The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: AOS:Social and Political Philosophy

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not Politics:communitarianism0.164
communitarianism not communitarianism
Social and Political Philosophy
9.4%(9/95)
78.9%(75/95)
not Social and Political Philosophy
18.9%(124/656)
62.5%(410/656)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: < 0.001
not Politics:libertarianism0.161
libertarianism not libertarianism
Social and Political Philosophy
6.3%(6/95)
82.1%(78/95)
not Social and Political Philosophy
13.1%(86/656)
68.2%(448/656)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: < 0.001
Normative ethics:deontology0.158
deontology not deontology
Social and Political Philosophy
47%(40/85)
35.2%(30/85)
not Social and Political Philosophy
28.1%(201/715)
58.3%(417/715)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Perceptual experience:sense-datum theory0.134
sense-datum theory not sense-datum theory
Social and Political Philosophy
8%(5/62)
69.3%(43/62)
not Social and Political Philosophy
3.6%(24/654)
81.4%(533/654)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: < 0.001
not Truth:correspondence0.131
correspondence not correspondence
Social and Political Philosophy
31.8%(28/88)
56.8%(50/88)
not Social and Political Philosophy
57.4%(445/775)
37.1%(288/775)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
Abstract objects:nominalism0.129
Platonism nominalism
Social and Political Philosophy
23.9%(22/92)
65.2%(60/92)
not Social and Political Philosophy
43.1%(346/802)
46.2%(371/802)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:epistemic0.119
epistemic not epistemic
Social and Political Philosophy
14.7%(13/88)
73.8%(65/88)
not Social and Political Philosophy
6.5%(51/775)
88%(682/775)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
Personal identity:psychological view0.118
psychological view not psychological view
Social and Political Philosophy
60%(48/80)
27.5%(22/80)
not Social and Political Philosophy
36.1%(265/733)
42.1%(309/733)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: < 0.001
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.102
invariantism not invariantism
Social and Political Philosophy
22.8%(19/83)
66.2%(55/83)
not Social and Political Philosophy
37.7%(271/717)
50.6%(363/717)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.003
Time:A-theory0.096
A-theory B-theory
Social and Political Philosophy
39.3%(13/33)
24.2%(8/33)
not Social and Political Philosophy
29%(160/550)
47.4%(261/550)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.02
Analytic-synthetic distinction:no0.094
no yes
Social and Political Philosophy
39.7%(39/98)
53%(52/98)
not Social and Political Philosophy
26.2%(216/822)
68%(559/822)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.004
Truth:deflationary0.092
deflationary not deflationary
Social and Political Philosophy
36.3%(32/88)
52.2%(46/88)
not Social and Political Philosophy
25.6%(199/775)
68.9%(534/775)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: 0.006
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.086
contextualism not contextualism
Social and Political Philosophy
59%(49/83)
30.1%(25/83)
not Social and Political Philosophy
45.1%(324/717)
43.2%(310/717)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.014
Aesthetic value:objective0.083
objective subjective
Social and Political Philosophy
58.1%(57/98)
27.5%(27/98)
not Social and Political Philosophy
43.7%(349/797)
41%(327/797)
Response pairs: 895   p-value: 0.012
External world:idealism0.083
idealism not idealism
Social and Political Philosophy
9.2%(9/97)
88.6%(86/97)
not Social and Political Philosophy
3.7%(31/818)
92.1%(754/818)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.012
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.075
consequentialism not consequentialism
Social and Political Philosophy
17.6%(15/85)
64.7%(55/85)
not Social and Political Philosophy
28.6%(205/715)
57.7%(413/715)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.033
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.073
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
Social and Political Philosophy
78.3%(76/97)
19.5%(19/97)
not Social and Political Philosophy
83.6%(684/818)
12.3%(101/818)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.027
Logic:non-classical0.069
classical non-classical
Social and Political Philosophy
57.8%(37/64)
28.1%(18/64)
not Social and Political Philosophy
66.4%(491/739)
18.2%(135/739)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.05
not Personal identity:biological view0.069
biological view not biological view
Social and Political Philosophy
12.5%(10/80)
75%(60/80)
not Social and Political Philosophy
20%(147/733)
58.2%(427/733)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.049
not Normative ethics:virtue ethics0.065
virtue ethics not virtue ethics
Social and Political Philosophy
12.9%(11/85)
69.4%(59/85)
not Social and Political Philosophy
22%(158/715)
64.3%(460/715)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.066
not Personal identity:further-fact view0.064
further-fact view not further-fact view
Social and Political Philosophy
10%(8/80)
77.5%(62/80)
not Social and Political Philosophy
14.4%(106/733)
63.8%(468/733)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.068
Science:scientific anti-realism0.063
