Results for 'Matthew M. Nour'

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  1.  95
    Ego-Dissolution and Psychedelics: Validation of the Ego-Dissolution Inventory.Matthew M. Nour, Lisa Evans, David Nutt & Robin L. Carhart-Harris - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  2.  66
    Conflict monitoring and cognitive control.Matthew M. Botvinick, Todd S. Braver, Deanna M. Barch, Cameron S. Carter & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (3):624-652.
  3. Conflict monitoring and anterior cingulate cortex: an update.Matthew M. Botvinick, Jonathan D. Cohen & Cameron S. Carter - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):539-546.
    One hypothesis concerning the human dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is that it functions, in part, to signal the occurrence of conflicts in information processing, thereby triggering compensatory adjustments in cognitive control. Since this idea was first proposed, a great deal of relevant empirical evidence has accrued. This evidence has largely corroborated the conflict-monitoring hypothesis, and some very recent work has provided striking new support for the theory. At the same time, other findings have posed specific challenges, especially concerning the (...)
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  4.  44
    The Computational and Neural Basis of Cognitive Control: Charted Territory and New Frontiers.Matthew M. Botvinick - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (6):1249-1285.
    Cognitive control has long been one of the most active areas of computational modeling work in cognitive science. The focus on computational models as a medium for specifying and developing theory predates the PDP books, and cognitive control was not one of the areas on which they focused. However, the framework they provided has injected work on cognitive control with new energy and new ideas. On the occasion of the books' anniversary, we review computational modeling in the study of cognitive (...)
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  5.  32
    Hierarchically organized behavior and its neural foundations: A reinforcement learning perspective.Matthew M. Botvinick, Yael Niv & Andrew C. Barto - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):262-280.
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  6.  50
    Hierarchical models of behavior and prefrontal function.Matthew M. Botvinick - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (5):201.
  7.  7
    Hierarchically organized behavior and its neural foundations: A reinforcement learning perspective.Matthew M. Botvinick, Yael Niv & Andew G. Barto - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):262-280.
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  8.  61
    Inside Jokes: Using Humor to Reverse-Engineer the Mind.Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel Clement Dennett & Reginald B. Adams - 2011 - MIT Press.
    Why do we spend so much of our time passing on amusing anecdotes, making wisecracks,watching The Simpsons? In Inside Jokes, Matthew Hurley, DanielDennett, and Reginald Adams offer an evolutionary and cognitive perspective.
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  9.  28
    Short-term memory for serial order: A recurrent neural network model.Matthew M. Botvinick & David C. Plaut - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (2):201-233.
  10.  12
    Such stuff as habits are made on: A reply to Cooper and Shallice (2006).Matthew M. Botvinick & David C. Plaut - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):917-927.
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  11.  55
    Inside Jokes: Using Humor to Reverse-Engineer the Mind.Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel Clement Dennett & Reginald B. Adams - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Some things are funny -- jokes, puns, sitcoms, Charlie Chaplin, The Far Side, Malvolio with his yellow garters crossed -- but why? Why does humor exist in the first place? Why do we spend so much of our time passing on amusing anecdotes, making wisecracks, watching _The Simpsons_? In _Inside Jokes_, Matthew Hurley, Daniel Dennett, and Reginald Adams offer an evolutionary and cognitive perspective. Humor, they propose, evolved out of a computational problem that arose when our long-ago ancestors were (...)
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  12.  36
    Effects of domain-specific knowledge on memory for serial order.Matthew M. Botvinick - 2005 - Cognition 97 (2):135-151.
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  13.  35
    On the deep structure of social affect: Attitudes, emotions, sentiments, and the case of “contempt”.Matthew M. Gervais & Daniel M. T. Fessler - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    Contempt is typically studied as a uniquely human moral emotion. However, this approach has yielded inconclusive results. We argue this is because the folk affect concept “contempt” has been inaccurately mapped onto basic affect systems. “Contempt” has features that are inconsistent with a basic emotion, especially its protracted duration and frequently cold phenomenology. Yet other features are inconsistent with a basic attitude. Nonetheless, the features of “contempt” functionally cohere. To account for this, we revive and reconfigure thesentimentconstruct using the notion (...)
