABSTRACT: A comprehensive introduction to ancient (western) logic from earliest times to the 6th century CE, with an emphasis on topics which may be of interest to contemporary logicians. Content: 1. Pre-Aristotelian Logic 1.1 Syntax and Semantics 1.2 Argument Patterns and Valid Inference 2. Aristotle 2.1 Dialectics 2.2 Sub-sentential Classifications 2.3 Syntax and Semantics of Sentences 2.4 Non-modal Syllogistic 2.5 Modal Logic 3. The early Peripatetics: Theophrastus and Eudemus 3.1 Improvements and Modifications of Aristotle's Logic 3.2 Prosleptic Syllogisms 3.3 Forerunners (...)
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  44. Susanne Bobzien (2003). Stoic Logic. In Brad Inwood (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Stoic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    ABSTRACT: An introduction to Stoic logic. Stoic logic can in many respects be regarded as a fore-runner of modern propositional logic. I discuss: 1. the Stoic notion of sayables or meanings (lekta); the Stoic assertibles (axiomata) and their similarities and differences to modern propositions; the time-dependency of their truth; 2.-3. assertibles with demonstratives and quantified assertibles and their truth-conditions; truth-functionality of negations and conjunctions; non-truth-functionality of disjunctions and conditionals; language regimentation and ‘bracketing’ devices; Stoic basic principles of propositional logic; 4. (...)
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  45. George Boger (2004). Aristotle's Underlying Logic. In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. 1--101.
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  46. George Boger, Aristotle’s Treatment of Fallacious Reasoning in Sophistical Refutations and Prior Analytics.
    Aristotle studies syllogistic argumentation in Sophistical Refutations and Prior Analytics. In the latter he focuses on the formal and syntactic character of arguments and treats the sullogismoi and non-sullogismoi as argument patterns with valid or invalid instances. In the former Aristotle focuses on semantics and rhetoric to study apparent sullogismoi as object language arguments. Interpreters usually take Sophistical Refutations as considerably less mature than Prior Analytics. Our interpretation holds that the two works are more of a piece than previously believed (...)
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  47. Jesse Bohl, What Are We Do About Traditional Logic?
    A commonplace of modern logic is that traditional logic, because it accepted the supposedly mistaken inference from general to particular propositions, perceived as valid a good number of invalid inference patterns. Yet many people find the allegedly invalid inference patterns intuitively valid. Four arguments that might be used to justify modern logic's judgment fail to provide good reason to provide modern logic pride of place. Of the three responses to failure of the arguments for preferring mode rn to traditional logic (...)
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  48. R. Bosley (1979). "Ancient Logic and Its Modern Interpretations." Edited by J. Corcoran. [REVIEW] Mind 88:284.
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  49. S. Bozzi (2013). Logica Dimostrativa. History and Philosophy of Logic 34 (2):183 - 187.
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  50. G. Buchdahl (1948). Logic and History. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 26:94.
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