The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: AOS:20th Century Philosophy

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not Truth:correspondence0.151
correspondence not correspondence
20th Century Philosophy
25%(10/40)
72.5%(29/40)
not 20th Century Philosophy
56.2%(463/823)
37.5%(309/823)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
Proper names:Fregean0.132
Millian Fregean
20th Century Philosophy
21%(8/38)
65.7%(25/38)
not 20th Century Philosophy
43.3%(323/745)
39.7%(296/745)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: < 0.001
Trolley problem:don't switch0.105
switch don't switch
20th Century Philosophy
48.6%(18/37)
24.3%(9/37)
not 20th Century Philosophy
75%(621/827)
11%(91/827)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: 0.001
not Moral judgment:cognitivism0.1
cognitivism non-cognitivism
20th Century Philosophy
58.5%(24/41)
34.1%(14/41)
not 20th Century Philosophy
71.8%(599/834)
19.6%(164/834)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.003
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.093
moral realism moral anti-realism
20th Century Philosophy
40.4%(17/42)
45.2%(19/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
59.7%(510/854)
31.9%(273/854)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: 0.005
Politics:communitarianism0.091
communitarianism not communitarianism
20th Century Philosophy
38.8%(14/36)
44.4%(16/36)
not 20th Century Philosophy
16.6%(119/715)
65.5%(469/715)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.012
not Perceptual experience:representationalism0.088
representationalism not representationalism
20th Century Philosophy
25%(9/36)
61.1%(22/36)
not 20th Century Philosophy
41.7%(284/680)
42.6%(290/680)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.018
Abstract objects:Platonism0.078
nominalism Platonism
20th Century Philosophy
25%(10/40)
70%(28/40)
not 20th Century Philosophy
40.1%(343/854)
48.9%(418/854)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.019
not Politics:egalitarianism0.073
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
20th Century Philosophy
25%(9/36)
58.3%(21/36)
not 20th Century Philosophy
44%(315/715)
38.1%(273/715)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.045
Knowledge:rationalism0.073
empiricism rationalism
20th Century Philosophy
26.1%(11/42)
50%(21/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
42.6%(374/877)
33.7%(296/877)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.026
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.07
consequentialism not consequentialism
20th Century Philosophy
15.7%(6/38)
71%(27/38)
not 20th Century Philosophy
28%(214/762)
57.8%(441/762)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.047
not Personal identity:psychological view0.064
psychological view not psychological view
20th Century Philosophy
25.7%(9/35)
48.5%(17/35)
not 20th Century Philosophy
39%(304/778)
40.3%(314/778)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.068
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.061
naturalism non-naturalism
20th Century Philosophy
44.7%(17/38)
42.1%(16/38)
not 20th Century Philosophy
55.2%(451/817)
29.4%(241/817)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.074
God:theism0.059
atheism theism
20th Century Philosophy
61.9%(26/42)
26.1%(11/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
74.5%(652/875)
17%(149/875)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: 0.074
Analytic-synthetic distinction:yes0.055
no yes
20th Century Philosophy
19%(8/42)
73.8%(31/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
28.1%(247/878)
66%(580/878)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.095
Newcomb's problem:one box0.051
one box two boxes
20th Century Philosophy
44.4%(12/27)
29.6%(8/27)
not 20th Century Philosophy
29.7%(189/636)
46.3%(295/636)
Response pairs: 663   p-value: 0.189
Logic:non-classical0.051
non-classical classical
20th Century Philosophy
34.2%(13/38)
50%(19/38)
not 20th Century Philosophy
23.2%(178/765)
61.5%(471/765)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.148
not Knowledge claims:relativism0.051
relativism not relativism
20th Century Philosophy
~2.8%(~1/35)
88.5%(31/35)
not 20th Century Philosophy
3.5%(27/765)
84.9%(650/765)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.149

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Continental Philosophy0.187
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
20th Century Philosophy
16.6%(7/42)
83.3%(35/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
2%(18/889)
97.9%(871/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Husserl0.178
Husserl not Husserl
20th Century Philosophy
9.5%(4/42)
90.4%(38/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
0.6%(6/889)
99.3%(883/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.167
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
20th Century Philosophy
19%(8/42)
80.9%(34/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
3.2%(29/889)
96.7%(860/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy-0.153
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
20th Century Philosophy
~7.1%(~1/14)
~92.8%(~13/14)
not 20th Century Philosophy
52.5%(103/196)
47.4%(93/196)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.026
xian:Wittgenstein0.129
Wittgenstein not Wittgenstein
20th Century Philosophy
23.8%(10/42)
76.1%(32/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
7%(63/889)
92.9%(826/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
tradition:continental0.119
continental analytic
20th Century Philosophy
14.2%(6/42)
73.8%(31/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
3.1%(28/889)
88.7%(789/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Frege0.114
Frege not Frege
20th Century Philosophy
21.4%(9/42)
78.5%(33/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
6.8%(61/889)
93.1%(828/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.101
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
20th Century Philosophy
23.8%(10/42)
76.1%(32/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
9.2%(82/889)
90.7%(807/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
xian:Kant0.093
Kant not Kant
20th Century Philosophy
26.1%(11/42)
73.8%(31/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
11.4%(102/889)
88.5%(787/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
xian:Hegel0.09
Hegel not Hegel
20th Century Philosophy
7.1%(3/42)
92.8%(39/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
1.4%(13/889)
98.5%(876/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.005
not xian:Hume0.076
Hume not Hume
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
15.5%(138/889)
84.4%(751/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.02
not AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.075
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
11.2%(100/889)
88.7%(789/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.022
xian:Nietzsche0.071
Nietzsche not Nietzsche
20th Century Philosophy
7.1%(3/42)
92.8%(39/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
2%(18/889)
97.9%(871/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.03
not AOS:Epistemology0.071
Epistemology not Epistemology
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
17.7%(158/889)
82.2%(731/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.03
xian:Russell0.067
Russell not Russell
20th Century Philosophy
14.2%(6/42)
85.7%(36/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
6.1%(55/889)
93.8%(834/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.04
xian:Heidegger0.066
Heidegger not Heidegger
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
1.1%(10/889)
98.8%(879/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.044
xian:Davidson0.064
Davidson not Davidson
20th Century Philosophy
11.9%(5/42)
88%(37/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
4.9%(44/889)
95%(845/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:Normative Ethics0.062
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
15.4%(137/889)
84.5%(752/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
not AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.059
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
7.1%(64/889)
92.8%(825/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.071
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.057
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
6.8%(61/889)
93.1%(828/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.082
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.054
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
6.2%(56/889)
93.7%(833/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
not xian:Aristotle0.051
Aristotle not Aristotle
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
13%(116/889)
86.9%(773/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.119
not AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.05
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
5.2%(47/889)
94.7%(842/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_phd-0.1
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
20th Century Philosophy
21.8%(7/32)
78.1%(25/32)
not 20th Century Philosophy
51.7%(356/688)
48.2%(332/688)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.007
year_of_birth-0.08
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
20th Century Philosophy
24.3%(10/41)
75.6%(31/41)
not 20th Century Philosophy
51.6%(428/829)
48.3%(401/829)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: 0.018
not nationality_region:Other0.061
Other not Other
20th Century Philosophy
~2.3%(~1/42)
~97.6%(~41/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
7.8%(70/889)
92.1%(819/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.062
nationality_region:United Kingdom0.056
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
20th Century Philosophy
26.1%(11/42)
73.8%(31/42)
not 20th Century Philosophy
16%(143/889)
83.9%(746/889)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087