The PhilPapers SurveysHighest linear correlations (Back to contents)

Correlations with: tradition:continental

N = 931 (target faculty). Cut-off = +/-0.05

n < 10 omitted. Some redundant or trivial correlations are not shown.

Jump to: Main Survey questions | Philosophical orientation | Background questions

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Main Survey questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
not External world:non-skeptical realism0.238
non-skeptical realism not non-skeptical realism
continental
47%(16/34)
41.1%(14/34)
analytic
86.2%(695/806)
10.6%(86/806)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
Science:scientific anti-realism0.21
scientific realism scientific anti-realism
continental
47%(16/34)
41.1%(14/34)
analytic
80.6%(643/797)
12.9%(103/797)
Response pairs: 906   p-value: < 0.001
Trolley problem:don't switch0.195
switch don't switch
continental
39.2%(11/28)
28.5%(8/28)
analytic
76.6%(587/766)
10%(77/766)
Response pairs: 864   p-value: < 0.001
External world:idealism0.192
idealism not idealism
continental
23.5%(8/34)
64.7%(22/34)
analytic
3.3%(27/806)
93.5%(754/806)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: < 0.001
Truth:epistemic0.186
epistemic not epistemic
continental
29%(9/31)
58%(18/31)
analytic
5.4%(42/764)
89%(680/764)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
not Knowledge claims:invariantism0.17
invariantism not invariantism
continental
13.7%(4/29)
82.7%(24/29)
analytic
38.3%(272/710)
50%(355/710)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Mind:non-physicalism0.169
non-physicalism physicalism
continental
67.7%(21/31)
22.5%(7/31)
analytic
26.1%(212/811)
62.7%(509/811)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: < 0.001
God:theism0.163
atheism theism
continental
45.4%(15/33)
48.4%(16/33)
analytic
76.3%(617/808)
15.8%(128/808)
Response pairs: 917   p-value: < 0.001
not Truth:correspondence0.159
correspondence not correspondence
continental
19.3%(6/31)
67.7%(21/31)
analytic
57.3%(438/764)
37.1%(284/764)
Response pairs: 863   p-value: < 0.001
not Normative ethics:consequentialism0.156
consequentialism not consequentialism
continental
~3.4%(~1/29)
86.2%(25/29)
analytic
29.6%(209/706)
56.7%(401/706)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Meta-ethics:moral anti-realism0.143
moral realism moral anti-realism
continental
42.4%(14/33)
48.4%(16/33)
analytic
61.3%(486/792)
30.4%(241/792)
Response pairs: 896   p-value: < 0.001
not Perceptual experience:representationalism0.134
representationalism not representationalism
continental
20%(5/25)
72%(18/25)
analytic
42.7%(272/636)
41.8%(266/636)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: < 0.001
Knowledge claims:contextualism0.13
contextualism not contextualism
continental
79.3%(23/29)
17.2%(5/29)
analytic
45%(320/710)
43.2%(307/710)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: < 0.001
Mental content:internalism0.128
externalism internalism
continental
46.1%(12/26)
50%(13/26)
analytic
61.7%(472/764)
24.3%(186/764)
Response pairs: 857   p-value: < 0.001
Logic:non-classical0.114
non-classical classical
continental
39.1%(9/23)
47.8%(11/23)
analytic
22.3%(161/719)
63.2%(455/719)
Response pairs: 803   p-value: 0.001
Metaphilosophy:non-naturalism0.101
naturalism non-naturalism
continental
30%(9/30)
63.3%(19/30)
analytic
55.9%(423/756)
