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1 — 50 / 1377
  1. added 2020-05-21
    Битие и наука.Vasil Penchev - 1996 - Sofia: "Дамян Яков".
    The book suggests a "phenomological" philosophy of science, in the sense of Husserl and Heidegger. Reality is consideried as continuity. The scientific model is entangled into reality by many links in a single context rather than to redlect a certain separate part of reality studied by a scientific discipline as an "image of reality", A coherent, rather than correspondent, concept of truth is relevant to that kind of philosophy of science.
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  2. added 2020-05-12
    Socially Relevant Philosophy of Science: An Introduction.Kathryn S. Plaisance & Carla Fehr - 2010 - Synthese 177 (3):301-316.
    This paper provides an argument for a more socially relevant philosophy of science (SRPOS). Our aims in this paper are to characterize this body of work in philosophy of science, to argue for its importance, and to demonstrate that there are significant opportunities for philosophy of science to engage with and support this type of research. The impetus of this project was a keen sense of missed opportunities for philosophy of science to have a broader social impact. We illustrate various (...)
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  3. added 2020-05-11
    How Do We Obtain Understanding with the Help of Explanations?Gabriel Târziu - forthcoming - Axiomathes:1-25.
    What exactly do we need in order to enjoy the cognitive benefit that is supposed to be provided by an explanation? Some philosophers :15–37, 2012, Episteme 10:1–17, 2013, Eur J Philos Sci 5:377–385, 2015, Understanding, explanation, and scientific knowledge, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2017) would say that all that we need is to know the explanation. Others :1–26, 2012; Strevens in Stud Hist Philos Sci Part A 44:510–515, 2013) would say that achieving understanding with the help of an explanation requires (...)
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  4. added 2020-05-09
    Witamy do Piekła na Ziemi - Dzieci, zmiany klimatu, bitcoiny, kartele, Chiny, demokracja, różnorodność, dysgenika, równość, hakerzy, prawa człowieka, islam, liberalizm, dobrobyt, sieć, chaos, głód, choroby, przemoc, sztuczna inteligencja, wojna.Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press.
    Ameryka i świat są w trakcie upadku z nadmiernego wzrostu populacji, większość z nich w ostatnim stuleciu, a teraz wszystko to ze względu na 3-cia ludzi świata. Konsumpcja zasobów i dodanie jednego lub dwóch miliardów więcej około 2100 upadnie cywilizacji przemysłowej i doprowadzić do głodu, chorób, przemocy i wojny na oszałamiającą skalę. Miliardy umrą, a wojna nuklearna jest pewna. W Ameryce jest to znacznie przyspieszone przez masową imigrację i reprodukcję imigrantów, w połączeniu z nadużyciami możliwymi przez demokrację. Zdeprawowana ludzka natura (...)
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  5. added 2020-05-06
    Review on Avicenna’s philosophy of science (with approach of Seyyed Hossein Nasr). [REVIEW]Majid Asadpour - 2013 - Farhange Islami 3:122-140.
    This review is about some important ideas of famous Muslim philosopher, Avicenna about science and its philosophy on base of idea and works of Dr. Seyyed Hossein Nasr.
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  6. added 2020-04-30
    Is Truth the Gold Standard of Inquiry? A Comment on Elgin’s Argument Against Veritism.Moti Mizrahi - forthcoming - Foundations of Science:1-6.
    In True Enough, Catherine Elgin (2017) argues against veritism, which is the view that truth is the paramount epistemic objective. Elgin’s argument against veritism proceeds from considering the role that models, idealizations, and thought experiments play in science to the conclusion that veritism is unacceptable. In this commentary, I argue that Elgin’s argument fails as an argument against veritism. I sketch a refutation by logical analogy of Elgin’s argument. Just as one can aim at gold medals and still find approximations (...)
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  7. added 2020-04-18
    Improving the quality of case-based research in the philosophy of contemporary sciences.Karen Yan, Meng-Li Tsai & Tsung-Ren Huang - forthcoming - Synthese:1-20.
    This paper aims to address some methodological issues related to case-based research in the philosophy of contemporary sciences. We focus on the selection processes by which philosophers pick or generate a particular set of papers to conduct their case-based research. We illustrate how to use various quantitative and qualitative methods to improve the epistemic features of the selection processes, and help generate some potential case-based hypotheses for further philosophical investigation.
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  8. added 2020-04-13
    Modeling Creative Abduction Bayesian Style.Alexander Gebharter & Christian Feldbacher-Escamilla - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 9 (1):1-15.