scientific anti-realism scientific realism
Social and Political Philosophy
16.8%(16/95)
77.8%(74/95)
not Social and Political Philosophy
11.5%(94/811)
80.7%(655/811)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: 0.058
Politics:egalitarianism0.058
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
Social and Political Philosophy
53.6%(51/95)
34.7%(33/95)
not Social and Political Philosophy
41.6%(273/656)
39.7%(261/656)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.112
Moral judgment:cognitivism0.051
cognitivism non-cognitivism
Social and Political Philosophy
73.7%(73/99)
15.1%(15/99)
not Social and Political Philosophy
70.8%(550/776)
21%(163/776)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.131
Moral motivation:internalism0.051
internalism externalism
Social and Political Philosophy
52%(50/96)
37.5%(36/96)
not Social and Political Philosophy
43.3%(292/674)
38.1%(257/674)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.157

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
xian:Rawls0.325
Rawls not Rawls
Social and Political Philosophy
24%(24/100)
76%(76/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
2.1%(18/831)
97.8%(813/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Normative Ethics0.312
Normative Ethics not Normative Ethics
Social and Political Philosophy
47%(47/100)
53%(53/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
11%(92/831)
88.9%(739/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Mill0.208
Mill not Mill
Social and Political Philosophy
17%(17/100)
83%(83/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
3%(25/831)
96.9%(806/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Marx0.195
Marx not Marx
Social and Political Philosophy
8%(8/100)
92%(92/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
0.6%(5/831)
99.3%(826/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Law0.182
Philosophy of Law not Philosophy of Law
Social and Political Philosophy
12%(12/100)
88%(88/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
1.9%(16/831)
98%(815/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
metasurvey:accuracy-0.171
accuracy ≥ median accuracy < median
Social and Political Philosophy
35%(7/20)
65%(13/20)
not Social and Political Philosophy
51.5%(98/190)
48.4%(92/190)
Response pairs: 210   p-value: 0.013
not AOS:Metaphysics0.153
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
Social and Political Philosophy
6%(6/100)
94%(94/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
27.4%(228/831)
72.5%(603/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality0.134
Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality not Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality
Social and Political Philosophy
7%(7/100)
93%(93/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
1.2%(10/831)
98.7%(821/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.133
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
Social and Political Philosophy
5%(5/100)
95%(95/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
22.3%(186/831)
77.6%(645/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Epistemology0.13
Epistemology not Epistemology
Social and Political Philosophy
3%(3/100)
97%(97/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
18.8%(157/831)
81.1%(674/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.129
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
Social and Political Philosophy
4%(4/100)
96%(96/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
20.2%(168/831)
79.7%(663/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.103
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
10.9%(91/831)
89%(740/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.001
not xian:Frege0.098
Frege not Frege
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
8.4%(70/831)
91.5%(761/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
tradition:continental0.095
continental analytic
Social and Political Philosophy
7%(7/100)
79%(79/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
3.2%(27/831)
89.1%(741/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.003
xian:Kant0.094
Kant not Kant
Social and Political Philosophy
21%(21/100)
79%(79/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
11%(92/831)
88.9%(739/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
not AOS:General Philosophy of Science0.093
General Philosophy of Science not General Philosophy of Science
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
11%(92/831)
88.9%(739/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
not AOS:Philosophy of Cognitive Science0.087
Philosophy of Cognitive Science not Philosophy of Cognitive Science
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
6.7%(56/831)
93.2%(775/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.007
not xian:Lewis0.084
Lewis not Lewis
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
8.1%(68/831)
91.8%(763/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.01
not xian:Carnap0.078
Carnap not Carnap
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
5.4%(45/831)
94.5%(786/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.017
not xian:Russell0.077
Russell not Russell
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
7.2%(60/831)
92.7%(771/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.018
not AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.075