28.8%(218/756)
Response pairs: 855   p-value: 0.003
Time:A-theory0.099
B-theory A-theory
continental
35.7%(5/14)
50%(7/14)
analytic
48.3%(254/525)
28%(147/525)
Response pairs: 583   p-value: 0.016
Abstract objects:nominalism0.097
Platonism nominalism
continental
30.3%(10/33)
63.6%(21/33)
analytic
42.7%(337/789)
46.8%(370/789)
Response pairs: 894   p-value: 0.003
not Moral judgment:cognitivism0.091
cognitivism non-cognitivism
continental
58%(18/31)
35.4%(11/31)
analytic
72.5%(559/771)
19.5%(151/771)
Response pairs: 875   p-value: 0.007
External world:skepticism0.084
skepticism not skepticism
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
85.2%(29/34)
analytic
4.5%(37/806)
92.3%(744/806)
Response pairs: 915   p-value: 0.011
not Personal identity:psychological view0.079
psychological view not psychological view
continental
30.7%(8/26)
46.1%(12/26)
analytic
39.7%(288/725)
39.5%(287/725)
Response pairs: 813   p-value: 0.024
Teletransporter:death0.078
survival death
continental
38.4%(10/26)
42.3%(11/26)
analytic
43.1%(316/733)
36.1%(265/733)
Response pairs: 818   p-value: 0.025
Knowledge:rationalism0.075
empiricism rationalism
continental
29.4%(10/34)
58.8%(20/34)
analytic
42.8%(347/809)
34.1%(276/809)
Response pairs: 919   p-value: 0.022
not Politics:egalitarianism0.074
egalitarianism not egalitarianism
continental
39.3%(13/33)
48.4%(16/33)
analytic
44.4%(291/654)
37.7%(247/654)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.042
not Perceptual experience:qualia theory0.072
qualia theory not qualia theory
continental
~4%(~1/25)
84%(21/25)
analytic
16.5%(105/636)
68%(433/636)
Response pairs: 716   p-value: 0.054
not Knowledge claims:relativism0.072
relativism not relativism
continental
~3.4%(~1/29)
~96.5%(~28/29)
analytic
3.2%(23/710)
85%(604/710)
Response pairs: 800   p-value: 0.041
Politics:communitarianism0.071
communitarianism not communitarianism
continental
36.3%(12/33)
51.5%(17/33)
analytic
16.8%(110/654)
65.4%(428/654)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.051
A priori knowledge:no0.071
yes no
continental
76.4%(26/34)
20.5%(7/34)
analytic
74.2%(599/807)
18.7%(151/807)
Response pairs: 918   p-value: 0.031
Proper names:Fregean0.069
Millian Fregean
continental
18.1%(4/22)
54.5%(12/22)
analytic
43.5%(306/702)
40.5%(285/702)
Response pairs: 783   p-value: 0.053
not Free will:compatibilism0.069
compatibilism not compatibilism
continental
51.5%(17/33)
36.3%(12/33)
analytic
62.5%(495/792)
29.4%(233/792)
Response pairs: 899   p-value: 0.038
Newcomb's problem:one box0.067
one box two boxes
continental
57.1%(8/14)
21.4%(3/14)
analytic
30%(180/599)
46.7%(280/599)
Response pairs: 663   p-value: 0.084
not Politics:libertarianism0.065
libertarianism not libertarianism
continental
~3%(~1/33)
84.8%(28/33)
analytic
12.8%(84/654)
69.4%(454/654)
Response pairs: 751   p-value: 0.075
Epistemic justification:internalism0.061
externalism internalism
continental
36.6%(11/30)
46.6%(14/30)
analytic
51.7%(399/771)
30.9%(239/771)
Response pairs: 868   p-value: 0.072
Moral motivation:internalism0.057
externalism internalism
continental
32.2%(10/31)
51.6%(16/31)
analytic
39.4%(265/672)
44.1%(297/672)
Response pairs: 770   p-value: 0.114
Analytic-synthetic distinction:no0.057
yes no
continental
70.5%(24/34)
23.5%(8/34)
analytic
67.5%(547/810)
27.2%(221/810)
Response pairs: 920   p-value: 0.083