    Schurz proposed a justification of creative abduction on the basis of the Reichenbachian principle of the common cause. In this paper we take up the idea of combining creative abduction with causal principles and model instances of successful creative abduction within a Bayes net framework. We identify necessary conditions for such inferences and investigate their unificatory power. We also sketch several interesting applications of modeling creative abduction Bayesian style. In particular, we discuss use-novel predictions, confirmation, and the problem of underdetermination (...)
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  9. added 2020-03-31
    The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science.Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann, Wenceslao Gonzalez, Marcel Weber, Dennis Dieks & Friedrich Stadler (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
    This volume is a serious attempt to open up the subject of European philosophy of science to real thought, and provide the structural basis for the ...
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  10. added 2020-03-25
    La matematización galileana de la naturaleza según Husserl.Matías Osta-Vélez - 2017 - In La Filosofía y su Enseñanza. Montevideo: ANEP.
  11. added 2020-03-24
    The Limits of Influence: Psychokinesis and the Philosophy Of Science.Patrick Grim & Stephen E. Braude - 1989 - Noûs 23 (1):126.
    A mixed review of Stephen E. Braude, The Limits of Influence: Psychokinesis and the Philosophy of Science.
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  12. added 2020-03-22
    P-Curving X-Phi: Does Experimental Philosophy Have Evidential Value?Michael T. Stuart, David Colaço & Edouard Machery - 2019 - Analysis 79 (4):669-684.
    In this article, we analyse the evidential value of the corpus of experimental philosophy. While experimental philosophers claim that their studies provide insight into philosophical problems, some philosophers and psychologists have expressed concerns that the findings from these studies lack evidential value. Barriers to evidential value include selection bias and p-hacking. To find out whether the significant findings in x-phi papers result from selection bias or p-hacking, we applied a p-curve analysis to a corpus of 365 x-phi chapters and articles. (...)
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  13. added 2020-03-11
    Creatively Undecided: Toward a History and Philosophy of Scientific Agency.Menachem Fisch - 2017 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  14. added 2020-03-10
    Afterword.Tony Milligan, Klara Anna Capova, David Dunér & Erik Persson - 2018 - In Klara Anna Capova, Erik Persson, Tony Milligan & David Duner (eds.), Astrobiology and Society in Europe Today. Springer. pp. 55-60.
  15. added 2020-03-10
    Science and Common Sense.Gary James Jason - 1985 - Journal of Critical Analysis 8 (4):117-123.
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  16. added 2020-03-04
    Do racionalismo ao tradicionalismo: um problema eminente.Bruno Camilo de Oliveira - 2019 - Ensaios Filosóficos 19:182-198.
    It is still common to find the traditionalist and rationalist conception that scientific knowledge is the most accurate way of describing natural data, as if, therefore, the notion of knowledge were identical to the notion of natural science. In this article, this conception is problematized, based on some concrete cases of the history of science that seem to show that the beliefs of natural science can also be explained on the basis of non-scientific beliefs, such as the beliefs of sociology, (...)
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  17. added 2020-03-04
    Timothy McGrew, Marc Alspector‐Kelly, and Fritz Allhoff , Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology. West Sussex: Blackwell , 660 Pp., $99.95. [REVIEW]Liz Swan - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (1):141-143.
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  18. added 2020-03-04
    Revealing the Analytical Structure and Some Intrinsic Major Difficulties of the Contingentist/Inevitabilist Issue.Léna Soler - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (2):230-241.
    The paper introduces precise definitions of the inevitabilist and contingentist positions. On this basis, it reveals the analytical structure and some inherent difficulties of the contingentist/inevitabilist issue. It then discusses some of these difficulties, relying on the thought-experiment of a ‘divided physics’. Along the way, it investigates the kinds of differences that two alternative physics should present, if they are to give rise to non-benign forms of contingentism.Keywords: Contingency; Inevitabilism; Incommensurability; Theory-comparison; Scientific realism; Constructivism.
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  19. added 2020-03-04
    Concepts, Theories, and the Mind-Body Problem.Isaac Levi - 1961 - Journal of Philosophy 58 (9):241-249.
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  20. added 2020-02-29
    What is Scientific Knowledge? An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology of Science.Kevin McCain (ed.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    What Is Scientific Knowledge? is a much-needed collection of introductory-level chapters on the epistemology of science. Renowned historians, philosophers, science educators, and cognitive scientists have authored 19 original contributions specifically for this volume. The chapters, accessible for students in both philosophy and the sciences, serve as helpful introductions to the primary debates surrounding scientific knowledge.First-year undergraduates can readily understand the variety of discussions in the volume, and yet advanced students and scholars will encounter chapters rich enough to engage their many (...)