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
5%(42/831)
94.9%(789/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.022
not AOS:Philosophy of Mathematics0.068
Philosophy of Mathematics not Philosophy of Mathematics
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
4.2%(35/831)
95.7%(796/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.038
not AOS:Ancient Greek Philosophy0.066
Ancient Greek Philosophy not Ancient Greek Philosophy
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
7.4%(62/831)
92.5%(769/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.044
AOS:Philosophy of Social Science0.064
Philosophy of Social Science not Philosophy of Social Science
Social and Political Philosophy
5%(5/100)
95%(95/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
1.9%(16/831)
98%(815/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:Philosophy of Religion0.064
Philosophy of Religion not Philosophy of Religion
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
5.5%(46/831)
94.4%(785/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
not AOS:Philosophy of Physical Science0.063
Philosophy of Physical Science not Philosophy of Physical Science
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
7%(59/831)
92.9%(772/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.054
xian:Hegel0.06
Hegel not Hegel
Social and Political Philosophy
4%(4/100)
96%(96/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
1.4%(12/831)
98.5%(819/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.067
xian:Locke0.059
Locke not Locke
Social and Political Philosophy
7%(7/100)
93%(93/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
3.3%(28/831)
96.6%(803/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.071
AOS:Applied Ethics0.055
Applied Ethics not Applied Ethics
Social and Political Philosophy
8%(8/100)
92%(92/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
4.2%(35/831)
95.7%(796/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
not AOS:Philosophy of Biology0.054
Philosophy of Biology not Philosophy of Biology
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
4.4%(37/831)
95.5%(794/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
not xian:Plato0.052
Plato not Plato
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
4.3%(36/831)
95.6%(795/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
not AOS:Metaphilosophy0.052
Metaphilosophy not Metaphilosophy
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
2.5%(21/831)
97.4%(810/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
AOS:Decision Theory0.051
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
Social and Political Philosophy
6%(6/100)
94%(94/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
3%(25/831)
96.9%(806/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.119
not xian:Descartes0.05
Descartes not Descartes
Social and Political Philosophy
~1%(~1/100)
~99%(~99/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
2.2%(19/831)
97.7%(812/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
phd_region:Canada0.146
Canada not Canada
Social and Political Philosophy
10%(10/100)
90%(90/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
2%(17/831)
97.9%(814/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_phd-0.071
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
Social and Political Philosophy
37.3%(28/75)
62.6%(47/75)
not Social and Political Philosophy
51.9%(335/645)
48%(310/645)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.056
affil:region:Australasia0.064
Australasia not Australasia
Social and Political Philosophy
10%(10/100)
90%(90/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
5.1%(43/831)
94.8%(788/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.05
year_of_birth-0.063
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
Social and Political Philosophy
38.4%(35/91)
61.5%(56/91)
not Social and Political Philosophy
51.7%(403/779)
48.2%(376/779)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: 0.063
not nationality_region:Europe0.057
Europe not Europe
Social and Political Philosophy
7%(7/100)
93%(93/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
13.1%(109/831)
86.8%(722/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.082
affil:region:Canada0.056
Canada not Canada
Social and Political Philosophy
13%(13/100)
87%(87/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
7.9%(66/831)
92%(765/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.087
phd_region:Australasia0.054
Australasia not Australasia
Social and Political Philosophy
6%(6/100)
94%(94/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
2.8%(24/831)
97.1%(807/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
nationality_region:Canada0.054
Canada not Canada
Social and Political Philosophy
11%(11/100)
89%(89/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
6.4%(54/831)
93.5%(777/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099
not affil:region:Europe0.052
Europe not Europe
Social and Political Philosophy
3%(3/100)
97%(97/100)
not Social and Political Philosophy
7.2%(60/831)
92.7%(771/831)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.112
gender:female0.05
female male
Social and Political Philosophy
23.9%(23/96)
76%(73/96)
not Social and Political Philosophy
17.7%(139/785)
82.2%(646/785)
Response pairs: 881   p-value: 0.138