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  14.  21
    Empirical and computational support for context-dependent representations of serial order: Reply to Bowers, Damian, and Davis (2009).Matthew M. Botvinick & David C. Plaut - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):998-1001.
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  15.  13
    Postscript: The way forward: Comment.Matthew M. Botvinick & David C. Plaut - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):928-928.
  16.  24
    Evaluating the Theoretic Adequacy and Applied Potential of Computational Models of the Spacing Effect.Matthew M. Walsh, Kevin A. Gluck, Glenn Gunzelmann, Tiffany Jastrzembski & Michael Krusmark - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S3):644-691.
    The spacing effect is among the most widely replicated empirical phenomena in the learning sciences, and its relevance to education and training is readily apparent. Yet successful applications of spacing effect research to education and training is rare. Computational modeling can provide the crucial link between a century of accumulated experimental data on the spacing effect and the emerging interest in using that research to enable adaptive instruction. In this paper, we review relevant literature and identify 10 criteria for rigorously (...)
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  17.  15
    Postscript: Winnowing out some take-home points.Matthew M. Botvinick & David C. Plaut - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):1001-1002.
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  18.  25
    Intercultural Interpretative Difficulties of Modern Chinese Intellectual Development: A Hermeneutical View.Matthew M. Chew - 2009 - Asian Culture and History 1 (2):P34.
    This study is constituted by three components. The first will examine how Chinese scholars and Western sinologists have characterized modern Chinese intellectual history and what directions they have proposed for future intellectual development in China. The second section will construct a hermeneutic model of intercultural understanding and discuss its implications for the evaluation of modern Chinese intellectual development. I will show that an understanding of modern Chinese intellectual development in hermeneutical terms can circumventing many of the entrenched and misleading dichotomies (...)
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  19.  24
    Mechanisms for Robust Cognition.Matthew M. Walsh & Kevin A. Gluck - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (6):1131-1171.
    To function well in an unpredictable environment using unreliable components, a system must have a high degree of robustness. Robustness is fundamental to biological systems and is an objective in the design of engineered systems such as airplane engines and buildings. Cognitive systems, like biological and engineered systems, exist within variable environments. This raises the question, how do cognitive systems achieve similarly high degrees of robustness? The aim of this study was to identify a set of mechanisms that enhance robustness (...)
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  20.  18
    Are the folk historicists about moral responsibility?Matthew Taylor & Heather M. Maranges - 2020 - Philosophical Psychology 33 (1):1-22.
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  21.  67
    Tonality and Ethos.Matthew M. Heard - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (1):44-64.
    In her essay examining how rhetoric attends to an “explicitly nonhermeneutic, ethical dimension” of the relationship between self and other, Diane Davis argues that the act of attunement is vital to the rhetorical challenge of “keep[ing] hermeneutic interpretation from absorbing the strictly rhetorical gesture of the [other’s] approach, which interrupts the movement of appropriation and busts any illusion of having understood” (2005, 208, original hers). This comment is part of a larger conversation about ethical action in the face of radical (...)
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  22.  80
    A Social Theoretical Interpretation of Dai Zhen's Critique of Neo-Confucianism.Matthew M. Chew - 2012 - Asian Culture and History 4 (2):p22.
    This study analyzes and evaluates the social thought of Dai Zhen. It interprets Dai’s thought in terms of a critique of ideology that problematizes Song dynasty Neo-Confucian moral vocabulary. Dai thinks that social critique is the ultimate goal of scholarship and he was explicit about this belief. This study will show that he analyzes the negative social consequences of Song Neo-Confucian moral discourse in sociologically sophisticated ways, and that he has developed this understanding through a series of works that began (...)
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  23.  42
    The Neural Basis of Error Detection: Conflict Monitoring and the Error-Related Negativity.Nick Yeung, Matthew M. Botvinick & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (4):931-959.