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  21. added 2020-02-29
    Rescuing Renouvier: Warren Schmaus: Liberty and the Pursuit of Knowledge: Charles Renouvier’s Political Philosophy of Science. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018, Xiii+154pp, US$39.95HB. [REVIEW]Howard Sankey - 2019 - Metascience 28 (2):325-326.
    This is a short review of Warren Schmaus's Liberty and the Pursuit of Knowledge: Charles Renouvier's Political Philosophy of Science.
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  22. added 2020-02-23
    What is epistemically wrong with research affected by sponsorship bias? The evidential account.Alexander Reutlinger - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (2):1-26.
    Biased research occurs frequently in the sciences. In this paper, I will focus on one particular kind of biased research: research that is subject to sponsorship bias. I will address the following epistemological question: what precisely is epistemically wrong with biased research of this kind? I will defend the evidential account of epistemic wrongness: that is, research affected by sponsorship bias is epistemically wrong if and only if the researchers in question make false claims about the evidential support of some (...)
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  23. added 2020-02-12
    The Inadequacy of Husserlian Mereology for the Regional Ontology of Quantum Chemical Wholes.Marina P. Banchetti - 2020 - In Thomas Seebohm on the Foundation of the Sciences: An Analysis and Critical Appraisal. Dordrecht, Netherlands: pp. 135-151.
    In his book, 'History as a Science and the System of the Sciences', Thomas Seebohm articulates the view that history can serve to mediate between the sciences of explanation and the sciences of interpretation, that is, between the natural sciences and the human sciences. Among other things, Seebohm analyzes history from a phenomenological perspective to reveal the material foundations of the historical human sciences in the lifeworld. As a preliminary to his analyses, Seebohm examines the formal and material presuppositions of (...)
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  24. added 2020-02-12
    The Structure of Science. Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation.J. J. C. Smart - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (8):216-223.
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  25. added 2020-02-11
    A Leading Paradigm of Modern Russian Philosophy of Science: Vyacheslav Stepin, “Theoretical Knowledge”—Synthese-Library, Springer, Dordrecht, 2005, 412 Pp, US$ 219, ISBN 978-1-4020-3045-1. [REVIEW]Rinat M. Nugayev - 2007 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 38 (2):403-406.
    Abstract. The book reviewed was written by the leading Russian philosopher of science. It summarizes the results of the most productive stage of the leading trend in modern Russian philosophy. It is shown that the book is even more interesting as a reflection of certain tendencies some of which will inevitably become influential in future.
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  26. added 2020-02-11
    Conquest of Abundance: A Tale of Abstraction Versus the Richness of Being by Paul Feyerabend, Edited by Bert Terpstra University of Chicago Press, 2000, XVIII + 285pp. [REVIEW]John Preston - 2000 - Philosophy 75 (4):613-626.
  27. added 2020-02-11
    The Investigation of the Physical World. G. Toraldo Di Francia.Ric Arthur - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (3):516-518.
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  28. added 2020-02-11
    History of Science as Explanation.William H. Dray - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (2):331-333.
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  29. added 2020-02-11
    Conceptual Foundations of Scientific Thought: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Marx Wartofsky.J. W. Swanson - 1969 - Philosophy of Science 36 (2):221-222.
  30. added 2020-02-11
    The Science of Culture: A Study of Man and Civilization. Leslie A. White.Frank E. Hartung - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (3):274-274.
  31. added 2020-02-11
    Scientific Explanation: A Study of the Function of Theory, Probability and Law in Science.A. Cornelius Benjamin - 1955 - Philosophy of Science 22 (1):63-65.
  32. added 2020-02-10
    The Scientific Adventure; Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science.H. Russell Kahl - 1953 - Journal of Philosophy 50 (16):505-507.
  33. added 2020-01-29
    How to Handle Risky Experiments Producing Uncertain Phenomenon Like Cold Fusion?Robert W. P. Luk - 2019 - Science and Philosophy 7 (2):3-14.
    Some experiments are risky in that they cannot repeatedly produce certain phenomenon at will for study because the scientific knowledge of the process generating the uncertain phenomenon is poorly understood or may directly contradict with existing scientific knowledge. These experiments may have great impact not just to the scientific community but to mankind in general. Banning them from study may incur societies a great opportunity cost but accepting them runs the risk that scientists are doing junk science. How to make (...)