Philosophical orientation

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
AOS:Continental Philosophy0.457
Continental Philosophy not Continental Philosophy
continental
47%(16/34)
52.9%(18/34)
analytic
0.7%(6/820)
99.2%(814/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Heidegger0.381
Heidegger not Heidegger
continental
29.4%(10/34)
70.5%(24/34)
analytic
~0.1%(~1/820)
~99.8%(~819/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Hegel0.374
Hegel not Hegel
continental
26.4%(9/34)
73.5%(25/34)
analytic
~0.1%(~1/820)
~99.8%(~819/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:19th Century Philosophy0.343
19th Century Philosophy not 19th Century Philosophy
continental
38.2%(13/34)
61.7%(21/34)
analytic
1.9%(16/820)
98%(804/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Kant0.199
Kant not Kant
continental
38.2%(13/34)
61.7%(21/34)
analytic
9.8%(81/820)
90.1%(739/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Husserl0.171
Husserl not Husserl
continental
11.7%(4/34)
88.2%(30/34)
analytic
0.6%(5/820)
99.3%(815/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Nietzsche0.155
Nietzsche not Nietzsche
continental
14.7%(5/34)
85.2%(29/34)
analytic
1.5%(13/820)
98.4%(807/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Philosophy of Language0.121
Philosophy of Language not Philosophy of Language
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
20.1%(165/820)
79.8%(655/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
xian:Marx0.12
Marx not Marx
continental
8.8%(3/34)
91.1%(31/34)
analytic
0.9%(8/820)
99%(812/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
AOS:20th Century Philosophy0.119
20th Century Philosophy not 20th Century Philosophy
continental
17.6%(6/34)
82.3%(28/34)
analytic
3.7%(31/820)
96.2%(789/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Metaphysics0.117
Metaphysics not Metaphysics
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
26.9%(221/820)
73%(599/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not AOS:Epistemology0.112
Epistemology not Epistemology
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
18.6%(153/820)
81.3%(667/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
not xian:Frege0.098
Frege not Frege
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
8.5%(70/820)
91.4%(750/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.002
not xian:Hume0.097
Hume not Hume
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
16%(132/820)
83.9%(688/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.003
AOS:Social and Political Philosophy0.095
Social and Political Philosophy not Social and Political Philosophy
continental
20.5%(7/34)
79.4%(27/34)
analytic
9.6%(79/820)
90.3%(741/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.003
not AOS:Philosophy of Mind0.092
Philosophy of Mind not Philosophy of Mind
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
21.8%(179/820)
78.1%(641/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.004
not xian:Russell0.091
Russell not Russell
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
7.4%(61/820)
92.5%(759/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.005
not AOS:Logic and Philosophy of Logic0.09
Logic and Philosophy of Logic not Logic and Philosophy of Logic
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
10.8%(89/820)
89.1%(731/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.005
not xian:Lewis0.088
Lewis not Lewis
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
8.2%(68/820)
91.7%(752/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.007
not AOS:Meta-Ethics0.082
Meta-Ethics not Meta-Ethics
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
11.9%(98/820)
88%(722/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.012
AOS:Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy0.077
Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy not Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
1.2%(10/820)
98.7%(810/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.018
not AOS:Decision Theory0.063
Decision Theory not Decision Theory
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
3.7%(31/820)
96.2%(789/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.054
not xian:Quine0.062
Quine not Quine
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
7%(58/820)
92.9%(762/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.058
not xian:Davidson0.059
Davidson not Davidson
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
5.7%(47/820)
94.2%(773/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.071
not xian:Moore0.059
Moore not Moore
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
3.2%(27/820)
96.7%(793/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.071
xian:Spinoza0.055
Spinoza not Spinoza
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
2%(17/820)
97.9%(803/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
not xian:Carnap0.055
Carnap not Carnap
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
5.2%(43/820)
94.7%(777/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.093
xian:Aristotle0.054
Aristotle not Aristotle
continental
17.6%(6/34)
82.3%(28/34)
analytic
11.9%(98/820)
88%(722/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.099

Background questions

Answer Corrrelation coefficient
year_of_birth-0.135
year_of_birth ≥ median year_of_birth < median
continental
28.1%(9/32)
71.8%(23/32)
analytic
52.7%(409/775)
47.2%(366/775)
Response pairs: 870   p-value: < 0.001
not affil:region:United Kingdom0.112
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
21.5%(177/820)
78.4%(643/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: < 0.001
year_of_phd-0.106
year_of_phd ≥ median year_of_phd < median
continental
31%(9/29)
68.9%(20/29)
analytic
52.7%(337/639)
47.2%(302/639)
Response pairs: 720   p-value: 0.004
nationality_region:United States0.076
United States not United States
continental
73.5%(25/34)
26.4%(9/34)
analytic
49.8%(409/820)
50.1%(411/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.02
affil:region:United States0.074
United States not United States
continental
79.4%(27/34)
20.5%(7/34)
analytic
60%(492/820)
40%(328/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.023
nationality_region:Other0.072
Other not Other
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
6.4%(53/820)
93.5%(767/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.028
not nationality_region:United Kingdom0.07
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
17.3%(142/820)
82.6%(678/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.032
not phd_region:United Kingdom0.05
United Kingdom not United Kingdom
continental
~2.9%(~1/34)
~97%(~33/34)
analytic
12.9%(106/820)
87%(714/820)
Response pairs: 931   p-value: 0.127