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  24.  9
    The Information and Communication Technology User Role: Implications for the Work Role and Inter-Role Spillover.Matthew M. Piszczek, Shaun Pichler, Ofir Turel & Jeffrey Greenhaus - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  25.  29
    Hierarchically organized behavior and its neural foundations: A reinforcement-learning perspective.Andrew C. Barto Matthew M. Botvinick, Yael Niv - 2009 - Cognition 113 (3):262.
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  26.  64
    Q & A.Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel C. Dennett & Reginald B. Adams Jr - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 53 (53):114-115.
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  27.  12
    Q & A.Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel C. Dennett & Reginald B. Adams Jr - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 53:114-115.
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  28.  13
    Evolution after mirror neurons: Tapping the shared manifold through secondary adaptation.Matthew M. Gervais - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):200-201.
    Cook et al. laudably call for careful comparative research into the development of mirror neurons. However, they do so within an impoverished evolutionary framework that does not clearly distinguish ultimate and proximate causes and their reciprocal relations. As a result, they overlook evidence for the reliable develop of mirror neurons in biological and cultural traits evolved to work through them.
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  29.  21
    Seeing the elephant: Parsimony, functionalism, and the emergent design of contempt and other sentiments.Matthew M. Gervais & Daniel M. T. Fessler - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    The target article argues that contempt is a sentiment, and that sentiments are the deep structure of social affect. The 26 commentaries meet these claims with a range of exciting extensions and applications, as well as critiques. Most significantly, we reply that construction and emergence are necessary for, not incompatible with, evolved design, while parsimony requires explanatory adequacy and predictive accuracy, not mere simplicity.
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  30.  8
    Assessing the experience of speed dating.Matthew M. Hollander & Jason Turowetz - 2012 - Discourse Studies 14 (5):635-658.
    We use conversation analysis and a research design modeled on speed dating to examine college-aged speed daters’ assessments of their experience of this activity. In getting acquainted, participants solicit and provide accounts of the experience that treat it delicately and impersonally. Further, participants collaborate to claim a shared naivete toward speed dating, thereby presenting themselves as ordinary college students having a new experience. Non-standard assessment sequences throw such patterned practices into relief, and feature the disclosure of personal troubles occasioned by (...)
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  31.  11
    Holiness in a Secular Age: The Witness of Cardinal Newman by Fr. Juan R. Velez.Matthew M. Muller - 2018 - Newman Studies Journal 15 (1):93-95.
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  32.  60
    Letting Structure Emerge: Connectionist and Dynamical Systems Approaches to Cognition.Linda B. Smith James L. McClelland, Matthew M. Botvinick, David C. Noelle, David C. Plaut, Timothy T. Rogers, Mark S. Seidenberg - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):348.
  33.  20
    Resilient infrastructure for network security.Matthew M. Williamson - 2003 - Complexity 9 (2):34-40.
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  34.  18
    Science and Engineering Doctoral Student Socialization, Logics, and the National Economic Agenda: Alignment or Disconnect?Matthew M. Mars, Kate Bresonis & Katalin Szelényi - 2014 - Minerva 52 (3):351-379.
    This study explores the institutional logics and socialization experiences of STEM doctoral students in the context of the current American economic narrative that is specific to science and technology. Data from qualitative interviews with 36 students at three research universities first reveals a disconnect between a well-established national science and technology policy narrative that is market-oriented and the training, experiences, and perspectives of science and engineering doctoral students. Findings also indicate science and engineering doctoral students mostly understand entrepreneurship and innovation (...)
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  35. Philosophy and constructivism in science education (Special Issue).M. R. Matthews - 1997 - Science & Education 6 (1-2).
     
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  36.  8
    Turning Good into Gold: A Comparative Study of Two Environmental Invention Networks.Matthew M. Mehalik & Michael E. Gorman - 2002 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 27 (4):499-529.
    This article proposes three states in an actor-network and a global/local distinction among actants. This theoretical framework is applied to two invention networks: one created by an inventor of solar heating systems and another created by a designer who wanted to create an environmentally sustainable furniture fabric. Both solar inventor and fabric designer wanted to develop technologies that would improve the environment and also make money. The article concludes by considering whether invention networks that intend to turn “good into gold” (...)