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  34. added 2019-12-31
    Life/Force: Novelty and New Materialism in Jane Bennett's Vibrant Matter.Jonathan Basile - 2019 - Substance 48 (2):3-22.
    Among those speaking in the name of materialism, whether speculative, dialectical, or "new," it is commonplace to dismiss with a single gesture a vast field of theoretical and philosophical endeavor, indicated as the last 50 or 250 years of theory and philosophy. Self-styled "speculative" writers who would surpass all philosophy since Kant, and various New Materialists who sequester decades of thought under the heading of "constructivism," manufacture the avant-garde status of their own work by claiming to delineate a simple break (...)
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  35. added 2019-11-30
    The Case Study Method in Philosophy of Science: An Empirical Study.Moti Mizrahi - 2020 - Perspectives on Science 28 (1):63-88.
    There is an ongoing methodological debate in philosophy of science concerning the use of case studies as evidence for and/or against theories about science. In this paper, I aim to make a contribution to this debate by taking an empirical approach. I present the results of a systematic survey of the PhilSci-Archive, which suggest that a sizeable proportion of papers in philosophy of science contain appeals to case studies, as indicated by the occurrence of the indicator words “case study” and/or (...)
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  36. added 2019-11-15
    Wigner’s Puzzle on Applicability of Mathematics: On What Table to Assemble It?Cătălin Bărboianu - 2019 - Axiomathes 1:1-30.
    Attempts at solving what has been labeled as Eugene Wigner’s puzzle of applicability of mathematics are still far from arriving at an acceptable solution. The accounts developed to explain the “miracle” of applied mathematics vary in nature, foundation, and solution, from denying the existence of a genuine problem to designing structural theories based on mathematical formalism. Despite this variation, all investigations treated the problem in a unitary way with respect to the target, pointing to one or two ‘why’ or ‘how’ (...)
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  37. added 2019-09-12
    Einheit und Vielfalt in den Wissenschaften.Michael Klasen & Markus Seidel (eds.) - 2019 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
  38. added 2019-09-09
    Unifying the Debates: Mathematical and Non-Causal Explanations.Daniel Kostić - 2019 - Perspectives on Science 27 (1):1-6.
    In the last couple of years a few seemingly independent debates on scientific explanation have emerged, with several key questions that take different forms in different areas. For example, the questions what makes an explanation distinctly mathematical and are there any non-causal explanations in sciences sometimes take a form of the question what makes mathematical models explanatory, especially whether highly idealized models in science can be explanatory and in virtue of what they are explanatory. These questions raise further issues about (...)
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  39. added 2019-09-09
    The Ultimate Articulation of the Account of Explanatory Understanding: Khalifa, Kareem: Understanding, Explanation, and Scientific Knowledge, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 262 Pp, £75 HB.Daniel Kostic - 2019 - Metascience 28 (1):61-64.
    Kareem Khalifa’s Understanding, Explanation, and Scientific Knowledge is a splendid book, written in a beautiful and accessible style. It provides the ultimate articulation of his account of explanatory understanding that I am sure will be regarded as one of the landmark publications on the topic of scientific understanding. Many of the central questions regarding scientific understanding are treated from different perspectives in the book. Such questions are: Does understanding require explanations? Must it consist of mostly true information? Is it a (...)
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  40. added 2019-09-09
    Humanistic Values and the Values of Humanities in Interdisciplinary Research.Brian Robinson, Stephanie Vasko, Chad Gonnerman, Markus Christen, Michael O'Rourke & Daniel Steel - 2016 - Cogent Arts and Humanities 3:1123080.
    Research integrating the perspectives of different disciplines, or interdisciplinary research, has become increasingly common in academia and is considered important for its ability to address complex questions and problems. This mode of research aims to leverage differences among disciplines in generating a more complex understanding of the research landscape. To interact successfully with other disciplines, researchers must appreciate their differences, and this requires recognizing how the research landscape looks from the perspective of other disciplines. One central aspect of these disciplinary (...)
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  41. added 2019-09-04
    Coffey's The Science of Logic.B. H. Bode - 1913 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 10 (5):132.
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  42. added 2019-08-27
    La Estructura Lógica de la Filosofía Psicología, Sociología, Antropología Religión, Política, Economía Literatura e Historia Artículos y reseñas 2006-2019 5ª Edicion.Michael Richard Starks - 2019 - Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press.
