24 found
Order:
See also
  1.  36
    Inductive metaphysics: Editors' introduction.Kristina Engelhard, Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla, Alexander Gebharter & Ansgar Seide - 2021 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 98 (1):1-26.
    This introduction consists of two parts. In the first part, the special issue editors introduce inductive metaphysics from a historical as well as from a systematic point of view and discuss what distinguishes it from other modern approaches to metaphysics. In the second part, they give a brief summary of the individual articles in this special issue.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  2.  62
    Confirmation based on analogical inference: Bayes meets Jeffrey.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla & Alexander Gebharter - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (2):174-194.
    Certain hypotheses cannot be directly confirmed for theoretical, practical, or moral reasons. For some of these hypotheses, however, there might be a workaround: confirmation based on analogical reasoning. In this paper we take up Dardashti, Hartmann, Thébault, and Winsberg’s (in press) idea of analyzing confirmation based on analogical inference Baysian style. We identify three types of confirmation by analogy and show that Dardashti et al.’s approach can cover two of them. We then highlight possible problems with their model as a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  3.  48
    Modeling creative abduction Bayesian style.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla & Alexander Gebharter - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (1):1-15.
    Schurz proposed a justification of creative abduction on the basis of the Reichenbachian principle of the common cause. In this paper we take up the idea of combining creative abduction with causal principles and model instances of successful creative abduction within a Bayes net framework. We identify necessary conditions for such inferences and investigate their unificatory power. We also sketch several interesting applications of modeling creative abduction Bayesian style. In particular, we discuss use-novel predictions, confirmation, and the problem of underdetermination (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  4.  5
    An optimality-argument for equal weighting.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1543-1563.
    There are several proposals to resolve the problem of epistemic peer disagreement which concentrate on the question of how to incorporate evidence of such a disagreement. The main positions in this field are the equal weight view, the steadfast view, and the total evidence view. In this paper we present a new argument in favour of the equal weight view. As we will show, this view results from a general approach of forming epistemic attitudes in an optimal way. By this, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5. Cultural Inheritance in Generalized Darwinism.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla & Karim Baraghith - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (2):237-261.
    Generalized Darwinism models cultural development as an evolutionary process, where traits evolve through variation, selection, and inheritance. Inheritance describes either a discrete unit’s transmission or a mixing of traits. In this article, we compare classical models of cultural evolution and generalized population dynamics with respect to blending inheritance. We identify problems of these models and introduce our model, which combines relevant features of both. Blending is implemented as success-based social learning, which can be shown to be an optimal strategy.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6.  8
    Unification and explanation from a causal perspective.Alexander Gebharter & Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science – Part A.
    We discuss two influential views of unification: mutual information unification (MIU) and common origin unification (COU). We propose a simple probabilistic measure for COU and compare it with Myrvold’s (2003, 2017) probabilistic measure for MIU. We then explore how well these two measures perform in simple causal settings. After highlighting several deficiencies, we propose causal constraints for both measures. A comparison with explanatory power shows that the causal version of COU is one step ahead in simple causal settings. However, slightly (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  10
    A Rational Reconstruction of the L’Aquila Case: How Non-Denial Turns into Acceptance.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2019 - Social Epistemology 33 (6):503-513.
    ABSTRACTIn 2009, an earthquake struck the city L’Aquila, causing more than 300 deaths and leading to a trial which lasted almost four years and – though cleared in the appeal – in which scientists...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  20
    The Second International Conference of the German Society for Philosophy of Science (GWP.2016), 8–11 March 2016.Alexander Christian, Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla & Alexander Gebharter - 2017 - In Selected Papers of the Triennial Conference of the German Society for Philosophy of Science GWP.2016, Düsseldorf, March 8–11, 2016. pp. 289-291.
  9. Rezension: Eleonore Stump, Wandering in Darkness. Narrative and the Problem of Suffering. [REVIEW]Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2012 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):97-103.
    Eleonore Stump claims in her book 'Wandering in Darkness' that the problem of evil can be solved best by the help of narratives. In this review her argumentation for this claim is explicated.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  52
    A Complementary Approach to Aristotle’s Account of Definition and Carnap’s Account of Explication.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2019 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 22 (1):19-40.
    In this paper it is argued that there are relevant similarities of Aristotle's account of definition and Carnap's account of explication. To show this, first, Aristotle's conditions of adequacy for definitions are provided and an outline of the main critique put forward against Aristotle's account of definition is given. Subsequently, Carnap's conditions of adequacy for explications are presented and discussed. It is shown that Aristotle's conditions of extensional correctness can be interpreted against the backdrop of Carnap's condition of similarity once (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  3
    The Many Faces of Generalizing the Theory of Evolution.Karim Baraghith & Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2021 - American Philosophical Quarterly 58 (1):35-50.