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  37.  8
    Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America's Public Universities.William G. Bowen, Matthew M. Chingos & Michael S. McPherson - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    The United States has long been a model for accessible, affordable education, as exemplified by the country's public universities. And yet less than 60 percent of the students entering American universities today are graduating. Why is this happening, and what can be done? Crossing the Finish Line provides the most detailed exploration ever of college completion at America's public universities. This groundbreaking book sheds light on such serious issues as dropout rates linked to race, gender, and socioeconomic status. Probing graduation (...)
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  38.  34
    Goal-directed decision making as probabilistic inference: A computational framework and potential neural correlates.Alec Solway & Matthew M. Botvinick - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):120-154.
  39.  22
    Alex Woodcock, Liminal Images: Aspects of Medieval Architectural Sculpture in the South of England from the Eleventh to the Sixteenth Centuries. Oxford: John and Erica Hedges, 2005. Paper. Pp. xix, 192; many black-and-white figures. £38. Distributed by Hadrian Books, 122 Banbury Rd., Oxford OX2 7BP, England. [REVIEW]Matthew M. Reeve - 2010 - Speculum 85 (3):753-755.
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  40.  21
    Warwick Rodwell and Richard Mortimer, eds., Westminster Abbey Chapter House: The History, Art and Architecture of “a Chapter House beyond Compare.”. London: Society of Antiquaries of London, 2010. Pp. xv, 304. $99.95. ISBN: 978-9004182899. [REVIEW]Matthew M. Reeve - 2012 - Speculum 87 (1):273-275.
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  41.  12
    The social thought of Saint Bonaventure.Matthew M. De Benedictis - 1946 - Westport, Conn.,: Greenwood Press.
  42.  15
    The Social Thought of Saint Bonaventure.Matthew M. De Benedictis - 1949 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 10 (1):147-149.
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  43.  16
    The development of the synthetic alkali industry in Great Britain by 1823.M. H. Matthews - 1976 - Annals of Science 33 (4):371-382.
    Scientific chemical production on a commercial scale was evident in Britain in the early nineteenth century. One of the first palaeotechnic chemical industries was the manufacture of synthetic alkali. By 1823 a well-defined pattern of soda production had emerged. An understanding of this initial distribution is important as those areas associated with the early growth of the synthetic alkali industry showed a remarkable continuity of inorganic chemical production for the remainder of the century. The paper attempts to consider those factors (...)
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  44.  12
    The dynamic observation of the formation of defects in silicon under electron and proton irradiation.M. D. Matthews & S. J. Ashby - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 27 (6):1313-1322.
  45. 8th IHPST Group International Conference.M. R. Matthews - 2004 - Science & Education 13 (255):255.
     
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  46.  13
    The structure of ion-implanted gold layers in single crystal silicon.M. D. Matthews & P. F. James - 1969 - Philosophical Magazine 19 (162):1179-1188.
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  47.  87
    Letting structure emerge: connectionist and dynamical systems approaches to cognition.James L. McClelland, Matthew M. Botvinick, David C. Noelle, David C. Plaut, Timothy T. Rogers, Mark S. Seidenberg & Linda B. Smith - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):348-356.
  48.  13
    Cyril O’Regan. The Anatomy of Misremembering: Von Balthasar’s Response to Philosophical Modernity—Volume 1: Hegel. The Crossroads Publishing Company, 2013. ISBN 978-0-8245-2562-0 . Pp. 678. $39.95. [REVIEW]Matthew M. Peters - 2017 - Hegel Bulletin 38 (1):188-192.
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  49.  6
    Manuella Meyer. Reasoning against Madness: Psychiatry and the State in Rio de Janeiro, 1830–1944. xiii + 248 pp., figs., notes, bibl., index. Rochester, N.Y.: University of Rochester Press, 2017. $125 . ISBN 9781580465786. [REVIEW]Matthew M. Heaton - 2019 - Isis 110 (3):618-620.
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  50.  13
    The Social Thought of Saint Bonaventure.J. G. Clapp & Matthew M. De Benedictis - 1949 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 10 (1):147.
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