    Es mi afirmación que la tabla de intencionalidad (racionalidad, mente, pensamiento, lenguaje, personalidad, etc.) que presenta prominentemente aquí describe más o menos con precisión, o al menos sirve como heurística para, cómo pensamos y nos comportamos, y por lo tanto no abarca simplemente filosofía y psicología, sino todo lo demás (historia, literatura, matemáticas, política, etc.). Tenga en cuenta especialmente que la intencionalidad y racionalidad como yo (junto con Searle, Wittgenstein y otros) lo veo, incluye tanto el Sistema Linguístico deliberativo consciente (...)
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  43. added 2019-08-25
    A Structuralist Proposal for the Foundations of the Natural Numbers.Desmond A. Ford - manuscript
    This paper introduces a novel object that has less structure than, and is ontologically prior to the natural numbers. As such it is a candidate model of the foundation that lies beneath the natural numbers. The implications for the construction of mathematical objects built upon that foundation are discussed.
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  44. added 2019-08-17
    Discenindo Caminhos em Filosofia da Ciência: O Contribute de Meio Século de Estudos (1950-2000).Ernan McMullin - 2007 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 63 (1/3):67 - 91.
    O presente artigo começa por reconhecer que a crítica ao cerne dos pressupostos do Positivismo Lógico acerca da natureza da Ciência começou alguns anos antes do aparecimento da obra de Thomas Kuhn A Estrutura das Revoluções Científicas, obra esta que se haveria de constituir como charneira na Filosofia da Ciência mais recente. Em vez de olhar para a Ciência como uma estrutura proposicional intemporal, Kuhn defende que ela deve ser tratada como um empreendimento essencialmente histórico, no qual a subjectividade humana (...)
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  45. added 2019-07-25
    Against the Realistic Interpretation of the Theory of Relativity.Spyridon Kakos - 2019 - Harmonia Philosophica.
    The goal of this paper is to show that the realistic interpretation of the Theory of Relativity is something wrong, the result of false axioms and principles. By analyzing why Einstein’s famous theory cannot and should not be seen as something “physically true”, what Harmonia Philosophica has been postulating for many years now will become even more obvious: Scientific theories are nothing but useful tools to create scientific models of the cosmos, but not methods to reach what philosophers call “truth”.
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  46. added 2019-07-15
    Ciência e Determinismo.Daniel Durante Pereira Alves - 2007 - Com Ciência 89 (Dossiê - Determinismo):sem número.
    Artigo de divulgação científica que reflete sobre a relação entre o conhecimento científico e as teses deterministas e fatalistas.
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  47. added 2019-07-03
    Conceptual Evaluation: Epistemic.Alejandro Pérez Carballo - 2020 - In Alexis Burgess, Herman Cappelen & David Plunkett (eds.), Conceptual Ethics and Conceptual Engineering. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 304-332.
    On a view implicitly endorsed by many, a concept is epistemically better than another if and because it does a better job at ‘carving at the joints', or if the property corresponding to it is ‘more natural' than the one corresponding to another. This chapter offers an argument against this seemingly plausible thought, starting from three key observations about the way we use and evaluate concepts from en epistemic perspective: that we look for concepts that play a role in explanations (...)
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  48. added 2019-07-03
    Review of Léna Soler, Emiliano Trizio, and Andrew Pickering, Eds. Science as It Could Have Been. Discussing the Contingency/Inevitability Problem. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh University Press, 2016. [REVIEW]Katherina Kinzel - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (2):319-323.
  49. added 2019-06-18
    Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science.Nicholas Rescher - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Nature and Understanding explores the prospect of looking from a scientific point of view at such central ideas of traditional metaphysics as the simplicity of nature, its comprehensibility, or its systematic integrity. Rescher seeks to describe - in a way accessible to philosophers and nonphilosophers alike - the metaphysical situation that characterizes the process of inquiry in natural science. His principal aim is to see what light can be shed on reality by examining the modus operandi of natural science itself, (...)
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  50. added 2019-06-11
    Mistakes as Revealing and as Manifestations of Competence.Felipe Morales Carbonell - forthcoming - Synthese:1-20.
    The final chapter of Elgin’s defends the claim that some mistakes mark significant epistemic achievements. Here, I extend Elgin’s analysis of the informativeness of mistakes for epistemic policing. I also examine the type of theory of competence that Elgin’s view requires, and suggest some directions in which this can be taken.
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1 — 50 / 1377