    Ever since proposals for generalizing the theory of natural evolution have been put forward, the aims and ambitions of both proponents and critics have differed widely. Some consider such proposals as merely metaphors, some as analogies, some aim at a real generalization and unification, and some have even proposed to work out full reductions. In this paper it is argued that these different forms of generalizing the theory of evolution can be systematically re-framed as different approaches for transferring justification from (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  32
    One Dogma of Analyticism.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2017 - Logique Et Analyse 240:429-444.
    According to one view on analyticity in formal languages, a definition of 'analytic' can be given by semantic notions alone. In this contribution we are going to show that a purely semantic conception of analyticity is inadequate. To do so, we provide a method for transforming theories with a synthetic empirical basis into logical equivalent theories with an analytic ``empirical'' basis. We draw the conclusion that a definition of analyticity is adequate only if it is a pragmatic one.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  33
    Is Mereology Ontologically Innocent? Well, it Depends….Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (2):395-424.
    Mereology, the theory of parts and wholes, is sometimes used as a framework for categorisation because it is regarded as ontologically innocent in the sense that the mereological fusion of some entities is nothing over and above the entities. In this paper it is argued that an adequate answer to the question of whether the thesis of the ontological innocence of mereology holds relies crucially on the underlying theory of reference. It is then shown that upholding the thesis comes at (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  38
    Philosophy of Science Between the Natural Sciences, the Social Sciences, and the Humanities: Introduction.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla, Alexander Gebharter & Gerhard Schurz - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (3):317-326.
    This introduction provides a detailed summary of all papers of the special issue on the second conference of the German Society for Philosophy of Science: GWP.2016.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  9
    Introduction.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla & Alexander Gebharter - 2021 - Kriterion – Journal of Philosophy 35 (1):1-4.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  15
    Is the Equal-Weight View Really Supported by Positive Crowd Effects?Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2015 - In Uskali Mäki, Ioannis Votsis, Stephanie Ruphy & Gerhard Schurz (eds.), Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science: EPSA13 Helsinki. Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 87-98.
    In the debate of epistemic peer disagreement the equal-weight view suggests to split the difference between one's own and one's peer's opinions. An argument in favour of this view---which is prominently held by Adam Elga---is that by such a difference-splitting one may make some use of a so-called wise-crowd effect. In this paper it is argued that such a view faces two main problems: First, the problem that the standards for making use of a wise-crowd effect are quite low. And (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  8
    Introduction to the special issue “Logical perspectives on science and cognition”.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla, Peter Brössel, Alexander Gebharter & Markus Werning - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1381-1390.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  8
    Newtons Methodologie: Eine Kritik an Duhem, Feyerabend und Lakatos.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2019 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 101 (4):584-615.
    The Newtonian research program consists of the core axioms of the Principia Mathematica, a sequence of force laws and auxiliary hypotheses, and a set of methodological rules. The latter underwent several changes and so it is sometimes claimed that, historically seen, Newton and the Newtonians added methodological rules post constructione in order to further support their research agenda. An argument of Duhem, Feyerabend, and Lakatos aims to provide a theoretical reason why Newton could not have come up with his theory (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  6
    A Complementary Approach to Aristotle’s Account and Carnap’s Account of Explication.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2019 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 22 (1):19-40.
    In this paper, it is argued that there are relevant similarities between Aristotle’s account of definition and Carnap’s account of explication. To show this, first, Aristotle’s conditions of adequacy for definitions are provided and an outline of the main critique put forward against Aristotle’s account of definition is given. Subsequently, Carnap’s conditions of adequacy for explications are presented and discussed. It is shown that Aristotle’s conditions of extensional correctness can be interpreted against the backdrop of Carnap’s condition of similarity once (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Rezension: Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung. Fünf logische Studien. [REVIEW]Christoph Leitner & Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2009 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):62-64.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  8
    Optimisation in a Synchronised Prediction Setting.Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2017 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 48 (3):419-437.
    The standard approach to solve prediction tasks is to apply inductive methods such as, e.g., the straight rule. Such methods are proven to be access-optimal in specific prediction settings, but not in all. Within the optimality-approach of meta-induction, success-based weighted prediction methods are proven to be access-optimal in all possible continuous prediction settings. However, meta-induction fails to be access-optimal in so-called demonic discrete prediction environments where the predicted value is inversely correlated with the true outcome. In this paper the problem (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  4
    Rezension: Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung. [REVIEW]Christoph Leitner & Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2009 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):62-64.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  3
    Rezension: Gerechte Verteilung medizinischer Ressourcen. [REVIEW]Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla & Christoph Leitner - 2010 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):100-105.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  3
    Rezension: Thomas Kuhn. [REVIEW]Christian J. Feldbacher-Escamilla & Stefan Gugerell - 2010 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 23 (1):91-99.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark